Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 10, 1912, Lethbridge, Alberta
THE LBTnBRT.nG.lS DATtY HERALD I'Yidav, Mav 10, PRESENT CONDITIONS IN UVE STOCK INDUSTRY W. F. Stcveni Livestock Com mliiioner. ;Au the conditions atfectlns, dass, 1 shall deal with liv :them .separately.-following the usual- order horses, cattle sheep inducement for the journey, southward they time to note the agricultural possibilities of the country through which they were passing, and a -considerable, "number farming; and in doing, they created ji demand for horses suitable for agri- ctiltufal work. Co-incident with these events, there began the tide of immi- gration from Europe the I isteru Ptm inces ind the I b.ates -wmca b> tne clobe of. the 1 centuiv btod more than doubled the value of farm horses.'. Then followed the Boer war, which stripped the country of its surplus animals suitably for 'saddle OB and ot mules; For, those who un- derstand it. the former may be made jcomii as in Alberta as it now K in Ontario, ami Manitoba, and ihe lat- ter' as remunerative as ever it WHS in Kentucky or Missouri. These are the'.facts, that the superintendents of fair's" and institutes are trying to im- press upon our far mere. 3nt we have a class who do not need .this laci brought home to them, j s it possible to ntH uock raising in which iho Indian, moos( ind the dm veit, a 3 imniolt st the f ter off if the) tveie occupied bj "oui increasing mileage of barbed AM re J or fne probpeious ranchers than to sacrifice their breeding are with u dozen or twentj home stock.'. animals .and.; steatlers struggling against starvation, foals began to he in evidence and the province as a whole -nould dividual, for a. term, of years sufficient Ij long to induce bun to stock u and provide sueh buildings tence-o and -nateimp places as enable to Hie m comfort and conduct h business and. .at .the ex piration his lease, permit him to purchase not to exceed two sections this ignore the last fucto-.-s in the problem. They make the broad staiemeht tiiut if uiie is go- ius, in for 'beef he "should have cattle of one of. the ".special beet stratus yml H he ib Honitr. in toi he should have cattle of one of the special bieeds But hoie i of scttleis ho have not the me ins to vvniM'or return1--from.beef cattle, yet chey. caii'-niise i ;steers at little' co t il IP the Im U feed them ihiough thi, tnd thoi ttTui sleeis tint ue teed ins, t-int ,o in foi milk thej hue to milk enough of cowa io supply their daily, wants; and they ask for cows that are worth thai, kind of animal is j could bee iu e covote piool U nc in-, it i a moiloi ut pi ice i ilsiiit, in Alherta would at enter more' (largely into-the-, general husbandry uf Providing foundation mock and pure bred rams at low co1 does not greatly interest (he imin wl is. conscious of .his hmbllity to pro'e rind cure for a flock al'ler he has got them. Swine I'o ontsitlers the swine inUn i Alberta is soinevvhaL of in en 0 is it (hit i that, produces'grain suitable for swine feeding in such' large its does Alberta. .failSMto enougli hogs to aupply retjuiveuients. As the this comli- tion. ami 'the ,-re medics., therefor entirely provincial, '.lUUfi'tieed be said School District lut such on the subject', at as this. To one who is familiar ,with condi- tions throughout 'the province, tivo reasons staiid :oiit prominently. One is the dlfliculty in inducing nevvcom- nra to" adapt.'thig methods to the-cli- of the -country. p'ides himself tact was it" successful swineisrower in the conn try frouh which he CJinio and he re- intimation that the meth- W :f1i-.and tlio north :halvos of Sue lions Ut, U and ir> in- township 10 is and I'l _'i so I .iiiid and the north halves of Seeiions J7 and IS in Township Range 17 west of the Fourth .Meridian! have boen oret'ted into a school dis- trict under the name- it! (he Alien of tlie Pro- of Seuioi tiustec Thomiiaon, Coulro Sections 0 2- _ _i _7 ws i-! t( ind the halvta of Sections ii-l, 25 iind 'It; und the east halv-oy of. Sections 110 and in Township IS Uange tlu> hull' of Section li in Township Range '211 and Sections I, "and II In