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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 10, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 38 lETHBRIDGt HERALD WodnBtdny, Moy 10, Wl ishaiig over Canada's domestic satellite project OTTAWA iCTi Question marks still cluslcr around Canada's domestic communi- cations satellite project. The trail-blazing satellite Anik I is scheduled to zoom aloft next .November, Ir.o world's first "geostationary" donu'Slic communications sat- ellite. That means il will ap- pear lo be pinned in space, but in reality will be keeping pace with earth's revolutions. It will provide Canadian ex- perience in a new technology communications. But there arc questions about iti. immediate ecummu'e vaiuc. Unc frequently mentioned benefit i.s improved telephone and television service in liie North. The CBC plans to pro- vide network program- ming and Bell Canada is lo improve lefr-phone si'rvice. But the Arclie Institute of North America, a private group, recently criticized the CEC intention to provide only live network programs the south to the North. An institute study group suggested that northerners want community radio sta- tions, regional and local TV programs and belter tele- phone service. The satellite channels could be lied In with these services. II said that "implementa- tion of the program, as now planned, can have a devastat- ing and cillile probably inc- versible impact on the people of the North." 1'KEDICT I.Ml'HOVIi.MUXT Telephone company officials expect northern service will improve with Anik's help bul say it still won't match ouality of service in the south. And northern telephone service will operale at a defi- cil. As for east-west communi- cations in southern Canada, Hie current terrestrial net- work is considered adequate. Anik will act as a reserve sys- tem to handle overflow traffic and to provide an alternate route if microwave and cable netirarks break down. With nil this in mind, are the benefits worth the mil- lion which will be spent on Anik, two support .satellites and the ground receiving sys- tem'.' Tliis is an academic ques- tion, Communications Minis- ter Robert Stanbury said in an interview. Anik will be launched in 1G November and a back-up sat- ellite in May, 1373. "I'm glad il is on ils way.'1 said Mr. Stanbury. "A conn- j try like Canada has lo get slarled in establishing a satel- communicalions system al some point if it is goinn lo lake advantage of the future potential of such systems. "A country like Canada with its size and distribution population should be the first country in the world to be trying to lake advantage of this I'echnology." Hut olhers, such as (lie Arc- tic Institute study group insist that even now changes can be made to suit potential users. Communications critics for two opposition parties, Mark Itosc New Democratic Party member of Parliament for News In Brief I'LACK Toil DODV OUDTSIIOOUN, South Africa (Al') City regulations decree it is a nuisance lo keep a corpse anywhere oilier llian a mor- tuary or similar suitable place. The'penalty is a S6.1 fine Hie first day and a day there- after. TOUR VjIXMUDE, Belgium, (Reu- Icr) This Flanders town is offering a bizarre attraction to complex of First j World War trenches that have been carefully maintained in their original condition. ISIlil) IN HAND NEW DELHI (AP) A stu- dent came lo his examination well a pigeon trained to fly oul bis tesl paper to a [riend at home, who would send back the correct answers. The scheme was discovered, however, before the bird could be sent off on its mission. WASHED UP GLUECKSBURG, Germany (AP) West German sailors have been inslrucled nol to throw overboard any more beer bottles or painl cans. The bot- tles were reported lo be wash- ing up on beaches and (lie cans ripping fish nets, the navy said- nOUGII RAILS NDOLA, Zambia (AP) A Zambia Railway crane was de- railed on ils way to help clear a train derailment. Frascr Valley and Pal- rick Nowlan, Progressive Con- servative MP for Annapolis Valley, said in interviews they arc concerned about the im- pact of sotilhcrn television programs on northern natives. Mr. Nowlan said Ihcrc is perhaps lime lo review and redirect Ihe Anik project. While the telephone and tel- egraph companies express some reservations about the lechnical usefulness of the satellite in the immediate fu- ture, Ihere is little doubt they want to get a foot in Ihe door of Ihe new leclmology. The Trans-Canada T e 1 e- phone Syslem and CN-CP Te- lecommunications proposed in 1967 to build their own million satellite system in- cluding three satellites and 54 carlh receiving stations In 1966, CHCH-TV Hamilton and Power Corp. of Canada proposed establishment of a third television network using satellites. The government decided in 1968 lo set up Telesat Canada, a private company which would split shares evenly among the government and lelecommunicalions c o m p a- nies and the public. The government and the 1e- -the bay outgrew replaced with new ones UFFfll Tie BASSINET -You won't need anymore Look Around! List any in-ihe-way items you have and turn them into cash With a Lefhbridqe Herald Monday through Friday 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. Saturday 8 a.m. to p.m. CLASSIFIED ADVERTISING DEPARTMENT. common carriers have bought Uieir shares, each investing 30 million. Tlw public portion will be sold later. 