Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 9, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
32 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, May 9, 1973 Canada-France telescope plan ahead given go By JEFF CARRUTHERS Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA Canada's as- tronomers have finally been given a present by the federal government they have been waiting more than half a cen- tury to receive: A spanking- new, multi-million dollar tele- scope. The federal cabinet has ap- proved Canadian participation in building a joint Canada-France telescope on top of a mountain on the main island of Hawaii. Observers here note that the decision by Ottawa represents an important milestone for basic research generally and astronomy specifically in Can- ada. The telescope is the first fed- erally-funded instrument since the 72-ir.ch telescope was built in Victoria in 1918. It is also one of the largest expenditures en basic "big science" in this many years. The 144-inch telescope should be completed atop Mauna Kea by 1978.' offering French, Cana- dian and Hawaiian astronomers an enviable view of most of the less-explored and therefore more exciting southern sky. The site is considered to be possibly the best now available in the world for infra-red -obser- vations, since the observatory will be so high at almost 14.000 feet above sea level and since the air there is so dry. Canada and France will share the Sis-million construction costs and the estimated Si-mil- lion per year operating costs equally. The University of Hawaii will provide the site and the support facilities. In return, it will re- ceive 15 per cent of the night viewing time. This leaves Can- ada and France with 42.5 per cent of the viewing time apiece. While the estimated cost of the telescope is slightly greater than the original million now, rather than millicm last year Canadian in- dustry will participate to the tune of 50 per cent under this latest arrangement, which still must be accepted by France. Canadian industry will be in- volved in the construction of the computerized telescope controls and of the main observatory structures, such as the dome. The mechanical parts Of the j telescope will be made in France. The huge blank for the 144- inch mirror was made in i France but will be polished to j its fin> shape at the Dominion i Astro-piiysical Observatory in; Victoria, B.C. The government approval of the Canada-France telescope on Hawaii culminates a rather' frustrating struggle by the: country's astronomers to obtain federal participation in or total ownership of a large optical telescope. In some cases as a result of i in-fighting among the astrono- j mers. Canada has considered j then rejected a number of: telescopes in recent years. The most controversial was: the Queen Elizabeth II tele- scope, a Canadian-owned in- j strument which was supposed i to be located on Mt. Kobau in; B.C. It was cancelled by Ottawa i in 1968 when astronomers i couldn't agree among them- i selves whether it was really' needed. There was a subsequent offer to participate in a Chilean tele- j scope project with the U.S.. but! this lapsed. Most recently, ffiere was a proposal for an all-Cana- dian telescope, perhaps located in South Africa or Chile. But this was set aside in favor of the cheaper idea of cooperating with the French. There's no future for brown trout in the Crowsnest River, according to the provincial fish and wildlife authorities. Duane Radford. regional fisheries biologist, reports as follows: "In October of 1972, an at- tempt was made to evaluate the introduction of brown trout in the Crowsnest River. Fingerling brown trout had been stocked just downstream of Lundbreck Falls in the vi- Poles give hitch-hikers approval By TREVOR WOOD WARSAW (Reuter) Po- Jand's young in heart will soon be taking to the roads with the start of the summer hitch-hik- ing season, blessed by an offi- cial scheme increasing their chances of finding a lift. The scheme, which began 15 years ago, gives drivers an in- centive, with prizes offered to those who open their doors to officially-accredited hatch-hik- ers. In return, the organization strives to improve the hitch- hiker's image, insisting on good appearance and behavior. Since the start in 1958, offi- cials said, there have been no reported cases of a hitch-hiker attacking a driver and only one case, in 1966, of an attempted assault on a hitch-hiker. While there is a lower age limit of 17, two in every 100 of Poland's inveterate hitch-hikers are over 50. HIKE FOR PRIZES They are also encouraged to appreciate the countryside. Prizes are given for the best photographs, drawings or de- scriptions of particular places. More than hitch-hikers have brought the books of cou- pons and special booklets to show drivers they are taking part in the scheme and that they are fully insured against accidents. They give the coupons to the drivers, corresponding to the distance travelled. The drivers who send in the most coupons after the four-month season in September win prizes ranging frcm a now car to a television sef. About drivers have co- oocrated since the scheme be- gan. For about hitch-hikers receive coupons for miles rnd a map of Poland as well as the all-important insurance. cinity cf No. 3 Highway; about 200.000 were stocked in 1967, in 1963, and 000 in 1969. To determine the relative survival of these fish we sampled seven or eight pools and runs with explos- ives over a distance of sev- eral miles from the depart- ment of highways campsite downstream to the bridge crossing on No. 3 Highway. "We collected 90 mountain whitefish, three rainbow trout, and only one brown trout. The brown trout, a four-year-old mature male from the 1963 plant, had a fork length of 13.2 inches and weighed 1.1 pounds. This collection of the brown trout is the only docu- mented report of the species in the Crowsnest Paver, al- though occasional reports of brown trout taken from this stream have been made by anglers. "It does not appear that the introduction was successful, probably mainly because fin- gerling trout were used. As 1 have previously explained fingerling trout experience very high mortality when planted in streams. "In fact, most studies have shown that approximately only 1.3 per cent of the total numbers of fingerlings stock- ed in streams are taken by anglers. These results are based on over 20 different in- vestigations on the per cent return to anglers of finger- ling trout stocked in streams. "Therefore, even the addi- tion of several hundred thou- sand fingerling trout in streams will not necessarily provide catchablc fish. "This is especially true for the Crowsnest River which is not ideal for brown trout be- cause of its generally current velocity and lack "of undercut banks and escape cover. "There are no plans to at- tempt further stocking of the Crowsnest River with brown trout at this time." 500 hags of trash collected CARDSTON 430 Oardston Junior High School students participated in a clean-up drive recently. They covered the streets in the town, Lion's Park and the highway past the Indian vil- lage of Moses Lake. When they were finished, 500 large trash bags had been filled. It took them two hours. Eight Complete Settings In Your Choice of 5 Patterns "BLUE RIBBON" SPICE RACKS A Mother's Day gilt the whole family will enjoy. Rich Colonial finished wooden 2 tier spice rack with two drawers and a selection of twelve "Blue Ribbon" spices. 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