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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 9, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Lead pollution problem rears ugly head in Canada By JEFF CARRUTIIEKS Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA Canadians can no longer be smug about lead pollution from their here already, environment de- partment studies released here Tuesday prove. And policemen, taxi drivers, municipal workers and rush- hour commuters may already be suffering physiological ef- fects. There have been an Increas- ing number of reports in recent years about high lead pollution found in a number of major American cities, such as New York and Los Angeles. But up until now, Canadians have ten- ded to dismiss them. Now, federal "exploratory" air pollution studies in three major Canadian couver, Toronto and Montreal- have uncovered higher-than-ex- pected and, more important, higher-than-acceptable levels of lead in the air at street level at busy intersections. The scientists at the environ- ment department conclude that most of the lead almost cer- tainly comes from automobiles burning leaded gasoline. They note that lead pollution levels vary with traffic density and drop off considerably on Satur- day. Toronto leads tlie pack with an average lead level of 8.4 mi- crograms per cubic meter of air; Vancouver is a close sec- ond with 8.2 micrograms of lead in the air: and Montreal was found to have 4.0 micrograrns in the average. Highs in all cities approached three times the average levels. The findings support the con- tention of Canadian air pollution experts in Ottawa that the air pollution generally from au- tomobiles in Canadian cities is probably just as bad as it is in major American cities, since traffic densities are com- parable. More important, the levels are several times higher than the danger level in the U.S. of 2 micrograms for three-month ex- posures. While the effects of such high levels of lead are not expected to endanger lives, they are ex- pected to be sufficiently high to cause significant and adverse physiological as slowing down the production of hemoglobin, which carries oxy- gen in the blood in such high exposure groups as policemen and taxi drivers. The lead pollution reports also come just after the dis- covery here in Ottawa that a man working in the composing room of the Ottawa Citizen has higher-than-acceptable levels of lead in his body. The lead is thought to have come from the hot-lead process used in the production of the newspaper. So the red flags that have been popping up in the United States in recent years, warning about lead pollution problems, are now starting to pop up with some regularity here in Canada as well. REHABILITATION 'MYTH' BLISTERED The Canadian Press OTTAWA There is no hope of rehabilitating 30 to 35 per cent of the maximum-security prison- ers in Canadian penitentiaries, P A.. Faguy, pen- itentiary service commissioner, said Tuesday. He made the statement while replying to Stuart Leggatt (NDP-New Westminster) in the Commons justice committee. Mr. Leggatt had charged that part of the problem in the prison system was "a mvth that every prisoner is capable of rehabilita- tion." Mr. Leggatt said there has been an erosion of support for rehabilitation programs. He commented on what he called "monumental" failures in rehabilitation programs. He cited as an example the case of a British Columbia prisoner who, while out on a weekend pass, murdered the daughter of a prison guard. Dead infant case probe M- launc The Canadian Press EDMONTON An investigation into the handling of a dead haby. shipped home to her mother in a cardboard boy, ordered Tuesday by Neil Craw- ford, Alberta's minister of health and social develop- ments. H3 told the legislature the Alberta hospital ser- vices commission will investigate the conduct of per- sons responsible for the body of three-montb-old Be- linda Manybears. shipped last month from Royal Alex- andra Hospital hero to bor mother at Slave Lake. Mr. Crawford spoke before a statement by Grant Kouey, Alberta New Democratic Party leader, that he bad information about three similar cases involving residents of the area about 225 miles north of Edmonton. Outside the legislature, Mr. Notley said a child's mutilated body had been shipped to its parents in a cardboard box. Mr. Notley said he had no details on the other two cases. Mr. Crawford said he had no such information. Mr. Crawford taid he instructed Dr. J. T. Brad- tey, chairman of the hospital insurance commission, to conduct his inquiries because "in recent months there have been two occasions which caused unjusti- fied distress to parents and to the public generally as a result of the handling