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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 12, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta "4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERAID Tursdny, May 12, 1970 Anthony Westell Canada Far West In Ms keynote address for the One Prairie Province Enquiry, The Honourable James Richardson sug- gested the name Canada West for the hypothetical union of the three, provinces. Last night with Alberta's Premier Harry Strom suggesting an alternative alignment there is need for still another name. Manitoba and Saskatchewan could be Canada West with Alberta and British Colum- bia becoming Canada Far West! While Mr. Strom showed some open- ness to the possibility of reconfed- eration it was apparent that he is chiefly concerned with creating a fair- er system in Canada as now struc- tured. The continuous discontent that westerners have felt with their place in confederation does not mean that want to realign or withdraw they only want their rights. If the Premier has a genuine con- cern for westerners, his proposal of a union of Alberta and British Col- umbia involves a contradiction. Such a union would bring together two provinces who have wealth and thus power in common, abandon- ing the poorer provinces of Manitoba and Saskatchewan to the wolves. Ob- viously this does not jibe with the plea for a better deal for all western- ers. It seems difficult to reconcile Mr. Storm's avowed concern for the well-being of the people in the west with the apparent appeal to selfish- ness in a proposed union that would permit those that 'have' to continue enjoying their affluence without any sharing. There may be truth in the assertion of Mr. Strom that Albertans would not be interested in union with the other two prairie provinces. A self- ish streak perhaps runs through the whole of the populace of this prov- ince. But it also may he characteristic of the people of British Columbia who might consider Alberta to be something of an albatross to weigh them down. And that would end the dream of that alternative. Follow The Doctors? Staffing the Provincial Hospital at Ponoka is seemingly such a difficult job that the future of this large in- stitution appears to be in jeopardy. Health Minister James Henderson says there is no easy answer to the problem of medical staff shortage. Although there may be no easy an- swer there is an obvious one: follow the doctors to the larger centres. They are in plentiful supply in the cities. Despite the fact that there may actually be a surplus of them in the Mr. Henderson cannot be induced to leave for work in a rural area. So, if the doctors will not go to the people in the country, the people will have to go to the doc- tors in the cities. For many of the patients at Ponoka this would mean going to a doctor at home. The majority of patients at the Ponoka hospital are not from that lo- cale but from the cities. They are away from their homes and families. This is something not favored by most experts in the field of treatment for the mentally ill. It is possible, then, that doctors can not be induced to serve at Ponoka partly because they dp not approve of removing people from their own com- munities for treatment. The Ponoka hospital should be closed or scaled down to become a'adjunct of the gen- eral treatment hospital in that com- munity, according to the new way of thinking. Another factor preventing doctors from leaving the cities is the attrac- tiveness of the team approach to med- ical practise. The General Practition- er has made something of a come- back in recent years but even he ap- preciates being able to consult with specialists. This does not augur well for Pon- oka and other rural centres because it could mean that eventually people have to go to the cities for medi- cal care of all kinds not just psy- chiatric. No attempt is here being made to run down the rural commu- nities as was imputed by a corres- pondent when tills point was mooted previously. It is merely noted that urbanization is proceeding at a f right- eningly rapid pace all over the woril. And the attitude of the medical pro- fession is both symptomatic and cau- sative of the trend. Since one thing most people are not prepared to do without is medical care there is apparently only one answer to the phenomena of doctors congregating in the cities: go to them follow them there. The Uses Of Boredom By Norman Cousins, in Saturday Review 'T'WO years ago, when the Swedish mo- tion picture I Am Curious (Yellow) opened in New York, word quickly got out that the film showed a totally unclothed couple making love. The result was that long lines of moviegoers for hours in punishing weather to see one or two brief erotic scenes dropped into a murky, muddled, morose, meandering story about a slow-thinking young woman