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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - May 13, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUlilE XI. LETHBHIDGE. ALBEKTA. MONDAY. MAY i:5, 1!)18 XUMHHU 129 ECTIVENESS Bi'Itisli Official Shows How Sinkings By Submarines Have Decreased HAVE ALSO BEEN SINKING MANY OF THE SEA PIRATES OPPOSE WOMEN ST. CAR CONDUCTORS Toronto, May ia. - Toronto street railway employees have taken an antagonlttlc attitude to the propoani of the company to train women as conductors for many vacancies made by the calls to war. At a big mass meeting on Sunday mornlnfl, the organized employees of the company passed a resolution that they would refuse to operate cars, or instruct women In training on cars. GOVT. 10 CONTROL FCOO PURCHASE Month. Doceinbcr �laniiary . ^larch .., April Paris, May l'.',.-The cffectlvoneaa Of tlie Gorman aiihmarliio canipalKn i-i floclininK. Thu eici-man Kovnrnmcnt Is (uvaro of this fact, iloclarcd George.s l.eygiis, minister ot marine, botoro tlio jiuva! coiiiini_ttea oil the clianiber of. tleimlles,' but' has made tlio greatest cl'tort to conceal it. lie said the alt-uatlon was most favorable and that the sinklng.s ot submarines In tlie first three months of 1!)1S throuKli allied measnres wa.s greater than the number biillt by the enemy. The minister ot marine referred to the statomcnc made in (lie Gorman IteichstaB on April 17 by Vice-Admiral Von Capollp, Gorman minister of marine, in wiiich he said six hundred thou-sand tonK of allied Klilpping wore sunk jnonthly. i This figure, the minister said, was incorrect. It was reached and pas.nrd in April, Jlay and .lune of 1!)17. In .Inly it declined and in November it fell below four hundred thousand and since has climlnlahed continuously. The mini.'i-icr gave, the following comparative table of the toiinngo claimed to have boon destroyed by Germany and the tonnage actnally lost in the last five months: C'laimcd by Actual Germany, hosses. ., 702,0110 ;iS(i,:;77 .. i;:!2,0(ifl :;'JL'.4.'i� .. C8i�,ow ;5S2,r>22 .. COO.OOO \ 2G�,704 .M. Lcygus .said that in February. March and April :',72^ French steamers un(l 78.S French sailing vussel.s passed through the danger zone where, u few months ago lo.fses by torped-oelng had been very heavy. Not a single ship was sunk. On the. other hand, he said, the number of submar-Jnos has increased progressively since January in .such proportions that the effectiveness ot enemy sauadrona cannot bo maintained at tlio minimum ve-quircd by the regulations. The number of enemy U-boats destroyed In .lanuary, February and Marph was far greater In each month than the number. con.strncted in the same months. In February and April the number of submarines destroyed was llircc less than the total number dos-, troyod in the previous three months. Methodical Work. These results, t)io minister declared vere due to the methodical character of the war against submarines, to the close co-ordination of the allied navies, to the Intrepidity and spirit animating the officers and crews ot the naval and aerial squadrons and to the intensification ot the use of old methods and the employment ot new ones, 'The situation is most favorable," the minister continued, "but it does not authorize the slackening of ottort. Kat.her, It is necessary to redouble U Qs Che enemy has put new submarines In service and is trying a fresh offensive in which he plays lor his last Btako. "The sea front has no communifine. The country does not know the terrible life there when great events occur, tol It Is there that there is being played one of tho parts which has the greatest Influence on tho duration and issue ot the war. The country knows that tho mastery ot the sea is the certain gauge of victory. It should also know that tlic mastery bolougs to the allies who have won it and who keep it, thanks to the heroism of tho sailors who are worthy of their soldier brothers." Tho minister then gave the details ot successful British operations against tho Gorman submarine bases at Zc'o-bruggo and Ostend. Germany's Side of It. .\msterdani, May 13.