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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 13, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, Moy 13, 1970 Anthony Westell On Not Taking A Stand The Honourable Jean Marchand admitted to avoiding taking a stand on the question of One Prairie Prov- ince. There can be no disappointment about this. Nobody is being asked to take a stand. It cannot be repeated too often that what has been undertaken in Lethbridge this week is an enquiry into the question of a single prairie province. Such an enquiry is a way of taking an idea a step beyond a proposition to the point where it might become a serious pursuit. Until the various facets of the ques- tion have been explored any expres- sion of approval or disapproval is pre- mature. There have been some in- dications of preference on the part of some speakers but preferences do not, at this stage, add up to any- thing. An indication of how one nugnt be too hasty in reaching a decision about this question can be seen in a judg- ment made by economist Dr. T. K. Shoyama. Union of the three prov- inces would undoubtedly be costly to Alberta on the short-term but in the long-term the growth rate for this region would likely improve with benefits accruing to Albertans. Thus those whom Premier Harry Strom sensed would agree in .the rejection of union on financial grounds might be badly mistaken. Until the evidence is in hand, then, the best position to take is one of idealist aims such as that expressed by Mr. Marchand. With an overriding aim of seeking unity and justics one is free to go with any structure that gives the greatest promise of permit- ting the achievment of the goal. It might not matter greatly whether the country continues with its present provincial boundaries or is regrouped. But, on the other hand, it might make a great deal of dif- ference in the achieving of unity and justice. This is what the enquiry may disclose. So not taking a stand until the enquiry is completed is a verv good position to assume. Dutch Treat Affection for the peoples of one nation for those of another is rare in these times of global disruption and distrust. The people of Canada there- fore welcome with particular grati- tude the splendid commemorative gesture of the people of Holland in celebrating the part played by the Canadian armed forces in the liber- ation of the Netherlands from Nazi occupation 25 years ago this month. Our armed forces were in the fore- front of the battle which ended in victory and the release of the Dutch people from the terrible sufferings they endured under German domina- tion. Canadians were also privileged to provide a home for Queen Juliana and her children during the dark years of war. The people of Holland do not for- get. In a magnificent gesture of good will the Dutch-Canadian Committee 1945-70 organized Operation Thank You Canada. Funds raised at various commemorative events will provide the money for a concert organ built in the Netherlands to be installed in the National Arts Centre in Ottawa. Tonight in Lethbridge, The Royal Dutch Air Force Band will present a commemorative concert in the Exhibition Pavilion, commencing at 7 p.m. There is no charge. Canadians in general and the citi- zens of Lethbridge in particular, voice a heartfelt thank you, for this splendid acknowledgment of friendship and mutual trust. The ties that bind Canada and Holland will be firmer than ever because of Opera- tion Thank You Canada. 'Ladies' In The House The tactics of the group of mili- tant women who succeeded admir- ably in disrupting the House of Com- mons this week were strategically poor in the long-term sense. The ladies have done their cause a good deal more harm than good. Their crusade has not yet attracted nation wide sympathy which it must have before "abortion on demand" will become legal in Canada. Further, by ignoring the ordinary avenues of approach available to them, they have antagonized the Minister of Justice and MPs as well. But worst of all, the screaming, windy emotion- al women made themselves look ridi- culous. Even the most sympathetic members of the public who watched the television coverage of the protest, forgot the reason behind it all. They laughed. No one doubts the sincerity of the crusaders for legalized abortion. But reformists cannot afford to look ridi- culous. These highly volatile female disrupters of the peace put on one of the best TV comedies of the year, which was certainly not their inten- tion. Art Buchwald WT A S HIN G TON Despite President Nixon's and Vice President Agnew's attempts "to bring us the coun- try still seems to be divided on the Viet- nam and Cambodia issues. There is, among young people, a lack of confidence in President Nixon's methods of disengaging us from Southeast Asia. On the other hand, the majority of Americans still supports the president's hard-line strategy, particularly since they don't have to go. Professor Heinrich Applebaum, of the In- stitute of Retribution and Conciliation, has formulated a plan that may satisfy both groups in this country. The professor told me, "My studies show that there are far more people in this coun- try who are for what Nixon is doing in Vietnam than are opposed." "That's wonderful." "The only trouble is that the people who are the president's strongest supporters are too old to be drafted into the army." "It I said. "What is your "My plan is very simple. We must make it possible for those who are for us being in Indochina to go there and fight, and those who are opposed to us being there to come home." "You mean we should raise the age limit for men to be drafted into the "Not raise it. Abolish all age require- ments so anyone who believes in the war can ship out immediately." "What an ingenious "My the professor said, "have Indicated that there