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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 11, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Friday, May 11, 1973 Let project live Charges that Lethbridge is a place where native people can expect to encounter racial discrimination are unpleasant but not without founda- tion. The difficulty the Native Friend- ship Society is experiencing in find- ing a place to cany on its program is a case in point. Locating a home for the society does not appear to be the problem; it is having neighbors accept the so- ciety once a place has been found that seems to be the chief stumbling block. Objectors always appear and give the whole community a black eye. Blocking of the friendship society may not be entirely a matter of ra- cial prejudice, of course. Other group activities have been stymied in Lethbridge that had nothing to do race. attempts to estab- lish a group home for children were repulsed, for instance. Even day kindergartens have met with objec- tions. This perverseness is not somehow (redeemed by having been vented against non-Indians. Native people cannot be expected to be pacified by knowing they are not alone in being thwarted in trying to establish a centre. They will suspect that some degree of racism also infects the op- position in their case. Improving relations between In- dians and the rest of society in Can- ada is of paramount importance. In its modest way the Indian Friendship Society is designed to make a be- ginning on this front. It deserves en- thusiastic support but would settle for even grudging permission to exist, because in time it can prove its worth. Come on. citizens of Lethbridge, show some enlightenment and let a worthy project live Gadgets won't do it In 1972 there were 54.783 highway accidents in Alberta: that's 150 a day the year round- In these acci- dents 455 people were killed and 12.- 656 injured. All figures are higher than for the previous year. The rec- ord for Canada as a whole is com- parable; some provinces are worse, some better. If early figures for 1973 are any Indication the Easter death toll across the country set a new record, for example the highways aren't getting safer. Quite the reverse. Over the years, scores of modifica- tions and improvements have been made to cars and accessories, with a view to making them safer to drive. Recent examples are reinforced framing members, tinted windshields, quadra-beam lights, energy-absorb- ing bumpers and body extensions, padded dashboards, redesigned (to eliminate knobs and projections) in- teriors, improved door-latches, break- away steering columns, and many others. Brakes have undergone sev- eral modifications, from two- to four- wheel, mechanical to hydraulic, from drum to disc, from manual to pow- ered. Tires have been redesigned a dozen times, with new treads, new fabrics, new profiles and sizes, with studs, knobs, belts and what-not, ev- ery succeeding development said to be safer than the last. New and safer accessories have come about, too: seat belts are the best known example- Initially an op- tional extra, factory installation be- came mandatory several years ago, and now itiey constitute almost a complete new industry, with dif- ferent types and styles, warning de- vices to tell the driver if all belts are fastened, and even a range of gad- gets to keep the car from operating until all belts are properly secured. An even more exotic innovation is the air bag, a plastic casing that in- flates instantaneously on collision, filling the driving compartment and enveloping the passengers in a pro- tective pneumatic padding. The de- velopers are now testing a model they claim will perform successfully, and will market it soon. But what of the results of all these marvels? Are there fewer accidents? Fewer injuries? Fewer highway deaths? Sorry, no. Just the opposite, in all categories. But whether or not there has been any reduction in accidents, every new gadget has cost money. Whether sold as optional extras, included vol- untarily by manufacturers, or install- ed by government order, every one has been paid for by the motorist. And the price can be considerable. As an illustration, the air bags men- tioned above will cost about each; if the U.S. government is per- suaded to have them installed in the 10 million or so cars that will be built next year, the added cost to motor- ists will be two billion dollars. Not aU safety devices cost that much, but they all cost something. A reasonable estimate for a selec- tion of those mentioned earlier is and there are tens of millions of cars on the roads of North Amer- ica. So billions and billions of dol- lars worth of safety devices have been bought and paid for, and Cana- dians have bought their share. But the number of accidents, in- juries and deaths on the highways continues to increase. ART BUCHWALD The Watergate arrests WASHINGTON Nobody knows how many people eventually be arrested in the case but so many people have been implicated that the justice de- partment has contingsncy plans ready when the indictments are finally handed down. On May 1, 1971, people were ar- rested in Washington, D.C., in an antiwar demonstration. A justice official told me he didn't expect the Watergate to break this record, but the department wasn't taking any chances. "Since D.C. jails may not be able to ac- commodate everyone involved in the Water- gate, we've rented the R. F. K. Stadium to handle the overflow. We also have an option on the Coliseum in case the R.F.K. Stadium fills up.'' "That's good I said. also have chartered buses in Washington, Mainland and Virginia to transport people to the detention centres. During the May Day demonstrations in 1971, we were accused of violating the constifu- rational rights of the people we pick- ed up, and we don't intend to be criticized for mishandling the Watergate arrests." "Do you have enough lawyers to defend all the Watergate "We don't in Washington, but we have lawyers standing by in Boston. in New York and 4.000 in Chicago. If this is not enough, the president has authority to call up the American Bar Association Reserves. "We have 30 C-5A transport planes that can fly a division of airborne lawyers to Washington in two hours." "You've thought of