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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 13, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta HcnxU V MAY 1018 NUMBER 129 EFFECTIVENESS British Official Shows How Sinkings By Submarines Have Decreased HAVE ALSO BEEN SINKING MANY OF THE SEA PIRATES May effectiveness fit the German submarine campaign is The German government is nwaro of this declared Georges minister of before the naval committee the chamber o deputies liiif has made the greatest effort to conceal He said the sit uatlon was most favorable and tha the sinkings of submarines in the firs three months of through allle was greater than the num her built by the The minister of marine referred to the statement made in the German Reichstag on April 17 by ViceAdmiral You German minister of mar in which he said six hundred thou sand tons of allied shipping were sunk i This the minister was It was reached and paused in May and June of In July it de clined and in November it fell below four hundred thousand and since has diminished The minis ter the following comparative table of the tonnage claimed to have been destroyed by Germany and the tonnage in the last Jive OPPOSE WOMEN CAR CONDUCTORS May street railway have taken an attitude to the prftpoaai of the company to train women ai for many vacanoiea made by the to At a bio meeting on Sunday organlted of the company paaacd a resolution that they Would re fuse to operate or Instruct women In training on mouths v Claimed by December January February March British Takes Steps To Make Food Distribution More Equitable May government purposes to place under the control of the food ministry purchase and pro ductlon of food so that stocks may be assured and distribution made more says the Daily It is felt that by arresting competi tlon In various the papei prices will be reduced to the benefit of consumers and ration ing made Andrew sur veyorgeneral of the food supply at the War has been invited to owing to his great experience in the buying of food in the worlds markets and shipping The govern ment has been conferring with the allied powers with a view to arrang ing a combination of Interests so that grain and other essential food stuffs can be bought for joint account and placed under one Infor mation concerning the plan probably will be given to parliament the com ing v KEEPING THE Carry Out Brilliant Operation Against the Austrians on Mountain Front TZNEMY TAKEN BY SURPRISE GAVE LITTLE RESISTANCE Actual o60 April Leygus said that in March and April French steam ers anfl 788 French sailing vessels passed through the danger zone a few months ago losses by torped oeing had been very Not a single ship was On other he the number of submar ines has increased progressively since January In such proportions that the effectiveness of enemy squadrons can not be maintained at the minimum re quired by the Tho num ber of enenty Uboats destroyed in February and March was far greater in each month fhan the constructed in the same Prosecutor Wants Two French traitors Sent to Death Now May tho Italian May the Associated a long period of owing to weather Italian troops on the mountain front executed a brlllian operation Thursday capturing the dominating position ot Montecorno destroying an elaborate system ot en emy taking one Uundrot two a number of ma chine guns and much war The actions were in the Arsa Val which leads down from the Lagarina Valley and is the main line of approach from Trent and It was here that the Austrians attempted to reach the Venetian plain in the first great Recently they have erected powerful with battery po built in rock and electrically charged with a system of barbed wire There was considerable snow re maining on which is six thousand feet 1his increased the difficulties ot movement of the comparatively small Italian force which carried out the It was preceded by a short artillery The infantry advanced over rocky and precipltuous The enemy was taken by surprise and could make effective The move ment was carried out by All the enemys defensive works were oc An Italian position was es tablished on tho crest of the moun tain and the surrounding The chief effect of the action is to dislodge the Auslrians from their dominating height in the centre of the main highway from the moun tains and give the Italians the ad vantage of that position with the com mandUi has over the heights and ap The result gives great sat especially as the was won on the very spot where Dr Cesare a deputy from Tren who went over to the and hlle who are oh trial for ended his Humming up last bv dramatically demanding sen number of submarines destroyed was three less than the total number troyed in the previous three Methodical These the minister declared due to tho methodical character of tho war against to the close coordination of the allied to tho intrepidity and spirit animating the officers and crews of said he would leave the other defen dants to the decision of the Before Captain Monet began his summing up a letter was read from Paul former minister ot protesting against one of then the de scribed chief of the moral service at general Painleve declared that while hewas minister the naval and aerial squadrons such service existed and to the intensification of the use of he alwaya was in constant touch with the cominanderlnchief on all questions relating to and paci fist propaganda in the old methods and the employment of new The