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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 11, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta May 1974 THE LETHBRIDOE HERALD Technician displays canister device attached to auto engine exhaust manifold purifys emission. 6Clean air' cans to improve mileage NEW N.Y. About worth of coated on thousands of tiny pellets in a metal may help Detroit automakers improve the fuel consumption of new cars next fall. Although catalytic converters were mainly designed to purify auto- exhaust the devices now are being widely hailed as potential fuel savers as well. The Environmental Protection Agency estimates that the 1975 now undergoing certification will show at least a 7 per cent improvement over mileage results for 1973 and 1974 models. General which plans to fit the cans on most of its passenger predicts an 11 to 13 per cent improvement in mileage. All this is welcome not only to to Engelhard Minerals and Chemicals a pioneer in developing emission control catalysts for auto use. Ride high a time when many auto- equipment suppliers are suffering from Detroit's big- car sales Engelhard's is riding high. Over the past two the diversified precious metal fabricator has signed contracts with General Motors and Ford to supply a sizeable portion of the catalyst requirements for the 1975 and succeeding model years. A handful for foreign including Mercedes-Benz. and have also agreed to buy Engelhard catalytic units for the 1975 export models. In the United three new plants are under one to make pelletized catalysts for the two others to make ceramic honeycomb units for Ford and foreign automakers. For the past five Engelhard has devoted the major share of its research and development budget to improving the efficiency and durability of its exhaust gas purifiers. By MARTIN SKALA Christian Science Monitor Originally developed by Engelhard for forklift trucks and other engines used in confined the devices chemically convert hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide into water vapor and harmless cargon monoxide at high temperatures. The precious metal catalyst acts to speed up this chemical but is not consumed or changed as it does its job. If leaded gas is the catalyst rapidly deteriorates and will not control vehicle emissions for miles as required by federal law. A key advantage of catalytic from Detroit's is that they treat exhaust gases after combustion takes place. Thus some of the engine modification and retuning that was required in recent years to meet emission standards now can be eliminated in the interest of fuel economy. The additional equipment may add to the cost of 1975 but according to Milton F. Engelhard earn most of it within a year or two through savings at the gas pump. By stressing the fuel- economy Detroit can CASH AVAILABLE FOR Business Acquisitions A Calgary based corporation with substantial cash resources and wishing to invites proposals to acquire businesses preferably supply and distribution and capital rather than labor intensive. Acquisition of ownership is together with a requirement for reasonable continuity for present management to continue to operate the with the new owners providing financial and administrative direction. This opportunity may be of particular interest to owners or contemplating estate resolution or retirement circumstances. Interested parties are asked to initially provide sufficient information about the nature and size of the business which would permit indication of the range of investment involved. All inquiries will be acknowledged and should be addressed Box 26 The Lethbridge Herald make the added cost of the converter more palatable to to he believes. James manager of the auto-products division of Universal Oil shares Mr. Rosenthal's bullish outlook for catalytic converters. which is building a new catalyst plant in holds a five-year contract with Chrysler Corporation to provide all its catalyst requirements. Some critics have expressed doubts about the durability of but Mr. Dunham predicts the heat-shielded under-floor units will be reliable under normal operating conditions. They're going to be much harder to put out of condition than an ordinary Since the devices will be used with unleaded their installation should help reduce engineeer maintenance costs and extend sparkplug according to Mr. Dunham. Concern Universal Oil Products' biggest which Detroit is that some drivers may carelessly put leaded gas in their tanks. While a few gallons of leaded fuel won't hurt repeated doses of lead destroy the catalytic thereby nullifying the unit's ability to oxidize pollutants. If the pelletized catalyst can be replaced at service stations in what General Motors describes as fairly simple To guard against .'lead EPA. has ordered gasoline marketers to make lead-free fuel available on