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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - May 10, 1907, Lethbridge, Alberta What to Do With Juvenile Offenders aoetbfcy where the municipalliy. there * Wo il Fur Centre Will Now Lnw Makes Provision for Deal inff Willi Thorn According to the Most Murium Experience of Whit I Does Them Most Good. The net resecting Juvenile. Del in-rpionts, originating In the Semite, under tho carc Qt  Hon, Mr. Scott, l� so drafted that any i city or town munlol]>altty moy apply and have it declared In force hi that municipality by tho Goveroor-in-Councft, upon proof that proper facilities for the currying out of Its provisions hnvo Ixxm provided hy tho uiuulclpnl council. Those facilltloH consist In the establishment of a iliiventlo Court and of detention homes for children, and provision or appointment of probation officers and Juvenile Court Committees. In the case of adoption of tho Act hy a sop-nrato municipality (generally shaking it Ih anticipated that it will be adopted hy province*-), tho Governor In-Councll will appoint to tho ojlk'c of Juvenile Court .Judge, any Su|>or-ior Court or County Court Judge or any justice, having JuriHdiction In the municipality. COMMITTER OK CITIZENS. A most Interesting feature of the Act is the provision for a eonwniUtce of citizens. swing without remuneration, to he known ns. tho Juvenile Court Committee, Thnlr duties are not very closely defined, hut ns advisers to the court of the probation [officer on all cases they may obvious ly exercise a great and important influence. Adults who aid dellqucucy, Or, being In a responsible position, fall to do what they can to prevent It, are liable on conviction before the Juvenile Court to $20 One or one year or both. .Sentence may lie suspended conditionally. A Npeclal clause declares that the Act shall be liberally construed, that the authorities shall endeavor to All the position of parents towards the delinquents and treat them, not as criminals but as misguided children. It Is also ordered that tho proceed- Go Farther North That Edmonton's days as a famed fur centre are numbered, the advance of commercialism and civilization driving the fur centre farther northward, but that, nevertheless, oven when settlement has gone as farnorth as climatic conditions will allow, there will always remain a large ex-lent of country where the fur trade will flourish, were among the prom* tnent features In the Intorcstlngstory of the past History, present condlt -ions and future probabilities of tho trade told to the Canadian Club of Edmonton a few dnya ago hy Mr. Harrison Young, who has for nearly forty years been associated with thai trade as a resident of the Edmonton country, ami an old employee of the Hudson's Bay Company, who has traversed * the wild woodlands and water reaches of the great north land Mr. Young's essay was filled with ings In the court shall be as Inform-' the spirit of imaginative power and WHAT TUB ACT MEANS. It abolishes tho old act respecting trial of youthful offenders, and withdraws from ordinary punishment all boys under sixteen and girls under seventeen. The JuvenHle Court has exclusive Jurisdiction in alt coses of deliqucncy by children, but where the rieliquency Is of the nature of an indictable offence and the child is over fourteen tho Juvenile Court is em-povored to send the case to tho ordinary courts if the child's good and public Interest demand It. Tho "delinquencies" which may be treated in the Juvenile Court are listed at great length. They include all violations of the Criminal Codo or any statute or municipal ordinance Imposing imprisonment, as a possible punishment; incorrigibleness, association with criminal or immoral persons, visiting licensed burs or public billiard-rooms, attending any public adult, using vile language, and fin- ally smoking or possessing any form oi tobacco. al as may lie desirable. ' The probation olllcer has the powers of a constable, und shall make Investigations as required by the court, attend to represent the interest of tho child when the cuso is heard, ami take charge o( any child before or after trial as directed. Fair Play to Foreigners AND CANADIANS IN WIS ST. TINO THIAT.S SI MM AMY AND PRI VATIC Any child arrested within the operation of this Act Is to be taken before the Juvenile Court, and if taken before any other magistrate must bo transferred at once to the Juvenile Court. Trials are Ho be private and apart from those of adults, and If in the ordinary court-room at least two hours must elapse after tho close of the adults* trial before the beginning of a juvenile trial. No report containing the name of tho child or its guardians shall Ik� published by uny paper without leave of -the Judge. Where there is no detention homo and exclusively for children, no child charged under this Act shall bo incarcerated unless in the opinion of the Juvenile Court Judge, or his dep. uty if absent, such a course is necessary to ensure its attendance. The promise, written or verbal, of any proper iwrson to 1ms responsible for tho child's appearance may Iks accepted; and failure to fulfil it shall be contempt of court, Notice of the hearing of nny charge or delinquency is to Ueen set. and each year sees the area where fur-bearing animals can exist undisturbed becoming more and more circumscribed. This lieing the case It would bo natural to suppose that the output of furs must be gradually decreasing. On the contrary, the fur catch is turgor than ever Iwfore, and the use of furs was never more universal or fashionable than it is to-day. In former days tho difficulties of transportation placed a limit on the quality of goods that could l>o taken into tho fur-bearing country for fur trade, and the natives en to one man ns to another. The Oeriunn, the Gnlician, the Doukhobor, when they reach the land agencies, and a good many of the sub-agencies receive no favors over the