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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 9, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERAtD Snlurddy, Hny 1, 1970 Anthony Westell Federalism And The Future Despite (lie victory achieved by the Liberal party in Quebec the question of federalism has not been settled. If anything, it has been made a more burning issue than ever. The cheering generally done outside Quebec has been premature, as The Herald suspected and cau- tioned immediately following the election. It has become clearer since the election that there is even stronger support for some kind of reassess- ment of Quebec's role in Confedera- tion than the 23 per cent of the popular vote given the Parti Que- becois indicates. Among those who survived the Union Nationals deci- mation were the leading nationalist- minded members whose sentiments are similar to those of the Parti Quebecois. And while the Creditistes stumped for federalism it is obvious that they are not staunch defenders of the old order. The fires of discontent were fuel- ed by the gross inequities of the electoral map. There is no way of appeasing the discontented when the PQ got only one-fifteenth of the seats with almost one quarter of the votes, Further frustration has been added by the revelation made by Quebec's Chief Returning Officer, Francois Drouin, that at least 000 voters, the majority of them po- tential PQ supporters, were omitted from the electoral lists. Interethnic relations have reached a very unhealthy point of tension as a result of the election. Resentment against English Canadians has reached a new high. The cheap stunt of moving Trust Company securities out of the province by armored cars may have scared some voters into the Liberal camp but now it is be- ing viewed with disgust and angt It has not been lost upon the folio ers of Mr. Rene Levesque eith-T that their hero was defeated in own riding by the English vote. Save The Arctic Only strong action can save the Arctic from becoming a biological desert. In a calm, yet obviously con- cerned, fashion the author of the lead story in today's Weekend Maga- zine pleads for a slowdown in the exploration and development of our last great wilderness area. This is not an unreasoning objec- tion to the extraction of the min- eral wealth of the North. It is a sound argument for a slowdown un- til scientific research can provide some answers to how industry can exploit the wealth without causing irreparable damage. That is surely a sensible approach. Enough is Jready known about damage to the ecological system to make the argument attractive. For instance, exploration for oil at Atkinson Point in the Mackenzie River delta has altered the land- scape by creating erosion gullies so deep that neither animals nor ma- chines can cross them. Plant life re- news itself so slowly that cart tracks left by early explorers 125 years ago are still visible in the Arctic. Anyone who suspects the Cana- dian government may have acted hastily in unilaterally proposing pol- lution control measures for the Arc- tic waters should read the Week- end article. It does not tell the whole story but it tells enough to convince most people that such leg- islation is already very late in ap- pealing. Weekend Meditation The Source Of Confidence jyOTHTNG IS more important than to believe in the grace of God. Why do creed writers make so little of it? To say one believes in the grace of God is to affirm the essential righteousness of the universe, to affirm the concern of God in the affairs of man, to alarm the active aid and interest of God in every effort of man toward a better life. It is through grace that personality grows. Character is the gift of grace. Good works are only pos- sible by grace. The man who believes he is righteous because he obeys the law of God is self-righteous and proud. Goodness can never be achieved by merely fulfilling God's law. Goodness is the response to God love. Grace is Uie root of moral freedom. "Love God and do what you like. The Ten Com- mandments remain valid, a guide to living, but grace not only makes possible their fulfilment, grace also separates the rules valid in their day from rules which are eternal. Man is given knowledge and power to fulfil (lie commands of God As Augus- tine put it, "Grant grace and command what Thou wilt." Hepeatedly Paul expressed the benedic- tion, "Grace to you and peace." Peace is an active, harmonious relationship with God. It is not the stagnant pool of inactiv- ity. Thus grace and peace are related. As man appropriates the grace