who was engaged as a public opinion poll- taker. No matter that the advertised action was incidental to the general theme; peo- ple seemed willing to endure any amount of the extraneous and the incomprehensible in order to gaze, however fleetingly, at anatomical structures possessed by at least three billion human beings on this planet. The response to the film has to be con- sidered in context. Curious was only one of a fast growing number of movies, plays, books, magazines, and to meet what was thought to be an insati- able public craving for vicarious sexual ad- venture. Attempts were made to intellect- and upgrade the exercise by term- ing it a manifestation of new freedom in human affairs, and a refreshing antidote to hypocrisy and prudery. It was obvious that hypocritical attitudes abcut sex abounded in our society. But some advocates of the new approaches were not without then; own hypocrisies and deceits. Many of the same motion picture producers who inveighed against taboos and restrictions on candid sex films competed with one another to have their pictures branded so that they could exploit (he fact that their films were so daring that no; everyone would ba permitted to see them. (The rating system itself is full i.; astounding irony and warp- ed values. No attempt is made to rate films according to their violence. It is apparent- ly considered far less harmful to a child to see human bodies lacerated, tortured, dismembered, or shot than to sec them un- Tlie real issue emerging from ex- treme new candor is not whether .society has been too rigid it whether many specimens of the new can- dor are anything iv.orc than a colossal in- vasion of privacy. As such, they are not a manifestation of freedom but an assault on it. For nc'hing i.s more cciciiiial to free- dom than privacy. It is inevitable that the tide should now be as a rcasscrtion of an old "morality" than as a reflection of man's basic need for dignity and privacy. Human dignity is not solely a political concept. It has as much to do with personal privacy as with codified rights. People are not fit subjects for exploitation whether in terms of their labor, their minds, or their bodies. They are not anomalies of medi- cine or scaffoldings for the display of pri- vate parts. The fact that people will rise to defend their personal integrity is a basic element in the present situation. Neither should we underestimate the cor- rective power of boredom. One of the non- hits of the new Broadway season was Grin and Bare It, which closed after a short run. In terns of skin display, it made Hair or Oh! Calcutta! look like Rebecca of Sun- ny-brook Farm. The entire cast performed in the nude. What was more interesting and significant about the play, however, was not what happened on stage, but what hap- pened in the audience. The house kept get- ting emptier night after night. The play was a thorough bore. There is nothing like a slow box office to start a new trend. And the producers are getting the message. The message is not that sex has ceased to be interesting, but that there are dimensions to it far more meaningful and appealing than the producers have so far displayed. The ulti- mate problem in then- approach to sex is not that the films and plays are too ma- ture, but that they aren't mature enough. Adolescent exhibitionism and voyeurism must not be confused with mature enter- tainment. At least burlesque was honestly labelled; there was no pretense at opening up new frontiers of freedom. Far worse than any invasion of privacy by producers would be an attempt by gov- ernment to decree moral norms. The state should not attempt to arrogate to itself a role that depends on far wiser definitions than it is equipped to make. The cash rcg-. ister is a powerful checkpoint, and nothing registers more powerfully than when the. public is bored stiff. In the this is the only workable alternative to censorship. None of the foregoing is intended to sug- gest that a massive counter reaction to extremes of so called candor is in full force. What is happening, if we read the signs correctly, is that considerations of privacy and good taste are proving to be rot as trivial as the exploiters tend to tlunk. Pressure For Cross-Canada Pipeline (Third of four articles) PRESIDENT RICHARD Nixon's attempt to hold back the tide of Canadian oil flowing across the border is al- ready buckling before econ- omic and political pressures. Refineries in the northern states some of them built specially to process Canadian crude are crying for more supplies than allowed under the Nixon quota. They are: up before the ap- peals board in Washington to complain that they arc being forced to run at less than half capacity and are threatened with bankruptcy their representa- tives on Capitol Hill for relaxa- tion of the quota, and 25 sena- tors