Township Hiingo west, of tho Fourth Meridian, have been erected! inio a-school district umler ihe iiaino of the Luk-a McGregor school district! Xo. of the Alberla. Senior trustee, 0. f. Solberg, Queuna- town Sections 1 _ 1 1 T 9 i die hi! ind suithcibt quntci ot Sot turn the Eouth halves -of Sections tl '1 bet J' _ Township 11'JlangG 21 .west of the frourth Moiulnn Inue been eiected into t school distilot undti the Mime of tin, Bulmei school distiict No 2t2 ot the Ptovime of Albeit i Senior D. D. Orctitt, Uarrhill. Ser tionsi 2i f o md and those portions of Sections 27, .'9-aiuI 32 lying north and east of Pak- ouki lake in loniibhip 4 Ruige 7 ml I -1 10 IL anu 1-' tne south halves of Sections :T3. 14. if 1G, and those1 portions of Sections S and il lying east of the "said lake in Township 5 Hange 7 west o! the Fourth Meridian, have been erected nto a school district under the name of the Pakowki district JtNo 2i'-17 of the "Province of Alberta..Senior rustee, Jlanyber 6'ds -which-1 brought htm. .success there can1' do >otliGrvviso.-; the turn t milking ind large numbers, j of his "lease-hold, at a price stipulated ranchers wnre in his lease I know personallj of Every1 such shipment proclaimed the fact tint pastures H ere being con verted into grain fields. be benefited if settlors weie dired piactkillv nonexistent in Alberta fo dn 1 knott them ui Outxno when a boy, and in the Western In Idtei jears ind plivcj in im poitint part Jn the pioneer'ng of liotb countries, movement specializing in thp older i ro- inces has ented then appeir ance in OUT .uewer ones. An nnportint fiet that is tco f a [quently overlooked is thit the spec iiy breeds good retinas on ed to lands well suited to a when lUe lianflb or griculture min ind ,u Q ,a, (1a! en northwest, is .despite the lepeited u of more perieuced neishborsMint.il Iv.s losses have practically out of busi ness.. When that dcpurs, he is reatlj to take up tho idei Genetalh sneaking, the. American, keeps his brood so-ft-i (so fat during tho months have plen- ty of chance to take exercise, they do not f do scv niKk rwhen, -ftu i ng tune eolucfa of bib pigs are bdrri weak an-d sboil'die. The Sections-lit tionil Sections 1G 2i md Jl ind fiat JS and the iceords of shipments thousand of acn's av illablp and these showed more animals going to lough sands and stonj areas of wbieb there aie still hundreds ot Ulonment !f these tTo be lacking- each the preceding one the to fact thai ro Irrge i pereentige were femaks and iminiture tnnnals isas i .sufficient, warning that must come flhen there would be a.n ahrupt falling of in AJherta shipments and purposea Cattle Til the raisin, ta Is now rapidl Tilc records of shipmanta since 190fj 'arenas follows 9 110 head 190C li head 1901 1310 11 he-id 14.410 head 2_ 7-jJ he-id 27.SS7 head of beef cattle, After i appro ichiug lav, ehb m piodnction so rm as J c-in learn Ins erj countrj thit his changed fi om the ranching to the farming s3'stem. -J2ven in the farming districts, those ttho were grouuife beef cattle ten A ears ago, did so more ifter the methods of. the rancher than after those oFTthe farmer. They lurge tracts of.land of their own, not uiy obppnation has hepa jthit the le- turiis -fall below thosfr of-animals of less liighlj speci breeding With incieataed attention on Ihe put' of our faimers to stock nlslug and ihe utilizing foi gram put poses areas hitherto unused there is cei lain to i few A ma I ed increase m our output ot beef cattle. Mow soon it will overtake British Cb- ihall not nu- clei tile to predict but (his t do not hesitate to that it not fai exceed consumption- in these three markets unless some.method, of ex- 'consumptJon in .Alberta, luuibia and the Yukon I During the first ten months of 1D11 3" 113 head shipped The total for the year 1011 may Safeb Jje reckoned at KOOO head or nearly 1- 000 head less than v.ds shlji jjed the constniLtiou ind municipal steadilj increased since then -Oi QV, our stock of draft horses, and In 190S.lt became evident that tbe local simply of thiaiclass would soon D( exhausted and that prices mount to taighei than 3iad been known Jn self protection contiaotois began importing Oioracs from Ontario anil mules from yllie United States. The imirortatlon of mules were es- pecially large during: IH01 and 1910 n d while 1 hare not the figures show Ing tne exact number ttw onay be Idhly estimated to be about There are many evidences that.