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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 13, 1912, Lethbridge, Alberta TTTE LKTnURTDGE DAILY HERALD Monday, May 13, 1D12 WHEN WOMEN WORKED IN MINES AWFUL CONDITION IN 1843 "London Dnlly Chronicle) While miners are demanding Mptance of a, schedule of district -vnya rates ns minimum payments, ugal owners are either resolutely the principle of attempting 'to prove that Ihe Hsures would im- jposo too heavy a burden on an already 'burdened Industry, IL may found ''Interesting to lift the veil Mliieh the past ami glance back time when working conditions in 'cur coal mines were very much worse tbau they are -period wlren 'Women and children were employed In Women Still Employed Hven now women are employed at Ft he pUbrow-j lit was only oilier that a deputation or iheui camel from behind, while sometimes the two wltii my bagle lump lo the chiilu and ropes. It :s sad sweating; and sore fatiguing work, uud frequently imiims the women." No wonder Unit lhc Commissioner, commenting on this, remarks: "It is almost Incredible thai luuimii beings can submit to such csunioy- uieiil-Tinure dillicull Unit dragging Ihe same weights through our lowest coin in on sewers." of drugging 'he loaded corves from ihe workings was to lix n snide round the wuiat nak- ami attach to (his ;L chain, from tbe corve. This either passed be- hvi-eiJ the or over Llie back. In some- districts the work was done by pushing with the head nnd hands VOTC PDNESDAY ON MONEY BYLAW up to J-ondou and went 10 the Houses parliament to protest against "pro- posed legislation alTeclliip but jionc now, labor as they did years ago und-ergronnd- The women and children did not hew coal, Theru were most of them mere beasts of burden. Children of G methods were combined. In" North thesd corves had often (a UP. drugged liOOO yards. Often Ihe women and children work- ed from four in the morning: till four in iht? as they its 'Ihe commissioner put, it- They would gel home dead tired and >-ears ot and women expecting: to I "throw themselves on the ground lifco ihecome mothers lolled nnd moiled forjdops and go to sleep." Men or twelve hours a day in the uoi-j From the point of view of morals, darkness harnessed liko horses I a of tilings such AS the fo' f to loads of coal CT else carrying- the lowing-initsi have-been disastrous: Burgesses Ask to Endorse the Expenditure of BUTUtfLE INTEREST in wooden vessels strapped to their-shoulders. As most of Ihe con! had to be dragged through passages than two feet Jn nelght, the wo- men had (.0 go on all -fours. Many of Work Naked to Waist "In this .district (the vest riding Of Yorkshire T the e.irls employed are of all'ages to L'l; they com- Lmen had (.0 go oa all fours. Many of manly wprfe-n.ull.e-naked down lo I these roads were'very steep, othyr in-1 waist. pf-similar ages who Ir.hes in slush or water, and the-work with them" are aTSo naked down condition of the unfortunate the waist; all (for the garment Is pretiy much tbe 'same for -both sexes) are dressed, as far as they ara dressed at1 all, In. a loose pair oi tares at the end of a day's work was l-pitiable. I Terrible Reading That-this condition of things wns fullered is due (o Lord Ashley, -whose investigation a Cuildrfen's Era- (ploymeDt Commission was appoiiiLcd !in and'who succeeded Uie fol- f lowing year, in passed a biil i -ft'bich prohlblied the employment in ja mine of women or girls, and raised 'the age of hoy workers to 10- The report of the Assistant Com- miiBlonera- (wlib-got their informalion int flret band) to the Commission is trousers, seldom In many o-J the collieries'Hie adiilt colliers, whom the girls serve, work perfectly naked." Child Slaves When the seams of coal were near ly vertical, "dipping-" as it is called, at an .inclination'' of-1' one In three lo one in six feel, It thaL the coal could not be dragged iu.tubc or con'es, it had carried. Iu of Scotlund nearly all Ihe people" In f tlng Thus [females, and the commissioners, men- Liou one instance, where a. liitle girl of "a, perfectly beautiful 'chilld et." The mite'told tbe commiasion- "The work is no guirl; it is so very sair. I work with sister Jessie and niother. Dinna linio we gang; it .is gal i- Humanity Mania V With the report the commissioners sent a number of sketches. The then' caasRV ene .describes a; coal uli in East where workings were from 100 "to yards Tram the main roads, and where .for. that distance, .through dart, passages only '22 to 2S inches in height, young people of 'noih sexes had to crawl, dragging after them ,1 civt. of "TJi-e danger and the difficulties of dragging on roads dipping from 1 ft, in ft. Iu GJt. may be more f easily conceived explained, and I the state which -females lire iu after pulling "like horses these J their es- jJiauBtlon, ami very frequently.