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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 10, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, May 10, 1973 Cabinet flounders on policy making A Trojan horse The provincial governments in Western Canada may be about to move a Trojan horse into the camps of cultural, recreational and chari- table organizations. The proposed in- terprovincial raffle could turn out to be an instrument of defeat for these bodies rather than a life-giving source of always needed funds. A government run raffle avoids the scandalously excessive pocketing of funds on the part of the promoters of such privately operated gambling enterprises as the Irish Sweepstake. All the money, after prizes, would undoubtedly go to the causes adver- tised. But that does not mean that it is a good thing. Most state-operated raffles and lotteries have "yielded returns far below expectations. In one or two in- stances the participation uas not sufficient to offset the expenses of operation. (Although not a state lot- tery, the' experience of the Calgary federation of community leagues is a case in point.) Failure to gain the expected re- turns could be dismissed as merely disappointing but there is another dimension to this thing that could be devastating. For many years hos- pital boards in Canada resisted any suggestion that lotteries should be held in support of their institutions. Their reasoning was that it was an uncertain source of revenue and that it would dry up private contributions. The drying up of private charity would almost certainly follow the introduction of lotteries since it would be assumed the need for such funds would cease. Then if the lottery fail- ed the cultural, recreational and charitable organizations would be without any source of income. Government officials have doubt- less considered these points. If the decision is to proceed it is to be hoped they also have contingency plans for sustaining the organizations which could be jeopardized by failure of the raffle. No need to tolerate smoking It is difficult to think of anything more absurd than having to have a policy on smoking in elementary schools, where the top grade is six and in which the most senior pupils are 11 or 12 years old. It is only slightly less ridiculous to have to worry about special rules for smoking in junior high schools, which go to grade nine and have a fair number of 15-year-olds and some who have reached 16, the earliest age, strictly speaking, at which it is legal to buy and use cigarettes- This matter was discussed recently by a local school board, not so much in the context of whether smoking should be allowed in elementary and junior high schools, but rather as to what should be done about it. Surely the answer is not all that difficult: smoking in school buildings, on school grounds, or anywhere else on school board property, should be illegal. And if teachers or custodians cannot (or won't) enforce such a ban, then boards should be prepared to hire someone who can, or require the police to do it. And that goes for high schools, too. Considering first the elementary schools, surely there is no need to defend the proposition that smoking should be forbidden for 11 and 12 year olds. Nor should there be a great deal more argument over an outright ban on smoking in and around junior high even at the 16 year old pinnacle of maturity, a youth can scarcely claim an addiction so social- ly or physiologically compelling as to necessitate its indulgence between classes. It is probable that at the high school level, which nowadays includes late teens and some early twenties, there will be some students who can honesty claim to be as badly hooked as the elders who claim quite wrongly, by the way that the habit is impossible to break, so their case is somewhat different. But not enough so to justify providing at public expense, needless to say special rooms in which to smoke, accepting the significant added fire risk, flout- ing the health rules taught in lower grades and endorsed by the medical profession and every level of govern- ment, and while doing so explicitly collaborating in the reinforcement of an expensive, unsanitary habit that lacks one single redeeming feature. But, it will be claimed, smoking is perfectly legal, and all sorts of re- spectable people do it. True, but scarcely a decisive con- sideration. It is not against the law to wear a bikini, to indulge in heavy petting, to possess contraceptives, to read pornography or to tell a teacher to go jump in the lake. But these things, and a hundred other ac- tivities concerning which there are no specific laws, and which perfectly respectable people might do, are nevertheless not permitted in school. In theatres, the programs last two hours or longer and a fair propor- tion of the school-aged patrons will sit through a program twice, an elapsed time considerably longer than either the morning or afternoon ses- sion in school. Theatres provide no special smoking rooms, unless one cares to use the rather un-lounge-like toilets for this purpose. Theatres don't allow smoking, and have scarcely any trouble enforcing the ban. Nor would schools, if such a ban were imposed as it should be and the author- ities let it be known they were de- termined to enforce it. The casserole There's a saying that politics make (or makes) strange bedfellows. Indeed they (or it) do (or doesj. And it (or they) is (or are) also responsible for some re- markable conversions. Few in recent his- tory have been more so than the meta- morphosis of one Bobby Scale. It seems only yesterday that this erstwhile Black Panther leader was calling all policemen pigs, and