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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 9, 1912, Lethbridge, Alberta THE DAILY HERALD Thursday. Alay 0, TREE PLANTING IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA .In Cinldlwi FcrMtry Journil Of .imvliicei.' Alberta lui vnrlety of cllmite; t'nd U.U'wtll worth the while of in; wfco ooiitempUUi plinllix to til- hi i thorouth umle! Stand liit of the' or conditions wkich will: to hli locality. The .thbrough preparation of the tioiii to'.jtlintliin It neeiwtry every- other iiralrie prov- Inctt and is the artei ciilthH tibn; Alberta, with m; leisfr ruinfall and more dry.XIndt, I need to the moltture consequent ly ttu Mine of uiltlmtlan it thp rljbt tfnie U more The kind, of j suitable itrv'ln the trlctl and n IIIHII it planting it him "H to ullut ol111 ii likely to succeed. The Tbe Chinook uinds (inning cluisti inter the mountains from Brltihh Co frosts lilmbla me Ihe of niaio a plea! rapidly learliliijc to meet the lociU conditions: but they are far morv Inv poftant from the point of view of the jtllviculturlst, for .the furmwr iniiy change bis methods every year to suit the ..ijc'Jisons, -but when it man plants u tree it may be veans before he Hulls out If it Is really adapted to the locality. If ttie: occasional snow ers are continued .until lule in the tree growth is carried on cor- respondingly into the fall, and it' the first fall frost happens to be a ill- I He' early, thin the young tree-shoots get badly frozen, and the owner of the plantation is hadly disappointed. Add to this tlie fact that, in the passing of i the, ceni.urtee. there has been added to the soil a goodly layer of humus from tin of the uhuhl of (he g rink innk ,k late nsk of j ymme tree-shoots Using unprepared fnr the winter, and the consequent of belne hurt b> the cirh rhn- it th.t the xen rich the soil ma, he in icherse amid the rigors of "inter ind rondlt.on lo trovinK and in the hue been blamed foi o erial higher legijns main of the tree ileal of tret Mllms thev no, or rnilh The double usuilli a frern fanlh cultmtibil mflnenee iii'K further 0111 on (ne pnint a i found to be il ibU- killins oc the the Chmooki U imialh uoiuideied cur's In tut-resilon the extend from the bou-dar, to d i-aged ind nomkr if lie etci no hli attempts In tlespair The Aih and the Elm Th? ash. the hardiest of tbe trees used lit the plantations on the In Ihis region very seldom commences dlntinte of ibout tl'ti miles noith of Noith of thlE the fin lire steady mid differ lltlle. if at all, from those of the other nviirie The rainfall in the' Chinook countrs 1. a a role a sood deil less than i! I, In the north and Mimes prellolis lcar and a colise about thirteen and a half to i a of nlole eighteen North of me i lfsenlbllns broom thin ook belt Ihe precaution run. frcu, eighteen to as high as inches in fears its growth from the terminal hud of -You will never realize how much ten cents can buy until you taste i i. anil an- similar and 1'iches in "only vears aim the country i. a) like the ash is not at al. suitable fo, of condition prevails planting .hile the nnple al f.rrf much ,'rom that met with B loses om s feu Inches to sev enl feet of Its growth jeni Chinook, ime been n blamed for betome. a tmtab.e bush at. ihe Indian .Head and Brandon Ex- perimental Farms When the tree is left alone for nu dire to prime, (here would seem to be little danger of this sort of trouble but whim a man gets impatient to see a clean stem mid cuts off the lower brain-lies, that iree very Ire Mixing the Trees Although maple (Acer American elm ami green ash are not the success in the higher districts of Alberta that they are -further east does not follow that they should be left out entirely from the plantations They are very good trees, and, hardwood timber is very useful on the farms, it will always be worth whir planting a few In with the others. As (he plantation grows up and affords them the necessary shelter, they will no doubt ultimately succeed and be- come fair-sized trees. Maple, espec- ially, should always be included in.a like it ind Irr d buds vance no -further ind the branches, btmnK them die became thfre not.