situation Is most the minister but it does not authorize the slackening of it is necessary to redouble it as the enemy has put new submarines in service and Is trying a fresh offen sive in which he plays for his last The sea front has no The country does not know tho ter rible life there when great events oc tot It is there that there is be ing played one of the parts which has the greatest influence on the duration and issue of the The country knows that the mastery of the sea is the certain gauge of It should nlso know that the mastery belongs to the allies who have won it and keep thanks to the heroism of tho sailors who are worthy of their soldier The minister then gave tho details of successful British operations against the ierman submarine bases at Zee brugge and Germanys Side of May a debate in the reichstag Saturday on tho second reading of the naval as re ported in a Berlin Herr Pfla salil on behalf of the main committee that even though there wore difference of opinion re garding the political significance of tho submarine the entire reich stag was at one as concerning mili tary All held the view that tho submarine campaign should not be given up or restricted in any way and that Hie construction of submarines should be promoted as far as Thatwas the opinion he of the highest govern ment officials and the urmyjand navy Vice Admiral Von minister of the stated thatunrestricted Uboat warfare meant a very strong naval Oflmiaivo against the The reports for April are favor he Naturally losses occur but the main tiling is that the increase in submarines exceeds tho Our naval offensive is strong er today than at the beginning of un restricted submarine This gives us an assured prospect of final DECIDE DISPOSAL OFIHEEXCZAR May Soviet gov according to the Times cor respondent In wiring Fri confirms the report that Nicholas tho former emperor to gother with the former empress and one of their was removed to Ekaterinburg from Tobolsk as the tured during the first Dr Battisti was put to death by the Aus Brians on the chaTge of MY THEY ARE IN GERMANYS HANDS May Uk rainian press bureau has received information from accord Ing to which former Dowager Maria Ferdoumarla Fero dorovona and Grand Dukes Nich olas Nicholaievitch and Alexander who have been liv ing at near in the are in the hands of the American Labor Delegation Amazed at What Has Been Done in Year THEMMLEDFIST Grleat Criticism of Peace Made by Germans at Buch Mailed Fist Peace WILL MEAN THE CRUSHING OF THE LITTLE COUNTRY DOG TRAINED BY THE FRENCH to carry canteens of hot soup and coffee up and down the trenches during the Artillery Fighting Heavy Several Points on Front May hostile artillery was active during the night in the Somme Valley and Al bert also between Lacon and the foreat of Nieppe Flanders saya todays official i frWENCH FRONT Parish May artil lery flghtl rig in on both the Avre is re ported in tddays official state follows Our enemys were active at certain points along the front north and south of the In Lorraine a French detach ment penetrated the German lines ot Nomeny and brought back twenty the region of Die a German at tack was broken up by our Elsewhere the night passed in HUN CAMOUFLAGE German prisoners captured in France say that Field Marshal Von Hinden burg is letters from British officers on the western front re according to the Daily Ex At the same time the name of General Von Mackensen is brought into prominence as that of a great man who is to bring the Germans The Express assumed that the Hindenburg story is circulated to explain the failure of the great Huns Behind Time BritishHeadquarters in May Reuters Ottawa AK weather is grey and On most of the battle front the enemy has fallen consider ably his amended time In a diaryfound on a captured German officer there is an entry stat ins that a certain big attack planned near Albert has been abandoned be cause the second naval division had broken into Albert and in a wholesale The diary added that the division was dealt with for disor derly behavior and The same diary contains a running lament upon the havoc wrought by our punctuated by the many cas ualty lists caused by their May Ottawa conclusive evid ence we have Keen of the failure of the enemys submarine campaign is the huge American army In the hundreds of thousands of tons of stores brought across the said James chairman of the American Labor delegation when in terviewed on returning to England from a visit to France and the Amer ican These vast munitions of he stand as irrefutable proof oi the protective power of the Brltislf and American Less than twelve months has passed since Gen i eral Perishing landed in France With fifty The developments which have taken place since seem little Uiort of We were amaz ed at of the supermen of the British and American Everywhere among the American troops is a feeling of absolute confid ence in their power to withstand suc cessfully any offensive launched ag ainst Their like that of the British and French is won Archbishop Mathieu Bids Good bye to Laval Students Great Change in Quebec May Math ieu of formerly a rector of at a mass yesterday at St Jean church wished God speed to a number of young students of Laval now in training here with the Laval battalion which is soon to proceed to another point to complete One of the chief reasons why the Conference Will Discuss Separate Austrian State Not Possible from Elexis the former heir remains at To owing to The question oftbe