-In a debate in the relchstag Saturday on tho second reading ot tho luu'al estimates, as reported in .1 Berlin despatch, Herr Pflu-gor, Centrist, said on behalf ot the main committee iliat even though there wore ditferencos of opinion regarding tho political Bignlricanco ot tho submarine war, tho entire relchstag wos at one as coucornlng military achievements. All held tho view that, the s\ihmarlno campaign shouW not be given up or restricted In any way and that tho construction ot BUbjnarinos should bo promoted ns tar a.i possll)lo. Thut-was tho opinion also, he said, ot the highest government oftlcials and the urmyjand navy comnmuders. Vice Admiral Von Capello, minister of tho navy, stated that unrestricted U-boat warfare meant a very sti'ong naval ioffonslvo against the entente. "T)fe )'ei)orts toi- April are favorable," ho added. ' "Naturally losses occur but tho main thing Is that the Incrcasa in submarines excoods the losses. Our naval offensivo is stronger today than at tho beginning of uti-restricted submarine warfare. This gives us un assured prospect of final HUCCfitiS. "Tlio Kubiiiurino war is developing more arid ntovo into a slrugglo, be-|t)k'eou U-boul action nuU new tyjnstruc- British Govt. Tukes Steps To Make Food Distribution More Equitable I;ondon. May 13.-Tho government purposes to place under the control of the food ministry purchasri and production of food so that stocks may bo assured and distribution made more oaultably, says the Dally Mail. "It l.s felt that by arresting competition In various markets," the paper continues, "prices will bo reduced for tho benefit ot consumers and rationing made easier. Andrew Weir, surveyor-general ot the food supply at the War Office, has been invited to cooperate, owing to bis great experience in the buying of food in the world's markets and .ihlpping it. The government has been conferring with tho allied powers with a view to arranging a combination of interests so that meat, grain and otiier essential foodstuffs can be bought for joint account and placed under one control! Information concerning the plan probably will bo given to parliament the coming week." v ASKS COURT FOS KEEPING ENEl m Carry Out Brilliant Operation Against the Austrians on Mountain Front i X- ENEMY TAKEN BY SURPRISE; GAVE LITTLE RESISTANCE CE Prosecutor Wants Two French traitors Sent to Deatli Now Paris. May 13.-Captain Monet, the prosecutor in the case of tho directors of the Bonnet Rouge, the Germanop-hile newsiiapoi's, who aro on trial for treason, ended his Bumraing up last night by dramatically demanding sentence ot death on Duval and Marion. Ills words caused a sensation. He said be would leave the other ilefon-dants to the decision ot the court. Before Captain Monet began his summing up a letter whs read from Paul Painleve, former minister ot war, protesting against one ot tho witnesses, Lieut. Cruyung,' then described as chief of the moral service at general headquarters. M. Palnlovo declared that while he- was minister ot wan no such service existed .and that ho always was In constant touch with the comraander-m-cUiet on all ciuostlons relating to niorald .ind pacifist propaganda in the iinny. Italian lleadiiuarters, May 1.",.- 'By the .\asoclaled Press.)-'.�\rtcr a long period of inactivity, owing to woatiier conditions, Italian troops on . the mountain front executed a brilliant operation Thursday night, capturing the dominating position of .Montocorno, destroying an elaborate system ot enemy defenses.and taking one hundred prisoners, two gims, a number of machine guns and much war material. The actions were in the Arsa Valley, which leads down from the Lagarlna Valley and is the main lino ot approach from Trent and Rovereto. It was here that the Austrians attempted to roach the Venetian plain in the first great offensive. Recently they have erected powerful dcfen.'ie.s, wilii battery position.'!, built In rock and electrically charged with a system of barbed wire cntanglomonls. There was considerable snow remaining on Montecorno, wiilch is six thou.sand feet high. This increased tho difficulties of movement of the comparatively small Italian force which carried out the attack. It was preceded by a short artillery action. The infantry advanced over rocky and precipltuous heights. The enemy was taken by surprise and could make little offecfive resistance. Tho movement was carried out by daylight. All the enemy's defonslvo works were occupied. An Italian position was established on tlio crost of tho mountain and the surrounding slopes. The chief effect of the action is to dislodge the Austrians from their dominating height in the centre of the main highway from the mountains and give the Italians the advantage of that position with the com-mand^i. has over the heights and approaches. The result gives great satisfaction, especially as the ^victory was won on the very spot where Dr. Cesare Battisti, n deputy from Trent who went over to tho Italians, and others ot his heroic band were captured during the first otfensiva. Dr. Battistl was put to death by the Austrians on the charge ot treason. SAY THEY ARE IN GERMANY'S HANDS Amsterdam, May 13.