8 CHANNELS ALLOTTK1) Telcsat owns Anik but its only responsibility is in rent- ing (he channels. How the channels will IMJ used is up to the customers. Eight of the 12 channels have been committed to tho CDC, [lie telephone compa- nies, CN-CP Telecommuni- cations and the Canadian Overseas Telecommunications Corp. But while all these compa- nies have signed letters of in- tent, none has reached final agreement with Telesat on rental ot Hie channels. Tlie tough negotiations prompted David Golden, Telesat presi- dent, lo say in February, 1971: "All thai I object to is that I have to expose my cards and they don't." He was referring to the fact that the telecommunications common carriers are bargain- ing lor use of Anik while sil- ling on the Telesat board. The New Democratic Parly suggested during debate of the Telesat Canada Act in 1969 that Telesat should be a Crown corporation so Canadi- ans can be sure that the coun- try's national objectives will be met. The suggestion was not accepted. OFF IN NOVEMBER An artist's impression of Anik I, Canadas' domestic communications satellite, which is scheduled to be launched next November. Anik I will provide Canada with experience in the new technology of satellite communications and will bring improved telephone and television service lo Canada's north. Subs may be used in search LONDON (CP) The. Brit- ish petroleum industry is con- sidering the use of two-man submarines for surveying Ibe sea bed and examining pipe- lines as development of oil ex- ploralion programs in the North Sea is speeded up. British Petroleum is study- Ing the use of Ihe submarines in the northerly regions of the North Scotland and explora- tion still is at an early slage but is being hurried along after finds have shown il is a major oillield. Oilmen, traditionally con- servative, have eslimaled a production rate of bar- rels a day from the Forties field off Scotland. There are hopes that by the mid-1970s the North Sea will provide 00 per cent of Britain's total oil requirements. Cost of exploration will he lugh. The northern part of the North Sea is one of the world's most inhospitable re- gions wilh wind forces often at gale strength and tides up to 10 feet above normal. Storm waves can reach up to 40 feet in the open sea. nrtn.L nics VITAL Drilling rigs of the semi- submersible type for opera- tion in deep water are vital and BP alone has recently or- dered n third rig of Ibis type at a cost of nearly mil- lion. The Shell-FsRo consor- tium have ordered three Fcmi-sufmiersibles for deliv- ery in 1973, and Mobil, Texaco and TlanEcrOil ol Canada each have deep-water rigs on order. The cost of drilling a single well in these walers can be as much as millinn, and tho development of a major field such as the Forties will cost al IcEsl milh'oii- The discovery of natural gas and crude oil in the North Sea has been most sur- prising in Pie relatively short history of Hie international oil industry. More than 2nd million years ago nature provided a vast polenlial reservoir of oil and gas producing strata and then scaled it wilh an enormously Ihick cap of clay. As lime passed earth movements raised and lowered the rock strata and so produced ele- valed areas inlo which the natural gas and oil accumu- lated. Unlil 1959 the geology of the North Sea was largely guess- work. In that year Ihe Royal Dulch .Shell Group made a scries of striker, in the Net tier- lands resulting in the discov- ery cl a well in the Gronin- nalural gas field, one of the largest in the world. ACTIVE SEARCH Soon afterwards C o n s o r- tltims of oil companies began extensive -seismographic sur- veys of the Korlli Sea. By there were 23 companies oper- ating under legislation inlro- duced by the countries border- ing Ihe North Sea. actively searching for gas and od. Their tool was the reflection seismograph, the most suc- cessful inslnimenl of the pe- troleum fcopbys-ici.st. With Ihe seismic inelhorl shock waves are produced by explosives ('donated al regu- lar intervals along straight lines. The waves are reflected when Ihey strike hard lavcrs such as limoslone. The time taken by Ihe wave to travel from the surface down to the. reflecting layer and back gives an indication of the shape and thickness o! the re- flecting layer. The picture presented by the recorded shock waves does not show the presence of oil or gas. It shows only whether structures are present in which oil might have accumulated. The only method ol proving whether oil is present or not Is lo drill a well. And that's when oil exploration begins to get really costly. Danced to freedom RIO DK JANEIRO (AP) Five musically inclined prison- ers in jail at (he Brazilian town of Fiance da Rocha danced (heir way lo freedom during (ho weekend, newspapers here re- ported Monday. While four of Ihe convicts beat out samba rhythm using drinking glasses, combs and matchboxes, the fifth provided added percussion by scrapping a saw against the bars of the cell, Ihe papers said. FAT IS NORMAL ARBOR, Mich. (AP) Just as some people are des- lincd lo be tall or bald certain individuals arc "biologically programmed'' lo be fat, a psy- chologist at the University of Michigan suggests. These peo- ple, suggests Prof. R. E. Nis- betl, have a higher baseline ol ,'idiposc tissue, or fat cells, than nlhcrs. "In other words, obesity represents Ihcir normal, or ideal, body His- bett says. Wash 'n' Wpnr. 1'iqlil, airy CAPLESS" ALURA Hoaf resistant synthetic. Idem for lafc outdoor cooking ONLY ARTISTS BRUSHES ;