ultimate dis posal of the the despatch will soon be brought to a deci The submarine war ia developing wore and moro into a struggle be UboiU action and new construc tion of Thus far the monthly figures of destruction have continued to be several times as large as those of new Even the Bri tish ministry and tje entire British press admit The latest appeal to British shipyard workers appears to be especially For the the appeal does not appear to have had According to the latest statement Bri tish shipbuilding fell from tons in March to tons in April or reckoned in from 32 to That means a or about forty pep America thus fur built and has fallen far below Even If an increase is to be reckoned within tlie future if will be used up completely by America la i addition to the sinkings by there is a large decline lu cargo May which will decide the future relations of Germany and AustriaHungary wilk be discussed by Baron the Austrian foreign minister on his pre sent visit to German says a Vienna despatch to the Frank furter These It is may he characterized as a pragmatic military and customs A twothirds majority in the Relchs rath is required for a constitutional sanction for this alliance and the newspapers say it Is doubtful whe ther this can be The great question in Austria to day is whether the continued exist ence of a separate Austrian state is This is denied by both the South Slavs and the German pro One party desires to consist of a number of small sov ereign states with its for eign The other party de mands n return to the German federa tion which would render harmless the centrifugal efforts of the smaller na tions and The outcome of this situation of the Frank furter Zeitung is still un Fuel Controller Will Hold Con ferences in West to Discuss Matter for one of This may easily prove an important factor during the coming The public should realize that we have now come to the point where the value of coal cannot be measured in terms of There may not be enough to go around and the compar atively smallrequirements that can bo affected In withdrawing supplies where not absolutely needed or where substitution can be and by every reducing coal con sumption to the very might in the aggregate make all the differ ence between comparative comfort and discomfort for millions of This Is a view of that the people of the west should ponder king and British parliament were so willing lo have Laval founded for the French University Canadians KAISER STILL AT May to owing to marine and to ships becoming Orte of tfoe best known big ship owners declared at a meeting of tlie shipping men that the losses of British merchant flpet created by war were throe times us large as in a message of congratulation from King Lmlwig of Bavaria on the con clusion of peace with Em peror William has sent the telegram I know I am at one with you in firm confidence that the Al mighty will lead our good cause to May God grant that our brave and faithful people will reap the fruits of their present sacrifice in long and happy years of WERE REPULSED Way garian troops yesterday made an attack on Monte Coruo which was captured by the The War Office an noumeil that the enemy re pulsed with heavy v May coal situ especially as it affects West ern will be dealt with exten sively by the fuel controller of Can ada at a public meeting to be held in the Industrial Bureau here C deputy fuel control will be the principal A fuel controller for tho will arrive in Winnipeg to night and may address the meeting Magrath will be com pelled to return east on the next Conference at Peterson will hold a conference with western mine operators at Cal gary on May The whole object of the present campaign is to speed up production of coal in Western Cana da and to impress upon the public tho necessity for stocking up with do mesticcoal during this summer to provide against the inevitable short age of fuol for domestic and manu facturing purposes in the west next A PeleiHon gave out tho follow ing statement today to tlie Canadian Press Limited In regard to the coal situation as it affects ihe prairie provinces 1 may say that tho only positive statement we have from the United States au thorities at present is that anthracite shipments to Western Canada will be materially As a matter of we no positive assurance that any anthracite at all will be ship ped to the head ot the It Should not be forgotten that the coal situation from day to day li sympathy with the variations of putput and the demands from every As uu I may that events have traasplrad recetUlif that will probably render it necessary for tho continent of Amer jut lo mil additional cual No one realizes moro keenly than the fuel controller that depriving the people of tho west of anthracite is a matter involving very considerable inconvenience and in many cases On the other people in New England slates last winter wore paying a cord for wood and the coal business had been reduced to deliveries in 100 pound The largo cities in the eastern states were at times reduced to closing office buildings and stopping ser vices for lack of was that they wore confident that i would be the cradle of that in the time when its young men would bo called upon would not fail to do their duty to their the Arch bishop Today we have the proof that their confidence was well founded when we see so many Laval men in and going to tho he He counselled them to to if for their It is understood that Archbishop Mathiou came east on