recently sent a tough poli- tical letter to Nixon demanding free entry for Canadian oil; the Canadian embas- sy to be tougher in its ne- gotiations with their own U.S. government. In Ottawa and Calgary there is the comfortable be 1i e f that by mid-summer Nixon will be THE KW THINS ATTIC wsw Letters To The Editor The Real Purpose Of Youth Hostels A few comments from a mid- dle-aged mother a hippy of the early 1950's. In clothing our own mothers would have banned from the neighborhood we toured Europe on a day by the grace of an amazing organization, the In- ternational Youth Hostel Feder- ation. Its object: "To help all, especially young people of lim- ited means, to a greater knowl- edge, love and care of the coun- tryside, particularly by provid- ing hostels or other simple ac- commodation them in their travels, and thus to promote their health, rest and educa- cation." This meant dormitories, washing facilities and commu- nity kitchen for two shillings (30 cents) a night. Hostels closed between 10 a.m. and 5 p.m., and no one was admitted after 10 p.m. Members must do their share of hostel duties. Su- pervision was usually by a man and wife. No drug scene but the menace of our era, "intoxicants are not allowed in the hostels and smoking in the dormitories is prohibited." Abuse of priv- ileges meant loss of member- ship a powerful deterrent, to lose that valuable entry to the great history of Europe. In the hotels we met bronzed teachers from Australia and New Zealand, nurses from Ab- erdeen, Irish singers with their sweet music, stalwart aunties in hiking boots, entire British fam- ilies on walking tours, French students, American and Ger- man kids; all talking constant- ly, ambassadors for their coun- tries, learning about ours. Not a free vacation but a priceless one, involvirg almost Youlli Hostel I wish to compliment Mrs. Hugh McCauRhcrty on her let- ter in The Herald regarding the proposed "youth hostel." Truly, this is the age of the freeloader and too many of our public figures and public offi- cials are extremely generous with other people's money. Surely the taxpayers must have some rights left, possibly even the right to not be forced to financially .support every harebrained idea born to those who would encourage indolence, discourage self dependence and generally glorify the hobo type of person. KAY KRITfiES. Lcthbritigc. fanatical financial management, onion sandwiches, the eternal fried sausage and the hospital- ity of hundreds of people. If only the taxpayer could provide such an education, an education beyond measure. To know the charming arrogance of France, the. incomparable British kindness to strangers (come in to tea roth us, then we'll drive you to see our cathe- dral. Don't 'irony about your To stay in a West Ger- man hostel (an old refugee camp still housing remnants of war lost families) to understand the shadows of tragedy in Dub- lin streets and to wonder at the black Mils crowding in on Welsh towns. We just, could not afford to tour Canada as we had toured Europe, and those thousands of young people so eager to under- stand the world could never manage to travel where there was no "simple accommodation for them, to promote their health, rest and education." EDNA HUNTER. Vauxhail. Ludicrous .Challenge In a recent letter, to the editor, a challenge was issued to the students of the Univer- sity to follow the conventional morality. In re- turn for the student's accep- tance of the challenge, to lead a moral life, the university would receive significant con- "School-In" I would like to congratulate The Herald for printing the "School In." It is a wonderfid service to our younger genera- tion to be given an opportunity to express their views publicly. I am also very interested to hear what the teachers have to tell us ths parents and tax- payers. The new report card that has come out within the last few years, tells us absolutely noth- ing (especially in the elemen- tary schools) about our chil- dren's progress in school. I read everything I can get my hands on looking for information as to what my children could be learning in school. I would also like to say that I heartily agree with Mr. Charles N. Ackroyd (Raymond) who wrote a letter "Challenge to the University of Let h- bridge." I also am disgusted dial taxpayers are forced to fi- nance a "school of learning" which puts the stamp of appro- val on this so called new mor- ality, by putting birth control pills in machines. I sincerely hope we can send our children, when they reach university age, to a Christian university. After all, we brag about living in a Christian nation, why not prac- tise what we preach? CONCERNED MOTHER. Lethbridge. tributions from private donors. This talk seems to be aca- demic and moral prostitution. Students, by complying, would be selling out their right to.a free, liberal