- .Jarge importations of driift animals continue for many The 'farmers, of the older settled districts an Central Alberta die beginning (o 1me horses to sell hut the number is below the demand. Prices arc on an Importing hqais and aie conse qjeutlj high A team 1100 pound Jiorsea, sound in wind and limb finds sale at and t have .known -instances in which 1650.00 hasi Ticen paid and heavier ininmls com amnd a premium of from to1 ?5000 for one bundled, pounds in exresa of this weight t Jmpoitationi arc no longer confin ed to dinft but and twehe hundred pound arc nou being brought in To mj know ledge, there are. Hi.the present time. Alberta buvers In the of Montana Idaho and Washington looking foi horses sauilable for farm ,work a 'HiIK condition [Western other hand, Thinks he ihuAlcldSC'bouse nis and although his brSofl sowi maj not be too fat to "farrow their pigs suc- cessfully denied them sufficient exeicise, he also Miffeis a senous toss In ulduion to tbi the .close housing during .cold weather .causes frost to accumulate inferior of the buildings in cold and this l is followed bj dampness v hen the eather inoder aies. Dampness ami .cold .cause rheu- matisiji .md pneumonia did the swine arower who D acticeb close housing suffers an additional loss fronv. tliese a new comer" to the fbat theie ii> no bettei method of .tering brood .sows.Ju Alberta, .than eeding them once i day on oats thrown broulcast on tut ground muiif, them i warm thin slop eveij night nnd .moriiirig and' allowing them to bed in i pile of stiu ftoin which otlici Ihe other outstanding lact cnn- nerted with swine laising in Albeit i is lint as soon tg mote Iiosjs uc ow n than ai e i cti nil ed l or f i meat pniposefe micej me put on an bisis and Uns m suite of tho fact thai most of om cuied meatj, :'iid I ml ate imported fiom the east1 him But these lands came 1hc export busmesB nre bmdenb that C'7' bllMne.SB cultivation each mm round, the mdustn not Etdnd and Ihe "ecessin mit oui armeis P _ liefuisc lo ee it that A gieat ueil hdb been faaid and mitten about the recent Imnoit man hj Alherta packers of some hend.pr ed hogs from loionto at a pi ice a Iranian or a rent lower than locallj dressed Carcasses cost "thorn. .In de- fence-.of our fanners :it is hnl fair to fcij tint Iho-ot ensfein carcasses iie o' the chsses> that aie subjected to, 'a dockage'of from 1-3 brought undei cultmtlon 01 there" poiting better now bave bns were unoccupied tracts adjoining their betn pionded H is mlpossible to homesteads, which provided them with pfuturage at little cost in money or attention Th" stiaw nhich uotiid otherwise tieen burned used .as ,8' substitute for the rancher's win- ter range and the result was that A an-d buHittle labor chaiged "H igdinst that the pistuies on which his animal sere graying hid a cish rental for grain giowing and IP raise two steers on the farms'.of" Al- beit i foi the pnu1 of ono on Hie SmitWiqld market JA chaigo of 0 pei head, foi tianspoitation feed ind nttendaiHe i shrint age uuountmg io f 10 ind i lo- s m (ju ilitj imounting io another in addition to "a reason- ibfe profit io the men who engage in fiimeiG of Aibeita will again qiiltj boor ciltlp the moment thci Township b Hange 30 t -of the Fourth iHendiu and Ij 14 23 2i 2o 23, 27 U do and in-d tiiose poitiojis ofiSectons Jf 38 uid ea-st of the Noith Fork of. the Old .Alan river in Town- ship S.Hauge 1 west of, the Fifth Mw Idiau, have been erected .Into a school fiporse U Feikmb, the well known fiqaaciei. will be qne oC the mosf portant witnesses m tho suit brought. "bf'the governiifc'fiS in SCPalil, t for tho dissolution of the InteinaUonaiilaivebtei Compam, which is charged with' being a monopoly in restraint trade. district, under, the name of the school distuct No Mo of tho Pro ol Albeitn Senioi tiustee, J. Rhodes, Jntenalo of