- even painful hi the extreme j to witness." The Commissioner, rheu quotes (be of one of .the Hipps, 17, putter, Stoney Rlgg Col- Stirlingshire: Lord Londonderry retorted .JUat -air. employment, after'reaching the Lamuton was only a member for the j.will face, 'is to fill a bagie. or. slype; J county of Durham, 'ijfj 3 -cwt.-of I then i "He was no coalowncr, nor any It on to ray.chain and drag it [thing to say as to the direction, at the Through ihe senm, which IB Inches (Durham coal property, and lie (Lord 2S inches-high, HJ1 I gut lo (he Londonderry) could only regret, from Will Amendment Natural Gas be Passed by People? On Wednesday of this week ,lhe rarypayor-j ol Lethbridge will vole on three bylaws for tbe purpose of rais- ing the sum of for civic Im- provements. So far very little inter- est has been taken in bylaws, ilwre being very iHtle objeclion rais- ed In any rniarier. It Is hardly ex- nccied lhat there will be a large vote polled, unless some opposition (o tbe men sura arises between now and Wed- nesday, and so -far as the Herald bas been able to learn such a thing is tuirdly likely happeu. Tlie North Lcthbrldge Ratepayers' association will meet tomorrow even- injr, when Hie bylaws ivill 'bo one of ilife main topics of discussion. As that nan of the city receives a large proportion of 10c improvements under tlie mouey bylaws, it is likely tluu they will be endorsed, and North Leth bridge will yoll a Inrge vote in .their favor. Tbe gas, winch will be voted on at some later date will also he discussed by the nurth-enders at their meeting tomorrow night. In. all there will be. nine ballots on the three bylaws, divided as follows: for electric Hpht.exieuflUma JlO.OOO.for atrool railway exWna for additional Hro hall an slorc house, and to cover deficit, o children's1 Lome, for the puvchiise of pcrsom proijoity, such na road roller, clc. for sewers and sewage dlspos al. [he waterworks tiopnri menl. S.OOO for park ImprovcrnciHs. street extensions. for the piircba'sc of' 1UO ac res of land nt the river bottom. The members ol1 the city councl confident thai tliuir policy 1. these matters will be endorsed by nn overwhelming-'vote in favor o[ the b> laws. As soon as the consent oE llio h'lr gesscs has been gained on these mat ters, llie various committees of the couunll will bring down their lists fo the year, setting forth the fixed expeu ditures of operating (ho various d-2 partmeuts. The estimates which liavi been consklered so far this year huv. deult only with cciQiial cxpeuditun each department. The city wil then be in a position to strike the rate-Tor While there is no hurr> to have this done, it is the Intenlloi of the council, if possible, to fix the rate for 1012 somewhat earlier than 1 was done last year, and it may be that the tax notices will be sent out earlier in the summer as a result. While it is rather hard to gain.any idea o the lax rate will be for 1912, it has been estimated that it will be about the'same as fcr 1911; when it was fifteen mills. The polls -for Wednesday's voting have been fixed >at No. '2 Police .sta- tion for North Lethbridse, and at the Hatch Land office [or South Lethbridge, LONDON PAPERS JOIN FORCES NEWS AND LEADER ADVOCATING ONE CAUSE REALIZE FUTIL- ITY OF RIVALRY Daily News anil Ihe -Morning Leader: make llieir appwrauce-.Laday us one paper ing StMb.-of coal in a wooden "back- umlcr the.title of the Daily News; nnd Leader. In-a leading article ex- plaining the, event's1 leading to the un- ion, tlie edHut admits ihat the rival- ry whirl) ins hitherto existed be- TO SPEND WEEK AT ALDERSHOT AFTER WEEK WITH NAVY KING GEORGE WILL. SIZE UP HIS ARMY l3.