-at roots of the tree, mowtura IB the fact sometimes T s-ncll toward HI ing but ai This is perhaps not to be wondered at when one comes to remember that none of these varieties' are native to the region under consideration Th are found in the river bottoms all ovei enough to enable them to suyph ft hat orairie to but the> necessarv to keep no the grow ,i seem to haie been ible to climb the It is onK question of moisture and j last sharp rise lovtirds the mountains Tr'iere trees are irrigated jiroperh or The JSH comes no further than cultivated thorougbh there is the Gjpieai, Hills south of Maple trouble from this source and m-Creelc while the cottonwooil and the Chinook countn as m all the maple are found no further than a of thp prairie it be5 found miles west of belhbrfdge that the man who cuHhates best in the ner is the one whone trees winter This has been proved And again 4 The District' But the Chinook is not the ouh that influences climate of The Poplar and the Willow been found doing uell in this district, ami -there -is no reason why anyone ihoiild hesitate about planting on account of trees being likuh to ffer from {rogthurt These are the Southern Alberta Vnothfr feature aharp leaved willow fSallv acutifolia) on subject one of the popiars (Populus Petro MRfiCiKt'y n relation to tree fit Ihe frillow m duing- well that is the wpid slope upward tht high land upar Cardston and in approach the, mountains From the Porcupine HI115 west of Medicine Hat ai a height of about at ranch are several good 2171 feet sra to Calgarj tonh abdui miles weit) there is of 12fi7 and from Macleod the in more rapW for thp altitude of that foi n Is about Pincher ;Creek (only thln> fuilher west) Is some 800 J specimens of both ind poplar feet Conditions like these feet high and about It! years old, There (s alga a fine severi-ycar-old plantation with Russian noplara about miles east of Didsbury, and ii very interesting to note the contrast between them and the cottonwool in the next row beside The pop lars are from 12 to 36 high Hound to the have to all acb Dear's growth bud of the year 'all to jiave an influence on the ;cilhiate, ..and not infrequently these blpher regions art bv a touch of front weeks earlier than conntrv further east ;Thif' "higher 'district''.- of 'tbe pro- EYince mas br> deOnad A, hmg from' 4he boundary line north to about Olds a of some miles and in eludes all the count n nest and south ference In tlie two kinds of trees -mil of Spring Coulee Greek dis 101 be wondered at it is remem tftct, weat and south of the Piegan re-; bored that the. Russian poplar ma- the Porcupine .hiHs, and west; tures about- two weeks earlier than of; a Unit from Staveley on tbe Cal-i Ihe cottonwocd. There re also a plan- Mioleod line run liny to, tatlon with a fine lot o4 HuaBian pop Namaka on the main lliif of C I lars ibout ten miles oasi of Calgary P Ret of a line hetween1 and four miles toutheait of Shepard 3S ana 24 till the bnih counirj I v-hich N beclnnmg to make itg ap appearances begun from; the -ternilnal' before, while the cottonwooda are bushy -from continued, freexingy, and half of the composing ihe bushos are dead. ..The tallest Is only ahout seven and a half fcel. The.dif- pearance .over the intervening ridges a s one cornea up on the C. P. R. The-Rutiian poplar is not the most i .All.'tire country Included in this may lie claiRed the 'high from an arhoricultural pointj tree for general planting, as and it he fourd that! iti roots a tendeiu to throw up do quite veil further eaitj Buekeri. .and it may become not succeed jxen irom this CRUSP The. ulidrten riae from the Pacific.'but in aa'Ii well known, moisture' a treeless country it is better (0 a tree that, suckers and will from the ocean to low grow and make a rapid shelter than one that is continually freezing back. If Ihe' Russian poplar is placed well towards the of the plantation, there need he little trouble from suck- Sot all of the rain clouds Are] on wtntern slope, how for frequently, during, (he sum- ihirt a cloud may be seen the Bummit to fall In lure about the Russian poplar Wits Ktfa the higher and the i tendency to contriot stem caulker and .tothilli, which are in this way ui- the variety with the erect branches with a conilrlerabl) bet and lettec nith Iprob rainfall than countrj fur abb Popuhis oprtinensisl is partic enttt (The prairie rtins, unlets i ularh unfortunate in thU respecl Jn rue of are al Popului Petrofukl and Populun Woh always from the' north.) nil, with spreading branched and iJi'ttrieulttiril.'point of view, thick leaves.' arc pretty free from theM matteni vn important, .and I trouble of thip sort, and tttet are good local It leii in the older plantation! neighboring bay-fields and In: ever> case, where the maple was in its normal buahiness, the grass bad made no headway, hut was by the shading of all around, among, the elm; ash and cot- tonwood. flourishing. A good mixture for tbe high conn- trv-, in a plantation of fif teen rows wide, i.e.; '2'2 yards, JI.M.AV Al RP At RP AI RP M W M U M M cry sixth tree of the maple rows would he la this.mixture there would be ample provision: for soil shade and a few the more valuable and elm would be intro duced so that they might by-aml-b} work their way up as they found them- selves sheltered by the-other trees, The Russian poplar would be well in- side tbe plantation and .away from- any danger 'of suokering in the ad joining Preparations for Ptanung The question of water supply is the real crux of