the invitation of Cardinal Begin of who ask ed him togo overseas as chaplain general for Roman Catholic but the state of the Reglua prelates coupled with his advanced made It impossible for him to undertake this While in Archbishop Mathieu held a number of conferences with high church authorities arid it ia said that it is largely as a result of those inter views that tho representations which the Archbishop made thflt church dig nitaries in that province have recent ly been strongly urging young French Canadians to Join the colors and loy accept the conscription When asked yesterday as to report that ho was leaving for over Archbishop Mathieu replied in the negative and said he was leaving immediately for the New May the Arctic who was stricken with typhoid fever in the Herschcl Islands early this year is recovering slowly but will not be able to con tinue the expedition he has undortak according to a telegram received by the Explorers Club here The message dated was signed by the explorer iftid said that ho is convalescing at the Episcopal Fort Alas He was taken there last May a Sup plementarv political treaty be tween Rumania and the for mer country must indemnify German consular officials for all damage suf fered by them luring the war or dono to consular Rumania re nounces indemnification for damage caused in Rumania as a result of Ger man military including all requisitions and Within six months the ratifi cation of the peace treaty Rumania must redeem notes issued by the Banca Generate on the order of the occupation administration and will not put them in circulation against ances or deposits held by the Ger man reichsbank for Another clause provides that mania shall indemnify Germans for all damage suffered by them on Ruman territory by the result of military measures of one of the belligerent This stipulation also applies to losses which Germans suffered shareholders of undertakings In Ru A commission having a neu ral chairman will fix the amount cl inch Rumania will also indemnify neutral lations for damage caused them on Rumanian territory as a result of Ger nan military Other clauses provide for the restor ation of abrogated the re sumption of the ordinary relations be tween debtors and creditors and the exchange of Germans who were in the Rumanian public service before the war will be restored to positions with ian tribunals no longer are competent except for We are cthat our woes are only transitory and that the allies victory will establish right in the Rumania will grant amnesty to her subjects for their political or military conduct on political grounds during the Another clause provides that various rights shall be accorded German churches and schools in Clause 11 says after having obtained the consent of the Rumanian National agrees that balances and deposits of the National Bank now in the German shall remain in the charge for five and if Rumania falls behind in her for ten as security for Rumanias public debt and service as Jerman and may if necessary be drawn upon to pay terest and redeem Rumanian A Mailed Fist Peace May crit icism Is being heard in Germany and Austria regarding the peace treaty ot The Leipzig Yolks tung says Altogether this treaty is no peace by but a pure mailed fist It contains open annexat ions and concealed war indemnities which have to be Its economic promises are no less burdening for Rumania than as if money Indemni ties had been The Vienna Neuse Weiner Tage blatt warns Austrians against seeing in the conclusion of peace an act of sentimental reconcilation and thinks that Rumania concluded it because she was forceiVto and because sho hopes for u complete reversal at the peace j Crushing Rumania May An former Rumanian minister to who recently show ed deep emotion today when the As sociated Press correspondent submit ted to him the text of the treaty ot which he had not Such a treaty means the crushing of politically and economic he Her present territory is seriously diminished and the door Is loft open for further wrongs which lare not yet be The published text does not give all thfl sacrifices to which Rumania will be Will the Danube becoma an AustroGerman river It seeM the LondoiCMay situation in Galicia is absolutely insupportable and the populationU dying of huiv Socialist deputies ot Galieia Uava telegraphed Von Aus trlan an Exchange Tele graph despatch from Zurich The who started last fall on j deputies demand the Immediate iro an Arctic trip under authority of tho nortatiou of grain from Canadian expects to Popular they ib complete his explorations and make a growing to such an extent that the in lecture tour of the United States and Canada starting in September for the benefit of tho Canadian Red Cross and other war His message stated hid doctors have advised him that three to six months must elapse before he can undertake any hard work or serious without grave deputies Decline lo be responsible in the of grave developments BARON COURTNEY OEAP May Qpui of political economist ami Qpurtney deputy speaker ot the house of com mons from1S8S to died In Lou don SCHOOL CHILDREN WEAR GAS MASKS May Swiss troops on the Alsatian frontier have be gun to suffer from German ppieon gas floating back from the west ern front toward the Swiss newspapers The civilian pop ulation along the Rhine hue Ijeen warned to provide itself with The school children In Mulhelro and Freibourg weir TO THE U8 May Uruguayan minister at London has been minister o the United ;