Americans or the Canadians. There is no distinction in nny way to the disadvantage of tho Cunud  ian. Hut I lH*g to nssuro my hon. friend that while it is not the pol -icy of the government to enter upon a campaign 1o induce people from the eastern provinces to go to tho western provinces, and I havo every reason for believing that such a campaign would not be looked upon favorably by the eastern provinces, in-deed wo aro not allowed to enter upon such a campaign, I want to say that when Kastern Canadians come then*, there is nothing toogood for them in the minds of the atlmiu -(titration. J. J. Hughes, of Kings, Prince Edward Island, had an exactly opposite view. Ho tin.ught the inducements held out to entice young Canadians west wero too strong. These, however, wore not offered by tho government, but by railway companies, und he did not see that anything could be done to remedy matters. the York boat, the pack horso and the old Red River cart. | As a consequence of this change In | conditions, the fur trader is brought much closer to his base of supplies. |His returns are quicker. Formerly the pricepf fur was a fixed one. net * or varying from year to year. The London market, which fixes the price tho ) of furs tho world over, might vary as every I much as it pleased, the price of furs Our land offices aro asjto un Indian was always tho same. {Nowadays competition is so kecnthut prices fluctuate continually. The prices realized at the fur sales now n progress In London will fix the prices to be paid for furs in north next winter. The power of a As soon as the railroads are built beyond Kdmonton, the fur market will begin to slip away. When a railroad fsbuilt to Peace River and the great navigable waterways of the north become utilised, a town will arise on the banks of the Peaeu River, where the transhipment of goods from railroads to steamboats take placcl and there the. fur buyer and fur trader Will meat as they do in Edmonton to-day. The rapids in the Athabasca River form the great drawbacks to the present transport route to the north. It a winter road were cut out from Edmonton to Fort McMurray, from which point there Is steamboat navl gallon to Fort Smith, It would great ly cheapen freight rates into the north. When a railroad is built to Athabasca Landing, and the building of a Hue Is now only dependent on receiving of labor to build Ut, the army of freighters who now earn living freighting to the landing will be out of employment. If the Gov -ernment would open a united route to McMurray there men would find work, the transport of goods for the north could be more cheaply carried on, and tho trailers being able to get in during winter a supply of goods available for early spring trade, could carry on the business with less capital than It required to-day, when large stocks mutt be carried to meet any eventualities of the trade. The old system of packing goods at a value of so many skins, or water beaver, the old and universal sys -tern of the Hudson's Day Company is gradually changing to a money valuation in these districts where the annual payment of treaty money by the agents of the Government has made t the native acquainted with the cash value of goods. The furs traded are those common to alt the northern parts of the con* tincnt, and tho quality of most kinds is not exceeded by furs from any other quarter. Only the otter and mink of eastern Canada are better. At the annual fur sales in London there are always to be found am-on gat the highest priced eto rosso me belonging to Edmonton shippers. When one considers the number of years that the trade In furs has existed, that this trade has been carried on amongst a wild and savage people by men who make no preten -ston of maintaining any arnwdforce to protect themselves, it is a wonderful tribute to the traders of the Hudson's Bay Company and the later traders who entered into competition with them, that this trade has been carried on without loss of life and without any trouble with the natives of the country. The traders always treated the natives fairly and were well treated by them in return. A community of interest and square dealing on both aides kept both parties good friends. t " - t' / - ' f - "4 - Strangers in Lethbridge Make up your minds to secure at least one lot well located before leaving the city. It will pay you. Remember we have been buying and selling real estate in this city city since* 1891. We deal in Lethbridge properties only, and therefore have the largest and best list. US TO-DAY THE Post Office Block Lethbridge IX AK1UICNDLY SORT 0' WAY. Wliou u Hum uin't got a cont, ami Iio'b tooling kind n' blue, An' tho �1ou�1h hang tlark an' heavy, an' won't lot tho tmnshinu through,. It's u great thing, oh, my brethren, for a fuller just to lay Ills hand upon your shoulder in a trieudiy sort o' way! * t > . - , * I'll it makes, a matx feci curioub; it makes tear drops start, An' you sort u* feel a flutter in tho region of tho heart; You can look up and meet his eyes; you don't know what to say When his hand is on your shoulder in a tvUnMy sort o' vuyt Oh, tho world's a curious compound, with Us honey and Uh gall, With itK cure und bitter crosses, but . u good worl1 after all; i An' a good God must havo made it*- leastways, that is what I say, When u hand is on your shoulder in a friendly sort o' way. MINAHD'S LINIMENT USED PHYSICIANS. the purchasing man of any fur-bearing animal has greatly increased, l>oth as to the price paid for the skin and tho price of goods for which it Ih bold. The Indian Ik far better off today than at any time in the hiKtory of thefur trade. A silver fox thiit a few years ago would have brought him about twelve dollars, ho will now getone hundred and more for, -and the same applies to all other furs The north land is a great fur preserve. Few people realize jiwt how large and gtvat is the land Iwtween Kdmouton and the Arctic Ocean und i how