-T-'Aiter this week with thi! navy Lho.iKing proceed lo -Aldcisliot, u-licLc 6a Tuesday he will watch the training ot his avniy. The visit will, in no way interfere' wiLli, or interrupt the scheme of field trairiing in which the r i troops are engaged. The -vha twiMin he two itapcus niiri iccn waste- L. I will bv the queen; ml atu unproductive. He goes on, i 1 i jjc jnformcd each morning ol ihe both championed the same to the same com- LorJ Londonderry declared that ihey He also issued ft pam- lit Imd a tilt at Lord were offensive. phlet In which .Asbley in :i peculiar way. The Mar- rims of Clauricarde, referring to a let- ter from Had worth. Lambton, having said that "the, question ought viewed [IB a of muniiy ami ainipd at the siirnc cu.iis, the force uL (heir attack has heen weakened by the competitive .struggle that hp.s been-maintained. the same time- Ibat those re- sponsible lor Ihc conduct of tlie two journals resolved that-'this profitless. program of the work arranged fnr Hie day and will -then .decide what part of it he will see. The royal pavilion at Aldcrshofc is now iu the hands of officials of the royal household, who are preparing it For occupation by.Their Majesties. The dining room has been enlarged and a great bay window, commanding Mtasonisn, .sUoul.l ceasb Lhey -Mer- a, imncil that UK tal lvllile clcctric bcen good distance, probably f5flO io -100 yards. The pavement I idrtf over Is wet, and I am obliged at tlmn to crawl' Teetj the noble marquis statmn-ent, that .Air. La mil ton seemed lo 'be bitten -with the same humanity mania as Ihe noble lord who, iulToduceil t.he measure." ELLTSMERE 9.-r-ff. -B. R. Davis wl to nbout ten. ago and witli a bride, which was a ID the lady coming from diract (o Ta- 'Their many friends of this dis- trict extend UieJr congratulatlone. 'Miflfl B. Dmvli of vlait- j at Mrs: MeBvayne's. to itay a.couple of. monies. N. Batalden. 0.. A. Stpni and H. l-Dalil all autoed Into Lethbridgij to I TTrovi up the lattcr's claim. Mrs. Snider visited Mrs. S. Bakkon week, spending the afternonn, 'Mr. and Mrs. Graff, (he la'tler being n at -Mrs. DickSon, expect (o go to Lethbrldee.soon, ami after June i leave for a trip arotiu'd tho worlil. W. A. DlcfcEon'and. .T. ninde a trip lo Bow City recently for r KM it, .utWfooJ. Af k wy frocor !or h is best salt, and be will (ire you Wiodaer Salt every Not bcciiiMe it cooti it does bccitiK the groctrt know thiit Windsor Table Silt thei m DSOR coal, and report the crops all looking well pn the road. they both got well soaked'ivltll rain on tile road up. It is renorted Ucre that the last dance at Uosemead on the 26Lh lilt. n'13 a-huge-Blicccas. some of tne beat ot the Roscmeadites only belcg there. Try again. This district has1 experienced n nice soaking rain the last few ilnys -which makes everything look bright for the crojiB. are you now? Mrs. OroiiBliton', of Kasinilr district, called nt Mrs. JlcBrayne's recently. S. -A. Knsken, the new leaclver of llie district school, has been very suc- t'ctjfiil ao fur, havfng largely Increaa- ed (he attendance at the school of pupils. .Mr. anil Mrs. ScrolllnE arc the groud parents of ft big boy who ar- rived Frldaj- nighl. Jlolher and son nre doing well. P. Rohlllard had the miaforlnne lo lose a nice spring recently. -Mr. and '.Mrs. S. Balikon and young aon were callers at Mr. and >rrs. Mc- Ifraj'ne'a oil Sunday. SAD START IN NEW COUNTRY Winnipeg, May 111. .lohatmes Sclnnldt and his wi-'o German aeltlcrs. on their way lo Prince hen dislrkl, slopped off In Winnipeg on Saturday, on account ot the lll- ncas of their one-year-old son. child died, on Sunday. The TO HOME OF FRIENDS Otlawa, Mny L. Horden leaves lonlght for Toronlo, where he will remain foi1 eevcvtvl days. While In Toronlo, Ihc premier will be accorded civic honors. Me will tho cprnerdlono of. thn now Y. C. A. bnlldlns.' devoteil to defeating each othei" should uc devoted to 'more worthy anrt public spirited ends licucc the amalgamation." Tlie new paper in appearance is about equal purls of its two prcdc- ccssou.s, the leading features, of both heing .retained as, tar 'as possltiU. There is .o-ic iVaUirc, .howcYcr. which will CAUSE much comment. For years, past lhc Daily with the idra of eradicating the evils of beltins On race tracks, never '.published any rclalinp 10 horse racing, the Morning Lender, had wherfi- circulation among