of God, or is given the grace of God, he is able to enter into a loving, vital fellowship with God. Grace to Paul was a key to the nature of Gud as well as the personality of man. "By the grace of God I am what I said Paul. Grace opened to him a store- house of spiritual riches. God was no "task- master who paid strictly for service done." God was eager lo bestow His best gifts to the opened heart. One only knew the ex- tent of God's grace in the work of Christ and the final, sacrifice of the Cross. Here God's redeeming activity is most magnifi- cently revealed. Is not the saddest fact of lite lo be in disgrace, and wlial (iocs Uiat mean but to bo out of grace? When Paul speaks of "the wrath of God" this is what he means. One is outside the sweep of God's loving purpose. In grace a man is saved from death to life. When Samuel Johnson was 75 years old with three months to live, he exclaimed with profound gratitude, "0 my gracious It was the gift of eter- nal life that was in his mind. Faith and grace go together. Faith is man's response. "Without faith it is impos- sible to please God." When a man believes in God (and even this belief is work of then all things become possible. God's power and love are unlimited. As Peter says, God has given man all things that pertain to life and godhness, all that man needs, in other words. They are re- ceived as man grows in grace. So Peter exhorts, "Grow in grace." Paul repeatedly urges Christians to be "mature." Such ma- turity depended on communion with Christ. Writing to the Church in Rome, Paul says, "By whom (Jesus Christ) we have ac- cess by faith into this grace wherein we stand." This is quite startling, suggesting entry into an Eastern court where the King bestowed liis favor. The same idea is conveyed when "the veil of the Temple was rent from lop lo bottom" at the crucifixion of Jesus, symbolizing the fact that every man ami not merely the high priesl had immediate access lo Uie Holy of Holies at Ihe heart of the Temple. Jesus called him- self "the door." There is a lovely phrase used in receiv- ing new communicants when they promise "lo make diligent use of the means of grace." What are these "means of Tlw fellowship of the Church is one, wor- ship m Ihe church is another. The sacra- mcnls, of course, arc rivers of grace. Pray- er and the Word of God are indispensable. Faithful obedience hi the daily tasks and trials of life is a certain means of grace, since this establishes the Kingdom of God in human life. Prayer: Grant me grace, 0 God, thai I may be wiser, holier, slrongcr, and live in closer fellowship wilh Thee. S, M. Energy Policy's Distorted Perspective A new Quebec within or outside the Canadian union is inevitable. The new premier, Robert Bourassa, who himself belongs to the new gen- eration of Quebecois, will doubtless seek some sort of reassessment of Quebec's place in confederation. Professor Michel Brunei of the Uni- versity of Montreal says that Mr. Uourassa has four years in which to convince the Quebec English- speaking, formerly privileged, mi- nority tnat they must join the Que- becois. Kefusal to identify the fate of Que- bec with that of the Englisli-speak- ing minority in the province would be one of the greatest contributions the people in the rest of Canada could make to Mr. Bourassa's cause. Disapproval should be voiced of statements such as that made by Montreal Stock Exchange president Charles B. Neapole in suggesting a shadow cabinet of businessmen to advise the government. No subtle manipulation of the government is desirable and least of all by the predominantly English speaking business community. Discussion of federalism with a new face will be even greater in the future than it has been in the past. The kind of enquiry which will take place in Lethbridge in the next few days will be highly germane to the enterprise of a reappraisal of federalism. Certainly one of the ways of giving new life to the Ca- nadian union would be that of real- ignment within Confederation. In the discussions that take place it will be surprising indeed if the implications of the Quebec situation are not brought to bear upon the question before the conference. Possible union of the three prairie provinces cannot be considered apart from all the other questions relating to Con- federation the most burning of them being the status of Quebec. (First in a scries) TN liiii president's oval office A in the White House, 14 months ago, Prime Minister Pi- erre Trudeau asked Richard Nixon to open the border to Ca- nadian oil. He argued persuasively that despite the recent huge oil strike at Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, the United States would still need Canadian energy re- sources. The two heads of government talked about development of ice-breaking tankers and pipe- lines to move Arctic oil to mar- ket and mentioned the y ily lhat exploration for Cana- dian oil would tap vast new res- ervoirs of gas badiy needed in the United States. Nixon was just about lo an- nounce the next day the appointment of a cabinet task force to review U.S. oil import policy, and he responded warm- ly to Trudeau's conlinenla] out- look on energy development. That private lalk led directly to the current Canadian con- troversy over national energy policy. But along the way, as the forces of Canadian nationalism have revived and become poli- tically powerful, Hie perspec- tive has become distorted. Many Canadians now recoil from the concept of a contin- ental energy treaty because they fear it is a U.S. plot to grab more Canadian resources and encroach further on na- tional independence. But, ill fact, the continental initiative is a Canadian attempt to exploit the rich U.S. market for oil, gas and perhaps urani- um. Trudeau's proposition to Nixon was merely a new ver- sion of Canada's long stand- ing policy. Ever since the major oil discovery at Leduc, Alberta, in 1946, the natural market for growing Canadian production has been in the Uni- ted Slates. Canada has consistently pushed and prodded and ne- gotiated for greater access to protected U.S. markets, and has rejoiced as exports have risen. Alberta has gone from rags lo riches as oil and gas revenues have flowed in. Tim provincial income from royalties, leases, land rentals and the like has totalled almost billion since 1947, not counting the tax rev- enues generated by'1 expanding business. Calgary calls itself Uie oil capital and its constanlly changing skyline is dominated today by the slender Husky tower, named in honor of the U.S. oil coirfpany which put money into the real estate de- velopment. Some 10 per cent of the population are U.S. citizens, many of them business execu- tives in positions of community leadership. Alberta today could not con- ceive' of itself without a dyna- mic energy industry linked di- rectly to the U.S. market, and the message to Ottawa has al- ways been: Sell more. No Alberlan has been more conscious of the value of oil and gas development than Er- nest Manning, premier for the quarter century of develop- ment, 1943-60. Soon after lie re- tired at the end of 19CU, Man- ning made a farewell trip to Ot- tawa to tell the federal prime minister, as he had so often in the past, of tlie impprtance of the U.S. market. A few days before Trudeau went to Washington to see Nixon, in March last year, the new Alberta premier, Harry Strom, called at the PM's offi- cial home, 24 Sussex St. The two men talked through an af- ternoon in the living room. Oil and gas were at the top of the six items on the informal agenda. Strom pressed on Tnideau the value of a free energy mar- ket in which Canada's oil and gas would flow to the richest market, south of the border. He left with the PM a detailed brief, and Tnideau drew on this document in his talks with Nixon. Letters To The Editor Ignorance Of Youth Hostel Concept I don't personally know Mr. Ken Spence but if he uses any rationalization at all, I'm sure he'll bypass Mrs. McCaugher- ty's request for answers regard- ing "youth hostel questions" (May 5) as her letter appeared too irrelevant and unjust to deem any form of a reply. Her letter did, however, succeed in displaying a selfish and some- what ignorant attitude toward the concept of the youth hostel. Ignorance in morality is usu- ally a standard label tacked on to today's youth but Mrs. Mc- Caugherty's letter siiowed us Uiat lack of social morality is still a by-product of her gener- ation. Ann! Healthy competi- tion, isn't that the term? Con- cepts such as 'decency' 'stable.' and 'just1 are just as effective- ly neglected by her party. 