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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 9, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Tucidoy, Moy 1972 THE ICTHBRIDGI HEKMD 5 Anthony Gray report will be at polls 'Hie quality that endears Jean-Luc Pepin (o newsmen is lhal he often an- swers our loaded questions with (he simple truth when other politicians would ovade Ihe point or baffle us with words. He did It again when he told us, wilh a charming Gallic cmile, and wilh all his author- ity as minister of industry, trade and commerce, lhal Ihe govemmcnl'5 policy on foreign investment owes less lo logic than lo politics. For five long and hungry hours there were no sand- wiches for lunch we had been locked up on Parliament Hill, studying the 500 page background report on foreign Investment, the government's policy statement and the draft legislation, ready lo be instant experts Ihe minute the who'o package was made public in the House of Commons at 5 p.m. The background sludy Is. of course, a massive document and loaded wilh statistics and none of us had time lo sludy it in delail, bul il didn't seem too hard to understand in gen- eral. "If foreign investment mere- ly created problems, it would be a simple mailer lo deal wilh It all foreign invest menls could simply be il Bays. "Bul in many cases for- eign investment is a complex mix of costs and benofils. bolh of which are extremely difficull 10 quanlify in economic terms to say nollu'ng of social cul- tural and political terms for tho. nation as a whole." The trick, therefore, suggests .the study, is to gel the most benefits at the least cost, and 11 proceeds lo examine how lo do just lhal. The solulion is In fccl up a review mechanism, under Pepin and the cabinel. In screen foreign inveslmenl pro- posals and permil them only Ihey would lie a good deal for Canada. But there are, broadly, thrco ways In wlu'ch foreigners invest In Canada I'm simplifying a much morn detailed analysis in the study and each has to be looked at. of the major ways In which foreigners increase their ownership of industry and re- sources in Canada is by ex- panding the operations Ihcy have already established here. For example. General Motors o? Canada builds a new faclory and captures a higer share ot Ihe Canadian market, or Im- perial Oil, which is controlled by Standard Oil of New Jer- sey, strikes a new fiefd of na- lural gas. There's probably not much we should do about this pro- cess, suggests Ihe study, al- though it isn't very firm in ils language. The foreign subsi- diaries established themselves here under one set of rules, and H wouldn't be fair lo change the game now. Besides, if the government tried to control every new investment by for- eign subsidiaries, it might make business mistakes in this major sector of the economy. It's a different story, how- ever, when a foreigner wantg to invest in Canada for Iho first lime. Then we can write the rules as we see fit and even ban Ihe enlcrprise if it does not fil our national industrial stra- tegy. The (bird lype of investment Is the easiesl lo challenge. This is when a foreigner proposes lo buy mil an existing Canadian company, and the study sug- gests that Ihis should not ho allowed unless there is some clear benefit for Canada which cannot be obtained another way: A new technology, per- haps; broader export markets; belter management or moro jobs. All this seemed clear enough in the background sludy. Cau- lious il certainly is in keeping hands off established foreign companies which would con- tinue lo expand, no doubt, but clear and logical up lo a point. The puzzler was that the gov- ernment in ils policy slate- Motoring costs going up, up, up AMERICA'S love affair with the automobile is going to end up like so many other once- exciting romances in a dull and disillusioning marriage of convenience. Already, owners of 1972 mod- els are being made aware ot one cost of federal antipollu- lion requirements in poorer gas mileage and performance. We haven't seen anything yet. Beginning in 197.1. new bump- er requirements will raise Ihe cost of cars about over current models. And the price per vehicle may chmb an addi- tional by 1976 as passive restraint systems and other safety features are adopted, along with more complete emission control systems says Production magazine. Automobile designers, who work several model years ahead, arc beginning lo have nightmares. Because of sched- uled federal regulations, major changes will be necessary in many of Ihe automobile's pri- mary component. Engines will have new and more expensive hang in sys- tems added to satisfy emission slandards. Redesign of front and rear ends, including the frame and sheet metal, will be necessary to accommodate the energy-absorbing bumper sys- tem. Passive restraint systems Hy Don Oakcy, NEA Service will necessitate fundamental interior redesigning and struc- tural changes lo beef up the panel and roof. All of which means added weight, and added weight means bigger engines and hig- her brakes, and bigger every- thing means a bigger sticker price and more expensive op- eration. The Wankcl rotary engine may be a help here. But space and weigh! savings realized by using this smaller, lighter en- gine will he calcn up by com- plicaled emission control sys- tems crammed under the hood. Even by 1976 we won't have seen anything. The 1980 car will be "enor- mously e x p e n predicts automotive writer Daniel A. Jcdlicka, in an article in Harp- er's magazine. Based on General Motors' ex- perience wilh its experimental safely vehicle it figures out to about the price o[ a Cadillac or a Lincoln loday. And the car of 1S30 will not be a luxury car. Neither will it have distinctive styling, as bumpers, headlights, taillights and so on are standardized. What's worse, the highway- safe car probably will not be al- lowed in the cities, he says, be- cause its massiveness would create no end of congestion. But even a small car in 1980 Is likely to cost about the same as a large car loday. This would leave many people in the position of being unable lo af- ford lo drive on highways if Ihe smaller, cheaper city-suburban car is banned from Ihem. "We in the automobile indus- try face Ihe question of wheth- er the extra cost of meeting govern ment standards will price our products beyond reach, not only of those who want Ihem bul those who need worries Richard C. Ger- slenberg, chairman of GM. "We may be setting off a big splurge of second-hand car buying and old-c a r restora- says Howard P. Peers, chief engineer of Ford's Prod- uct Development Group. Or else there's going lo be one heck of a boom in motor- cycles. In any event, people are about to enter a strange new motoring world, says Jedh'cka. "Today, (here is still a sense of connection to the automo- bile's early days, when all cars were adventuresome, fun-to- drive machines. That feeling will be gone by 1980. "As wilh air travel, driving In 1980 will be about as stimu- lating as drinking warm milk." What hath Ralph Nadar Wrought? ADVANCE LUMBER CO. NE DOLLAR Buy One Gallon at Regular Price Get The Second For Buy One Quart At Regular Price Get The Second For 25c SALE ENDS THIS SATURDAY EXAMPLE: WHITE OR COLORS "Your Pioneer Lumber AIMATEX WEATHER TESTED Dealer Since 1925" EXTERIOR PAINT l.C ,s, QiKirl 3.80 2nd Quorl ALL FIRST QUALITY--REGULAR ALMATEX LINE ADVANCE LUMBER 2nd Avenue and 13th Street South Phone 328-3301 J, would not buy even Ilio study's lialf a loaf: It settled for a thin slice of bread. Revenue Minister Hern Cray, who supervised (he sludy, an- nounced that Hie cahinct hag decided lo establish a review mechanism. But it will deal only with cases in which Iho foreigner Is proposing to take over a Canadian corporation. It won't deal at all with foreign- ers who want Lo come into Can- ada for Die first lime and set up their own operation. They will be as free as ever. As the takeover of Canadian corporations accounts for only between 10 and 20 per cent of foreign investment each year, 80 to 90 per cent will be un- touched by the new controls, and llierc will be, al the mosl, only a slight slowing down in the rate at which foreigners arc enlarging ownership in Canada. Where, Pepin was asked at a press conference, is the lo- gic in that. If it makes sense to screen the takeover of Cana- dian corporations, why in Heaven's name doesn't it make equal sense to screen new for- eign investment? And Gray was pressed to say if he could possibly be satisfied with a cabinet policy which was a mere shadow of the sludy he masterminded. Gray is a clever, conscien- tious man with a worried brow, a passion for detail and no lik- ing at all for political questions. He thought for a moment about collective cabinet respon- sibility no doubt and replied carefully lhat: "I'm quite pleas- ed to see this step But smiling Jean-Luc has far fewer inhibitions. He happily admitted that logic would have required the cabinet to treat new foreign investment just like takeovers. But the cabinet had made up its mind with pru- dence and wisdom, rather than wilh logic. He explained, with a twinkle, that ministers had lo bear in mind that there were a variety of opinions in Canada abouL foreign investment. Consider, lor example, he said, the vary- ing views of Conservative Lead- er Robert Stanlield, David Lewis, leader of the New De- mocratic Party, Premier W. A. C. Bennett on one coast and Premier Gerald Regan on tho ether. In short, the cabinet has tried to strike a political balance. It Is trying lo meet public con- cern by acting against the most obvious and objectionable of for- eign investments, the take over of Canadian companies. But it is not going so far. it hopes, as to alarm seriously the pro- vincial governments who want foreign development capital, or lo disturb the business commu- nily which generally likes things Ihe way Ihey are and fears any government supervi- sion. After all, added Pepin, the first concern these days is em- ployment, implying that it's no time to undermine business confidence. Other ministers say In pri- vate that opinion polls show that foreign investment is not a burning issue with the public. There is a small and articulate band of nationalists, mainly in Toronto, but most people across the country are far more con- cerned about employment than with who owns the factory, and more interested in the size of the pay cheque than whether it is in Canadian or U.S. dollars. If this is correct reading of public opinion, then the govern- ment can reasonably argua that It is leading as fast as tho people want to go. Further, no cabinet on the edge of an elec- tion can be expeclcd, except perhaps in dire emergency, to adopt policies which it thinks will be unpopular at the polls. The fascinating question now Is whether the