turf, nicn in consn- of its well writ'tcri reports from Uin race tracks. The 'new paper retains this feature, willi the' excep- tion Lhat no horses are "tipped" for the races. The' Daily Mail in ;in artiole roniing the new paper refers to 'tlie gradual shrinkage in tlie hiuiitcr of London daily papers "The pall Mall. Gawstlc. spt-aks gently when il says four Unionist- pa- pers arc in Ihn market. It. miglit have added tiiatT'otlicrs are'.s'o merg- ed and dcben lured as to'be only .ililc to leave nott (or .their 'tluily or even- ing Irip." RUN OVER BY AUTO Edinpnton, .Miiy Wright, .a 12-ycar-oHl boy, waa run over hy nn alilo on North KJImon- lon. tills allcrnoon, and so hmlij- In- jured it WHB necoBsftry lo con- vey him to the public hospital. It IB thought iliat Ihe hoy Is so severely in- jured that lie will die. lie ly suffer- ing from concussion of the hralu, nnd up to n lute hour thli. afternoon had not 'regained conacionHn.CBa. ights inslallecl in place 'of old-iasluonnd lamps ot Queen Victoria's day. Queen Mary will .devote most of her time to visiting tlie garrison." school and. in- stitutes nml inspecting' the hospital, ami she will endqavor, it is said, lo get in touch with-thc women .io the married officers'-quarters. CHAMPION Champion, May Tho new chf.m- ical fire engine) arrived a ago, was given a trial morning and everyone was well satis- fied with it. The new C.P.R- station has been completed and Champion can boast of having as good a station as there is on the line! The estate offico ol Car- iniclmct ami Thrcvcthich is nearly completed.. Work lias commenced on the foun- dation oi the new building, of the Champion Pharmacy Co., and the work will be rushed as the. .old build- ing is entirely too small. The Watson Hardware Co. have en- larged their store. S. C.-Baker, who opened a photo- sUdio some lime ago, is. kept busy (licsc days. MoiTatt .Hros. have received Uicic new stock of hartlwtvrc, auH arc uoing a good business. LACOMBE A DIVISIONAL POINT It has heen.decided Tor some llwc that Lncomlic Is ;to bo au importani. divisional point on our Brnican nnrt said a high official of the Canadian Northern Hall- way, In conversation.with'the editor of Lhg Laci Globe. CATTLE PRICES AT LIVERPOOL Liverpool, Mny .Rogers Co., Liverpool, (orlay hckl firm In ihe Uirkcnheatl niftrket; the email, 'liul wllh auppllca short, prices w ere'well, nmln- lalncd, Stales and Canadian steers makiug (rom to Ifi cents per pound. DEATH AT KINNONDALE Tho do.ith. occurred on Thursday, May 9, of Morley Holdge. aged 17 years, .of, Klnnoadalc, son of Mr. Mrs. Thoi. U. Iloldgc. 157 BUILDING PERMITS TO DATE To dntc J57 bulkllliB jiormlts have beiMi til lain out at Um office of the building ItiBpector, showing a liculthy movement In building Jiuri contnictiiiR circlua. Tlio uuUtUnK'3. which uru now uiidor conslnictiou, 'uro imikliu nip Id heiidwny, l.lio excellent wciilhei ouncilltons iircvalllng ilui'lijg tlu spring .inoiitliB being responsible foi lhc rapidity wills which the work It being prosecuted. Altogether bulhling conditions In tho city at the iircsunt time are a source of i3iillfi-tftcUoii to tire cozens No labor troubles have arisen, anil though there la no surplus of labor In the building trades, there IB neverthe- less n. steady demand for alcllleri la bor. Building permits taken out today were as follows: F. W. Downer, gateway for SlTiUh- cona Court, ISOO. A. Mathers, house, Sixth avenue South, Smith Uros. Wilson, con- tractors, 5-.700. DonnM Duff, house addition, Sev- enth avenue South, Smith Bros. Wilson, contractors, F. Fetter, house, Eleventh, street, South, W. T. Stott, house. Nin-eteenth street North, R. C. Miilcb.elt, barn, Eighth avenue South, J. C. Graves, sheds, Secnnd avenue loulh, The brickwork of the superstruc- ture of the Kirkham, Hlck-Sehl, II loch nnd Dominion blocks is being rushed up, and all these buildings will >e completed early iu the summer. The urickipvork of the physical train- ng school in .North Lethhridge-ls al- so under .way, while the foun-dalious or the Gnlbraith school, are aid. The contract for the raining school will be, awarde'd at .a special meeting of beard .0 be on Wednesday evening. The enders for the addition to the Board of 'Trade building Iu Gait Park clOEed.pu. Saturday, but will not