nineteen jears, which with tha luniir cjtlo nidUMn'um north tatefa the excessive lams. This J roust CUH.B in the cnse of horses that evil dny'calue-In-liU] ilnring the firat ten months of. which only of cattle were report- ed hy the provincial brand inspectors as against 184 J JO for the jcar pit vions. and during the last half o-r May and the halt of June, fat cattle and dressed beef: were actually im ported from the east. The sudden rise In prices'Incident to this condition, well as the un- satisfactory return? from giain faihi Ing ilurliiK the past two years. Is caus ing OUT -farmcra to turn their alien, lion again to beet production Tempt fd -by the higher price of citllc, and (llarouragcd wilh gnln fanning he cause of the. high price of labor uiul The slioep industry of Alherta, as a ntnchini? proposilion, for ihe want of pasture i ipidlj on the decline. Thp aieas formcrh L( ipirt oi sheep leibes iniont thp pool esf of our v ided the landfi. is being honipfeteidei Hock mnster arc looking about them 101 othei Tan0es I hey have little to hope for on the prairies: and thni eyes tire now turned towards the. foot hills. They- say if they are permitted to take their flocks into tluv unoccu- pied .mountain .valleys tho sum- ineT they could eatiibliBh win- tor hemhjuarkrs in the foot hills and perpetuate their .business- indefinite- ly, In company with a representative of the Department of Agriculture at. Ottawa and a committee appointed by the Southern Alberta Wool Growers' association, I .examined, during the summer ol 1910, tfio mountain viillcvs beginning n the Intern itlonil bound I ind conllnuhiK noilhunnl lo townehlp fifteen. We avoided nil dis In which tRere wore evidences of entile Tnd hoists belug kept and Jtill we found areas which were es- I.Inmted by the :committee of "rowers to be sutHeient to pasture TonvJune to October, head 'of fiheop Spc ikinj, pprsoiiallj I hue m hpsitnncv In recommending Unit cent.to.one cunt per pound live weight in Albert i mm STILL MTTHE JOB liu refitipata of iliu Wool given (.WiidLmt lie b; Hie i is understood ill it tile resignation of Uon A M "Horinc rlmrin in of tlie 'Public Vice ConitnisKion which ".was .foresha- dowed some time ago, will nol he in tlie hands of thn goveriinivnl torsdimi lime to come. Mr. Moririe. it is stat- ed (sill conduct nn inquiij into the iffnrs ol the printing bureau before rrtiros from the chaiinnnship till ind if he docs I ike some tune to (.onclude the 111 He has rented a furnish- ed house in Ottawa until October 1st is t tkui is tin indication thit lieAVill remain at, the head of ihe Public'S'ervicp. iVjiftinisslou for sonic Unit to m m The rural telephone now phces the firmer in inst-mt communicition With tlie source of rht. I itest m irLet jeports, and i ives him m mj hours of precious- time m the event of sickness or acci- dent t The introduction of the typewriter and adding micl me Ins lightened the loncl md lengthened the day of the', business office It w is Advertising that cl limed tht usefulness these de- vices, th it created an trrtmediat'e, and universii deni md for them, tint made them readily accessible' to us .ill. McCormick invented the reaper and thereby jnnde himself an .everlasting benefactor of the 'farmer. But it was Advertising that carried the wonderful news with its far-reac'-ing significance to the'" man with the You know what housework used to be. what it is now, since the advent of sanitary plumbing fixtures, hot-water heating, vacuum cleaners, and electric household appliances. Advertising has brought these things into your home. It has eliminated hshed a world-wide distribution whidi drudgery. Advertising is'service. Science, invention, commerce, are all indebted to its'aid. ,It has raised the standard of living, elevated business ethics, and put us within reach of more real comforts, more real blessings, than we ever enjoyed before. Aimcc regarding advertising is available tnrough any recognized CanadiaH'adverlisiitg ajcnry, or the Sfcreian of the Canadian fress .Issoctatwn. Rpani 50; Litmsdcn Rldg., Foronla 1 iiquiry no obligation on your utrtle if interested.