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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 9, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 1HI UTHBRIDGE HERAID Tueidtiy, Mny 9. 197J Maurice Western Mr. Nixon takes a chance President Nixon, approval of Congress or Hie blessing of his counli-y's friends, has gravely esca- lated the Vietnam war. It can be said that he is only answering the escalation already initiated by iVorlli Vietnam. But it can also be said that he is prepared to sink the ships of any nation that persists in its right to trade with North Vietnam. The possible consequences cannot be guessed. There can be only hope that out of. this gloom, peace can yet be found. One must sjmpathize with Mr. Nixon. He is utterly sincere in wish- ing he could extricate his men and his country from the Vietnam in- volvement. He and his policymak- ers have indeed tried everything to reach that end everything except abject unconditional erything except to admit defeat. And Unit is the problem. The Am- ericans are beaten, and they won't admit if. Even in that ominous mo- ment Monday night he kept invok- ing "American honor." That should no longer be at issue. Vietnam wants peace, and the name of the system doesn't matter. To satisfy American honor the will go on and on. Of course, as Mr. Nixon said, it takes two to negotiate, and o r t h Vietnam has shown only contempt for the negotiation process as a solu- tion to the war. But consider how it looks to the Norlh Vietnamese. The United Slates is the aggressor, the intruder, (he invader. She came across eight thousand miles of water to bolster a corrupt regime, and now wants out honorably.'The North Vietnamese ob- viously feel most strongly that they arc liberating their countrymen from a local lyranny supported by a for- eign tyranny. And the unsettling fact is that a many of the seventeen million South Vietnamese Mr. Nixon doesn't want to desert probably dear- ly wish he desert them. Then at last they would have peace, and even the peace of North Vietnamese communism they would prefer to what they have. The United Stales was wrong in going into Vietnam. She miscalcu- lated gravely. She has already paid a terrific price for the mistake, but is not yet ready to part with some- thing she values more than money, more than soldiers' lives, and that is her pride. North Vietnam, having won the war, would earn the gratitude of the whole world if she accepted United States' surrender but let them keep their pride. But now her own pride is at slake. Will she bow to Nixon's blockade and accept less than total and unconditional victory? Pity the poor Vietnamese people! Mr. Turner takes a chance Assuming the best possible conse- quences for the world from Mr. Nixon's brinkmanship, what of the Turner budget? There is no question that employ- ment is the most serious domestic concern in this country. .Any budget that fails to recognize that must be condemned. Encouraging the crea- tion of more jobs was one of Mr. Turner's two main concerns, the other being the relief of pensioners and others from the ravages of pre- inflation. While Mr. Turner did not use this line of reasoning, it vindicates his new pob'cies toward corporate taxa- tion: 1. The Canadian economy is essen- tially one of private enterprise. For better or worse, Canada depends on individual initiative (stimulated mostly by the profit motive) for the production of most of her goods and services. The alternative complete socialism is not acceptable to most Canadians. New jobs, in large enough numbers, must therefore come from private industry, not from government. 2. Under the Canadian system, ser- vices provided by the government (and these are still growing steadily, by popular demand) can only be fi- nanced by taxation of private en- terprise, and from personal income derived from employment by private enterprise. The more private enter- prise is inhibited, the less total tax revenue it can be provided and the more the several governments are pinched. 3. Private capital and private ini- tiative require incentives. They will not go to work, particularly in areas of heavy risk, if the hope of reward is dim. 4. Taxation can be self-defeating. In the long run a country's usable wealth is its production, and if jvo- duction is unnecessarily restricted then no amount of price-juggling, no level of taxation, no government hopes can maintain or lift the na- tion's general welfare. It is sus- pected that as of this moment, the tax policies have unduly inhibited the growth of Canadian enterprise and of new-wealth production. 5. The rate of new persons coming on the labor market is higher in Canada than almost anywhere else, and so the need for new jobs is greater. 