education. This in effect, would be a contradiction of the purposes of a university education. Just as a church is primarily concerned with the develop- ment of belief, faith and moral- ity, the university is concerned with the development of and encouragement of understand- ing, rationality and intellect. Is this sacrifice of "academic freedom" to be in the interests of preserving and enforcing our traditionally "free soci- Do we believe in com- plete freedom of religion or are the limits of this freedom up to the point of departure from Christianity? Bigotry ant.7, discrimination, many students have found, are the roots of many of the prom- inent problems of the world today. This letter is not intended to accept such a blatantly ludi- crous challenge. It is merely intended to express a personal, although common, viewpoint. Some people do not want the realities of this world subvert- ed by another person's dreams for Heaven. N. C. C. Lethbridge. So They Say Thrre is an increasing fear that technology is being mis- used, that we are pursuing in- creased production of goods and services singlcmindcd- ly and without regard for the general quality of life. Mr. Anthony Wedgwood Bonn, Bri- tain's Minister of Technology. forced to case the quota of 000 barrels a day. But what both countries real- ly want is a long-term deal to allow the free flow of Canadian oil. And that means accommo- dating political and economic forces on both sides of the bor- der. The foundation of U.S. oil policy is security of supply: the country must never become too dependent on foreign oil which might be cut-off in a crisis. The United States has al- ways been willing to pay a high price for its own oil rath- er than switch on cheaper for- eign oil. The bill for this pro- tection runs to around bil- lion a year paid by consumers in higher prices for the car, oil for home heating and other costs. A family of four is estimated to pay an extra a year in New York, in Vermont and in Wyoming. When the political power of consumer groups is rising and the influence of the oil lobby in Washington is declining, those are hard figures to justify. Nixon's task force on oil im- ports, in effect, sought a com- promise between security arid price. The majority report rec- ommended scrapping the quotas which now prevent cheap foreign oil flooding the United States, and substituting tariffs. The tariffs would raise the cost of foreign oil to make com- petition with high-cost U.S. pro- duction fairer. But the U.S. in- dustry would have to cut prices by about 30 cents a barrel to meet the new competition. For the consumer, it might mean a saving of half a cent a gallon at the gas pump. Compromises seldom give real satisfaction to anyone, and the task force plan has been sharply criticized. Independent U.S. oil pro- ducers protest that a price cut would put them out of business. Consumers complain that prices would still be too high in New England and other re- gions remote from U.S. oil fields. Nixon has shelved the ma- jority report, pending hearings by committees of the Senate and the House of Representa- tives, and there are many W a s h i n g ton observers who doubt thai the tariff proposal will ever be implemented. But Canadian oil is in a spe- cial, preferred position anyway. It is 40 to 70 Cents a barrel cheaper than U.S. oil in the northern states, and the supply is secure in the sense that the U.S. is satisfied that we shall remain friends and allies. The task force recommended therefore that C a n a d'i a n should be freely admitted with- out quota or tariff subject to certain conditions. The main condition is secur- ity of supply in Montreal and the Atlantic provinces. East of the Ottawa Valley, Canada uses cheap foreign oil. During the Suez crisis of 1956 and again during the Arab-Is- raeli war in 1867, Middle East supplies were interrupted, and Eastern Canada was close to gas rationing. Emergency supplies from the United States saved the day. But to the United States, that was just as if they themselves had been dependent on the for- eign oil a breach in the se- curity which they pay a high price to maintain. Before treating Canada as a wholly secure source, the U.S. government would like to see a pipeline carrying western oil to Montreal, and reducing depen- dence on foreign oil. That's nart of the price Can- ada is being asked, discreetly, to pay for free access to the rich U.S. market. But it raises political problems in Canada. Nationalists in all parties tend to support the idea of West-East Canadian line just because it sounds like a good patriotic project. Independent Canadian oil producers in the west eagerly promote the pipeline, partly be- cause it would give them a new market in Montreal and partly because it would help them to get into the all-important U.S. market. On the other side of the