of the dead bodies of chil- dren by In November the body of an Indian baby was shipped from Fort Vermilion to Janvier, a settlement of natives in Northern Alberta. EXPECTS FULL KEPORT Mr. Crawford also said the commission must de- termine what treatment the child received before its death. A full report will be made to the next meet- ing of the hospital commission. An autopsy had been conducted on the baby. Her mother, Lillian Manj bears, 29-year-old mother of sev- en other children, said Tuesday she was not asked for permission and would not have allowed an autopsy. She realized an autopsy had been held when she opened the she said. ''I had a shock. I saw it. I opened the box my- self." Dr. M. M. Cantor, Alberta provincial coroner, told The Canadian Press Tuesday night he conducts autop- sies into the deaths of any children in his jurisdiction who die of unknown causes. Dr. Cantor and spokesmen for the city-owned Royal Alexandra Hospital and the federally-funded Charles Camsell hospital said it is impossible to de- termine how many children are sent to Edmonton for medical treatment when Northern facilities are "in- adequate." It is the custom for natives in isolated Northern Alberta communities to care for their own dead, a public health nurse said Tuesday. Sue Rattray. stationed at Wrabasca about 225 miles north of Edmonton, said Indians en the nearby Big Stone reservation do everything themselves. "They wash the bodies, get a new suit of clothes, make a pair of moccasins and make sure the body's feet are placed away from the she said. Inside Classified ___ 26-29 Comics......36 Comment District Family News Markcls Sports il 4 3. 30 24, 25 17, IS 10 'At least they know we're still Theatres......3 TV............5 Weather........2 LOW TONIGHT 30, HIGH THU11S. 53; CHANCE of FROST The Letlibridne Herald VOL. LXVI No- 126 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, MAY 9, 1973 PRICE: TEN CENTS FIVE SECTIONS 56 PAGES The buddy system Astronaut Charles Conrad on his knees as he helps fellow Astronaut Paui J. Weitz with his space suit. The crew of Skylab I suited up today and started their last week of training in simulators before thei- launch on May 15. Today's session was in the command module simulator that was to take them from launch to rendezvous with the work shop laboratory. Another Nixon man quits WASHINGTON' (API Egil (Bud) Krogh, boss of the White House team that broke into the office of Daniel Ellsberg's psy- chiatrist, resigned today as un- dersecretary of transportation. Krogh had reportedly been under pressure from Secretary Claude Brinegar to give up the S42.500-a-year jab since his in- volvement in the burglary was made known. Social Credit to contest all seats EDMONTON (CP) The So- cial Crecit Party plans to cc-.i- tcst all 19 federal seats in Al- bert a during the next elec- tion, sajs Martin HaUers'ey, president of the Alberta branch of the Social Credit Party. ''To that end.'' said Mr. Hat- a nominating conven- tion fcr Welaskiwin will b e held June 18. This will be the first federal Sacred nominating convention in Alberta and will be followed by conventions in other areas'' of the province. Before moving to the trans- pa; tatioii department, Krogh was principal assistant to Jo'in D. Ehrlichman, top White House domestic aide. "Agreement to this mission was my he said in his letter of resignation. He cal'ed the Ellsberg burglary "a step taken in excess ci instruc- tions and without the knowledge or permission of mv I believe that my deci- sion was dictated inescapably by the vital national security in- terests cf the United States. I row see that this judgment may well have been in error. In an affidavit filed last week with Judge Matt Byrne Of the Pentagon Papers trial in Los Ar.gclcs, Krogh said he sent Watergate conspirators E. How- ard Hunt and G. Gordon Liddy to Los Angeles to break into the cities cf Dr. Lewis Fielding. The psychiatrist treated Ells- berg, a defendant in the Penta- gon papers case. Ulster plan dealt blow BELFAST (AP) Britain's peace plan for Northern Ireland was dealt another setback today when the Protcslant-bascd Un- ionist party that governed Ul- ster for ,iO jcars said il will not share power in the new assem- bly with Roman Catholics seek- ing a united Ireland. Northern Ireland's Protes- tants, who outnumber the Cath- olics two to one, wain Ulster to remain part of the United King- dom. Most Ulster Catholics want (o unite it with the Irish republic. Seen and heard About town school trustee Carl Johnson calling a discussion on school smoking policy a "smokescreen" Lee Stanford borrowing a comb from Walter Boras and stressing it would be used on his hair, not his beard. The team that Krogh headed was set up to investigate