I told the justice department official. when you have mass arrests as we're expecting in the Watergate case, there '.vill be some abuses, but intend to have justice department Jau- yers spread out in every section of town to see that the rights of the people are pro- tected. The police have been instructed to use as little force as possible, and no tear gas unless it is absolutely necessary." "You seem to be following the guide- lines of former Attorney General I suggested. "Yss, the former attorney general was very interested in mass arrests, though I'm certain he never thought we would have to use the same guidelines so soon." "How long do you think it will take to arraign all the "It's hard to say. If we can get several judges over to R. F. K. Stadium, I wouldn't think anyone would have to ba detained for more than 48 hours. But if we have to transport them to the federal courthouse, I can't see how could get everyone pro- cessed in less than a week." "Is it possible that some of the people you pick up in the Watergate case may be in- nocent and falsely "There's always that the justice department official said, "but we're not talking about an ordinary situation now. We're talking about the Watergate. And whenever you have that many citizens involved in anything, innocent people are going to be caught up in the dragnet. How can you ask a policeman to say to some- one in the middle of a mass arrest, 'Did you or didn't xou have anything to do with the Watergate case and the The justice department official warned me not to predict the number of people who would eventually be arrested. "I think the newspapers have been overplaying he said. "While we're ready to meet any contingency and handle up to 000 suspects, our prediction is that no more than people from the White House and the Committee to Re-Elect the Presi- dent will actually be detained." "No doubt about it, madam something you either ate, drank or breathed in." Sudan finds going tough after peace By Martin Meredith, London Observer commentator JUBA, Sudan The year of peace which has followed the 17-year civil war in the Sudan has brought new and more com- plex difficulties for the south- ern politicians trying to estab- lish an effective government over the vast, undeveloped and unmanageable regions which lie along the upper stretches ot the Nile River. The peace itself is fragile enough a matter of personal trust between Sudan's president, Major-General Gaafer Numeiry.. and the southern leaders, many of whom supported the war for secession from the Muslim north. Numeiry alone guaran- tees the peace and the agree- ment reached last year which gave the south regional auton- omy within a united Sudan. But southern leaders have more immediate problems. As the high expectations and hopes of a peacetime population go unfulfilled, discontent is growing in the undeveloped south. There are critical shortages of school places and jobs, erratic supplies of food and gasoline and other essential commodit- ies and rising prices. The roads are in poor condi- tion, sometimes impassable in the rainy season. River trans- port on the Nile is inadequate. Almost everything, from vege- tables to cement, has to be im- ported over long and tortuous routes. In Juba, the southern capital, the 12-man High Executive Council attempts with varying degrees of energy to cope with the mass of problems. It has no way of raising its own revenue and relies for funds on the cen- tral government in Khartoum, nearly miles away, and on_ international aid. There is no printing press and no broad- casting service. The senfe of disillusionment is perhaps strongest among the refugees now returning with United Nations help from exile in neighboring African states. Thousands of young southern Sudanese who obtained some education in East Africa or Zaire (Congo-Kinshasa) can find no places in schools in the south, as they were promised. Some schools damaged in the war are now slowly being re- paired by voluntary agencies; but there are as yet compara- tively few qualified teachers, little equipment, hardly any textbooks. For those fortunate enough to find places, there is as yet no proper syllabus and a sim- mering dispute over which language Arabic, the official language of the Sudan, or Eng- lish, recognized as the principal language of the south should be used. A further half million refugees who fled from the fighting into the bush are also returning home looking for a better life; some of them are youths who fought with the rebel Anyanya forces and now consider themselves war heroes entitled to an education. Equally pressing is the prob- lem of finding jobs. Some former Anyanya soldiers have been recruited into the army; A further Anyanya have been given jobs with the police, the prison department and other government services. But thous- ands of other southerners are crowding into the towns with no prospect of employment. In Juba the population has grown from a wartime total of to about causing senous food and water supply prob- lems. Beneath the problems of the peace linger the deep mutual suspicions between the four On the Hill JOE CLARK, MP for Rocky Mountain As chairman of the Conserva- tive caucus committee on youth, I am responsible for keeping track of the govern- ment's Opportunities For Youth program. That has in- volved me recently in two dis- putes with distinctly alarming implications. The first arose out of a re- quest also made by the NDP a copy of the report pre- pared by government to "evaluate" OFY's activities last year. That evaluation re- port was prepared at public expense, and we believe that MPs should have A right to read it. The government's first re- sponse was to deny there was an evaluation report. That claim was dropped when a copy of the non-existent report was "leaked" to NDP MP Mark Rose. Instead, it was said the Rose report wasn't the real re- port. The "real one" was being prepared by another depart- ment, and involved evaluations of several youth programs. The important issue now is not what the report says, but who has a right to read it. It was carried out at public ex- pense, and concerns a program that is both controversial and expensive (the OFY budget this year is for more than mil- Yet it is kept secret from Parliament and the