is- sue, the major international oil companies which represent about 80 per cent, of the indus- try hi Canada have opposed the line. They own oil not only -in Alberta, but also in the United States, the Middle East, Latin America and elsewhere, and the Montreal refinery complex is one of the great world mar- kets in which they can still reg- ulate prices and profits. It may pay one of the giants, for example, to leave oil in the ground in Western Canada import crude from VeneEuela. By making the deal through a subsidiary in Nassau, the Inter- national Corporation can buy cheap in Venezuela and resell in Montreal, taking a taxfree profit outside Canada. Even so, the foreign oil reaching Montreal will still be cheaper than oil coming through a pipeline from Alber- ta. S'o Quebec and the rest of Eastern Canada don't want the pipeline and gas costing per- haps five cents a gallon more. And the federal government does not want to force expen- sive western oil on Quebec, giv- ing another weapon to the sep- aratists, or on the Atlantic provinces which are striving to promote industrial growth based on low costs. Further, says Ottawa, there is every expectation of dis- covering oil in the Gulf of St. Lawrence and off the Atlantic coast in the near future. So what's the point of spending millions on a pipeline from the west? Western Canadian producers have ingenious formulas for de- livering then- oil through a pipeline to Montreal without putting up prices. One proposal to Ottawa, for example is to mix a barrel of Western oil to about five bar- rels of foreign oil. This would cut the price increase to about a penny a gallon, which the Quebec government could elim- inate by reducing its tax. Ot- tawa Would profit in- creased revenue on the rising flow of western oil, and could make a payment to Quebec to make up its tax loss. Another western argument is that Ottawa should fight pollu- tion by allowing only the most modem and safest tankers into Canadian water and by charg- ing a levy on imported oil to build up a fund to pay the cost of clearing up tanker spillage. Those costs to the companies could make foreign oil almost as dear as Canadian oil. But the cheap foreign oil go- ing in to Eastern Canada looks pretty attractive to yet another interest group. The New England states have no refineries of their own and have to use high-cost U.S. sup- plies, which makes it impos- sible for them to develop a pe- trochemical ind u s t r y. They want to follow Canada's exam- ple of importing cheap oil, and senator Ted Kennedy and oth- ers have been making this case vigorously to the White House. From all these conflicting pressures, the federal govern- ment has to evolve a policy on which to bargain with the ted States. If Nixon's quota is cracking in face of U.S. demand for Ca- nadian oil, do we in fact have to pay any price for access to the eager U.S. market? Can we just wait to sell on our own terms? But if we do have to make concessions to U.S. oil secur- ity, must it be the pipeline? How far can Ottawa go to satisfy the Nationalists and the Alberta oil producers (Part of the alienated West) without up- setting Quebec and the East? They are questions of fine poli- tical judgment. (Toronto Star Syndicate) LOOKING BACKWARD THUOUGH THE HERALD ministerial associa- tion of the city has presented a resolution to council asking that Sunday funerals be ban- ned, except in an epidemic or exceptional circumstances. first local glider, manufactured in the city by Thomson and Larson, was given its initial try-out recently. The machine was towed by an automobile and a short flight was made. Improvements are to be made and the builders felt a more windy day would have given better results. new British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, re- ported the formation of a war cabinet of five men. During his speech he told the House, "I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat." Joseph Small- wood of Newfoundland was made an honorary chief of the Blood Indian tribe at a short ceremony, between flights, at the Lethbridge airport. the second day in a row, Lethbridge's tempera- ture climbed into the mid- eighties and was the warmest place ji Canada. The Letlibridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lcthbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1005 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN I'ublislici Second Class Man Registration Number 0012 or Tho Canadian Press and tlio Canadian Daily Newspaper and tho AuiHI Bureau of Circulations C1.EO W. MOWERS. Editor and Publisher THOMAS U. ADAMS, General Jlanaeer JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY ManaKing Editor Associate eilitor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WAI.KEB Advertising Manager Editorial Pago "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;