are hundreds of thous- ands of people who have said to our young citizens, 'I only wish I were your age so I could fight.' The Applebaum plan makes it possible for these people to get their wish." "But maybe they didn't mean I pro- tested. "Maybe they just said it to make the kids feel better." "Of course they meant it. Do you know of one person who wouldn't give up his soft job if he could slog through the rice pad- dies of the Mekong "It's hard to think of I admitted. "The beauty of my plan is that you would have a tough determined type of soldier who would go right into the breach, with- out question." "Just as in the Charge of the Light Bri- I said excitedly. "Eventually, the U.S. Army would only be composed of people who sincerely be- lieved that what we were doing hi Indo- china was correct." "You could call it the "Love America or Leave It I said. "How do you plan to recruit these people once the age requirements are "We'll ask for volunteers. If that doesn't work, we'll go tlirough President Nixon's mail. Anyone who wrote supporting his pol- icies would automatically be drafted." "Professor Applebaum, you have come up with the most brilliant solution to an unten- able situation. The way you describe it indi- cates that no one could object to your plan." "It's foolproof, if I must say so said Professor Applebaum. "With the men who support Nixon manning the front lines and the men who oppose him back here in the states, we could stay in Viet- nam for 20 years, and no one would give a damn." (Toronto Telegram News Service) Specialists In Crash Landings By Doug Walker and Paul are specialists in prc- cipitating craih landings. They brought off one of their specialties at the dinner table recently for Judi's benefit. Judi had just received word that she had won an award in her journalism course at tire Community College. Also The Herald ran a little story to alert the readership to the fact that she bad been appointed editor of tlie college paper, The Endeavor, for the next term. So she was floating around on Cloud Nine or Eleven. In the midst of the talk about the mag- nificence of it all, one of the boys said, "it's too bad they couldn't have found somebody with some brains." And the other one underlined the sentiment witli a resounding Realities Of The Continental Market (Last ,of four articles) WHILE Canada has vast re- sources of energy, the United States has the market hi which it can be used. This is one of the realities of the North American scenes. If Canada docs not sell oil and gas and probably uranium south of the border, the resources will not be developed within the fore- seeable future. The estimated reserves are so great that there is no pos- sibility of employing them all within any imaginable, or de- sirable, Canadian economy. The Canadian Petroleum As- sociation, after a detailed study of known and indicated re- sources in the west, the north of the Atlantic coast, and in other pockets, estimates that there are: 120.8 billion barrels of oil 724.8 trillion cubic feet of gas 19.6 billion barrels of natural gas liquids, such as bu- tane for lighter's and gasoline additives and propane for heat- ing the cottage. In addition, there are some 300 billion barrels of oil in the Athabaska tar sands just com- ing into production by experi- mental means. To give the flavor of what these figures mean hi dollars, the gross value at current prices has been estimated at bil- more than for every Canadian. To take another perspective, tlie estimate is 90 times the value of all the oil and gas pro- duced in Canada over tlie last 50 years. The National Energy Board has published a forecast of de- mand for enefgy in Canada and for export to tlie United States to 1990. Background studies suggest that when this continental de- mand has been met, Canada's western oil basin will be about 80 per cent developed and the reserves in the so-called frontier areas in the Arctic and off the coasts will be 50 per cent de- veloped. Developed in this sense means producing enough to meet demand with reserves to maintain the fate for some years ahead. Forecasts of energy require- ments and reserves have proved in the past to be wildly wrong. But there can surely be no question that Canada has, by any measure, an enormous po- tential surplus supply. The obvious market is in the United States, But it is not merely a question of waiting for1 the United States to burn up the last of its resources and then to come to Canada on bended knees. The U.S. too has vast poten- tial resources. But they are deep in the earth, locked in shale deposits, or inaccessible for some other reason. They can be developed, however, if the United States is prepared to put the money into exploration and technology, and pay a high price for its own products. It's a to be remembered also that Canadian energy tends to be relatively expensive. The United States could buy far cheaper from the Middle East and other areas. If Washington wants access to Canadian resources, it is .be- cause they are cheaper than then; own and more secure than those from distant countries, be- cause Canada is a friend and neighbor. So both countries are ap- proaching the coming negotia- tions on continental energy with strengths and weaknesses. The United States can benefit, from Canadian energy; Canada needs the U.S. market for its most important form of energy. P r e s i dent Richard Nixon's task for'ce on oil imports rec- ommended free entry for Cana- dian oil subject to two condi- tions; of supplies to Mon- treal and the Eastern prov- inces, which (as explained in last column) probably means a cross-Canada pipeline. of harmonized U.S.