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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - May 10, 1907, Lethbridge, Alberta Whatto Do With Juvenile Ofrenders Xew Low Makes I'rovision for Deal-iiiR With Thoni Accordlnf to the -Most IM'cHlui'ii F.xperlflnco " of What Does Tliem Most Clood. Tho act rcsixjctirig .tuvenllo Dolin -qiiuivts, originating in. the tienate, iimlcr th� care of  Hon. Mr. Scott, is BO drafted that any city or town nuiinioipality may appl^ iind have It doclnrcd in force in that municipality by tho Oovernor-in-Obuncil, upon proof that proper lac-ilities for the carrying out of its provisions have been provided by tho municipal council. Those (acilltioH consist in the eRta'bli�hiM>nt of a ' T'uvonilo Court and of detention homes for children, and provision, or appointment of probation officers and .Juvenile Court Coinmittees. In the case of adotilion of the Act by a scp-urate niuniuipality (generally speaking it is anticipated that it will bo adopted by provinces'), the Governor In-Council will appoint to the, ofllcc of Juvenile Courilr'> iiludgo any Superior Court or County Court judge or any justice, having jurisdiction in ' the ntunicipallty. WHAT THE ACT MEANS. It abolishes the old act respecting trial of youthful olTendcrs, and withdraws from ordinary punishinent all boys under sixteen and girls under seventeen. Tho Juvenile Court has exclusive jurisdiction in all cases of ilcliqucncy by children, but where the dcliqucncy is of the nature of an indictable offence and tho child is over fourteen the Juyehile Court is em-povcrcdians, or faiiins these on any near relative living in the country. . , NO JAIL BEFORE BEARING. No child may be jailed while awaiting hearing In ai^' place in which adults are inqtrisoned, but shaU' be detained at a detention home for children only or under any charge approved by the judge or deputy. Anyone violating this provision may lie fined SSO-or jailed thirty days. After tho delinquency is proved,the uuurt may adjourn tho hearing definitely or indefinitely, and (1) commit the child to the. caro. of the probat -ion ofHcer or other proper person; (2) allow it to remain at home subject to visitation by. and reports to the probation officer; (3) cause it to be placed'in a suitable family subject to supervision; (,4) comtait, it to an approved Children's Aid . Society, or (5) conunit it to an approved industrial school.' In every case a Biipport order may be made upon the parents or the municipality The child remains a ward of the court until: dischargted by the courts own order, or by reaching its majority; and the court may at any time dsal with it upon tlie report of tho authority to which ithas been committed, wtthout\: hearing any other ovldcnce. The child's own good siiaU liC' the object consulted. The delinquent shall not-, after conviction, bo incarcerated In any place where adults are conflned; This apparently includes the case of indivC-able offences remitted to the ordin -ary courts, though it is not explained how the child is then to be exempted from the ordinary (ienaltios. If under twelve, the delinquent shall not be coimnlttod to an Industrial school unless an attempt has been made to reform him or her by tho ' milder methods permissible. Protos -tanti are not to be put with Catholics nor vice versa, except in, case of the temporary home under pro -vinuial statute or of a children's aid When the discussion on the immigration came up in the House of Commons the other day, J. D. Rcid, Conservative, M. P., for Grenvillo, Ontarib, wanted to know whether it was true, as he had hoand, that Canadians going from the eastern provinces were not so well treated by -Government oflicials as immigrants from other countries. His fears were set at rest by the Minister of the Jnterio, who said: 'I have heard, as my hon. * friend has heard, that the native Canadian does not get the same show in the Canadian West as the 'foreigner.' Well, that is a mistake. There is, however, this to be saKI, that tho 'foreigner' who docs not speak the English language deserves and does receive an attention that an English-speaking man docs not need, and would resent if offered him. There tore when 'foreigners' come here speaking no language but their own, who arc not familiar with our laws and system' of- govci-nment, if ' we wish them to acquire an understanding of the advantages that are offered to and of the obligations which they fire taking upon themselves,. we inust pay them an attention that the Canadian certainly dues not require, because he understoinds thoroughly our laws and is himself a part and parcel of the government. But so far as 'facilities for locating lands are concerned, that is to say, the �election of lands, making entry therefore, and so on, precisely tho same facility is oflered to every one alike. Our la.nd officeB are as vide open to one nuin as to another. The German, the Galician, the poukhobor. wheti they reach theland agencies, and a good many of the sub-agencies receive no favors over the Americans or the Canadians. 'I'hcreis no distinction in any way to the disadvantage of the Cahad -ian. But I l)og to assure hon. friend that while it is not the pol -icy of the government to enter upon a campaign to inxluco people from the eastern provinces to go to the western provinces, and I have every reason for believing that such a campaign would hot bo looked upon favorably by the eastern provinces, indeed we are not allowed to enter upon such a campaign, I want to sny that when Eastern Canadians come thci-e, there is tloihing toogood for them in tho winds of the odnun -(stration. J. J. Hughes, of Kings, Prince Ed-ward Island, had an exactly oppositjT view. Ho thought the inducements held out to entice young Canatfii^ns west were too strong. These, however, wore not offered by the government, but hy railway companies, and he did not^ see thaf onything could be done to remedjr matters. -- IN AFRIENDLY SORT O' WAY. When a naan ain't got a cent, and .he's feeling kind o' blue, An' tho elouds hang dark an' heavy, an' won't lot the sunshine through,. It's u groat thing, oh, my brethren, for a feller Just to lay Uis^ hand upon your shoulder in . - %ieudly sort o' way! 