sparsely Nettled. A man travelling in that country,* if ho keeps oft tho usual hunting. trails of the Indians, could travel for a year and novor see a living soul. A district may have plenty of small fur-hearing animals andnot much large game. So there is a great extent of country whore a trap is never sot, or tho ani-! mal disturbed. Now that one can reach the fur country so quickly and easily, and supplies can he had on tho ! ground, I look to seo white trnpiws and people generally giving tiMiro attention to the north than bus yet n the caso. The great difficulty to got in u supply of food has kept this class of men out of the country. There seems to nw no danger of the supply of furs under present com!it -ions giving out with the exception of beaver. Without protection the days of tho heaver uro numbered. I have seen them practically wiped out in parts of British Columbia, the Peace River and Alberta. The same thing as going on in the north today. There is no use in locking the door aftor the horse is stolen. In the Peace River the beaver i� cleaned out or nearly so. Thousands' were formerly killed where now they are few and far between. The Indians who used to hunt them uro dead, wiped out by scrofula nml consumption, tho old hunting grounds of these Indlaushavo not U'on hunted over, and yet the beavers do not increase. There is in tho north unlimitod scope for tho beaver, lots of country that can nov or be nt for anything else. Why not keep tho heavers in it when wo have them there? Once gone, they cannot (be replaced. FLTUKE OP ALUEIITA GRAIN. I* ViH fiction Made by a Manitoba tlrain Kxporter. Mr. K. 11. Hugyard, a prominent grain exporter of Manitoba, is in the city, registered at the Yale. Mr. Hag-yard, who Ih making his first trip hrough the province, is greatly pleas ed with the grain growing district of Alberta, and is strongly of tho opin -ion that when the resources of the country are more developed the output of grain will be enormous. Asked what he thought of tho surrounding country as compared to Manitoba he replied: "Tho pros|�ects for wheat aislngnre every bit a* good. All thut is needed is u good influx of do-irahUi settlers, ami the prosperity of the country in ussured. Judging by the activity around the local railway station any day, this requirement is being rapidly met. And not only rill the district become famous for whett and other grain, but the horses and cattle will, if present indications count for anything, be amongst the tint-Hi ou the continent. That the eastern HtutOH ami Kuropo are pouring in their thousunds can eutdJy be seen by a visit to tho station at Winnipeg. Kvory day the immigrants aro pouring in In increased numbers, and the western provinces are Ailing up in a way that is astonishing. In a few yearn I look for the grulu output of this province to equal, if not excel thut of even Manitoba.Al  t)ertuii. The it i other day a splendid looking young horsewoman cantered down the street, riding.astride. A friend of mine said he did not like to see her do so. NOT OURS TO ASIC. A distinct attempt Is being mad ly tho opponents of the Premier to prove him guilty of treachery to Canada by his course In tho London Conference, especially in relation to the subject of Preferential Trade. One argument advanced Is that he is bound at least to re p res on t to the Conference that tho business men of Canada, ns represented by their Hoards of Trade, are in favor of Britain granting her colonies such a Preference. It Is passing strange that -those who use this * argument cannot see that it Is just such an argument as a self-respecting nutloii cannot press upon a country tied to it by cords so nrfed ami rtolicato as unite t'unada and Knglund. The position of the Canadian Hoards oi Trade is simply tho natural one of self-interest. They wilt l>o well pleased if Englund abandons her traditional policy of frev trade, adopts protection, and gives Canada free access to her market*. Uut Canada, through its Premier, j cannot urge the Mother Country !n Britain's part in favor of prosj�erouM The old stylo suited WmjCftruum, lt ib uot our business to better. Why it �houl4, I COuld not finlcrA)r0 in Kngland's domestic P�li- fcee. A nturo graceful figure than tho young hind in question presented could not it seemed to me, be imagined. There might have been some reason to object, I said if she wont *o far as her, sisters in "Englandwure doing and I related an incident, of which I had been told. In the old land young horse women are dressing out and out like men. They wear* long coat cut like a hunting coat, cut like a hunting coat, riding breeches and top boots. It is a hand some costume, but undoubtedly it attracts a good deal of attention. One young girl so attired, was out riding in London. Pulling her horso up alongside? an arli/an she said: the clcs, uor is it tho part of any true sons of tho Empire to even so much as hint that tholr loyalty Is a matter + to be given or withheld according as the Motherland gives or withholds Preferential Trado arrangements. - Montreal He ruin.__ A now game called "editor's delight" Is attracting attcntio^ and should become popular here. It is played in this vise:-Take a sheet of ordinary writing pajwr and fold it up carefully, enclosing a bank nolo surtWient to pay all anvars arid a year in advance, and mail to the editor. What adds immensely to the 91 Can you tell me if this is way to Warehaim?" The man looked her over carefully. Then he touched his cap in a respect ful manner and replied: "Yes, miss, yes-you seem to 'aveithe year around, but is especially en got 'em on all right."- Bdmonto* uoyable Just npw. Try it.- Innisfall [Saturday News. fProvince. : pleasure of the garni* is to Heiululimg the name of a new subscriber or two accompanied by cash. Keep your eyo on the editor, and if a smile adorns his face, the t rick works like a charm. 'Vhogumo may bo played all Herald Ads. Bring Results. ;