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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 11, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 'Strategy of confusion' may be Nixon's last chance By JAMES RESTON New York Times Service WASHINGTON President Nixon's best hope of avoiding impeachment and conviction now lies in the fact that there is no agreement in the the or even in the legal fraternity about what the grounds for impeachment of a president should be. White House counsel is arguing that words Commentary or ________________-L. other high crimes and misdemeanors' mean criminal offenses only do the words inherently require a criminal but one of a very serious nature committed in one's governmental capacity Counsel for the House Judiciary on the other argues that this is far too narrow a but that a president can be impeached and convicted if he does not meet his wider constitutional responsibilities and for over-all conduct of the executive branch which the constitution vests in him alone Both of quote extensively from English law and the founding fathers in support of their contradictory opinions the issue is not likely to be trying to figure out what was in the minds of James James Wilson and the other architects of the who knew a lot about human weakness and the corruption of power and secrecy but not much about mirv's and other modern abominations Precedents useful This does not mean that the constitutional precedents are not useful They are a far better guide than Gerald Ford's when he was trying to impeach Mr Justice William 0. that an impeachable offense was whatever the house and the senate consider it to or former attorney general Richard Klemdienst's cynical remark that' you don't need you don't need to impeach the all you need is votes If the debate on what is impeachable is left to a controversy over the meaning of half a dozen words in the or on the whim of members of the it could be incomprehensible and interminable Left to historical precedent it would probably end in a scorelss tie Left to the tests of Ford and Klemdienst it could deny the president a fair trial and as Detocqueville invite the use of power a means of crushing political adversaries or ejecting them from office there may be no remedy for the members of the house and senate other than to listen to the conflicting definitions of what 15 study the evidence and have recourse to common sense in judging what is not tor the past but tor the future of the republic The Congress will have to for the white house argument that a president can be impeached only if guilty of a specific and also Mr Justice Story's argument thdt impeachment also applies to political growing out ot personal or or or habitual disregard of the duties of political office Narrow lesl The fate of Richard Nixon very well rest on whether the Congress accepts the narrow test that they must tind him to be a or the broader tests of abuse ot neglect of subversion of the etc White counsel D St Clair in his brief to the judiciary Feb argues that broadening the definition of impeachment beyond specific criminal offences a very would be to our system of whereas the judiciary committee staff that a president can be impeached for the mtegiitj of disregard of constitutional duties and oath of arrogation ot abuse of the governmental adverse impact on the system of government it effects can be brought about in ways not anticipated by criminal law No doubt White Hous.e counsel can make a good case among the lawyers on Capitol Hill with this argument that you either have to prove the president a criminal or arqmt him buUhe common sense of the people may long for something bettei than a clever defense and a hung jury After if you have to prove that a president is a ci immal to get rid of and that anything less than criminal action is then we're in trouble For on this ground a vice can be dismissed and disbarred for cheating on his income taxes and a president can be retained even if he cheated on the American people Could be drunk On this ground a president could be or a except under oath or abuse his power or neglect his duty or ignore his cabinet and leave things to men like Haldeman Dean and who wei e not accountable to anybody hut him None of this is clearly Still men like Sen Hugh the Republican leader of the Senate from Pennsylvania are hung up between their moral and legal Scott was deceived by the White House about what was on the tapes and had- defended them without being able to read but when he did read them he found them deplorable immoral performances But even he he didn't tind anvthing impeachable The House Republican leader. John J Rhodes of agreed with him For the congress is composed primarily of politicians and whose tendency is to seek compromise They don t like to vote things up or down They hate this moral and historical question they see coming and they cannot make up there minds what is In that confusion lies Nixon's last chance Provincial judges to get big raise EDMONTON Attorney-General Merv Leitch said Friday that judges in provincial courts will be receiving a hefty salary increase when his department's spending estimates are approved by the legislature He said if was the government's intention to end the practice of paying legally trained judges more than those without such training Provincial judges with legal training now receive a year while judges without legal training there now are 20 in Alberta receive a year Mr. Lcitch said the present situation was based on the unjustified implication that there are different levels of ability to the work The Lcthbridqe Herald VOL. LXVII 126 MAY 15 Cents 96 Pages RCMP union support grows For mom B It's the thought that counts. Never mind that four-year-old Shawn 2711 McKillop had to raid a vase full of pussy-willows to give mother Lil. a Mother's Day gift. Sunday is that special day of the year when mothers are given special gifts and affection just for being mothers Nixon 'might resign' for good of country WASHINGTON Battling for his political President Nixon was bound for a campus appearance in Oklahoma tonight as a top aide suggested resignation might eventually be considered if it would help the country As a mounting chorus of congressional Republicans called on Nixon to consider stepping aside because ot his Watergate the president's wife Pat relayed word through an assistant Friday that feels it's too bad the Republican leadership is coming out and saying these things because it's harmful to the country White House staff chief Alexander Haig said in an interview he sees nothing now to prompt a Nixon resignation But he ac- knowledged the president might consider that unprecedented step he thought that served the best interests of the American people Nixon's hope of gaining the initiative in his fight against possible impeachment received another serious blow Friday when conservative Republican Senator Milton Young of North long a Nixon urged that he turn over the presidency to Vice-President Gerald Ford until the impeachment question is resolved Under the 25th Amendment to the Constitution. Young said. Nixon later could reclaim the presidency should the House of Representatives vote against impeachment or the Senate acquit him after a