-The Ukrainian press bureau lias received information from Odessa, according to which the former Dowager Empp;ss, Maria Ferdoumaria Fero-dorovon.i and Grand Dukes Nicholas Nicholalevitcli and Alexander Nicholaievitch, who have been living at Dulbar. near Aitodor, In the Crimea, are in tho hands of the Germans. DOG TRAINED BY THE FRENCH to Carry canteens of hot soup and coffee up and down tho trenches during the fighting. [RFUL WORK S ACCOmSHEO American Labor " Delegation Amazed at What Has Heen Done in Year Gi'tjat Criticism of Peace Made by Germans at Bucharest-A Mailed Fist Peace WILL MEAN THE CRUSHING OF THE LITTLE COUNTRY London. ^lay 1".-(Reuter.=i Ottawa Agency)-Tlu; last conclusive evidence \vc have seen of the failure ot the enemy'.; suhnuirino campaign is the huge American army in France, the hundreds ot thousnnds of tons ot stores broupiit across the .Mlantlc said James Wilson, chairman ot the American Ijabor (lelcgatiou wlien interviewed on returning to Kngland from !L visit lo France and tho American army. "Thosn yy.Ml munitions of war," he E 04 tlslf Artillery Fighting Heavy Several Points on Front DECIDE OKA OF THE EX-CZAR London, May 13.-The Soviet government, according to tho Times correspondent in Potrograd, �wiring Friday, confirms the report that Nicholas Romanoff, tho former oniperor together with the former empress and one ot their daughters, was removed to Ekaterinburg from Tobolsk as the result of a discovory ot a peasant conspiracy to assist in his escape from captivity. ISlcxis IJonianoff, tho former holr apparent, remains at Tobolsk, owing to 111-hoalUi. Tho auestion of''the ultimate disposal ot tho emperor, the despatch adds, will soon be brought to a decision. tion ot ships. ThHs tar the monthly figures ot destruction have continued to be several times as large as those ot now construction,, Kveu the British ministry and Itte entire British press admit that. The latest appeal to British shipyard workers appears to bo especially slgplflcaht,For the pres^ent, apparently;; tlie appeal does not appear to have liad gr^at success. According to tho latest statement British shipbuilding tell from 192,000 tons In March to 112,000 tons In April; or reckoned In ships, �roi� ,32 to 22. That moans a deCHne,of 80,000 tons, or about forty per cent.i , "America thus far !ia$'. built little, and has lallen tar below expectations. Even Jf an Inoroase Is to be reckoned within the future it will be used up completely by AinerloS Uerselt. lu addition to tho siitkinga by U-boats, there Is a large decline iti cargo'^pace owing to marine: Iqeees and to, ships boooralng unBorvleeable. Orte ot the best known vbig ship, owners declared at a' meellus of thO'shipping man that Iho lo.sses of /tho BHtlsh riierchunt rioet created by war woro thvoo times us largo as In poaoe."'-- FUTURE RELATIONS AUSTRIA AND HUNS Conference Will Discuss This- Separate Austrian State Not Possible London, May 13.-"The hostile artillery was active during the night in the Somme Valley and Albert sectOTB. also between Lacon and the forest of Nieppe (Flanders front)," �ays today's official statement. FRENCH FRONT Paris,' May 13.-Active artillery fightlna in Picardy, on both side�3 0f the Avre River, is reported in tojipy's official statement,. Tffe ,4*^ement follows: "Our artillery'and the enemy's were active at certain points along the front north and south of the Avre. "In Lorraine a French detachment penetrated the German lines north 0* Nomeny and brought back twenty prisoners, in the region of i8t. Die a German attack was broken up by our fire. "Elsewhere the night passed in quiet." HUN CAMOUFLAGE London, May 13.-All German prisoners captured In France say that Field Marshal Von Hlnden-burg is dead, letters from British officer's on the western front report, according to the Dally Express. At the same time the name of General Von Mackensen is brought into prominence as that of a great man who is to bring the Germans victory. Tlie Express asEurried that the Hindenburg story is circulated to explain the failure of the great offensive. Huns Behind Time British Headquarters in Franco. May 13.