1 mean, does society stoop now to disregarding humanity, whe- ther it be in the form of a 'tramp' or a millionaire's kid? Apparently so. Thousands of transients of all ages pass through Lethbridge seeking food and shelter, and Morality Based On Fear It was Herbert Spencer in Social Statics who remarked that "education has for its ob- ject the formation of charac- ter." The following additional remarks by the same aulhor might also be of interest: "We too cften Torget that rot only is there 'a soul of goodness in things but very generally a soul of tnith in things erro- .elsewhere, he says: "the fact disclosed by a survey of Ihe past that majorities have been wrong must not blind us to the complementary fact that majorities have usually not been entirely wrong." As for morality based on fear: How docs fear of preg- nancy account ,'or the so-called "fatherless" children of the ages preceding the pill? How docs the fear of disease ac- count (or the meetings of men in various groups and the for- malion of sccielics? How does fear of the commandments ac- count for the crime-rate? and finally, how does fear of public opinion account for the pa- triots, philosophers, and moral- ists who had the courage to speak out against public opin- ion? (Prime example for a member of a Christian society: Christ.) It is not by fear lhat men become moral bul ralber through Love of the Creator, His word, end love of their fel- low men. The highest calling of a society which calls itself Chris- tian must surely be to bring into focus and everyday reality the very philosophy of the founder of that ethic: "Love one an- other as I have loved you." The theory of evolution should offer no serious threat for the Christian who is not "up-Ught" about his beliefs. A number of Christian philoso- phers have more than ade- quately discussed this theory from the Christian viewpoint, most notable perhaps was Pierre Teilhard de Cbardin. As for the sudden influx of funding should the university implement a totalitarian pro- gram of fear, perhaps Mr. Spencer has answered better than I am able: "Opinion is ultimately determined by the feelings, and not by the intel- lect." FRANK J. PAPP. Lethbridge. Faulty Drivers I see in The Herald (April 24th) (here's a small article from the Alberta branch of Ihe Consumers Association of Can- ada, where they want LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH HIE HEIUJJ' street railway lost in March, but the elec- tric department had a surplus of according lo depart- ment reports. two million bushel in- terior storage elevator at Leth- bridge has been provided for in the supplementary cstimales. The elevator is lo cost in Ihe vicinity of million. operation of pinball machines In restaurants and other places has been declared illegal by Magistrate B e a u- mont in giving his reserved de- cision as lo Ihe confiscation of machines by city police. 1950 Unanimous approval was given by Uie school board for the. construction of two eight room elementary schools within Ihe next Iwo years at an estimated cost of have been ban- ned from the galleries of the House of Commons. The Hon. Roland Michencr, Speaker of Iho Commons, has issued re- vised orders for proper attire for visitors, Included was a complete ban on man's and women's. pulsory automobile testing pro- gram. I dn not think that they know what they are talking about, as only about two or three per cent of auto acci- dents are caused by faulty cars. The remaining 97 per cent are caused by drivers' faulty heads, which should be checked. I have driven about three mil- lion miles and never had an accident or put a scratch on a car. I have never driven a new car, always second-hand and have never had one checked. If your head is okay you know if anylhing is faulty with your car, and you then gel il fixed. Our mechanics are licensed (or liial purpose, and I am sure that you can check all the cars you want to, and you wilt still have the same amount of accidents. DEAN SMITH. Milk River, '99 per cent of tlwm are given the required accommodations withoul knowledge of their mor- al or financial backgrounds. But with youth, Mrs. Me- Caugherty seems lo want to know their history before she would agree to provide a biolo- gical need. Once again I ask, is humanity tbat unimportant that we thoughtlessly kick people out into the cold? I suppose when she was young, restlessness was never a prob- lem. With the unemployment rale for students this summer tie way it is, one must use a little common sense in conclud- ing that those unable to obtain summer work will, due to rest- lessness, take to the road if not to find employment, then to de- feat idleness. And since when did "your tax- payers" build our country? Is our country all finished being built? If so, then they failed drastically in their building campaign, because this is ob- viously not the idea] country yet. Give these "Iramp kids" a chance to become taxpayers and they might show us how a successful rebuilding job is done. I know I'm being very gen- eral, but if I dealt with.speci- fics, this letter would never have been published. A little more knowledge of the subject and a more unsel- fish atlilude would perhaps en- able Ihe wriler