formal trial Ford met with Nixon for an hour Friday morning at a later news conference at Buf- N Y said certainly could infer from everything he told me' that resignation is not being considered Mrs Nixon said through press secretary Helen Smith that she feels her husband not shouldn't resign and has never considered resigning Mrs Smith said Mrs Nixon has not read the edited Water- gate transcripts. OTTAW.A A meeting of about RCMP members Friday night gave strong indication of support for formation of an association to bargain on working conditions and other matters The third in a series of meetings being held to assess the mood of members of the the meeting saw considerable applause greeting those who advocated an association Few spoke against the idea The audience almost filled a hall in which sponsors said chairs were placed Liberal 'victory assured' HALIFAX -Health Minister Marc Lalonde said Friday that arid talk' among opposition parties would assure Liberal victory in the July 8 federal general election Mr here to attend the annual meeting of the Canadian HVhabiluation Council for the said in an interview the Progressive Conservative party was racked by internal strife the best of Mr Stanfield The New Democratic he had lost credibility by changing its stance on impor- tant he said Mr Lalonde said among the Conservatives would cost the partv votes in the West and that on language rights issues would prevent it from ebtabhshing a base in The health minister reserved his strongest criticism for NDP leader David Lewis who brought down the government Wednesday with a non con fidence motion on the budget In response to the NDP leader s criticism that the Liberals were not doing enough to help low-income Canadians battle he said the Liberals had pumped an additional SI 5 billion into programs for disadvantaged Canadians over the last two years Mr Lalonde accused Mr Lewis of out of both sides of his when the NDP leader claimed his party wanted to ensure that the average Canadian was protected from inflation There are about RCMP station in Ottawa. More than of the au- dience voted in favor of calling for a repeal of a 1918 order in council which forbids RCMP members from joining a union They did that although it was clear that the and those supporting creation of an wanted neither union nor right to strike is interested in said Guy president of the Canadian Police which paid for the hall and is a leader in helping form an association If anybody had advocated the right to people would have walked out Sponsors of the meeting said 400 officers came here from Montreal in chartered buses and there was at least one rep- resentative of each division of the country The meeting also came one day after elected representa- tives of each divisional commanders and RCMP Commissioner M J Nadon held a two-day meeting to discuss grievances Each member was handed a ballot he walked in asking if he supported repeal of the 1918 order-m-council under which RCMP are refused any associ- ation with unions The members were given the alternative of voting then or giving their ballot in at a later date Sponsors said that of those turned voted yes. 34 no A lawyer suggested that the order in council was in vio- lation of the bill of rights and could be upset in courts. He mentioned that the Public Service Staff Relations under which civil servants can specifically excludes RCMP and suggested that to form an association there might have to be a new RCMP Staff Relations Act or some such. jailed LISBON Portugal s ruling military junta said today more tnan secret police and military personnel have been arrested since the government was overthrown April 25 The new arrests included 300 members of the para- military Portuguese Legion seized two days ago Inside Classified Comics Comment District Family Local News Markets Religion Sports Theatres TV Weather 26-31 15 33-36 23 17 16 3 I give up What's so speGMl about May LOW TONIGHT HIGH SUNDAY CLOUDY Whelan claims food a bargain CHERRY VALLEY. Out Agriculture Minister Eugene Whelan admitted Fri- day that government have led to higher food costs HP said that government- sponsored increases in the cost of butter and skim milk powder together with controls against lower-priced Olympic lottery ticket huiU A would-be gambler's tale of woe By VICTOR MACKIE Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA Who says Cana- aren't gamblers na- ture9 Try buying an Olvmpic lot- tery ticket Having watched the television in which numerous fellow Canadians ended up much wealthier I decided to risk S10 on the chance of winning It would make a nice mother's day gift In my the Canadian Imperial Bank of I enquired Friday if 1 could buy an Olympic ticket said the teller a new supply of only 50 two days ago and they're all gone I'm told that Toronto- Dominion has a large but where it got them I don't and sauntering down the Mall during my lunch I dropped into each bank along the way said the Bank of Scotia out none said the Bank of Montreal The Ontario Savings Office had a large sign in its window Lottery Tickets For Sale At last my search was at an end By now it had become a challenge to find a supply of the elusive tickets A young lady in the Province of Ontario office smiled sweetly and enquired what she could do for me My request was simple d like to buv an Olympic lottery I said Her smile vanished none left all sold out Down the Mall at the was the Toronto-Dominion Here my search would if my informant in the CISC was correct. Confidently I strode up to the counter asked another sweet young thing lottery tickets I enquired came the reply sold out Then in a conspiratorial air she do hear the Guaranty Trust Office up the street has some Up the street I by now determined 1 fastest selling item we've had in a long came the smiling reply to my request trying to be helpful the trust officer added across the street at the smoke shop It too had a sign advertising Olvmpic tickets for sale Another blank but leave your name we expect to get a fresh batch in next week and we'll call you At that point I called it quits and headed for the office won- dering where Canadians ever got the reputation of not being ready to gamble with their hard earned money Or maybe they're hedging against in- flation and figure that a million might help' American egg and turkey had not made him popular with consumers But he told a Pnncc Edward Countv milk meeting here 'I may not be populai with consumers but I know darn well I m right' for iorne farm prod- ucts continued to he too low he said Food was still a bargain consumers stopped for half a minute to think about they d know that I am right too thej would recognise that promises to bring down food prices are simplv pie in the sky The agriculture minister s talk followed release of Statis- tics Canada figures that showed 46 per cent increase in cash receipts to farmers during the first three months this year The country's farmers earnea 07 billion during that period Food price statistics also released showed that the cost of buying groceries had risen 15 7 per cent between and last month and About town Immanuel Velikovsky joking that he had lost his academic by accepting a li of L honorary degree his first Jack Reid mumbling in to his transplanted ;