Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 10, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
The Lethkidge Herald Third Section Alberta, Wednesday. May 10, 1972 Pages 33 44 Political crisis exists st German youth identity BONN XVhfil doss il nvjun Now West Germany rc-seni- to be German? If there were another western in anything resembling a consen- sus among West Germans in an- swer to that question there would probably be no political crisis here today. In place of concensus there i.s du.strial worried by in- flation. West Germans wlio can remember the runaway infla- tion of the Weimar Republic particularly regard the rate of price increases with an innate fear. It is more than twice the rale promised by Chancellor thifig more.'' one. He as including a generous agreement northerner felt no national on travel between the two Ger- confusion. Twenty-seven years after the Second World War, West Germans, particularly the youth, are searching for an identity The post-war success are the ol uie econjm dogMet] Willy Karl Schiller. Such bread-and-butter issues, i lunacies, rather than the foreign policy of kinship with the Bavarians. Another found himself more at norm; in Prague than in East Germany. Ail the students pointed out that the German nation, politi- cally. no older than Can- ada. Yet l he short history had two cataclysmic up- he-rivals, leaving behind burden- A politician in Bonn told of a sorted until recently t unpopularity. Not thai Wtst i Germans have been indifferent io the treaty ratification crisis. Demonstrations, counter-demon- strations and rallies have been held in all major cities. The highest television ratings have gone to live coverage of the Bundestag debates. Schools have dropped regular classes to tune in. Never before have the advantages of broadcasting the federal parliament been so bla- tantly obvious. A lot of this in- terest follows naturally from a national government on the brink of downfall, with the daily possibility of plunging the coun- try into a summer election. Apologists for the Brandt, gov- ernment 's Ostpolitik have in- deed given the impression that, a dark fate awaits West Ger- many, should parliament be foolish enough to reject the confronts the of friendship and non- Prime Minister Edward Heath aggression xvith Russia and Po- mxea LONDON (AP) A British commission has reported that R r i t a i n 's projected constitu- tional settlement with rebellious Rhodesia is definitely unaccept- able to the people of that cen- tral African country as a whole. The development, reported by Informed sources last night, discussion ment on ;i figure. The n earch o fagree- national historical group was repre- with a critical choice. This centres on the crucial question of whe! her it should now abandon (lie plan and go on boycotting the regime of Prime Minister Ian Smith, or whether il should attempt to railroad the plan through despite resistance by Rhodesia's blacks. The report of the British com- mission, headed by High Court Judge Lord Pearce, was handed to Foreign Secretary Sir Alec Douglas-Home. SECRET ONLY OFFICIALLY Its contents, pending publica- tion in a few weeks, remain offi- cially secret. But. informants who have seen the report said the conclusions address this message to Heath's government; The majority of Rhodesians, meaning the blacks who outnumber whites by four million to have given an unqualified to a deal en- visaging slow political advance- ment toward black rule. The sources declined lo reveal further details of the findings. The Smith regime proclaimed independence from Britain in 1D65 without London's permis- sion. Since then, the all-white Salis- bury government has made Rhodesia system of racial apar- thicd or segregation. land. West Germany would be isolated. 1 was solemnly told, and the whole process of East- West detente would come crash- ing down. The best if not the only exam- ple of humor displayed by the politicians came from Ihe Ba- va ri an a rch-opponcnt of the treaties, Franz-Josef Strauss. Asked what one government set- back meant, he replied sol- emnly, "It means the end of the world." Whatever the meaning of the treaties and the whole Ostpolitik movement, they have the virtue of forcing Germans to think hard about where they are going from here. Judging by the debate, in the country they have yet. to find their direction. West Berlincrs. for example. explain that their free univer- sity has attracted West Ger- mans for a number of reasons. One is that they are searching for something more than a full stomach. Or, if you like, they are fleeing the economic mira- cle for West Berlin which is forced to have a higher political consciousness as an island sur- rounded by East Germany. Jt was interesting to listen to German students in discussions during the Bonn crisis. "To he sentative of the country today. had to go all the way back to Bach before we could all ad- mire and accept one figure." Some West Germans ask how they can keep alight the concept of one united German nation when they have systematically sealed themselves off from East Germany. That is the whole purpose of the treaties, accord- ing lo the Bonn foreign office. II is to stop the two Germanys drifting apart while keeping alive all possible contacts in the interests of the two sides feeling as one nation. Then in the dis- tant, future, who knows? The forces of peaceful self-determi- nation may come into play. Differences between the par- tics, reflecting tire national con- fusion, arise from degrees of in- terpretation. The prospect of self-determination and eventual reunification is not. much more than necessary theory to the co- alition Social Democratic-Free Democratic government. The opposition Christian Dem- ocrat-Christian Social grouping is more cautious. They want the Soviet Union to acknowledge that the treaties in no way con- stitute a peace treaty 'i> the Second World War but are sim- piy a modus vivendi, as Chan- cellor Brandt has often claimed. This i.s notwithstanding the mutual undertaking in the Mos- cow treaty to respect the terri- torial integrity of all states in Europe and to renounce all ter- ritorial claims forever more. The Opposition has been trying lo get an undertaking from Moscow recognizing the possibility of eventual peaceful lead- ing lo the two Germanys. Otherwise, it is feared, the treaty will mean something quite different, in Bonn and Moscow, closing off a perspective irrevocably. So far the Soviet government has been unwilling to take Mr. Brandt off the hook as it has be- fore. Opposition Leader R a i n e r Barzel can, with some justice. claim his party's prolonged campaign won significant addi- tional points from the Soviets, manys, ana practical recogni- tion for the first time of the Eu- ropean Common Market and West German participation in its development. Prospects that all parties might reach agreement on the treaties, combining in a com- mon declaration, have declined since last week. Instead Ger- since last week. Instead Ger- mans are facing a sharp, divi- sive debate, on the fundamen- tals of their nationhood. After it is all over, with a close win pos- sible for the government, they will be left with the divisions opened up by the treaties. The treaties will be open to two or three interpretations then as now. There will be a need for na- tional consensus then as now. In j the long run the consequences j of the unresolved German ques- j tion couJd prove of more mo- i mentum than a setback in de- tente which a treaty failure I would herald. 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