6. Selective tax relief may be the incentive for the creation of those new jobs. Mr. Turner did not say he was certain that his new policies would do what he expects of them. He can- not be certain. All he can do is try to improve the climate, the con- text. Beyond that it depends on indi- vidual Canadians, on corporate man- agement, on labor, on the Canadian consumer. He rightly warned industry not to pocket the half billion dollars of tax reb'ef. It is not meant to bolster al- ready satisfactory profits. He might have also said that neither is it meant to pad present payrolls. Its whole purpose will be defeated if it is used as an excuse to squeeze more for those currently employed. It is meant to be invested in the creation of new job-opportunities. It may not work one hundred per cent. But it must be given a chance. There is no alternative short of aban- doning the free enterprise system. OFY headaches The Opportunities for Youth pro- gram last year proved to be a life- saver for young people unable to get summer jobs. The popularity of the program called for a repeat this year and thousands of projects %vere lined up by eager hopefuls. But, as in so many good schemes, there are pitfalls to full success and the OFY is proving to be no excep- tion. The applications which are re- jected sometimes seem equally as worthy as those which are occasionally more so. It's "understand- able then why some youths are pro- testing the nod being given to proj- ects of doubtful social value, such as youth beer garden or a census of sea gulls. The Comox Valley in TJ.f'. typifies several small communities which had its OFY applications turned down. There had been requests for praiils from that area for a drop-in cc.nlre with arts and crafts. The mayors of these commnnitius ns well as I ho youth are protesting the decision to Sncrolary of Stale Gerard I'cllclicr. Likely Ilicy will not he alone in thrir objcclioiis nnco. all Ihe grants havn boon announced. Disappointed groups across Iho nation will want ;in ;u> counting of why they were rejected when many seemingly "way-out" projects received (ho go-aliead. The problem of handing out grants of this nature must be a shocking ad- ministrative headache and those in charge of OFY probably are as fair and generous as they caji humanly be. What is perhaps needed is a method of screening applications right at the local level. It would help if municipal governments went over applications and weeded out those which were of little value to the com- munity or which were duplicative. Those that were approved by local officials would then go before a high- er selection committee for further screening. In Ihis way young people would have some immediate over- sight on their projects. They would also find out in a short time whether l.ho projects had passed Phase One and if they had nol. they could make alternative plans for the summer. Tins might eliminate one of the com- planil.s thiil young people, have of Ihe whole OFY clement of time taken up iry administrators be- fore decisions are handed phircs the hopefuls ni ,111 unfavorable position fur M'ckini: oilier employ- ment. Montreal ignores polluted St. Lawrence The mosl recent address of Jack Davis in Montreal should have carried a footnote: Attention Mayor Drapeau and the cily admin- istration. Montreal is a magnificent city. For centuries it has been the capital of Hie commercial empire n( the St. Lawrence. 11 is the capital of Air Canada. It was the home of Expo and will be the home of the Olympics if the Mayor lias his way. No one can doubt that, in Mr. Drap- can's eyes, it is a Latin Athens and the beacon of the New World. Unfortunately, in its treat- ment of sewage, it seems to be on a pa- with Athens, that is to say. The statistics on wliich Mr. Davis based his remarks are absolutely devastating. They do not show that Montreal has the record among Canadian cities for two others, St. John's and Quebec City, are in total default, having neither primary nur secondary faciliUes. But neither has the pretensions of Montreal. According to the table used by the minister there avc now three cities in peg, Toronto and which subject 100 per cent of their waslewater to secondary sewage treatment. Calgary is close; all its water is processed and 01 per cent of it passes through secondary facilities. In Edmonton, the percentages are: primary 46.5 per cent; second- ary 53.5. In Ottawa all the was- tewaler. and in Vancouver 41 pei- cent, receives primary treatment but that is the sum of it. Of the provinces, Ontario and Alberta are out in front, as Mr. Davis noted in his speech. It may doubtless be said, in defence of Montreal, that the water is badly polluted when it readies the city. But for this the United Stales is primarily responsible; at the least Ontario has been making z great effort at great expense to correct mat- ters. What is the current situa- tion in Canada's most populous city? Only 8.4 per cent of Mont- real's wastewater receives any treatment, 2.6 per cent of it passing through primary and 5.8 per cent through secondary fa- cilities. The sewage, in other words, is merely dumped into the St. Lawrence River. What does this mean for Qnebecers down- stream? Mr. Davis spelled out the implications. "Big city dwellers, like cveiy- one else, are trying to cut cor- ners. They are trying to mini- mize their costs. But they are doing this at someone else's ex- pense. Other people are having to pick up the tab. Either they arc having to pay more to clean up the St. Lawrence as it reaches them or they are miss- ing out on opportunities which would exist if the river came to them in its original and unpol- luted state. "Tying the can to someone else's tail cannot be said to be a friendly act under the best of circumstances. But when that contains the outpourings of un- treated effluent from three mil- lion souls, then it is offensive; it is not only bad manners but it is degradation on a grand scale." "As screens go, I've seen a heck of a lot worse." This