advocating they all be claring that all government was corrupt, and damning America's white-dominated society as irredeemably rotten. So guess who's now in the final run-off for th job of mayor of Oakland, and who is describ- ed by the other finalist as "a worthy op- ponent who has run an admirable cam- paign." That's right, the same Bobby Seale. plain: they did belter than Mantimers, who were left out entirely. Stories of earthqquakes in the vicinity of Arlington National Cemetery have been proven to be unfounded. There have been some disturbances, but thorough investi- gation has traced them to the somewhat unusual phenomenon of long lines of Am- erican diplomats revolving rhythmically in their graves, as Congress discusses a section of the Trade Reform Act of 1973, which provides for the granting of "most- favored-natioa" status to Russia. Without entirely relinquishing the sus- picion that the widely publicized energy crisis is a manipulation by large oil and electricity companies, aimed at higher prices and profits, it is stll gratifying to note that at least one major corporation is thinking in terms of reducing demand, which is the only sensible way of deal- ing with an energy shortage, if there really is one. Instead of hiring a platoon of PR men to persuade the public that whatever is wrong (a) isn't "our" fault, and (b) can easily be fixed by higher prices, or gov- ernment subsidies, or lower corporate tax- es, or any combination of these, Sylvania Electric is actually marketing a street lamp that gives more light while consum- ing less electricity. What they're promoting happens to be a 360-watt sodium lamp tha gives more light than the standard 400-watt mercury type, but that's not what's important, what mat- ters is that finally a really big company has found the right direction in whcih to move, if indeed an energy shortage ex- ists. The latest list of Canada Council grants contains the names of 32 prominent Can- adian artists, who will share some in Senior Arts grants. The grants are to enable the recipients to spend three months or longer on a specific program or piece of work, and counting program costs, sub- sistence, travel, etc., can run as high as The diatnhullon cf awards is about what Westerners have come to expect from the Canada Council. There are 15 going to On- tario, to Quebec, 6 to the West Coast and one to Winnipeg, the sole award to anyone from the prairies. But perhaps Westerners shouldn't com- The Senate of the state of Oklahoma re- cently approved, by an overwhelming 38 to 4 vote, a mandatory death penalty for all persons convicted of premeditated mur- der. The margin was remarkably wide, but considering the temper of the times the measure itself does not seem too supris- ing. What was startling, however, was the strength of support for a related measure, that would have provided for the widest publicity for executions. It was only by a narrow 2! to liO margin that the Senate defeated a motion that each execution be in the jail courtyard of the county in which the murder was committed, with full cov- erage by all media, including live TV. By Peter Desbarats, Toronto Star As the Trudeau government returns to the Commons this week after the Easter recess, it can look back on the past six months with a certain cmount of complacency. Looking for- ward is more difficult. Since last October, the gov- ernment has fought a holding action in public and Parliament that has had elements of bril- liance. The crucial support of the New Democratic Party has been assured while the frus- trated Conservatives have been forced into overplaying their Opposition role. It is the servatives who have been re-ex- aming their strategy during the Easter holiday, and who have been driving their leader up and down the country, while the prime minister and NDP leader Lewis have been able to get away from it all on over- seas trips. But the opinion polls last month that showed gains for the Liberals and NDP probably re- flect a temporary mood. After the political instability that seemed to threaten the country on election night, Canadians ap- parently wanted to catch their breath before facing another federal election. You could al- most feel the tension ebbing, and a sense of relief taking hold, as the system in Ottawa stabilized during the winter. A continuing favorable trend In employment and bouyant economic conditions, despite concern about the cost of living, JOHN.lifil News item: Dief says Parliament needs livening up Democracy is still the best system By C. L. Snlzberger, New York Times commentator PARIS An aspect of the Watergate mess more consider- ed abroad than in the United States was summarized in the London which ed- itorialized: "The way this scan- dal is now being relentlessly exposed should strengthen America's claim to be the most open society: political skuldug- gery has happened in many countries but in few could it have been exposed as publicly as now in the U.S." The cynical French humor magazine, "Le Canard Bn- chaine" concludes sarcastical- ly: "In France this type of tning doesn't startle us. If there were to be a scaadal each time the princes who govern us or- dered the police to listen in on Grizzlies not to blame Reprinted from The Vancouver Sun In the last few years with the help of biologists, parks and wilderness areas we have learned more about the grizzly bear than we have ever known. British Columbia is noted all over North America for this highly prized trcphy animal, and is considered the monarch of the bear family by many sportsmen. I am just one of the many concerned about the de- cline of our grizzly. In game management block 16 of the wildlife chart, the conflict between