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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 10, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta The lethbridge Herald THIRD SECTION THURSDAY, MAY 10, 1973 PAGES 25 34 CAPITAL PUNISHMENT Dilemma faces Parliament OTTAWA (CP) With much of its own life-preserving legis- lation now passed or in the process of consideration, the minority Liberal government is ready to return to the debate on whether the lives of most mur- derers should continue to be spared. The Commons, is expected to return to the capital punish- ment debate within the next two weeks. At that time there is expected to be no more indication that there was in four days of talk in February whether the majority of MPs favor another five years in which only the slayers of po- lice and prison guards would face hanging. Eventually there will be a free vote on the government bill calling for that, with each MP voting according to his own feeling, rathsr than following any party line. A similar five-year partial ban on capital punishment ex- pired Dsc. 29 and the govern- ment proposed an extension of this as a matter of high priority when Parliament met in January. But the priority seemed to slip considerably in favor of legislation the minority govern- ment needed to maintain New Democratic Party support. Now with such NDP-pleasing legislation as old-age pension increases and 1972-announced tax cuts through Parliament, the capital punishment bill is getting some of its old priority back. Solicitor-General Warren Al- Imand is reported hopeful but not certain that his bill will re- ceive second reading in the Commons, probably by a nar- row margin. But what happens after that, when the bill gets detailed study by the Commons justice committee, is anybody's guess. At least one attempt will be made to amend the bill to sub- stitute life in prison for hanging and there may be attempts to make execution a penalty for other forms of murder. Public opinion polls have shown strong feeling in Can- ada for retention of capital pun- i s h m e n t, and abolitionists feared earlier this year that might combine with sentiment generated by the slaving of two Torpnto policemen in February to kill all chances of passing the government bill. WIVES IN ARMS Wives" of metropolitan Toronto policemen, who formed an asso- ciation after those murders, col- lected more than names to a petition calling for the hanging penalty to be extended. The polls show many MPs are faced with the alternative of voting with the feelings of the majority of their constituents and against the government bill cr opposing the will of the ma- jority and voting in line with their individual consciences. Anybody trying to discover the will of the majority of MPs has not been helped by the four days of debate that already have taken place, because each MP speaks only for himself and not his party. Nor was there any clear in- dication from a poll of the 264 MPs taken by Tte Canadian Press in February. Only 91 bothered to reply. Forty-four said they would sup- port the bill; 37 said they would oppose it. Ten others were ei- ther undecided or did not reply directly. Those IT) indicated they were unhappy with the bill and felt it needed some amend- ment. Assuming the bill does get into committee, two Liberals, Marcel Prud'homme of Mon- treal-St. Denis and Jim Fleming of York West, say they will at- tempt to amend it to outlaw capital punishment. RESTRICT PAROLE In place of hanging for "first- degree" killing, killing of police officrs and prison guards, murder with rape, hijacking or kidnapping- there would be a life sentence with no parole for at least 25 years. At present a lifer is eli- gible for parole after 10 years. The objective of that amend- ment is to abolish hanging while satisfying the anxiety of those who fear the con- sequences of what they regard as a lack of deterrent for mur- der and of letting murderers re- turn to society. The idea has run Into strong objection om some corrections associations who say it runs against the whole rehabilitative idea of parole. In a Montreal interview Fri- day, Mr. Prud'homme said he believes that the amendment has support from 75 pa: cent of the Liberal MPs and the "lib- eral wing" of the Con- former prime minister John Diefenba- none from the New Democratic Party and the 15 Social Credit MPs. He said some of the support- ers may want to change the mandatory sentence to 20 or 15 years from the. 25 proposed in the amendment. He could not say whether the opinion of the country has changed since February. "A lot depends on the times. If you have a few rough, tough crirmas, it does harden the feel- ings of the people." As the renewed debate ap- proached, abolitionists got a bit of a boost from tha most recent crime statistics. Statistics Can- ada said that the murder rate was up only marginally last year, to 2.5 per popu- lation over seven years from 2.2 in 1971 and 2.3 in 1970. The figures will provide am- munition to those who say the fact that there has been a par- tial ban on hanging has had no effect on the murder rate. Perhaps even more encour- aging to the abolisionists was the fact that figures for over-all crime were down last year from the year before. Even the violent crime rate, which has contributed to the emotionalism surrounding capital punishment, showed some stabilization. Until Parliament acts, the law now is the law of 1967 be- fore the now-expired five-year partial ban went into effect. Those guilty of capital mur- der face the death penalty. The lethbridge Herald think PART IV PICTURE QUIZ 5 POINTS His name Is (CHOOSE ONE: Richard Klelndienst, Elliot and he was named U.S. Attor- ney General In a Nixon Administration shakeup. HOW DO YOU RATE? 71 to 80 aooo, 91 to 100 polnlt TOP SCOREI 61 to 70 points Fair. 81 (o 90 Excellent 60 or Under? 7 f H'mml FAMILY DISCUSSION QUESTION Do you think acupuncture could be used effectively on a large scale In this country? Whyor why not? YOUR NEWS QUIZ PART I NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL Give yourself 10 points for each correct answer. t Khmer Rouge la tha name of.. T.. a-a Haitian soccer team b-a French political party e-the Cambodian Communists 2 The Brinks Express Company recently suffered Its largest single loss in Canada when was etolen from Its vault In (CHOOSE ONE: St. John's, Newfoundland: St. John, New Bruns- 8 Japan was hit by major 18-hour etrlko -as more than 3 minion workers walked off their Jobs. a-auto b-rail way c-dock 4 is celebrating the 25th anniversary of Its birth as a nation. a-Algerla b-Israel c-Uganda B Anlk n. a (CHOOSE ONE: Soviet space station, Canadian communications satellite) was launched recently. PART II WORDS IN THE NEWS Take 4 points for each word that you can match with its correct meaning. 1.....dearth a-complete, full 2.....plethora S.....naivete 4.....plenary 6.....sagacious c-lack, scarcity d-lkck of sophistication e-excess PART III NAMES IN THE NEWS Take 5 points for names that you can correctly match with the clues. 1.....Jean-Pierre Coyer- a-Sovlet Foreign Minister 2.....Rick Ley 3.....Andrei Gromyko 4.....Leonid Brezhnev 6.....Ken Dryde.n 67-73 b-f ederal Minister of Supply and Services c-goalle, Montreal Cana.- dlens d-Sovlet Communist Party leader New En- gland Whalers VEC, Inc. STUDENTS Save Thls Practice Examination! Valuable Reference Material for Exams. Pilot to get gift Randy Daoust, a 19-year-old bush pilot, will re- ceive a gift from four wealthy American busi- nessmen he rescued last summer after a canoeing accident in the Northwest Territories. Mr. Ddbust, who works for Latham Island Airways in Yellowknife, said he will get the money when he is 25. He said the four 'businessmen have already invested which will grow to in the next six years. THE FINEST RETIREMENT AND RECREATIONAL COMMUNITY Blind Bay. B.C., Halfway btlwetn Calgary and Vancouver en Trons-Canado Pltoit mail a fret brochure. ANSWERS ON REVERSE PAGE He opened up the north with baling wire, canvas and courage maybe the thought of Lethbridge Old Style Pilsner waiting when he made it back home. Alberta's original Pilsner has logged a lot of miles and quenched a lot of thirsts in nearly fifty years; and it tastes as good today as it did way-back-when. Slow-brewed and naturally aged for men who appreciate the down-to-earth flavour of an honest, old-time beer. Try it. TRADITION YOU CAN TASTE FROM THE HOUSE OF LETHBRIDGI ;