is straight talk, possibly imprudent in a political sense. Mr. Davis, an engineer, has yet to develop a talent for the flan- nel-mouthed pronouncement re- garded in Ottawa as one of the marks of higher wisdom. But the government has reason for some annoyance. If Montreal has fallen far be- hind other centres in its anti- pollution efforts, its perform- ance certainly cannot be attrib- uted to outside neglect. The city has an enviable reputation as a matchless magnet for public funds. Sewage treatment loans from Ottawa have been availa- ble. They cover two-thirds of cost, incorporate a 25 per cent forgiveness feature and require the municipality to put up only one third of the cost, with such assistance as may be available from the provincial govern- ment. Plainly the Drapeau adminis- tration, ignoring the dubious downstream benefits conferred on other centres, has chosen to spend money for different pur- poses. These have tended to be grandiose and have been ac- companied by, broad hints that they deserve support from tax- payers generally as projects vital to the realm. But over a ten-year period Quebec province, of which Montreal is the shop-window, has borrowed less for sewage purposes than British Columbia which has only one-third the population. It is also far behind the prairies, although it greatly exceeds the combined popula- tions of Manitoba, Saskatche- wan and Alberta. Such an altitude may explain the apparent complacency of Quebec authorities to warnings about the environmental effects of (lie James Bay project. This is not shared, however, by a number of federal members from that province, some of whom were outspoken in their criticisms during a recent emergency debate in the House of Commons. As Minister of the Environ- ment, Mr. Davis evidently felt a responsibility to bring the unpa- latable facts home to people in Quebec and especially in Mont- real. "It will be he said, "to sec whether La Belle Province will begin to catch up in the 70s." The key word is "begin." An early be> ginning would be helpful since Mayor Drapeau obviously has a very long way to go. Carl Roivan Can we deal with the teenage 'sex revolution? WASHINGTON The sedate Midwestern father, a dea- con in his church, was flabber- gasted to learn that bis daugh- ter had moved out of the col- lege dormitory into an apart- ment with three male stu- dents. The forlyish father was stunned (and maybe envious) when the stacked 16-year-old dropped her granny gown to re- veal a starkly nude body and leaped into his swimming pool, his equally nude 17-year-old son then plunging into the poo] with flri air of nonchalance. A generation ago a "trial marriage" was spoken of with moral indignation. These days it is not uncommon for a par- ent in a prominent, affluent family to say matter-of-factly to bridge clublwrs; "Lucy has been living with this boy for three months. She says they have no intention of getting married." It is questionable whether these incidents prove that teen- age girls have rounder heels these days than did those ot other eras, but they do make a Letters to the editor strong case for the contention that a "sexual revolution" has overtaken America's young people. There can be no doubt that today's teen-agers are more active sexually than at any time in history. The amazing thing is that so few Americaas are willing to face up to this reab'ty and to deal with it and the repercus- sions that flow out of it. The simple truth is that vir- gins are in short supply, and not terribly in demand, above the age of 15. One recent na- tional survey showed 27 per cent of unmarried girls 15 to 19 admitting that they had sexual relations. Allowing for the sur- vival of a modicum of modesty we can assume the actual fig- ure is considerably larger. The youngsters and a lot of adults dismiss this with the comment that "today's young people take a more honest, healthier attitude toward sex than their parents and grand- parents did." More honest? Perhaps. Healthier? That's debatable. For all our supposed changes Two-way sired In answer lo Sadder hut Wiser PhD1' and "Another Dis- illusioned t am of the opinion that the trouble lies not with the people of the city, but Conlrmlic.lion? Perhaps the government or the Social Credit party could explain lo the public why oil royalties were pegged at Ifi 2-3 per cent on a long Iprm basis while at the same time making provision for a review of royalty rates every ten years. Maybe there is a rca.soiiiiblc, answer to this apparent conlrn- riiolion. The taxpayers who, aflrr all, nrc Ihe ullim.-ilr- owners of our oil resources I or were at one timci h.