cabinet is cor- rect in its judgment and in its political strategy of seeking middle ground. The economic nationalists have been M'apmg a viperous campaign, for several years lo arouse opinion and public con- cern expressed as a vague Uiihappiness wilh the degree of foreign ownership, rather than a specific and informed worry may run a lol deeper jhan ministers think, particularly among the young and idealistic volers who are coming lo the polls for UK- firsl limp, and pHrticularly in Ontario where the election will be won and lost. There is also the theory (hat the politics of compromise and consensus arc old fashioned, (hal this is a time of lion and the liberal who tries In lake s middle position will fall tnlo the chasm between Iwo ra- dical opinions. If (his is so, thn government will win no friends by its policy. It will simply hand all tho economic nation- alists lo the New Pomocrnls nnri nil Ihe comfortable busi- nessmen to the Conservatives. Tho rJeclion rcsulls will pa.s.s Judgment on Ihis foreign invest- ment policy. (Toronto Slar Svmliralc) LI) Siiidenl employment Rlicrlironkc La Tribune IT might seem .strange al a lime when unemployment is being used lo strangle inflation, lo launch an intensive campaign lo promote sludent employment, but the projccl remaias absolutely neces- sary if we really want lo assure everyone an equal righl lo higher education. Again this year Ihe Chamber of Com- merce, in conjunclion with Canada Man- power centres, has tried to make Ihe busi- ness and indiislrial sectors conscious of tho problem of student employmenl, Some people object loudly when Ihe ne- cessity of creating seasonal employment for students is mentioned, on grounds that in the current situation those who are sup- porting families should not be deprived of revenues wlu'ch they need. However, the jobs which are guen lo students are gen- erally temporary and do not lake any regu- lar workers away from Iheir regular jobs. Bui more positive molives juslify busi- ness leaders listening ,'Ulcnlivcly lo Ihis campaign. The students need this money to live, lo pay for their school foes and board during Ihe sehool year, and by giv- ing them the opportunity to work business leaders are permitting them to continue their studies. The students also reap another advan- tage which cannot Iw overlooked by working during the summer months they communicate and live with people from another milieu, they learn more about workers and businessmen, and Ihis can conlribulc (o binding a society in which people from different backgrounds respccl. each other, despite the fact that they fill different professions and roles. The world can only be built with t h o co-operalion and participation of all citi- zens. Students have something to contri- bute lo society. It is only natural that this same society, and particularly the indus- trial leaders, should be concerned with facilitating the entry into society of these Ftudcnls who will build Ihe universe of lo- morruw. Two patterns in birth rates The Hamilton Spectator WO much is said about the population explosion and Ihe standing-room-only future of Ihe world thai it may come as a surprise lo some people lo learn that in many counlrics of the world birth rates have been steadily falling for over 15 years. An article in the current issue of the NATO Review says that declines in birth rates in Warsaw Pact counlrics are affecling Soviet growth plans. Between 1950 and 1905 birth rates In the U.S.S.R, fell from per thousand of Ihe population to 18.4 By 1969 they were down lo 17. These are averages. In the Central Asian republics the birth rale is around 3H, whereas in Ihe Russian republic and (he Ukraine it is slightly over 1-1. This is extraordinarily low. As a whole birth rates have declined in western Eu- rope in the same period, though not as sharply as in the Soviet Union. Several theories are advanced lo explain this phenomenon. There is an acute hous- ing shortage in the Soviet Union and in some Eastern European countries. Living space is still rationed along lines recom- mended by Lenin 50 years ago. In the So- viet Union as in the West more women now go out lo work Ihan was the case in the 1950s. Some wish to follow a profession and find slaying al home boring. Another reason is lhat the husband's in- come alone is not sufficient to support a slandard of living expected in these days. Towards the end of this decade, this low- er birth rale will become noticeable in the. Soviet work force and will limit plans for future economic expansion. Elsewhere in the world, in Asia, Africa and Latin America, birth rales conlinuc veiy high. Old values still govern attitudes in countries lhal are largely agricultural. The belief persists, for example, lhat chil- dren are a form of weallh; Ihe tliree-ycar- old can throw stones and keep birds away from growing crops: the five-year-old can lend the goals and Ibe ten year-old can bring Ihe cows home and fetch water from Ihe well. II is ignored in poriclics thai, if n newcomer is another pair of hands In work, he is also another mouth to fcrrl. Mechanization, induslrializalion and elec- trification are the forces lhat ultimately destroy primitive notions. They free man- kind from back-breaking labor; and raise the standard nf living so that many tasks that were manual and time-consuming can be done with the flick of a switch. The cumulative effect of these benefits will enjoy these benefits before the end of the present century. Meanwhile, popula- tions will probably continue to decline In the technologically advanced half of the world, so that Ihe disparity in a decade or two will be even more pronounced Ihan it Is a slower birth rale in Ihose countries where Ihcy are most highly There is little hope that half tha world Is now. The snapshot soup box By Margaret Luckhnrgt other evening when my family had deserted me I cast about for some- thing to do besides sulking over being left home. I didn't want to read, or (a write or Lo watch TV, and I certainly wasn't going to do the ironing, so I wandered around restlessly until I hit on a project I'd sort out the snapshots. 