the situation in regard to tree growing, as it is in all other cropB on the unifies in South ern Alberta, with such a low rainfall, its conservation fs of first import- ance. This .makes necessary the prepara- tion of the previous to. planting bj breaking back setting and thorough fall-working on raw sod laud or siimmei fillow on stubble Tins preparation mellows, th-e soil, reduc- ing it to a fine tilth so that It will carrv the maximum" of'moisture over to the following year when tbe trees are planted! The time for breaking is.Important, and aha .best, time for .breaking may be defined a being In tho flush ol tbe growing i.e., .from about the middle to the end of Maj Sod 'when over at this time, rots readily, but U must 1m laid fiat and it will pay-even to run a .roller over it in order to lay R right-down. It should not be disked immediate- ly after breaking. This is a practice which may be all very well for winter wheat, but it makes a very .poor pre- paration-for trees. About six weeks after the sod is broken it should be quite well rotted .and should be back- set: ami the plow should run about two inches deeper-than the breaking. The soil thus broken up should at once bo disked and worked up. and, as soon at it la so worked, back-set. Leaving it even for a day allows the escape of far too much moisture it IK much more-difficult to work after- ward1.', A d-ep.j) plowing and further working in the fall will leave, it in line shape for taking trees hi .the spring. Keep Out the When back-setting Is left longer than six weeks, the lit tie speara of perennial anusa-roots which may. be unrooted get a chance to later on will cauee a lot of extra work In ,the plantation. If any-..of- these little Kruss patches do appear among the trees. It, will always pay well to fork thorn right out and They- ura not deep, only about four Inches, hut a ciiHlTnlor. or a hoc I" of no use Amlinc with them. A fork or u Bpmlo Is, the only sure .euro unit half a day 'spent tho flrat smn- mer itftcr planting will often bo time wel) "pent. Summti-Fallow Summor-fallow. 'nhould he done at the in-Qper time. If thin Is not done, tho jiropor function of summer-fallow is not inkon'advantage of, and, In- stead of colng into (he'winter rnelU and moist, the Iiiud gcu-s dry a bard with consomiGiH dotrlmeui. Ihe growth followiug. Sumo men st hav'o the Idea that summer-fallowii means allowing the weed's to grow then plowing ihemBinder for a yrei crop to enrich.the soil. That was tl method they followed fnrilver east al it is hard for them to undt stand anything different. They allo the weeds to Jiwe up all the molstu 11 the soil, and are surprised on tur iig up the land next spring to til them They need not bo prised, for there is only rainfall ough in the west to grow plants, uu when that has already been used up producing the weeds, there is noi rft for rotting them. Sunmier-fallo u the west is'for storing moistuv iVeeds are. of course, -destroyed he process, and ought to be, but tl main object is to store up tbe future plant growth. Th-e plowin should be done about the beglnnin of June, and the laiui packed harrowed the same day it is plowet V double stroke with the disk tn tli early itn excellent prepar; ion for summer-fallow, ns the loose ng of-the surface soil helps to kee he moisture from escaping, Cultiv ion during the summer to loosen th .urface soil and destroy weeds mu ,lways be done. Cultivation of the Trees After the trees arc planted, the houkl at once be cultivated to loose ioil and keep in the This is a matter that Is often neglec' d and the trees suffer, 'It does no ike long to-do, and it pays well, ne often finds a plantation doln well enough, but not i as -that of a neighbor's unde recisely similar conditions, even t be number of times the cultivate as used, the only difference betwee hem being that, one was cultivated a right time and the other was no' !n Other Parts of Alberta Witji the country to the In farming nPPrt hi i difficulty about tree-growing, fo ie same methods of preparation am found so siicceBsful in Sas atch-ewan and JFanitoha are just icceasful here, .and there is no more sk of damage from frost-hurt (indeed robtibly. less) than some of the istricts toward the north, two prov ices. The growing of trees In. the other arts 'of Alberta (i.e., north and easi Chinook country) does -1 materially' from jwhat .has .been d about the south. The winters j steady and the drying effects ie winds are not so apparent, but the saine cultivation, and preparation previous to just as neces sary as farther south, Arranging the plantation The. best way to arrange the plan> tations would plant, say, three belts, running north and south acrosa the farm, one on the extreme west, and the-other two one-third and two- thirds of the way across, respectfully These .would soon furnish shelter en- ough