-Canadian policies with re- spect to pipeline and other modes of transportation, access to natural gas, and other re- lated energy matters." Nixon has ordered his diplo- mats to negotiate with Canada on that basis. So what's in- volved? Pipeline transportation in this context means primarily, oil and gas lines from Alaska south through Canada to the United States. Canada can readily give consent because the line can pick up Canadian northern en- ergy supplies on the way south. But who is to own the line? Mor'e than billion has al- ready been invested in explor- ing and developing Canada's western oil and gas resources and the industry is more than 70 per cent foreign owned. Over the next 10 years, as much as billion will be needed. There is no way Canada can generate that sort of money. Foreign, mostly U.S., capital will be essential. But as much as possible should be borrowed .from abroad so that it can be paid back later, leaving owner- ship in Canada. Pipelines are in the nature of a utility and can be financed by borrowing, rather than by risk "Looks exciting but I think I'll stick to tennis." Maurice Western Muddling Through The Wheat Surplus O' iTTAWA The trouble with the communique issued by the great wheat exporters and read ;.y Mr. Otto Lang in the House of Commons is that it is altogether too obvious. As every school child will be im- mediately aware, it is a stylized effort to make as much as possible out of nothing very much. It will surprise absolutely no one that prospective supplies of wheat for 1970-71 are greatly in excess of estimated demand. The ministers and their ex- perts were keenly aware of this before they left for Otta- wa. The question is: What is to lie done about it? Evidently the puipose of the meeting was to create a re- assuring impression that the exporters are a team working for a common objective. No one stands alone in a cold, cruel world. Together the min- isters have diagnosed their problem and together they have recognized their "com- mon responsibility to regulate their production in a manner which will being supplies into balance with opportunities in the international wheat mar- ket." Goed for the draftsmen. For such a formula it is improb- able that any expert of reason- able prescience had to reach farther than his briefcase. The same may be said of the as- surance that production poli- cies are under continuous re- view. But what specific under- takings resulted from the Otta- wa meeting? Western producers will doubtless be gratified to read that the five exporters took note of the major contributions made by Canada in regulating production. Everything consid- ered, including the fact that Canada was the host country, it would certainly have been churlish to do less. There is then an accounting of what others are doing. The United States, observes the communique, has for a number of years had a program of wheat acreage reduction. It can scarcely be suggested, however, that this sacrificial effort has helped very much. Australia has recently esta- blished quotas substantially re- ducing wheat deliveries. The ECM has changes under con- sideration, the extent of which are left to the imagination. And in Argentina production has de- clined in recent years "due to climatic factors." One is left with an impres- sion that the common effort is inequitably distributed. After all, the western farmer is ex- pected to do more' than wait on the weather. A great deal more. In another paragraph-the ex- porters observe virtuously that LOOKING BACKWARD TIIUOUGII THE HERALD in Ihc. pub- lic schools of lire city for the month of April totalled and 2.113 (or the term as com- pared to last year's figures of for the month and to Lethbridge in one hour and 21 minutes was the clocking time of the first pigeon home for the initial race of the season of the Leth- bridge Homing Society. 1010 The Netherlands com- mand announced that its forces were making strategic retreats under pi'esaurt of heavy man attacks. The Dutch royal family has been moved to Lon- don. Winnipeg housewife, rushing around her flooded home fa knee-length rubber hoots, paused long enough to open a letter delivered by a postman, also in hip-waders. It was her water bill. ISM-John T. Watson, Leth- bridge's first city .manager, died in the city at the age of 82. By the time of his retire- ment in Mr. Watson had been in the city's employ for 44 importing countries also.have "responsibilities in this re- gard." This, presumably, was agreed on without unseemly haggling. In the House of Com- mons, the NDP critic, Mr. Gleave, complained with some- thing less than his usual force that things might have gone better if the meeting had been expanded to embrace all coun- tries, the importers included. Why? Regrettable though it may be, the interest of the im- porters is far from identical with" that of the exporters. This was one of the difficulties with the IGA. No importer or im- porting government wastes an hour in fretting about sur- pluses, which naturally tend to depress prices. Moreover, the wider the net is cast the more Think Canada From The Globe and Mail; Toronto TT IS time for us to begin imi- tating the Japanese. In Japan, schoolchildren bring a small amount of money to school every week and this is put into a special fund. Then, when the children have the yen to travel, they set out together on expeditions around their own they visit another city or two at the end of elementary school. At the eiul of secondary school, they set out on extended tour's of the whole country. The idea Is that the children should get to see and know Japan before they start visiting other countries. We think Can- adian children should travel around Canada before they visit the United States and make their pilgrimages to Eur- ope. The benefit of such a pro- gram in making young Cana- dians conscious of our own vast, marvellous country is too ob- vious to need laboring. So we will merely implore, urge and heartily recommend that all those who can put such a plan into operation