a nationwide basis by this summer. High-volume stations are to be equipped with at least one lead-free pump with a narrow nozzle specifically fitted for ..1975 cars. is- worried that the oil companies may no-t make sufficient quantities of lead-free fuel available quickly enough. only 50 or 60 per cent of the nation's service stations are going to carry says a Ford Motor Company aren't going to feel too happy about buying a 1975 Another potential sales according to is the higher price bf- lead-free fuel. Most oil companies are expected to charge at least a penny or two more a gallon for the more highly refined product. Some Wall Street observers reckon the including W. R. Grace and American Cyanamid will sell more than million of automotive catalysts this year. Additional business will go to automotive suppliers such as Arvin a major supplier of exhaust which makes the metal canisters that encase the catalyst. Honeycomb core inside the canister. Robots may help USSR mine Siberian wealth MOSCOW A leading economist says Soviet scientists have been commis- sioned to design robots which will help man extract natural wealth from the wastes of northern Siberia. After over a century's con- tinuous some of the mineral deposits in the European part of the Soviet Union are nearing exhaustion and extraction costs are ris- ing. But thousands of miles beyond the locked up in the frozen soil of northern Siberia lies vast mineral plati- num and metals of all to say nothing of diamonds 'and gigantic timber reserves. In the next 15 or 20 many especially young will have to trek into the harsh northern and eastern portions of this vast country to feed the furnaces of industry with raw materials. But the north is an area where little grows except stunted shrubs and brown grass. frozen surface thaws into a mosquito-ridden quagmire in the Brief arctic summer and houses fiave to be built on stilts to anchor their foundations safely in the frozen subsoil. REPLACE WORKERS Fyodor a senior offi- cial at the Soviet state plan- ning office in says Soviet scientists are studying the feasibility of robots to help replace manning future built in the northern territories. Kotov says conditions in the northern territories are so harsh that workers should not be expected to spend long pe- riods of their lives there. should work there man should not be Research scientists in many Soviet institutes are already at work designing the Sibe- rian robot of the says Their research is governed by a 15-year master plan for the development of the Soviet economy in the period of 1976 to 1990. Fuel crisis making Italians slow down ROME Speed- loving Italians are finding it increasingly difficult to indulge in their passion for fast cars. First came the oil crisis and with it a series of draconian fuel saving measures which prevented Italians from taking their traditional Sunday car-rides into the country. No sooner was that relaxed than the government introduced a new piece of legislation which stops the under-21s and over-65s driving the fastest cars on Italian roads. Coupled with four gas price increases in six the message seemed The day of the internal combustion engine's supremacy in Italy is over. For major Italian automobile the news is bad indeed. Italy's largest private company employing some recorded a no-profit balance last year for the first time in 25 years. Its exports have shrunk by 25 per cent and domestic sales are down 40 per cent. But it is in the luxury market fed by such household names as Ferrari and Lamborghini that the effect of the fuel crisis has been catastrophic. Manufacturers report demand falling to almost zero as stockpiies of gas-hungry luxury sports cars grow alarmingly. ACCIDENT RATE HIGH The ban on fast cars for the too-old and the too-young has added to their although it has less to do with the oil shortage than with safety considerations. Cars affected by the new rules include several foreign among them the more powerful models of the popular Ford the Ford Mustang Mach three-litre the bigger versions of the Jaguar XJ6 and and even the somewhat stately Rover. Italy hardly has a road safety record of which it can be proud more than deaths on the road a year and some injured. With the fuel mandatory speed limits were imposed on all roads. But although it still is too soon to gauge the effects of these limits on accident drivers do not seem over Farm receipts up in 1974 OTTAWA Farmers' cash receipts during the first quarter of this year were 46 per cent higher than receipts during first three months of figures released Friday by Statistics Canada showed. Receipts from farming operations in all except were billion during the January-March period this year and billion during the same period a year ago. The estimates include receipts from sale of farm wheat board support cash advances on grains in storage and deficiency