the cattle rancher and grizzly continues. This game animal has been ac- cused of being the main pred- ator to their livestock herds and is blamed for practically every beef animal found dead in the high alpine valleys. The law says a bear's life may be taken if caught in the act of molesting domestic live- stock. I believe in most cases this law should apply. In our area ranchers have taken advantage of this law, as there are a few that hold a grudge against all grizzly, black and brown bear. For them there is no season and the gates are wide open to year round bear- hunting; even the working cow- boy has been brainwashed into believing this and consequent- ly has turned against the bear. Actually the only rest he has is when mother nature calls him into hibernation, that's if he's lucky enough throughout the summer to dodge the artil- lery and packs of screaming cowdogs. Also on their list of predators is the yearling black and grizzly. From personal ob- servations I have yet to see this age bracket of bear averaging 125 pounds kill a healthy beef animal. I am sure if the ranchers wanted to look into their prob- lem deep enough they would find a few other causes that also apply for the loss of live- stock in the mountains. I'd like to point out a few for the ranch- er not too familiar with that ter- rain. There Is a poisonous plant called larkspur scattered in patches over the entire area, that has taken the lives of many cattle over the years. There are cases where livestock have fall- en through the crust of the soft alpine meadows, never to see dry land again. And there are many cases, because of the lack of know- ledgeable cowboys, when cattle have been left in the mountains after the fall roundup is com- pleted, with a period of four winter monthst to face which they never survive. After a short period of time these carcasses are a first course meal for the grizzly, if his hunger persists, and he also takes the blame for killing the animal. There is no such thing as a "phantom killer grizzly." When this animal makes a kill marks are left on either the dead ani- mal's neck, shoulder or back. In the 10 years I have spent riding the Alpine country west of the Fraser River in game block 16 I have come across very few actual girzzly kills, but they have truly paid the price. The steady buildup of the cat- tle industry has driven the griz- zly into the last remaining val- leys. If what they claim is true, and the grizzly is to blame for the tremendous amount of cat- tle found dead, why do they con- tinue driving their livestock in- to those remote valleys? At the price of those dead cattle on the market this day and age they could afford to goldplate their fences and keep them in pas- tures where I believe they be- long. Before the rancher and trig- ger-happy, brainwashed cowboy eliminate what few remaining grizzly we have in the area I suggest they open their eyes a little wider and look a little closer before placing a crown of thorns over this majestic ani- mal's head. CHRISTOPHER KIND Clinton, B.C. opposition leaders, journalists, their own political allies and the various heads of police servic- es, it would never end "Poor naive Americans: go- ing to court just for an elec- tronic espionage affair! In France we know better. Just recently a new centre for wire- tapping despite its almost complete illegality was, al- beit discreetly, inaugurated and this, of course, without (to mention only a few) a news- paper, parliamentarian or mag- istrate even saying a word. "You have to be American to be scandalized by such small things." The fact is that all con- temporary democracies have been tarnished from time to time by immoral practices. I recall the amazement with which I personally discovered 39 years ago, when participa- ting in my first electoral cov- erage as a cub reporter in Pen- nsylvania, that names on cem- etery tombstones were listed in some voting rosters; also the horror with which I learned of bribery and ballot-stuffing by boss-run city machines. The West Germans, strug- gling to rid themselves of the guilt complex bequeathed by Hitlerism, were appalled by the high handed way a defence minister locked up investiga- tive journalists. As for the Ital- ians: the leftwing "Paese Sera" concedes that Watergate "is truly scandalous" but adds: "In Italy the same things happen often." Only one leading democracy, Britain, has remained compar- atively unspotted. The famous Profumo affair, a few years ago, astoundsd the British not because it disclosed a gaudy private life in higher political echelons but because a junior minister lied to the House of Commons. In many lands where democ- racy is hallowed, scandal has festered below the administra- tive surface. Some of 'the im- morality, both real and fabri- cated, adduced in France dur- ing recent years, would seem unbelievable even' to Water- gate-dazzled Americans. The crucial danger of the un- folding tale of sordid U.S. ma- chinations is that it could weak- en the institution of the presi- dency, debilitate the position of Nixon when his intern aitional leadership is urgently required, and change the desired quality of American dynamism into commeaJ mush. Hence the fact that United States society im- presses some foreigners with i'.s innate honesty by exposing its own worst faults does not com- pensate for the loss of prestige and moral authority. It is arguable that many prob- lems facing modern civilization, problems both benevolent and malevolent in impact, derive from the technological revolu- tion. The ease with which docu- ments can be photocopied con- ceivably helped inspire the in- cident of the Pentagon Papers wnose distributors, whether le- gally justified