leaks of the Pentagon Papers. The in- vestigation was ordered by President Nixon. PACKET BACK The White House planned to ask a federal judge today for return of a packet of classified documents secreted away by counsel John W. Dean before he was fired by the President. Senate investigators are said to be offering limited immunity from prosecution to obtain sworn and public testimony from as many as eight persons linked to the Watergate case. Dean, the man who is said to have sought immunity hardest, is among the eight, eommi- tee sources said. Others are Hunt and Liddy. It reported the committee al- ready had granted immunity to Jeb Stuart Magmder, a former Nixon campaign official. BEHIND SCHEME Meanwhile, James W. Mc- Cord Jr. says he is "comp'.ete- ]y convinced" the White House was behind a scheme to blame the CIA for the wiretapping at Democratic party headquar- ters in the Watergate build- ing. McCord. who faces a prison term of up to 45 years on his conviction for burglary, wire- tapping and conspiracy- in ths case, told of pressure to blame the CIA in a memo given to Senate and government inves- tigators. Tax slice issue By DOUG SMALL OTTAWA (CP) Hours after it began Tuesday, what was to have been a two-day federal- provincial conference to settle the intricate problem of financ- ing health and education minis- ters from both levels of govern- ment agreed only that the prob- lem should be left to their lead- ers at a first ministers confer- ence May 26. ''If the horse is dead, there's no point beating it even fur- Health Minister Marc Lalonde said as provincial min- isters scrambled to get out of Ottawa a day earlier than ex- pected. Behind them lay the latest in a series of federal suggestions aimed at solving jurisdictional differences over the right to control money destined for health and education. This one, outlined by Finance Minister John Turner and Mr. Lalonde at the beginning of the conference, would give prov- inces six additional cents from each income tax dollar for health programs. As well, it would give them the right to use what now is garnered by ths federal gov- ernment in excise taxes on to- bacco, alcohol, wine and beer, WANTS MORE Ontario Treasurer John White, however, echoing senti- ments of most other provinces, maintained that an even larger share of income tax money must be given to provincial ministrations. Similarly, on the proposal to shift tobacco and liquor tax money to the provinces. Health Minister Denis Cocke of Brit- ish Columbia summed up reac- tion by saying his province w as certainly ''not fussy about that." Mi-. Turner, outlining the fed- eral position at days end, said that only first ministers could decide whether shared-cost pro- grams are to be a method for big shifts in tax powers. Both Mr. White and Don Getty, Alberta's minister of in- tergovernmsntal affairs, said they preferred a proposal put forward by Quebec in January that would give provinces an- other 28 per cent of federal in- come tax. Provincial coffers would swell by about S10 billion over a five- year period under the Quebec plan, compared with about Sl.i billion if the newly-proposed system was in effect for the same period. nsolv Canadian peace jeep fired on SAIGON (Reuter) There is mounting concern within the In- ternational Commission of Con- trol and Supervision (ICCS) over the increasing number of attacks on its vehicles and heli- copters in South Vietnam. Canadian officials reported that in the latest incident one of their Jeeps, clearly marked with ICCS stripes and flage, was fired on as it drove along Highway Four near the Mekong Dc'ia city of Cai Lay Thursday. The jeep was not hit and the uniformed Canadian warrant of- ficer and his Vietnamese driver were unhurt. It happened only three weeks before the end of the second GOday period, when Canada is to again consider whether or not to remain on the commission. The Canadian in the vehicle was WO Wilfred Spellmeier of Ottawa and Brandon, Man. He was not injured and reached a police station where he spent the night. Spellmeier is film- maker with the Canadian Forces. Sunday, and ICCS helicopter on a routine courier mission in the delta was fired on as it flew at about feet. It was not hit. Early in April an ICCS heli- copter with nine persons aboard was hit by a heat-seeking mis- sile as it flew near the Laotian border. It crashed in flames, killing all on board. Subsequent investigation showed that it had strayed out of its air corridor. Canada ppene WASHINGTON (CP) Sena- tors hammering out an oil pipe- line bill voted Tuesday to ask President Nixon to "initiate ne- gotiations'1 with Canada lead- ing toward the building of a pipeline through Canada to the United States. However, they stressed that Canada U.S. neg