begin to think Canadian, poor, under-developed and therefore h ig h I y price -con- scious countries it is bound to catch. The ministers agreed that government should "exercise care" in implementing new or existing programs of income support to avoid measures which could have the effect of stimulating "uneconomic pro- duction." What remarkably cau- tious wording! They do .not rule out new programs and they qualify "production" in such a way as to ensure a loop- hole that seems scarcely need- ed. There is certainly nothing uneconomic about the wheat production which western farmers will forgo this year. In effect, therefore, the meet- ing has ended commit- ments other than general agreement to have another meeting .within six months. This is unfortunate but is it surprising? The Canadian program being already operative, or at least firm, the Canadian team was scarcely in a position to de- mand of other exporters rea- sonable quid pro quos. Since exporters are in competition with each other, what one gives up is a burden removed from the others. Why else should anyone be grateful for the weather in Argentina? The ef- fort of western farmers makes it a little easier for the others to muddle through and, judging from the communique, .this is exactly what the others have in mind. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) investment so Canada should be able to insist on building pipe- lines over its own territory. The other' mode of transporta- tion mentioned by the U.S. task force is, presumably, the ice- breaking oil tanker, such as the S. S. Manhattan. The U.S. hoped to bargain with Canada for guaranteed freedom of Arctic waters, but Canada has re- moved that chip from the game by unilaterally declaring sov- ereignty and pollution control. Access to gas is important to the U.S. negotiators but the fact is t h a t the National Energy Board is currently considering applications to export 9.3 tril- lion cubic feet to the U n i t e d States over 25 years at a value of about billion. Under the law, the Board can approve for export only the gas surplus to Canadian needs. Its formula says, roughly, that sur- plus means in excess of a 30 year supply. The problem before the Board now is whether it should revise its formula and whether the 9.3 trillion cubic feet export would in fact be surplus to need. If the export is approved, there may not be much left to ne- gotiate about until new reser- voirs of gas are discovered and tapped. A separate but related prob- lem concerns gas prices. The U.S. is willing to pay more for gas than prevailing prices in Canada, and that can force up prices here. Ontario, Quebec and Manitoba are urging steps to keep prices in Canada down: Alberta which gets a share of any lu'gher price from production within its border naturally opposes this attempt- ed eastern price fixing. Exchange of electric power across the border seems hardly a problem. It's been going on for years and most of the pro- vincial utilities have swapping arrangements with state agen- cies to the south. The north- south links, in fact, usuaUy came before the provinces join- ed on an east-west grid. The NEB has to approve ex- port of electric power, and sales to the United States are just about balanced by imports. A continental grid is obviously in the making. The U.S. wants to keep sell- ing coal to Canada and to be assured that it will not be cut out by subsidized production here. As it is Canadian policy anyway to phase out the sub- sidies, there is no great issue. Canada wants to sell uranium from its stockpile to the United States, but the U.S. insists on protecting its market to encour- age exploration and develop- ment. So there could be bargain- ing for access to the U.S. mar- ket. Over all, some facts Mem clear. Canada has a vast sur- plus of energy resources. It they are to be developed, we need the U.S. market and U.S. capital. Negotiating shrewdly, item by item and refusing any continental package proposal, we can probably .make good deals and get rich on the pro- ceeds without surrendering sov- ereignty. The price, of course, will be to tie ourselves closer to the U.S. economy and way of life. We have always been willing to pay that price in the past, and if the national objective is still m a x i mum economic develop- ment to produce the greatest material wealth, we must be ready to pay it again. To turn our back on the U.S. market and capital, as some na- tionalists seem to desire, could mean less development, fewer jobs, less money for the fore- seeable future. We can't have it both ways. But there ar'e some newer is- sues worth considering before we enter formal negotiations with the United States to decide the pattern of energy develop- ment for the next decade. How serious are we, for example, about preventing pol- lution and conserving the en- vironment? Should we perhaps forego developing the Arctic and the under-sea resources with-all the risks to ecology that entails? Is tlie national goal really more development, more jobs, more money? If so, in what way will our society differ from that of the United States? In short, what sort of Canada do we want, and where do ener- gy resources and economic de- velopment fit in? We still have the freedom to answer those questions for our- selves. We may not have freedom after making a deal with Washington. (Toronto Star Syndicate) The Lethbridge Herald 504 7lh SI. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Clan Mail Registration Number 0013 Umber of Canadian anil tha Canadian Dally Newaputt Publlibtra' AMOcltlHi and Audll Bureau of ClrculalloM CLEO W. MOWERS. Editor and Pnblliher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOB WILLIAM RAY Manatinv Editor Asioelate Editor ROV P. MILKS DOUOLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager editorial Pan HiUr THE HERALD SEWS THE ;