Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - May 11, 1912, Lethbridge, Alberta
y^TOpyiita^'v1- �- ------- TttF, LETHBRHW3E PAI&Y HERALD Saturday, May 11th, 1012 SOME OF THE CONTRIBUTORY CAUSES TO TYPHOID FEVER 1 An Article of Great. Interest to Western Canadians Canada is a big country, and conditions in different parts of the Dominion are not. altogether comparable. Fortunately in the east we have an abundance of water, as represented by the great lakes and rivers. Unfortunately, in the middle west water is scarce. ' The necessity of the pro-ventfng of the pollution of waterways is perhaps greater in the middle west than iu the east. Consequently, at the present time there is arisen in Canada for taking immediate steps in order to strengthen its laws for the prevention of the pollution of its waterways and watercourses. A clear example of the fact that typhoid is water-borne occurred at Fort William in 100�. The intake pipe supplying the city with water, remained in a damaged coudition for some time and sewage obtained a direct entry into the water supply service. The result was: ninety-six death from typhoid in one year in a population of less than 10,000, or a typhoid mortality rate of 94R.9 in 100,000. In fact, out of every ten "citizens, one was d6wn with the disease. Sarnia Typhoid Epidemic The town of Sarnia. Out., presents undoubtedly more being done in the j the most recent, example of typhoid middle west in the way of prevention being borne by water. Sarnia ob-of riyer pollution than in the east, [tains its water supply from the St. Generally as compared with other j Clair river, acknowledged to be sew-populated countries Canada presents*: age-polluted, and during the last more favorable conditions with refer-; week in December. 1011, developed to its waterways and *A*k your druggist for FRY'S MALTED COCOA" The Great Strength Builder lor Invalids. ELLISON'S " OUR BEST" FLOUR It has that delicious ".sweet clean" taste when baked That suita the innocent palate of the child. A child knows what is best by i instinct. All children like this flour. Try a sack today-for the kiddies. / Ellison Milling and Elevator Co. MILLS AT LETHBRIDGE, RAYMOND AND YIAGRATH city of Buffalo is discharged Into the Niagara river above the Falls; it be-comas diluted with the river water and is thoroughly oxidized in passing over the Falls and through the "rapids. At Niagara-on-the-Lake, the sew-!age ,is purified chemically; that is, ence to its waterways and water-1 93 cases of the disease with a popu-1"'"^"irftei"-iS oxiA^- On courses. For the most part, however, \ lation of 10,000.. Of course the elti-! tUe �Ulei hanrt' tlwi r,ver wnt*r flt Canada has to depend more upon its |zens are now chlorinating the water, waterways and watercourses for its \ Pembroke, an old Ontario town on domestic supply than most other coun-j the banks of the Ottawa river, baa a tries. For example, in Great Britain,. population of over 5.000. Opposite in very few cases do the cities and; the town, the river widens out into towns obtain their water supplies * passenger on one of the delayed ftrainB, Btettler board of trade is to urge its bare the government build house and registry office at ii. P. P. to k court hoi �hat point. Rich Silverwarel -rich in quality and .beauty-should grace "every home. Choose BARKERS BROS. Tl.-'t brand is known as SilftrTlatt that Wears" It is the original and genuine "Rogers" at well as the heaviest j grade of plate made. During this year 1911-chlorination having been^ continued without inter-niption-^the � tow^n ;has. been practically free from typhoid. The town has recently installed a new water Bupply from a point beyond the zone of sewage contamination, and also contemplates in the near future dealing effi-in Canada! ,'.in_ $mT.plate's ,\v,e .'fSiii'. was1iin; at Ottawa, 31.2; at" Niagara Falls, 24.3; and at Toronto, 25.7. All of these centres of population obtain their their water supply from the waterways or watercourses. In the "United States the following with, the result that, several cases of typhoid developed among those citizens using the milk. The city of Moose Jaw . is now .installing modern sewage purification works, with the object of destroying the, germs of di -ease "before the effluent enters the creek; The question is sometimes asked: "How far must sewage flow in a stream before it becomes purified or innocuous?" in answering this ques-t tion it is very common to confuse tre Issue by lacjt of an understood definition as to what purification of sewage means. In Great Britain 'where tho