public. If a government insists on hiding evaluation reports on a program as harmless as OFY, what other information is it go- ing to try to hide? And if the government can get away wih keeping this re- port secret, how much easier will it be at a later time to hide other information on other and more important mat- ters? The second dispute w a s on a related issue. Most government activities are authorized by statute a law is passed to give force to the program. That means that Parliament has a right to spell out conditions when the law is being passed, and the law pro- vides a standard against which the performance of the pro- gram can be judged. Beyond all that, the existence of statute is a symbol that Parliament not the government or a minis- ter controls the program. But there is no statute author- izing the OFY program. It is run out of the office of the sec- retary of state. His officials and sometimes his personal par- tisan staff set the goals, hire the personnel, and dispense the million annually without any effective authority from, or control by, Parliament. My party has advocated for some time that OFY should be based on statute, instead of be- ing run out of the minister's hip pocket. Our suggestion has been turned down consistently. So, in mid-April, I moved a resolution in committee direct- ing that the OFY program "be given the authority of statute." I argued that a vote against the resolution was, in effect, a vote against parliamentary control of large and recurring expendi- tures. The motion was defeated, by the Liberal-NDP coalition. The minister, Hugh Faulkner, was present. Before the vote, he had argued that a statute would reduce the flexibility of what is, essentially, an "experimental" program. Surely, If Parliament has a responsibility to oversee ''regu- lar" programs, of an accepted and established nature that re- sponsibility is even more acute concerning "experimental" pro- grams, which have a greater potential for wasting money, or for causing social harm. On one level, the Faulkner argument suggests that Parlia- ment can be trusted with tra- ditional things, but only the gov- ernment and bureaucracy have the judgment necessary to as- sess or "experimental" programs. As to flexibility, every govern- ment program must be flexible. The record shows that statutes allowing the CBC. or incentives for regional expansion, don't put the programs in a strait jacket. They merely make the minister report to the whole Parliament, instead of simply to his party or himself. In any event, the OFY pro- gram has become "perman- ent" in everything but law. It is about as "experimental" as the light bulb. Year after year, the same people design the program; the same kind of people select the projects; certain types of pro- jects are rejected consistently (such as those which might make a certain types of needs are ignored consistent- ly (such as the farmer's need for young summer Personally, I am strongly in favor of the basic idea behind OFY the idea that someone other than Ottawa's bureau- crats should inspire federal pro- grams. That emphasis on local initiative was introduced into Canada by the ARDA program of Alvin Hamilton. But with ARDA, as with OFY, the good idea has been distorted in its application. Designed and advershsed as a means to "involve the people" OFY is now held at arm's length from the elected repre- sentatives of the people, and spends million this year, withhout statutory authority, without publishing its evalua- tion reports, and in effect with- out answering to anyone. million southerners (out of 15 million) and the north. Under the terms of the peace agree- ment the south is to be garri- soned by troops, half of them Anyanya. But some Northern troops are said to be still encamped in the south and this is causing some concern to southern politicians. As elsewhere, everything de- pends on Numeiry. General Jo- seph 41-year-old form- er leader of th Anyanya forces, underlines the relationship: ''Anyone in the north who tried to overthrow him could not hope to control the south." Southern soldiers now form one of the four companies of Numeiry's palace guard in Khartoum. Abel Alier, a lawyer who is the president of the High Ex- ecutive Council and also a vice- president in the central govern- ment, is widely respected in both the north and the south and provides a firm bridge be- tween the two. But he is re- garded by some southerners as being too cautious in putting for- ward the south's demands. Elections are due to be held by October for a new regional assembly. But there is as yet no electoral roll, no building house elected representatives ind no one has yet decided on lie electoral system to use. The Sudan's only permitted politi- cal party, the Sudan Socialist Union, which Numeiry is at- tempting to build up to replace the now banned northern relig- ious parties, is no more than a nominal entity in the south. Some southerners would prefer to re-establish the old Southern Sudan Liberation Movement which was disbanded after the peace settlement. More serious political prob- lems may come ultimately from the north, where there is consid- erable resentment at the amount of government funds diverted to administer and de- velop the south. Some northern- ers believe that the Khartoum government is merely helping to rebuild the south for its eventual secession. Back in Juba, however, there are at least some signs of pro- gress. Refugees are being suc- cessfully resettled and supplied with food. The United Nations High Commission for Refugees, other UN specialized agencies and voluntary organizations, hamstrung by acute supply prob- lems, are making some impact. Rebuilding has started. Robert McNamara of the World Bank has been and gone and there are substantial plans for devel- oping the south. But all depends on how well the peace is kept. "One good thing about our date this evening f it's not OUR fault we didn't have a better can blame the The lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta tETHBRIDGE HERALD LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Man Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspener Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALWER Advertising Manager editorial Page Editor THE HERALD SiRVES THE ;