like- y. be., considered until .the meeting f the council on Tuesday next. TRIAL OF MRS. P. E. L, May 'of x Mrs. charged.with murdering her six child eii bjjr powoning thein, canLiiiues. -At Saturday's "hearing the chief evidence was that given by Agnes Matter, Ap- riie.Mahcr, nud Hicken, re- garding ihe matches purchased by Mrs. fllcGec. Today, several witnesses told of the ihll-dren having bought-ten and an- Dthcr of matches, and j tlva last victim, having .ought four bunches the day he wns aken Tlio result of the analysis of the or- gans the dend children has not yet seen announced. TITIVATING THE DUKE'S RESIDENCE Quebec, May idence ut the Citadel, Is undergoing a omplete overhauling and re-decora- ion for the reception to the Bute of Connaught and hie household, due to ,reive at Quebec .on June 3. whole inside _'of. .the citadel tructure hns been demolUhed, and ebullt, beslde-a of tire ntlre premises and rooms; A num- ler.of suites have been arranged, and lie'newest sanitary arrangements in- inlled. The ball, n'ariora and dfning- ooni. In fact, the entire interior of he; citadel residence is being ve-clee- irn.W. SECOND HAD HAND CUT OFF ECULIAR AND UNPRECEDENTED OCCURRENCE TOOK PLACE AT A DUEL Vienna, May extraordinary ccidciiL, which is believed to he .1111- Lcccdctitcd, look place at a duel ought at Clrossivanlcn, Hungary. While lhc lirsl round was in pro- rcss .between the two principals, a real spurt of blood was seen and ;i and, holding a sword, fell 'between two cointj.itanU1. Kiich (hoiiRhi, he olhfjr hart nocn .wounded and im- ncdjatcly figlillng.' Then It was discovered that one f the, seconds had not sptuus ick..sufficiently" quick, at the word go" liad '.recnlvcrt a slanting 0111 his own principal, which scvcr- l his hand. The duel was at once topped while first aid: was tendered o Lhc unfortunate second, Style Means Much in Oxfords matter hcnv smart you tlii nk yoni shoes, unless they arc the latest style, you are riot well dressed. And the-fashions are contin- ually iu Oxfords. At this store you will find tlio bought expressly for suit your taste and .keep you right in the forefront of the latest, fashion. .You liere eventually, wliy not Call in today and lei us '.show you tlic latest in: Barry's for Men, Queen Quality for Women Nothing newer.on the market FOOT TOGGERY N A HURRY; MISSED A LOT St. lie., May Burglars blew the safe in the post office it Clnyton; St. Louis Country, early to- day.TObbe'l it of in stamps and J.1T in cash, and. overlooking in cash and stomps. Pieces, of he shattered .si-re door tore through he ceiling into the aparuneut occu- pied hV Mr. aiid Mrs. Arthur Schmidt. CKYSTAL LAKE Crystal Lake, May The lecture y Mr. Millord, ot CoaUlale, which ,-ns held in the schoolhonsc Friday vcning; lir'pyed "quite a success'. Quite nnmlier oi.pcople attended. Mr. .nul Mrs. llambly .and family rom Ontario, have taken up their rc- idcnce in this district- MAY COMPROMISE BETS-'. .THAT ,v LEADER ilwiLU AGAIN BE 'IN THE 'RACE cnce n s src- Miss Naomi Gould called on Mrs. Ovaril last Sunday- i 'Pearl Ingram, of Sundial, who een visiting in Chester, Mon- eo. Miss hs hei ram Hans' een vsng n eser, on- spunt a iew days at J: In- last week. he mis ast ti! vas T o Gra Schiinck is busy these days Iced into LcLlihcidgc hail slqrLunc. to1 have a runaway iiuraday, .but not much' damage c. .Gould made jy an will .be of the "it" Baltimocc. lea- gue 'Alleyluiny county, is raising lOD democrats who will go to more and .carry banners in a parade hearing the inscription "lliyan onh'-M During Bryan's stay in ..the last Sunday Jas. Mowley, democratic I candidate, for. congrcssi'uan at. requested Bryan-in person, to present 'his name at. the lliirrislnirg tibn. Bryan pointed out to Ilowlcy that tins be a mistake. In private conversation Uryau is alleged to "h.ive given voice to the helifir that neither Wilson nor Qark will DC successful in the caiididacy ior the j presidential nomination and .that thc nomination-'will- to otlu'i party. SNOWING AT DUL'UTH I' Diiluth, Hay anow j fell herctoflny, the.-fall following LliB fine weather of yeslerdsiy. The enow did not remain visible long, milling H, it [ell. it- 22-23-24, Block C, Bur- Price Terms cash, balance 1 and 2 years This will likely go quick, so get Busy Exclusively by ;