object is not, generally, to provide sewage effluent which can be safely mixed with a drinking' supply source, purification is -understood to include only the removal of those attributes which will cause anuisance. This definition of sewage purification also holds good In , the United States, where sanitarians rely more upon filtration and treatment of water supplies than upon the treatment of sewage. There aie two distinct factors-in .connection with sewage purification: fa) The removal of all causes which "may .effect, a nuisance; (b)- The removal of all causes which may effect disease. The first deals only with certain chemical changes which are identified with the organic matter in sewage, ard the sewage is sa'id to be purified win n the organic matter is either mission, September 10, 1908 "Whereas occasionally currents of considerably velocity, say, several miles*-per hour, may .be expected to arrive from almost any direction at any point reasonably near either shore of the lake; "Resolved, that while, in the .opinion of. the Commission, the direction of predominating currents should be considered in determining the relative positionj of sewer outlets arid waterworks intakes, nevertheless it is the sense of this Commis.viion that, if the waters, of the lake�vare polluted, by the discharge into it of large quan- NEWS OF PROVINCE Didsbury lias just Installed a new half ton town bell. Plans are being prepared for a new opera house at St.et.tler Wheat seediug ia practically finished1 in the Sedgewlck district. Macleod's assessment, this year will be'-slightly over ?4,000,000. Tofield Anglicans are arranging'to build a new church this year. Lacombe wants a bandmaster so �the town band can be re-orgnnized. At a recent test the town well at Coronation yielded 25 gallons per minute-. ".,.>;�' -f 'v\... ;-'- Hardisty Methodist church has raised $55 for missionary purposes . this year. There appears to be an epidemic of still-born colts at Lloydmrnster this year. �-..,. Irma will celebrate May 24th with horse races and a baseball tourna-. ment. �Lacombe will make a fine display of agricultural products at the Vancouver fair this year. Tho Stroriie Milling and Grain Co.'s 60,000 bushel elevator ait Strome; is now ready for business. Daysland will celebrate May 24th with a calithumpian procession and.a program of sports-. Assessor Toiter of Macleod Issued 8821 tax notices this year. In 1910 he sent but only 2211. Ryley expects to have a permanent Presbyterian pastor as soon as' the new church is complete. The Presbyterian Ladies College at Red Deer.will be ready tor pupils before the end of September. Over $1500 will be.expended during the coming summer on road improvements in the Ryley district. Camrose board of trade will petition the Dominion Government to establish a 'customs house in that town. Wainwright electors will vote' on May 27th on a bylaw to raise $11,500 to bonus a grist mill for the town. Wm. Damon,'a Macleod fnrmer, has 75 acres of winter wheat which shows a growth of fully five inches already. Sixty-five per cent; of the seeding is complete in the Didsbury country, and the season is three weeks earlier than last year. : An additional room i has jusf been opened in. connection with the school at Edso'n and three teachers are now required. � The C. P.- H. reports an increase of 15 per cent.' in the business done at Macleod in 1911 as compared with the previous year. Vermilion's tax rate' this year is quite 'impressive. Debenture rate 15 mills, school ratte 15 mills, general rate 20 .mills. The Alberta-Government, telephone will put in a line! connecting, Vegi;e-ville with Holdon and the other G. T. P. towns this yqar.' The G. T. P. will spend ?4000 in enlarging its freight sheds at Wainwright this year. An 80x40 foot addition will be built. The Advertiser estimates ' that, the farmers in the Macleod country have 40,00ft bushels of seed grain available for this spring's sowing; R. Moffatt, a Clare'sholm chicken fancier, has just been lucky enough to get 13 chickens from a setting of 13 eggs-White Leghorns. The hotel at Gull Lake opened, for the season on' May 1st'. Many new cottages -are already under construction at this popular resort. Three Killam hunters, .7. R. Large Mi Today let Ke.lloggjfs Toasted Corn Flakes tempt that one at your table who is hardest to please. After that you'll always serve the Sweethearts bf Sweet Corli - the flaky, crisp, golden nutVimeht that no other cereal vies with i l;[email protected]