-ivc n riuhl to know and demand an an- swer. B. IIKLMUT UOmiAN Lclhhridgc. Kclilnr's Tlirrr K no conli'iiiHrlinn in scllinu Mir rule rtl Ifi ppr crnl., snhjnr.t in revision ovcry Icii icnrs. with Hie individuals them- selves Do these people expect an invitation to every home in Lcthbridge? How many friends do they need? And isn't a friendly hello over the back- yard fence a sign of friendli- ness? ff "Disillusioned" is so lonely why didn't she volunteer her services lo some charity organization? I am not the friendliest per- son myself, but T have never felt let down by any particular cily that 1 have lived in. I don't think Hint a fenceless yard would help these people. Friendliness is a Iwo way ,sl rort. NEW flESIDENT. So They Say 1 may have to rim again in order lo find someone to vote for. .Ipimncllr ItanLin n[ Mon- tjinn, 01, first woman to be nloctod lo Cougrets of mores, a teen-age pregnancy still carries bleak physical, emotional and social prospects for both mother and child especially if the girl is not married. And note that the rate of out-of-wedlock birllis among Leens increased by 250 per cent from 19-10 to 1968. with almost such births b'kely this year. A conservative estimate is that more than teen-ag- ers have vencral disease. Pregnancy is the number one cause of dropouts among girls in high school. The suicide rate for teen-age mothers is 10 times that of the general population. The babies of unwed teen-age mothers are more likely to lie premature and menially retarded, or lo die within (he first year. The babies who live, if bom out of wedlock, will still be regarded by this sociely as socially, mor- ally and legally inferior. The incredible thing is that so manv young people should be engaging in so much sexual ac- tivity and know so little about it. Or that so many adults should still be clinging to the archaic notion that if they can just keep discussions of sex out of the schools these horrible problems will go away. We can be lhankfiil that the Commission on Population Growlb and the American Fu- ture rejected Ihis ostrich-like at- titude and offered several rec- ommendations lor dealing with sex ignorance and with the adol- escent mother and her child. They arc controversial, natur- ally, but pursuing. It is tragically obvious thai leen-agcrs need more knowl- edge about sex than they are gelling in swimming pools and co-ed apartments. A 15-year-old New York high school senior lolrl Ihe commission Hint many nf her classmates "don't even have a clear picture of how hn bios nro made." And an even jjrcalor number don't know how b.'ibios are kept from being made. The same girl testified I hat she once asked her hy- giene Icncher lo discuss con- IraiTphon in class. When slu- flonls whiil molhml Urn Iracher would recommend for ITi-ycnr-olds, she replied, "Sleep with your grandmother." The commission lias recom- mended that appropriate family planning materials be develop- ed, training courses be held for teachers and family planning information be integrated inlo school courses. It notes that sex education ideally should be fo- cused in the home, but also calls for it to be presented in a responsible manner through community organizations, the media and especially the schools. Many states prevent teen-ag- ers from getting contraceptive information and services. The commission recommended that states permit minors to receive such information and services in appropriate, sensitive ways. Tliis does not mean setting up vending machines in school ca- feterias. Rather, the approach might be leen-age clinics along (he lines of those set up by Planned Parenthood in San Francisco and several other ci- ties. At these, youngsters come for rap sessions, counselling, discussions of pregnancy and contraception. And they can get birtli control devices. The best sex education courses or teen clinics will nol prevent all unmarried girls from gelling pregnant. And those who do too often face a lonely, frustrating dangerous future expended or suspend- ed from school, ostracized by family and friends, vulnerable to medical complications, a likely candidate for welfare. In recent years, a number of cducational-social-health p r o- grams have been started to aid these girls. These programs should lw expanded. Finally, we should remove the stigma placed on the 000-plus children bom out of wedlock each year to mothers of all ages. The commission says tha word "illegitimate" has no place, and recommends that all children, regardless of the cir- cumstances of their birth, be accorded fair and equal status, socially, morally, legally. Admilledly, some of Ihese no- tions are hard for a lot of peo- ple lo swallow. They will see them as condoning, even pro- moting, sexual acitivity. Of course, that is not their purpose They are offered neither to con- done nor condemn teen-age sex. They simply represent a facing up lo reality. (Field Enlrrprisrs, Inc.) Looking backward Through The Herald 1922 Information and liter- ature FREE, regarding Viavi remedies whereby sufferers become well without opera- lions. 1'honc Miss Ruth NicoTs, hopped off for Pitlshurgh on Ihe first lap of a mile flight through the cast and middle west of the United Slates in behalf of the National Council ol Women. _ The Canadian Bed Cross will launch its greatest national appeal in hJKtory May 11, wiicn Canadian people will he asked to subscribe 000 lo continue humanitarian work Dismantling of the old court house will start im- mediately to niiiko room for the new F.W. Woolworth build- ing. The Lethbridge Herald 501 7lh St. S., T-ollibridgc, Alberta LETHBR1DGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published lM.i 195-1, by Hon. A. BUCHANAN Second Clftis Miill RcniMrallon No (1017 Mcmbrr ol The Cflnarilnn Press find Ihe Dnlly Newspaper Publishers' Assoclnllon find Ihe Aurlll Rurcnu of Circulations CLEO W MOWERS, Ertlicr and PuhlKhtT THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Mwiria POM FILLING WII.UAM HAY Imaging I' tlilrr A'.MH idle- Ldilor ROY F. DOUGLAS K, WALKER Advirllnlno Mnnnger RMIIorlnl Page Edllor THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;