- (Via Reuters Ottawa A;;-ency)--The weather is gi-ey and cheerless. On most of the battle front the enemy has fallen consider-] iibl.v behind in liis amended time table. In a diary, found on a captured German officer there is an entry stat-inir that a certain big attack planned near Albert has been abandoned because the second naval division had broken into Albert and indulged in a wholesale riot. The diary added that the division was dealt with for disorderly behavior and jiiliago. Thp same diary contains a running lament upon the havoc wrought by our airmen, punctuated by the many casualty lists caused by their bombs. Ihn protective power of tho Brit and American navie.'s. Less than twelve montli.' �: v ? ? * ? : 4> almost from day to day -lij sympathy AVltlr the varlatlonB of putput and the demands from every soiirce. As- an illustration, I may mentlfin, lliut events have -transpired reoeaHy, that will probably rtfnUer It tjeoesstti'y for tho continpnt'of Amer-lot ilo (Ind additioiuil:-coal supplios for one of tho allies. This may easily prove an important factor during the coming v,-iiiter. "Tlic public should realize that we have now come to the point wliere tho value of coal cannot be measured in terms of money. There may not be enough to go around and the compar- ativoly small requirements that can j j'j.^'^pl^,,,^/"; bo affected in withdrawing supplies where not absolutely needed or where substitution can be made, and by every tamll>^. reducing coal consumption to tho very utmost, might in the aggregate make all the difference between comparative comfort and discomfort for millions ot people. This is a view ot tho.situation that the people of the west should ponder carefully. "No one realizes more keenly than tho fuel controller that depriving the people of tho west of anthracite is a matter involving very considerable luconvoulonco and in many cases hardship. On tho other hand, people In Now England stales last winter were paying ?20 a cord tor wood and the coal business had been reduced to deliveries in 100 pound lots. The large cities in the eastern states were at times reduced lo closing office buildings and stopping elevator services for lack of fuel." - CAN.EXPLORER RECOVERS SLOWLY New York, May 12.-Stoffanhspn the Arctic explorer, who was stricken with typhoid fever in the Horschel Islands early this year Is vocovoring slowly but will,Hot be able to continue tho expedition ho has undortak-.�n, according to a telegram received by the Explorers' Club here today. The mossago dated yesterday, was signed by tho explorer himself, iftul said thtit ho is convalescing at the Episcopal hospital. Fort Yukon, Alaska. Ho was taken there last month. Stefansson, y,'\io started last tall on an Arctic trip under authority ot tho Canadian eovoriimonl, expects to complete his explorations and make a lectitre tour of the United States and Canada starting In September tor the benefit of tho Canadian Rod Cross and other war charities, His message stated that, his doctors have advised him that three to /"six months- must elapse before lie "can undertake nuy hard work or serlons responsibility, without grave iVaiiBer." Ottawa, May 13.-Archbishop Math-leu of Uoglna, formerly a rector ot Laval, at a mass yesterday at SL Jean Baptiste church wished God speed to a number of young students ot Laval now In training here with tho Lava! battalion which is soon to proceed to another point to complete training. One of the chief reasons why the king and British pai'liament wore so wllllug lo have Laval ITntverslty founded for the French Canadians was that they wore confident that It would be the cradle ot loyalty, that in the time when its young men would bo called upon the^ would not fall to do Ihoir duty to their country, tho Arch-"Today wo have the proof that their confidence was well founded when we see so many Laval men in khaki, and going to tho trout," ho stated. Ho counselled them to fight, to die, it necessary J for their country. > It is understood that Archbishop Mathlcu came east on the Invitation ot Cardinal Begin ot Quebec, who asked hini to- go DversoaB as clmplnln-general tor Roman Catholic troops, biit tho state ot the Reglna prelate's hoaltli, coupled with his advanced years, made 11 impossible 'tor him to undertake this mission. While in Quebec, Archbishop Mathieu held a number of conferences wKli high church authorities arid it ia said that it is lanjely Hs a result of those interviews thiit tho representations which tho Archbishop made that church dlg-nitaries in that province have recently been strongly urging young French Canadians to join the colors and loy-aOy accept tho conscription law. When asked yesterday as to the report that ho was leaving tor ovor-sftis. Archbishop Mntlileu replied in the negative and said ho was leaving immediately tor the west. GALICIANS ARE Amsterdam. May 13.