No bother to you- just open the package and serve with cream or milk. Heat the milk if you prefer a hot dish. It's simply fine either J0V way TOASftD V CORN HAKES SULLIVAN MINE SHIPMENTS * Crnnbrook. May Ifi.-Sh'ipmentii from the Sullivan mine have recently been increased from 100 to 150 tons per diem. The recently installed pumping plant is, giving excellent satisfaction, and the. number of machines working in the mine has been largely-increased. , .-'�'-. ' tities of sewage, then localities in the lake, even twenty or thirty miles JJ. L. Fox and Gabe Clemest brought distant from the point of entrance of,in a'24 1-2 pound wild goose at Killam the sewage, and in any direction there lone day last week; . V-from, are not.safe places from which A new 100,000 ton coal chute Is to to derive water for domestic use." The above Conclusion has been prac lically borne out by the recent chemical and (bacteriological investigations lately made by the Commission now examining into the question oi the water supply of the city of Toronto. Canada has conditions peculiarly its own in this connection, and it mu'3t face the problem not only of the duty of the water-provider insuring a pure water supply, but also the duty of the sewage-producer to do ail that is practicable to. keep out of waterways and watercourses those particular attributes' connected with sewage which have the power of transmitting disease from man to man by means cf water. . I ' bo built at Wainwright by the G. T. P. It will cost ,525,006 and will reach about 950 feet in length. Three capitalists frorii 0\yen Sound, Ontario, toured tho Stettler district last week, endeavoring to purchase 20,000 acres of farm laiicl. V lnnisfail has received'an addition to its list of fraternal societies. A lodge of the1' Order of Owls has just been organized with forty members. The'contract for the construction of the Alberta Ladies' College^ a,t Red Deer has been let, the figures being in the neighborhood of $52,000. Contractors are busy on the C. N. R. line between Lacombe and Blaekfalds and the Globe hopes to see this gap complete and C: N. R.' trains running into Lacombe early in July. QUILL PLAINS CONSERVATIVES Wynward, Sask-.,; -May 11.-Tho Conservative convention 'for Quill Plains constituency, was * held last night, no press representatives being admitted. The namesiiSubipitted^wero. A. E. B�ncer6arTisterVSi^d3ofin|.Veuwi!I" merchant, Foam, Lake. On a division Be'nce �led, t and<- his, nolnination was made unanimous. 1 - ' --:-.-,----- �'.. '"^� COWANS PERFECTION COCOA Cowan's seems to hit $e right spot It is m great food for husky youttg; athletes : satisfies the appetite easy to digest: and delicious II TM ME rrnCIWM'S * COCM? Hies bordering on the great lakes' thci cughly .decomposed or has been mt SALE BY GEO.KElUi&!Cd^LETliBiiIl)GJ: showed typhoid mortality rates in 908, as follows: Ashtabula, 8(1.2: Buf-alo, 20.7; Detroit, 22.3: Duluth, 511.8; Niagara FallB, 98; Ogdensburg, .t'l.fi; Sault Ste. Marie, 72.9; Toledo, 40.1; while Chicago, which diverts sewage from the lake, had the comparatively low rate of 15.3. Dr. Hodgetts alao made the statement that any excess over a rate of 0 per 100,000 in typhoid mortality indicated a sewage-polluted water supply. This statement appear to be practically accepted by -epidemiologists. If-It is true-y-and there .appears to be no reason for concluding otherwise-then over 1,000 lives.are sacrificed annually in Canada to-conditions which are preventable.' If we. are allowed to reach,the conditions obtaining in the States'then 2,000 c'f'Canada's present population ;will be sacrificed annually to this neglect; The above figures alone should be 'sufficient to show IUU6 the necessity ha� rendered undecomposable by the ob-Ecrption' of oxygen, when it is said to be in a stable condition. Most of the standard methods of sewage disposal such as are designed for the removal of solids and passing the liquids through filters, only perform the function of removing the nuisance The second deals with the numerous ucwage bacteria which pass away in the efflueunt-under the ordinary, methods of treatment, and is, generally, named the removal of pathog-enity or, in other words, the ''method .of destroying or holding-back ju*t those qualities appertaining to sewage which cause typhoid and kindred diseases, . . Now, when the question, is asked; "How far must sewage flow in,; a stream before it becomes purified?" it is ueceBsary ito knowwhether the question refers to m*relv ohsmlcal purification or bacteriological. For example: The sewage of the ^',v/,v/;//,v^VAv,'.v,';v, 'vi'lvX'X'XyX'fe'XvXH '.VAV.V.'.V.V,','.'' '.V,V,V,V,W/,,V,'