1 tliink most families are In'gbly organ- ized when it comes to keeping Irack of. family doings. Mother lists the exact day, month and year all the kids had mumps, measles and attacks of poison ivy and other related data. Father splices home movies, stores report cards and such memorabilia into record files, and pastes up (he snapshots as they come into the house hot from Lhe photographer's envel- ope. About Ihe only thing we ever did that seems typical in most families is to mark tire kids, growth with ruler and pencil on the kitchen door. But as we have moved so many times, about all we've done is mark up doors fnr other people lo attempt: to decipher, like the tracings at Writing, on-Slone. Apart from that we're not very I'm always getting a letter from one or olher of our kids saying "when die! I have measles, and did I ever have chicken-pox and in what Or "what year did I transfer to St. Lambert elemen- tary and what grade was I I do somewhat bellcr Ihan my husband in most departments, not because my memory is any better or perhaps I kept records :m ID dale more efficiently, I sim- ply bad a fool-proof melhod of keeping Irack of events which he did not. I mea- sured almosl all our early activities tin- eluding first Icclh. christenings, scholastic achievements, innovations and the regu- lar incidence of snme plague or another) in direct, relation lo "before" or 'after1' someone was born. For example, we moved to Winnipeg just lirforp Rick was born so lhat was when we bought a ,V> Chrysler; Ihe boys had mumps just after Nancy was horn, and Doug cried all I lie way lo kindergarten every day just before llcalhor was born. H was easy. So I decided when I hauled down tho l.irgc lomalo soup cnrlon containing ,-ilmnsi 3fl years of nccumulalod l.hnt I would be able lo snrl Ihem 3ll oul mlo child, month yrnr or event in rt matter of an hour or .MI. I should explain lhal from lime lo lime over Ihe years we did make allempls to slick pictures into albums wilh ttose funny lilllp, gluey comers. Bul (ho albums invnrijibly iMT.ime limp, and grubby from use. Iho pirluivs one by one vu'iil iiiln Iho dubious i-ei'lir rily ot the soup box. 1 always excused this neglect by justifying the countless occa- sions when a child, recuperating from an illness was well enough to ask "please Mum, can I have the soup box It was a heallhy sign, and an occupalion which kept the child busy lor hours. Years ago, say about 20, I was able lo identify every snap by what rompers which baby wore, what I wore, wlu'ch old sec- ond-hand car was sitting in fronl of what house in such and sucli a city. I was even BO far-sighted (once in awhile) lo wnlo proper identifications of all persons, dogs, cats and cars, on the back of a snaps. Bul alas, I didn't do this often enough and to my distress I found out the other night lhat memory plays funny tricks. The first picture I picked out showed me, circa 1945 or 6, holding a baby with a look of sheer adoration flowing from my happy face. I said to mystelf as I examined it closely, "who's (hat homely After some mathematics and a littlo closer inspection I realized it was one or other of our oldest boys. Bul w-hicii one" I sludicd il closely. Was il Rick who pot lhal angora shawl from his Grandma or was his the one I won on R Wasn't Geoffrey's hair a li'illc. fairer (ban Rick's and where on earth did 1 get that ragbag housodress? I put a question mnrk on Ihe back of lhal one and lifted oul llic ncxl. This one projected me about 12 years later for il was obviously when we were on one of nur camping trips. The background was a bcau- lifnl lake somewhere in Coni.-da. and Ihe foreground cxlu'bils a mussy family lined up for anolhcr camper lo obligingly lako our picture. Everyone is smiling but me. I well remember lhal day. We'd gone through all our clean clothes and T had lo resort lo I lie laundry bag from which I had sclecied a blouse lhat smelled fishy and mosquilo-oily but wasn't terribly stain- ed. As I recall 1 had presented a recom- mendation over our burned porridge lhat morning, lhat we return home whore I could do Iho iv.ish, replenish llic l.irdor and we could all take, a much needed bath They didn't even hear me; Ihoy said burned porridge would he okay lor lunch. ,Sr> why would I be .Memory had jollod me hac-l- and forth nvr-r only Mlap.s ro lhal I'd i-oiiMlined nearly an hour in Hy dial lime the family had rolurned ;nid wilh a whoop our youngest dauuJiHT F.-iid. "whrr, (he soup and imniedialoly look over. I douhl il will over gol sorled out you know, 1 think Ilk1 kids generally vmild mllicr p.-iw ilirougli llul old soiiji Ihan Ihumb .--rural orderly albums. Well, al loaM il pu.-, inc.1 >nmo onmfort lo Ihink so. ;