'pi'^^'^iii . , . , . 1 ' I i i I It maksiji^^^a man fool curious; it auiwa- tear drops start. An' you so^ o' feel a flutter in the region of the heart; You con look up and meet his eyes; you don't know what to say When his hand is on your shoulder in a friendly sort d' vayl Oh, the world's a curious compound, with its honey and its gall, With its cure and bitter crosses, but a good worl' after all;. An' a good God must have made itr- leastways, that is what I say, When a hand is on your shoulder in a friendly sort o' way. For Centre Mil Go Farther North MTNARD'S LINIMENT USED I*UVBICIAKS. BY That Edmonton's days as a famed fur centre are numbered, the advance of commercialism and civilization driving tho fur centre /nrther nortli-ward, but that, nevertheless, oven whi-imsnt features in the interestlngstory of the past history, present condit -Ions and future prolmbillties of the trade told to the Canadian Club of Edmonton a few days ago by Mr. Harrison Young, who has for nearly forty years been associated with that trade as a resident of the Eklinonton country, and an old employee ol the Hudson's Bay Company, who has traversed � the wild woodlands and water reaches of the great north land Mr. Young's essay was filled with the spirit of imaginative power and enthusiasm as well as with accurate infommtlon. From The Edmonton Bulletin the folloviBg extracts are taken: As the search tor gold mines and other mineral wealth have in many countries led to the opening tip of those lands where.these mineralshave been found to exist, so the pursuit of furs has been in British North Ani�r,ica the means of gradually opening up and civilizing the vast extent of country now under the Government and control of the Dominion of Canada. The fur traders have been the pioneers of this civilization. To-day there arc no new lands for them to conquer, the limit to their operations has iKcn set. and each year sees the area where fur-bearing animals can exist undisturbed becoming more and more circumscribed. This being the case it would be natural to suppose that the output of furs must be gradually decreasing. On the contrary, the fur catch is larger than ever before, and the use of furs was never mono universal or fashionable than it is to-day. In former days the difficulties of transportation placed a limit on the quality of goods that could betaken into the fur-bearing country for fur trade, and the natives did not trade, for then the.v could sell. It was no' uncommon Dccurrcnre a few years ago for the Indians at the posts of the Hudson's Bay Company on the M":-kenzic River to have more furs than they had goods to pay for Iheni, and the trader became tho debtor of the hunter until a fresh supply of goods was brought in. Stocks of goods could only be received once ^ a year. To-day all this is changed, the railroad and stoannlioat have taken tlw place of the canoe, , the York boat, the pq,ck horse and the old Red River, cart. As a consequence of this change in conditions, the fur trader is brought much closer to his base of supplies. Bis returns are quicker. Formerly the priceiof fur was a fi.ved one, never varying from year to year. The London market, which fixes the price of furs the world over, might vary as much as it pleased, the price of furs to an Indian was always, the same. Nowadays competition is so kecnthat prices fluctuate continually. The prices realized at the fur sales now n in London will Ax the prices to bo paid for furs In the north next, winter. The purchasing power of a man of any fur-bearing animal has greatly increased, both as to the price paid for the skin and tho price ol goods for wMch it is toM. The Indian is far better off today than at any time in the history of thefiir trade. A silver fox that. a few years.'ago would have brought him about twelve dollars, he will now getone hundred and more for, �and the same applies to all other furs The north land is a great fur pro-verve. Few people realize just how largo and gruat is the land Ijctween Edmonton and the Arctic Ocean and how sparsely settled. A man travelling in that couniryt>;^f he keeps off the usual huntiiif^vti-ails of the Indians, could travol.'-fbr a year and Mover see. a living soul. A diisrtriot may have plenty of small lurrtaearing animals amlnot much large ganie. So there is a great extent of country where a trap is never set, or the" animal disturbed. Now that one can reach the fur country so quickly end easily, and supplies can be had on the ground, I look to see white trappers and people generally giving more at- placet and there the, fur buyer and fur trader Will mcjt as they do in Edmonton. to-di|y. The rapids in the Athabasca River form the great drawbacks to the present transport route to the north. It a winter road were cut out from Edmonton to Fort McMurray, from which point there is, steamfcoat navi gntion to Fort Smith, it would great ly cheapen freight rates into the north. When a railroad is built to Athabasca landing, and the building of a line is now only dependent on receiving of labor to bulMiit, the army of