o t i a tions should go ahead simultaneous- ly -with and not delay con- struction of the proposed 800- mile pipeline across Alaska to link up with a supertanker sys- tem south down the Pacific coast. The move came in the form of an amendment proposed by Senator Henry Jackson Dem. Wash, to his own bill which forms the basis of legislation being prepared for considera- tion by the Senate as a whole. Jackson is chairman of the interior committee preparing a pipeline bill expected to be completed today or Thursday. LONG WAY TO GO The Jackson bill is near becoming a but Capi- tol Hill predict that basically, it is ths type of bill that eventually win be adopted. In Ottawa, Energy Minister Donald MacDonald said Tues- day night th2 will be happy to discuss at any- time the possibility cf a Mac- kenzie Valley cil pipeline to supply U.S. markets. 'ief flays Saigon rejects Viet Coug bid PARIS (AP) The Viet Cong proposed today a three-point plan for a new ceasefire to put an end to the fighting through- out South Vietnam. It was im- mediately rejected by Saigon. The plan was proposed bv Nguyen Van Hieu, minister of state of the Viet Cong's Provi- sional Revolutionary Govern- ment, at a session of dead- locked political talks with the Saigon government. It was rejected by Saigon's deputy premier, Nguyen Luu Vien, who said a general cease- fire throughout South Vietnam cannot be established at presert because of the "reciprocal lack of confidence" between the two sides. By VICTOR MACKIE Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau was repri- manded in ths Commons Tues- day by former prime minister John Diefeabaker for suggest- ing that the United States was ''spying" on Canada. "That type of statement is dangerous to Canada's relation- ship with friendly countries and cughi not to have been made." said Mr. Diefenbaker. He spoke during the debate on the wire- tapping bill in the house. mr. sp- curity of the state must at ail times take priority over the rights cf the individual, but at the same time the security of the state shall not be used as an excuse to erode and interfere Rising food prices spark uproar MCTOR MACKIK Horrid Ottawa Rurcpu OTTAWA A demand that the federal government imple- ment immediately its con.'in- gency plan to curb soaring prices or act on the Tory pro- posal for a 90-day freeze on wages and prices, w.i5 made in ti-o CimnwiH Tuesday "ov Pro- gressive Robert StaitficW. Steadily mounting concern mcr the rapidly rising food prices. per cent in the 12 men His for food con- sumed at home, produced an uproar in the commons as oppo- sition members pressed the Lib- eral minority government for action to halt the spiral. There were sharp exchanges bstwecn the government front benches and members in the Conservative and New Demo- cratic Party benches as specta- torh filled the galleries to en- pacify during the question pe riod. Speaker Lucicn ruex was forced to call for "or- der, order" Attempts were made by Pro- gressive Conservative members to introduce a motion censuring the Literal government. They did not get the required unani- mous A move mnrio by the official opposition U? adjourn the house to debate fir critical question of inflation. It wss ruled out cf order. Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau said his government if and when it decided to imple- ment its contingency plan to hold down prices will only an- nounce the decision when it into operation. He sug- gosl'd it would be foolish to sig- nal in advance if it planned to put price and wage controls into operation. with human rights unnecessar- ily. Meantime, he said, espionage is a fact of life between rations. He said Mr. Trudeau made that clear in one of his appearances recently on a Toronto television station. As a result cf that ap- pearance press reports were published as follows: ''Prime Minister Trudeau said Saturday he is certain Americans are spying on Can- ada, but gave no hint that he believes illegal tactics are in- volved or that he is worried about the practice.'' Mr. T, quoted as saying: "Probably, if we had the where- withal, we'd be spying on them.'' Mr. Diefenbaker said: "What an amazing statement. I am sure the Americans have a lot of political intelligence on Can- ada. They could not help but have that after the prime minis- ter's visit to the Soviet Union. where he told Kosygiri and Brezhnev that we arc afraid of the Americans, that v.c fear them culturally, economically and even miiitarih. "That statement was under- standable in so far as the first two items are concerTecf. "The third part is soniethnj; that no prime minister should ever have said regarding the one country in the wo.-ld that today stands to preserve our freedom all the said Mr, Diefenbaker. ;