or not, psrhaps might not have acted before copying machines were mar- keted. Without wholesale use of jet aircraft we would probably have avoided the existing era of air piracy. Terrorists have found their efforts immensely simplified by the fact that ex- plosives can be made accord- ing to instruction manuals from material for sale in any corner drugstore. And, of course, the breakthrough in electronics makes it simple for eavesdrop- pers to bug almost any telephon- ic conversation at will, just as infrared cameras can invisibly take photographs. Thus the possibilities of crime and governmental malpractice as well as their exposure have been rendered percep- tibly greater. Moral leadership is tterefore clearly even more needed today than in the age of our grandparents; and yet this epoch is famous as a time of easy-riders and permissive- ness. Power corrupts includ- ing the power of knowledge and a permissive society surely cannot endure long under a per- missive administration. Heaven knows, most of the world hopes Nixon, now that he has truly started, will suc- ceed in extricating himself, his office and his nation from this dirty mass. The most respected Italian newspaper, "Corriere Delia writes: "In the United States, together with the smell caused by certain epi- sodes, one still breathes the strong air of democracy." And let us not forget what Winston Churchill supposedly said about democracy: "It is the worst system of govern- ment except for all the others." have contributed to a sense of complacency. This has masked the fact that the Liberals have done little since the election to alter the image that turned off so many voters last October. In terms of personality, the strategy has been low profile. As far as policy is concerned, it has been almost no profile. The only forward policy thrust since the election has been Health and Welfare Minis- ter Lalonde's global review of social assistance. Important as this will be in the long run, it doesn't represent an essential new direction for the govern- ment. It is an attempt to im- prove a social assistance sys- tem that already is one of the most comprehensive and gener- ous anywhere in the world. Now that the pension and family allowance increases have been implemented or an- nounced, and the two-year re- v i e w process has been launched, Lalonde's early and successful solo at centre stage as a freshman minister may soon be forgotten. His portfolio does not encom- pass the most difficult questions that the government now has to face up to. These are the questions about Canada's economic future, the development of our resources, the consumption and export of energy, changing patterns of trade with the United States and the rest of the world, and the shaping of an industrial sec- tor that will contribute to the kind of human society desired by Canadians. The prime minister has often identified these questions. Long before the last election, as the main concerns of the seventies. He has yet to find a way to in- gest them into his own political personality. In the sixties, he typified our overriding concern about national unity. Now this old symbolism is almost a handicap as he seeks to identify himself with the challenge of the seventies. In the prime minister's office, the problem has been identified by his advisers but solutions re- main sketchy. One school of thought main- tains that Canadians will have to be made more aware of the difficulties that lie ahead. There is a feeling that voters in the seventies will expect stronger challenges and demands from their government than during the "permissive" years of the sixties. But even as this theory floats through the offices of the east block, the reality of policy-mak- ing in these key economic sec- tors moves in an opposite direc- tion. Since he assumed the critical industry, trade and commerce portfolio last December, Alas- tair Gillespie has been backpe- dalling furiously from a term "22 industrial strategy' that he used to employ with some en- thusiasm. Now he says that it is unwise to expect the federal government to produce a blue- print for industrial develop- ment. The new Gillespie ap- proach is to talk about indus- trial strategies. The same adroit use of the plural has crept into the vocab- ulary of Energy Minister Don- ald MacDonald. The long- awaited energy policy will emerge this year as a series of options for a number of energy policies. "It all sounds reasonable as External Affairs Minister Mitchell Sharp said last week, discussing the gov- ernments foreign policy review after 1968, "except that there was very little leadership from the government." "In continued Sharp, "it would have been preferable to have given an early indication of the govern- ment's sense of di- to have avoided the impression of division and inactivity. "To put the matter bluntly, we should have reached .agree- ment in cabinet, at least in principle, before asking the re- action of the public. This, I sug- gest, is basic to our form of re- sponsible government in a par- liamentary democracy." It is equally basic to the tinued existence of the Trudeau government. If the key questions of the seventies find the cabinet gripped by the kind of policy- making constipation that im- mobilized it before the 1972 campaign, Canadians might be prepared to render a tougher verdict next time. The Lethbndge Herald SM 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publlshtft Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspantr Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO w MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managlnfl Editor Associate Cditiv ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;