freighters who now earn a living freighting to the landing will be out of employment. If the Gov  crnmenl would open a unHed route to McMurray tiiere men would find work, the trimsport of goods for the north could be more cheaply carried on, and the traiders being able to get in during winter a supply of goods available for early spring trade, could carry on the business with less capital than it required to-day, when large stocks mutt be carried to meet any eventualities of the trade. The old system of packing goods at a value of so many skins, or water beaver, the old and. universal sys -tern of the Hudson's Bay Company is graduall.v 'the resources of tiie country are huirc developed tlie output of grain "will be enormous. Asked what he thought of the surrounding countr^ a�; compared to Manitoba ho riBplied:"Tho prospects for wheat aising are every t>it as good. All that is needed is a gucd influx of dc-irablo settlers, and the prosperity of the country is assured. Judging by the activity around the local railway station any day, this requirement is being rapidly met. And not onlyvHil the district become famous for whsat and other grain, but the horses and cnttlc will, if present indications count for anything, lie amongst the finest ou the continent. That the enstorn states and Europe are pouring in their thousands can easily be seen by a visit to the station at Winnipeg. Every day the inunigrants are pouring in in increased numbers, and the western provinces are filling up in a way that is astonishing. In a few .years I look for the grain output of this province to equal, if not excel that of e%'en Manitoba,"- Al bertun. NOT OURS TO ASK. be replaced. The other day a splendid looking young hqrMwoman cantered down the street, riding,astride. A friead of mine said he did not like to see her do so. The old style suited him bettor. Why it should. I could not SCO. A mure graceful figure than the young land in question presented cfluld not it seemed to me, be imagined- There might have been some reason to object. I said if she went fo far as her, sisters in England were doing and I related an incident, of which [ had been told. In the old land young horse women are dressiog out and out like men. They wear* long coat cut like a hunting coat, cut like a hunting coat, ridtag breeches and top boots. It is a hand some costume, but undoubtedly it at-trat^ts a good deal of attention. One young girl so attired, was out riding in London. Pulliiig her horse up alongside an artizan she said: Can you tell nie if this is the wo.v to Warehanif?" The man looked her over carefully. Then he touched his cap in a respect ful manner and replied: Yes, miss, yes^you wero to 'ave got 'em on all right Saturday News. A distinct attempt is being nsado ty the opponents of the Premiier to prove him guilty of treachery to'Can-ada by his course in the London Conference, especially itirelatiun to the subject of Preferential Trade; One arguMJont advanced is; thoit ho is bound at least to rcprcfsont to tho (Conference that the business men of Canada, as represented by their Boards of Trado, are in favor of Britain granting her cplonies such Preferenoc. " It is passhig strange that^Kosc who use this * argument cannot see that it is such on argument as n self-respecting nation cannot pro.s.s upon a country tied to it by cord.s so aried and delicate as unite Canada and England. Tho position of the Canadian Boards of Trade is simply the natural one of self-interest. Tlicy will be well pleased if England aban dons her traditional policy of fceo trade, adopts protection, and gives Canada free access to her market.s. But' Canada, through its Premier, cannot urge the Motlier Country to such -a radical departure. Even, to hint as it is to suggest the possibil itylthat if thechange ha not made there will be dissatisfaction in Canada, ami less cordial apprcciottion of the ties that bind. Of course, as a matter of fact, there will be no such Kontimcnt, but some of our Canadian Prefcrentialisis anc even pwpaivd to givo the latent feor a bodily pres -enco.anda name by crying "Annexation" as the alternative to Preference, Sir Wilfrid is absolutely right in declining to ask for a sacrifice on Britain's part in favor of prosperou.s Canada. It is not our business to inter/ere in England's domestic policies, nor is it tile part of any true sons of tho Empire to even so much OS hint that tholr loyalty is a nmtter to be given or withheld according as the Motherland gives or withholds Preferential Trado srrangcnusnts. - Montreal Hernlh.__ A now game called "editor's do-light" is attracting attentiq||L^ . and should become popular hero, it is played in this viso:-Take a sheet of ordinary writing paper and foltl it up carefully, enclosing a bank note sufficient to puy all arKam and a year in advance, and mail to tho editor. What adds immensely to tho pleasure of the gnme is to sfjiiiluloiiK tho name of a new subscribt-r or two accompanied by cash. Keep your c.vo on the editor, and if a smile adorns his face, the trick works like a charm. Thcgame moy bo pla.yed nil the year around, but is especially cii-'~ BdmoBtflsi (Joyable just now. Try it.- Innisfsil Province, J. Brown Co., Lfd. Head4|uuartcrt for Crockery �ad Clauwure. Twp Crates Fancy China Just opened. SPECIAL VALUES THIS WEEK. Several inore^cratea will arrive during next few weeks. House-cleaning time is at hand ; We have a large stock of Linoleums, Wool and Tapeitr|^ Squares, Japan Matting, Late Curtains, and Curtain good* by the yard. Get our prices this week. I 111 mi The J.Brown Co.Lti SucceBSors to the Co-Opemtive Association Herald Ads. Bring Results m ;