to see past her medieval nose. Lethbridge. JOHN A. MARTINI. The president and the prinio minister issued Ihe following day a press statement in which they affirmed agreement with respect to our community of Interest in the expansion of border. So ready were they to ex- plore the continental approach that they orclereu Iheir officials to begin talks just a week later. But no one paid much atten- tion because public interest was focussed on the ABM issue. Would Nixon ask for Canadian facilities to build the new de- fence against missiles? Would Trudeau protest about a new escalation in the arms race? Who cared about a continen- tal energy deal? Energy and Resources .Minis- ter Joe Greene cared, but he was away from his department recovering from a series of heart allacfcs. He thought the continental idea was great, but he wasn't around to shout its praises, and draw public at- tention, until later in the year. In December, Greene went to Washington to make sure lhat the Nixon lask force understood Canada's case for bigger mar- kets. He met his opposite num- ber, Interior Secretary Walter Hickel. Hickel wanted to talk about the security of oil supplies to Montreal and the Maritimes, one of Ihe questions concerning the task force. To distract his Greene threw in some lalk about Canada's desire to sell uranium, the U.S. tanker Manhattan in Arctic waters, U.S. coal sales to Canada in fact, the whole range of energy problems. What Greene did not know was that Hickel is not a signifi- cant political spokesman on oil in Washington. Lyndon Johnson was from the oil state of Texas, and one of his first acts as president was to hand over oil policy to his interior secretary. But one of Nixon's early acts was to take oil policy back un- der the White House wing, re- ducing Hickel's responsibility and power. when Greene held z press conference at the Canadian Embassy after his meeting Hickel, and burbled enlhusias- tically about a continental en- ergy approach, it did not mean much politically. The nationalists back in Can- ada were stirred to protest. But in Washington, the insiders smiled behind Iheir hands, and in Ottawa Greene's indiscre- tions to the press soon became known as Ihe gee-wliiz confer- ence. At thai stage in the story, in fact, only two men had talked publicly about a continental policy: Trudeau at Washing- ton's national p r e s s club after his meeting with Nixon, and Greene at Uie embassy after his talk with Hickel. Nixon's task force, when it re- ported in February, was more cautious. It suggested "harmon- izing" U.S. and Canadian en- ergy policy. Continental policy has be- come a dirty phrase after the violent objections in Canada. Greene now says: "There ain't no such A .top Ottawa energy expert remarks wryly: "If you find out what it means, let us In Washington, U.S. experts are not much happier with the word harmonizing. "Sure beats the hell out of me" says a puz-. zled diplomat. A politician adds frankly: "It's a weasel word to avoid explanation." It is easier at this time to de- fine some of the things the U.S. and Canadian terms do not mean. They do not mean, at least for the present, water re- sources. In Ottawa and in Wash- ington there is complete agree- ment that no one is now talk- ing about diverting water as part of any energy pact. Nor do the terms mean sweeping away Ihe border to allow free flow of energy in re- sponse lo economic demand. That is forbidden by existing Canadian law not to mention U.S. policy and there is no prospect of Otlawa mak- ing such a basic change in atti- tude at a time when the forces of. nationalism are rising. The Canadian-U.S. talks, .now resuming at the official level after an interruption of several months, are concerned mainly with exploring restrictions on the flow of energy and item by item, how they might be changed to mutual ad- vantage. The danger lo Canada is not U.S. grab. It is that while U.S. objectives are fairly clear, Can- ada's national energy policy and political priorities are con- fused as we go to the bargain- ing table. (Toronto Slar Syndicate) The Letlibridge Herald 504 7lh SI. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Clasi Mall ReKls [ration Number 0012 of -nit Canadian Press and Iho Canadian Dally NnwipapM Publishers' Association ind tht Audit nurcau of Circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS II. ADAiMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM RAY Manajfinf Editor Assoclalo Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKEi lMiif tfuinr EdllorliJ Edibff THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;