-Under a aup-pU'mentai> legal, political treaty be-tween Rumania and Germany, the former country must iiulomnify German consular officials for all damage suffered by them during the war or dono to consular buildings. liumania renounces indemnification for damago; caused in Rumania as a result of German mHilary measures, including all requisitions and contributions. Within six months after the ratification ot the peace treaty Bumanla must redeem notes issued by tho � Banca Generale on the order ot thu occupation adminislration and will not put them in circulation against bal-. ances or deposits held by the German reichsbank for covering. Another clause provides that Rumania shall indenVnify Germans tor all damage suffered by them on Ruman 1^1 territory by tho result ot military measures of one of the boIUgerGnf powers. This stipulation also appIIeH to losses whicii Germans suffered an shareholders of undertakings in Rumania. A commission having a neti' tral cli.Tlrman will fix the amount ol sudi losses. Rumania will also indemnity neutral nations for damage caused them on Rumanian territory as a result ot German military measures. . ^ Other clauses provide lor the restoration of abrogated treaties, the resumption ot tho ordinary relations between debtors and creditors and tho exchange of prisoners. Germans who were in tho Rumanian public servjco before the war will be restored to popitions with equal salaries, Rumau-..ian tribunals no longer aro competeift except for clyll affairs. "We are sure, however, that our woes are only tr.ansitory and that the allies' victory will establish right"'in the world." Rumania will grant amnesty to hor subjects for their political conduct, or military conduct basqd on political grounds during the war. Another clause provides that various i:lghta shall be accorded German churches and schools In Rumania. Clause 11 says: "Rumania, after having obtained tho consent ot tho Rumanian National Bank,- agrees that balances and deposits of the National Bank now in the German Reichsbank shall remain in the. Reich3bank"s charge for five yeart, and it Rumania falls behind In her installments, for ten years, as security for Rumania's! public debt and service as .regards German subjects, and may also, it necessary be drawn upon to pay interest and redeem Rumanian bonds. A Mailed Fist Peace London, May 13.-Considerable criticism is being heard in Germany and Austria regarding the peace treaty ot Bucharest. The Leipzig Volks Z0I-, tung says: "Altogether this treaty is no peace by understanding, hut a pure mailed fist peace. It contains open annexations and concealed war indemnitiea which have to be paid. Its economic promises are no less burdening i'or Rumania than as it money indemui-tios had been imposed." Tlio Vienna' Neuso Weiner Tage-blatt warns Austrians against seeing in the conclusion of peace an act oC "sentimental reconcilation" and thinks that Rumania concluded it because she was forceil-'to and because sho hopes for a complete reversal at tho world's peace congress. , Crushing Rumania Vichy, France, May 13.-Victor An-tonesco, former Rumanian minister to Franco, who recently resigned, showed deep emotion today when the Associated Press cprrospondent siibmit-ted to him the text ot the treaty ot Bucharest, which he had not seen. "Sucli a treaty means the crushing of Rumania, politically and economically," he said. "Her present territory is seriously dimlnishoU and the door is loft open for further wrongs whicli dare not yet bo acknowledged. The published � text does not give all the sacrifices to which Rumania will be subjected. Will the Dainubo become an Austro-Germau river? It seeU probable. London.^May 13.-Tlhd^food situation in Gallcia is absoUitelj^''insupportable and tho population-. 1b .dying of huiv ger. Socialist deputies ot Galicla hav^ telegraphed Dr. Von Seydlar, the Austrian premier, an Exchange Telegraph despatch from Ktirlch says. The deputies demand thO imihediate ira-portatlQU of grain from Poland. Popular exasperatloii, they add, is I growing to such an extent that the deputies doolino to bo responsible in the event^ o? gravo developments,* BARON COURTNEY DEAP London, May 13.~Baron qourtney of Penwith, political econoiiiist and deputy speaker of the house of commons froiU' LS'SS lo 1892, died in Lon-' don Saturday. SCHOOL CHILDREN WEAR G.\S MASKS Geneva, May 13.-Swiss troops on the Alsatian frontier have begun to suffer from German poison gas floating back from the western front toward the Rhine, Swiss newspapers say. The civilian population along the Rhine has been warned to provide Itself with giis masks. The school ehildrtn in Mulhelm and Freibourg wear gas noaikt d^iiy. , G0E9 TO THE U. 8. , London, May 13.t-The UruguaxaiJ minister at London has been appointed minister to'the Uttlted States, ' 18396033 32065? ;