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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 9, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta The LetKbrtdge Herald FOURTH SECTION WEDNESDAY, MAY 9, 1973 PAGES 41-48 CANADIAN DOCTORS VISIT CHINA A bundle of ideas for treating illness CANTON (CP) A team of Canadian doctors flew home to- day with a bundle of borrowed ideas from China about treating disease, pain, and accident cases. But the departing doctors were frankly doubtful about transplanting to Canada the most impressive feature of Chi- nese selfless en- thusiasm and co-operation among medical workers of all kinds in providing health care, as they saw it. After 15 days visiting medical establishments in four cities and the countryside, the 16- strong delegation was deter- mined to pursue in a more thor- ough way various treatments By Car! Molllns of The Canadian Press and techniques that only a short time ago were regarded outside China as quackery. Prominent among these is the ancient art of acupuncture, the inserting of needles in the flesh to relieve pain and, more recently, as a substitute in sur- gery for putting the patient to sleep. Also an eye-opener for spe- cialists such as orthopedist Frank Duff of St. John's, Nfld., were Chinese successes with re- implantation of severed limbs and fingers and the treatment of severe burns that in CanadT would be regarded as fatal. Intrigued The visitors are eager to help the Chinese investigate a trove of medications in their cata- logue of ancient herbal reme- dies that analysis and ex- periment have already proved to contain drug treatments un- known elsewhere. With such medical riches in mind, plans are already under May for more prolonged ex- changes of specialists Cana- dians to probe further Into Chi- nese techniques here, and Chi- nese to bring their knowledge to Canada and pick up some there in return. Embassy sources say negotia- tions are well advanced for the first exchanges that may well involve transfers of as many as 25 doctors a year, spending at least four months in the other country. The Canadian team is already preparing proposals for govern- ment on fields it would like in- vestigated in the exchanges. Subcommittees have been set up on different specialties and an Ottawa meeting May 31 will co-ordinate proposals and re- ports for publication in medical journals. The Canadian enthusiasm for longer exchanges was reiter- ated Friday night at a banquet given by the departing visitors for their hosts. Hard to copy But while most members of the Canadian team rated the enthusiastic motivation of medi- cal workers among the most impressive discoveries of their visit, none was ready to see any application of that in North America. Friday, during a visit to a farming commune outside Can- ton where mobile teams of top city doctors visit at least one month a year, sometimes twice, Dr. Peter Banks of Vancouver, president-elect of the Canadian Medical Association re- marked: "We think that's a very good teams learn from the people and the people learn from the mobile doctors." The Canadians have seen how, especially since the cul- tural revolution against elitism in the labs 1960s, China has mobilized an army of medical workers to treat the masses of the world's most populous coun- try. Among other tilings, they have wiped out many fatal dis- eases. The operatives cover a broad spectrum from highly trained Western-style doctors and so-called traditional doctors experience in acupuncture and herbal remedies, through nurses and technicians and so- called barefoot doctors, nien and women with training of only a few months who provide basic diagnoses, treatments and, most important, attention and comfort. Pay is low Even scientifically trained doctors earn as little as a year and a top surgeon earns just compared with the average gross income of more lhan annually for Cana- dian doctors, based on federal statistics. A factory Avorker may earn as much as a doctor in China. Repeatedly during the visit, when Chinese referred to so many medical workers in a hos- pital and Canadians tried to single out how many of their type of doctor were in that number, the hosts appeared baffled about distinctions. All staff from the Chinese equiva- lent of an orderly to a top sur- geon have roles to play in "serving the and hier- archical distractions seem point- less. As Dr. Bette Stephenson of Ont., remarked: ''I have never seen a people so well motivated to service of society without apparent coer- cion." But she and others saw little possibility of achieving the same kind of enthusiasm in North Amerca without a trans- formation of the whole society a? in China. She said it impossible to al- ter tha motivation of just one a com- petitive capitalist society. Doctors lead The best practical lesson she could find was that "we know now that if we doctors provide the real leadership we could provide, perhaps some of the rest of the population will come along with us" in providing more thoroughgoing health care. Specifically, she suggested that nurses have been more at- tentive to salaries than service. Dr. Douglas Wallace of Ot- tawa, secretary-general of the CMA, also mentioned nurses when he referred to the main lesson being that members of the various medical professions should work more closely to- gether. There is a debate now under way in Canada about devel- oping nurse practitioners who would perform more diagnostic and treatment functions than they are permitted to do now. Dr. Wallace said it would preferable to make better use of the system we have now rather than train new people for para-medical work on the pat- tern of barefoot doctors for re- mote regions. Motives Dr. John Evans, president of the University of Toronto, ex- pressed concern that the type of person attracted to Canadian medical schools currently may be the opposite of the typical Chinese devoted to social serv- ice. He said restrictions on en- try to the medical elite have raised university entrance re- quirements so high that the typ- ical Canadian candidate is an aggressive, ambitious person rather than one who wants to benefit society. Dr. Stephenson argued on contrary that most doctors in Canada want to do good and younger candidates are moti- vated by the ideal of social service. Dr. John Mclntyre of Edmon- ton remarked that the ideal of motivating Canadian medical workers in the same manner as the Chinese would require a basic transformation in the competitive, acquisitive society. "What we need in Canada is a cultural revolution to change people's he said. THOSE VETERANS whose military memories center on places like Fort Bragg, N.C. in 1951, above left, or Camp Bealc, Calif, in 1945, above right, may not recognize the architect's drawing below. It is o new enlisted men's barracks planned for construction this year at Fort Carson, Colo., as part of the Army's campaign to lure recruits into its all- volunteer ranks. The new barracks program calls for housing that "is reasonably modem, well-maintained and in a good state of repair; provides privacy, initially to the extent of one- to three-man Hying spaces; includes suitable facilities for personnel needs (day rooms, washers and dryers, safeguarded storage space and convenient dining facilities serving appetizing CAREERS WORLD ALMANAC FACTS SERVICE SALESMAN! DUTIES 1. To write repair orders for service department customers. 2. Dispense jobs to department staff 3. Calculate estimates for mechanical repairs. QUALIFICATIONS 1. A keen interest in and a basic knowledge of mechanical repair work. 2. Willingness and ability to meet people at all levels of business. REMUNERATION Above average salary with a full range of employee benefits. Contact Tha Service Manager FORD Corner Mayor Mag rath Drive, 16th Ave. S. Phone 328-8861 WORLD ALMANAC FACTS About wild horses and wild burros came under federal pro- tection as a result of a bill signed into law on Dec. 17, 1971. Anyone convicted of harrassing or killing the animals on federal lands be subject to a fine of up to and imprison- ment for one year, The World Almanac notes. In. 1900, over wild horses and burros are thought to have roamed the West. Copyright C 187X The U.S. is the only in- dustrial country in the world which is not on the metric system and is not yet in- volved in an official changeover, The World Al- manac says. Sen. Claibome Pell has estimated that the U.S. loses billion to billion a year because U.S. measurements are not com- patible with world stand- ards. Congress has passed preliminary legislation aimed at a voluntary changeover. Copyright ffl 1871 Newspaper Entftrprlw ;