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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 8, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta The Lethbridge Herald FOURTH SECTION May 1974 Pages 35-44 New approach viewed. for mentally retarded 'Dumping grounds9 not the answer More than Canadians are from the other 21.5 million Canadians. They are mentally retarded. About 25.000 of them are in institutions. Psychologists say this is not the way they should be treated and this first of three stories on a major social problem Lells low attitudes are changing. By R. J. ANDERSON The Canadian Press Once they were sent to an for society knew nothing else to do with them. They were the mentally re- persons with arrested and mental in- stitutions were designed as places where they could be helped. Psychologists now say con- finement is not the that too often institutions serve merely as They say the vast majority of those afflicted can be trained to become useful citi- to find and hold to be taxpayers and to marry. Eighty-five per cent of the Canadians so handi- capped are listed as mildly considered as edu- cable or tramable. A Cross-Canada Survey by The Canadian Press for Men- tal Retardation Week starting May 12 show that both the government and the concerned by a major social problem that is neither illness nor are swinging to the view that a new approach is needed. To the Canadian Association lor the Mentally Retarded the new approach is obvious Bring the mentally retarded into the community. The CAMR next week is spurring a drive for mil- lion in public contributions to Imance community-minded care The association is composed of voluntary many of them parents of retarded and professionals. It has nine provincial organ- is an associate 360 local branches For 25 years the association has campaigned for public often encountering age-old prejudice. The first battle was to pro- vide education for the re- and local associations had to build their own schools. But now school boards have accepted this responsibility almost everywhere. the associations campaign to set up sheltered workshops and also commu- nity residences for those who can no longer live at home. Most the CP sur- vey are moving in that direction. British Columbia has three institutions housing about 800 mentally retarded patients. About are cared for in community pro- grams. Dalton executive secretary of the B C. Associ- ation for the Mentally Re- said in an interview his organization and the pro- vincial government seek to decentralize care for the re- tarded Residential and fam- ily-support services are being established in many commu- nities B C has 30 sheltered workshops from which train- ees are moved into active work. Alberta also has large in- at Red Deer house there also are small centres lor retarded persons with families. Bernard Bryden of the Alberta Association for the Mentally Retarded said there is a move for the integration of these people into the For the first time in Can- total integration of the retarded into proj- ect known as Comprehensive Community Service Project being tested in Lethbridge. The provincial government budgeted to start the Lethbridge the ulti- mate goal of which is to have handicapped persons live nor- mal lives in homes in the community. The just getting under will make available to the handicapped patterns and conditions as Decline of motherhood Mass. If hospital nurseries don't resound with squalling of substantially more newborn infants in coming the -United States will be in for profound social change changes are slow. They are perceived only gradually. I don't think they will lead to violent dis- said Dr. Roger director of Harvard University's Centre for Population considering that for the first time Americans are not having babies fast enough to replace themselves. these changes will create problems. They will be a major force in the alteration of social The U.S. birth rate dropped below replacement level for the first time in It reached what population experts call an completed family of 1.9 children. The completed family size must be between 2.0 and 2.1 children if each generation is to replace itself. The in the 2lst century will have many more old people. Their numbers and expected medical advances will worsen problems of forced financial medical care and housing. Joseph Hair Styles All Your Hair Needs At Prices You Can UniPerm............................20.00 Other Perms ...............12.50 and up Bleach Retouch ...................17.0O Streaks .............................17.30 Color Framing ...........7.50 .............................9.50 Colors ................................9.OO Hair Cuts .....................3.0O and up Shampoo and Set ...........4.00 and up All Colors and Perms include Shampoo and Set. Rodeann a Maxine JOSEPH HAIR STYLES 922 5 Ave. N. Phone 328-7366 close as possible to the norms of everyday life. Saskatchewan was de- scribed by provincial author- ities as being in the process of transition from the concept of housing the mentally re- tarded in large institutions to maintaining them in small centres. It has 10 family each housing five and 14 sheltered workshops. Where the handi- capped are put directly into industrial employment and the number of residents in the two large institutions has been cut to fewer than so far this year from about last year. Manitoba also is moving from the concept of in- stitutional care for its handi- capped residents. In early there was only one com- munity residence but there will be 20 by the end of 1974. There also are 16 sheltered workshops and CAMR offi- cials said more community effort is needed in this field. Two of the community resi- dences are operated by Helen widow of Maitland a minister in the Duff Roblin Progressive Con- servative government. Nearly 100 sheltered work- shops have been established in six of them in To- ronto as in other trainees learn crafts and other skills. So Ontario associations have opened 27 home- Herald Family like residences in their own communities. Now the CAMR concen- trates on opening small resi- dences that blend with the housing only four to six residents. The Quebec Association for the Mentally Retarded as- sumes the main responsibility in Quebec for providing serv- ices to the mentally handi- capped but the provincial de- partment of education has set up special classes in schools. What is described as the first work station in in a semi-protected environ- opened recently in Montreal. It is called Can's Fashions. Special wards for the men- tally ill are maintained in four Nova Scotia hospitals. There also are eight group homes each housing between 50 and 150 residents over the age of 19 and four training centres for severely retarded children under 16. Vocational and life- support skills are taught in 19 adult service similar to sheltered workships. New Brunswick cares for about 350 retarded persons in foster homes and houses 275 in special wards in provincial hospitals. The province also has three community each housing eight to 10 and plans a fourth. The main institutional unit in Prince Edward Island is in Charlottetown where a hospi- tal ward houses about 60 se- vere cases. There also is a 21- bed hospital for young chil- dren where parents going on holiday may leave their af- flicted child. A network of fos- ter homes also operates and there are five sheltered work- shops. In the men- tally retarded are cared for in two government homes in St. John's. About 30 retarded children have been placed in foster homes. The Newfoundland Associ- ation for the Help of Retarded an associate mem- ber but not an affiliate of the started 10 taken over three years ago by the provincial government. The association operates an activity centre but there are no sheltered workshops. A retarded child looks through a fence surrounding and institution. HI Jordans Canada's Carpet Specialists Installed Broadlooms Jordans Four Leader made exclusively for Jor- dans by Burlington NOW for 2 weeks only completely installed at remarkable savings. 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