payments made by the agricultural stabilization board. Unions prepare congress lobby VANCOUVER Union leaders and delegates from across Canada are involved in intensive lobbying efforts here as they prepare for .a Canadian Labor Congress convention be- ginning Monday that could be one of Ihe most significant la- bor meetings in many years. The meeting will see the re- tirement of two top congress president Donald MacDonald and- secretary- treasurer William and the election of a top-level executive for the i'.S millign- member congress. A reform group of unions will also be trying to put across its views on greater Canadian autonomy for unions. Prestige Office Space FOR RENT Phone 327-6747 Calgary Law Firm LAWYER for General Practice 2 Experience Apply to Box 13 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD concerned with strict obedience to the new regulations. SUNDAY BAN HURTS What is making a is the drop in the number of vehicles on the roads each weekend. After a winter of totally car- free Sundays the government relaxed the measures to allow cars with even numbered registration plates put on one those with odd numbered registrations the next. Roads are noticeably emptier and cars are noticeably fuller as even numbered owners beg lifts from their odd numbered neighbors and vice-versa. Perhaps police have reported a booming trade in stolen and faked registration plates. But the new rules seem to be working well on the whole and Italians are beginning to accept that the days when they could use their cars as they please are gone forever. Enzo the Italian mechanical genius who made his name synonymous with sleek fast automobiles in the was among the first to sense the way the wind was blowing. For the last few he has been using a modest Fiat family car. NEB postpones gas decisions By JEFF CARRUTHERS Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA Decisions on three gas export applications which have been before the National Energy Board last year will likely be postponed until after the NEB's general gas export policy hearings scheduled for this according to an NEB official. The gas exports involved total some 2.2-trillion cubic feet of Alberta equal to about four times Ontario's needs at present rates of consumption. The delay will mean that even if two of .the applications are gas could not start flowing into the U.S. until several months after the start-date specified in the applications. An NEB officia_l explained yesterday that the gas export policy which will de- termine how much gas Canada has surplus to domestic needs and therefore available for export and whether the existing surplus formula should be are being held primarily as a result of the applications for renewals and expansions of existing gas exports now before the Board. want to look at all aspects of the supposedly including the implications of the Arctic Gas which is now partially before the we make any specific the NEB official said. Affected Canadian Montana Pipeline with an application to export 0.248- trillion cubic feet of Alberta gas to its parent Montana starting May 14 of 1974 and lasting 18 Pan Alberta Gas Ltd. of with an application submitted last November to export 0.883-trillion cubic feet principally to California and Oregon consumers starting in November of 1974 through and Alberta and Southern Gas Co. of with an application submitted last June to export trillion cubic feet of gas over a 15-year period specific starting principally to California consumers. A similar application by Al- berta and Southern submitted in 1971 was rejected by the NEB. An application to export about half as much gas as this application by Canadian Montana was also rejected in 1971. The NEB official also sug- gested that separate public hearings on the three appli- cations for gas exports would not likely be held. one combined hearing would likely be held. Final decisions on the export applications could be delayed until early in 1975. SCHWARTZ INSURANCE AGENCIES H. H. Smith Ltd. Customs Broker Lithbriltt PhiM 328-8141 COUTTS Home Office Phone 344-3822 WAYNE BECKER INSURANCE MANAGER Wayne has transferred from oui Sparwood Agency to become oui Insurance Manager. He has ten years experience in the general insurance and is highly qualified. Wayne's experience includes under- writing commercial and fire Company in- Agency representative and supervisor. He was promoted to Manager when he joined us as Manager of our Sparwood Agency. Wayne provides top counselling with our established service. We are pleased to add him to the team and ask you to call him at 328-3331. 1 To 5 Yurs GUARANTEED SAVINGS CERTIFICATES Interest payable semi-annually or compounded to maturity. Member Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation Depositors can purchase Olympic coins FARMERS MERCHANTS TRUST 309 7th Street lethbrldge Phone frn ;