for all and lUien such a. movement'comes to h-e universally takeu UP, there will be; quite a change .DG appearance tn s prsir ies, as well ns In some of the: climatic conditions of the countu An alter native arrangement would-be to plant similar belts all around the fields, but as the prevailing winds m Southern Alberta are from the west southwest, probably the north and south strips would be best. In order that they may be establish- ed and maintained econoimcalH the plantations would require to be about jards wide and the trees three feet apart This seems close planting but it would mean at least one %ear matter of some importance to a busy farmer Trees at three feet apart usuallj re re only Uo jears cultivation while those at fom feet take three rears and sometimes more. Tbe cost need not be excessive. A few thousand cuttings of 'Russian pop- lar and willow and a thousand cotton- wood trees (these to he used as a supply nursery from 'which to get cut- tings for the plantations) and about two thousand maple, ash and elm seedlings every year would be sullic- :tnt to plant an acre, at 4840 trees to the acre. Planting can be done" at the rate of one thousand trees per day per man.- working with a spade, so (hit two men could.finish an acre.In about uvo and a half days. The poplars, cotlonwoods and willows would speed- ly reach n good height and furnish a deaf of shelter, which' could: r.ot.fiiil to .benefit th-a .land to :thej eastward of them, while the maples! would maintain the necessary ground shade and 'incidentally' develop into poles. Tr'ee-njnnttng has u great future in Alhtrta. H la a country-of very re- nt settlement, and thrirc is confie- luenlly loll: drift at nres ent. Bill It is also a "country of muc.h worse than its neighbors to the in a very few years he farmers of Alhorta will be face to 'ace with the problem many: of the 'armers of Saskatchewan are facing low, viz., the drift ng of the only In a more ac centtiated form. The growing of win ter-wheat, will help to some extent, but the only, sure and safe 'wiy ii for Service Must Speak A STORE is almost human. It is full of temperament. It affects each customer with the composite .personality of its man- agement and staff. m There are stores and stores. There are "grouchy" stores and "smiling" stores. There are flip- pant stores and dignified stores. And the peculiar thing about each is that the goods or the prices have little to do with the store's temperament. It is the personality of the store that colors and defines the character of the goods from the custom- er's view-point and wins or re- pels approval. The temperament or person- ality of a store is vividly ex- pressed in its face. The face of a store is its advertising. You can judge a store by its adver- tising the same as you-can judge a man by his facial expression. Stores that honestly try to serve their customers best sim- ply can't help advertising. It is the way of human nature that when we have spent the best of our brain power and physical and financial resources in build- ing up something worth while, our enthusiasm bursts forth into publicity. We simply cannot restrain the desire to tell others about it. In the long run, service is what you pay for, always. The goods, as goods alone, are inci- dental. Service implies quality, fair prices, safe treatment, arid honesty in every detail of every transaction. The service store is the "serving" store. It is also the honest-advertising store. By this, you may know it Advice i egarJtng your adoerlising problems is available through any iccogmzcd Canadian advertising agency, or through the Secretary of the Canadian Press Association, Room 503 Lumsdcn Bldg, Toronto Enquiry involves no obligation on your write, if interested. ach farmer to protect farm i stalks of wheat, biit whole fields, and planting trees j lie should think of the plantation in This wholesale planting maj appear! the same wa> One 0! Uo trees less but it i; little premature, but It is not. No ne will question the need of it, and know now what trees will grow nd the best way to set about growing em. There" are plenty of farmers ow In the country prosperous enough stand the little extra time neces- tc and maintain aa acre of trees If such plantations re ever undertaken (and they will be ime day) they might just be figured n as part of -vears work on tbe ,rm, and attended to systematically ite everything else; otherwise they ad far better -be left alone. Three four-rod belts across the elds would come to about twelve ac- s per quarter-section, and a planta- on of similar width all around would sixteen a very large a ml certainly not too much. K e country Is to have Its proper com- ement, of trees. .Such plantations ould answer, to some extent, the fviel lestion Tvhich IB Just as hkelj, m me hard winter in the future, to be- tef