Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 8, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
Kissinger Veassures' U.S. allies Tuesday, May I, 1973 -THI LITHIRIDOI HttAlD 5 By Joseph Kraft, syndicated commentator WASHINGTON Professor Kissinger would have scorned the rhetoric statesman Kissin- ger was pleased to serve up the other day in his supposedly historic speech on relations with the allies. "New era of for example reeks cf the purest baloney. To be sure the baloney was dished out for the fine purpose of reassuring American friends in Western Europe and Japan. But it dees not set in motion a new departure. On the con- trary, the Nixon administra- tion, including Dr. Kissinger, seems not yet to have adjusted to the majr- features governing the changed relationship among the United States, Europe and Japan. Behind all this is the empha- sis placed by the president and Dr. Kissinger over the past years on improving rela- tions with Russia and China. In pursuit of that goal, they have not hesitated to friendly governments in Eur- ope and Japan. Indeed, t'.ie president's famous picture of a five-sided world seemed to im- ply that America held Western Europe and Japan even in the scales against Russia and China. In the absence of presidential stress on allied relations, more- over, all sorts of subsidiary American in Crests moved to ad- vance themselves at the ex- pense of the Europeans and the Japanese. Labor and business wanted new tariffs against in- dustrial competition. The invest- ment community wanted more favcralle exchange rates. Farmers wanted easier access to markets in Japan and Eur- ope. These pressures penetrated deep into the Congress, the various departments and even the lower rungs of the White House bureaucracy. From those offices there began to emerge crude demands that the Euro- peans and Japanese make econ- omic sacrifices for the United States or face the threat of an America disposed to let down the security guard. Since the Europeans and Ja- panese had long since stopped thinking seriously about secur- ity issues, those threats rubbed up against a vast store of self- compassion. Pretty soon there began to build, especially in Japan and West Germany- elaborate suspicions of a coming American bug-out. In his speech, Dr. Kissinger made noises well calculated to assuage suspicions. H e said anew that 1973 was the year of Europe. He said reas- suring things about the defence of Europe and Japan. He prom- ised "top political leaders" would take over the allied ac- counts previously left by Presi- dent Nixon and Dr. Kissinger "solely to experts." He implied that a statement of principles governing allied relations "a new Atlantic Charter" would be signed this fall. But having said that much, Dr. Kissinger went no further. Indeed, the signs indicate that the administration is not of one mind when it comes to the new features of relations with the allies. One of the new features is the energy crisis the excess of demand over supply, which worries all the advanced indus- trial countries. Dr. Kissinger cited energy in his speech as a problem requiring "new types of co-operative action." But only five days earlier President Nixon came out with an energy message which, far from favor- tog "new types of co-operative aims at American self-sufficiency. Another new feature is the critical importance of Japan. In his speech Dr. Kissinger twice assured the Japanese they would not be left cut of new arrangements with Europe. But he used rhetoric about At- lantic partnership and an At- lantic charter. That is the lang- uage of the dead past, and it suggests to the Japanese a get- together of the old-boys' club to which they might be admit- ted as servants. A third new feature is the pre-eminence of commercial problems over security prob- lems "the primacy of econ- omics." The great new possi- bility for Unking Japan, Eur- ooe and the United States in a grand progress toward totally free trade in industrial pro- ducts. But Dr. Kissinger said nothing about that. Neither did ,the presidents' trade message. Which is why the administra- tion's stand on trade carries all the moral grandeur of a bill of lading. In short, Dr. Kissinger has at best cleared the atmosphere. He still has to develop a framework for doing business with this ctnmtrys' friends and allies. He still has to persuade the admin- istration and the president to push for a new po'icy. In fact, he still has to adjust his own view to the primacy of econ- omics and the enwgence of Ja- pan. And failing that, he is still looking backwards. Book Reviews Plenty of statistics but no solution "The Case Against the Drag- ged by Andrew I. Mal- colm, Al.D. (Clarke, Irwin and Co. Ltd., 204 Until you get to chapter eight, the book is just what its title implies: case against the drugged While Dr. Malcolm, in his preface, takes a somewhat sarcastic swipe at the public's attitude towards drugs and claims that "it is a 1973 by NEA, IncT "With all the revelations cf FDR's secret romances-no wonder Eleanor had to run the great relief no longer to have to become hysterical sim- ply because some child is drop- ping acid" and that "it is plea- sant to realize that marijuana smokers do not tend to commit high he does so tongue in cheek. The first seven chanters are fairly and, in my opinion, ob- jectively divided into general observations of the Chemophi- lic Society. The author writes informatively about ancient leg- endary as well .as modern uses (or misuses) of drugs. He gives a single case history which all of us have seen time and time again in some of our children from Grade 12 upwards, if not before. It is the history of a bey from a good middle class hrne who graduallv becomes interested in school, drops out of the school orchestra, be- comes quite outspoken about the bankruptcy of the educa- tional, politcal and economic systems and even' other insti- tution in society that was cor- nrot. It is the well known, often repeated story of the boy who gets into like-minded corn- and progresses from mari- juana to speed, from amphet- amines to LSD. The case frs- tory is intriguing because of its familiarity and I read on and on to get to Dr. Malcolm's cure cf the problem. Alas, he offers none. He recognizes "the verv complicated problem" and ends the case history on this some- what hackneyed note: "If he can avoid the use of drugs that reinforce his agony he may be ab'e to resolve it." The chapter on ''contributors'' (to the drug problem) is again informative, objective and largely irrefutable and an in- dictment against chemists, pharmaceutical houses, adver- tisers, physicians, pharmacists, the people who are the ulti- mate consumers, educators, the media and the mob, and last but not least, the scholars and the idols. The author is taking a stand against the widespread concert of "wise personal choice" in the drug field and is of the opinion that "the disease con- cept of alcoholism" may be ap- plied too liberally. As a conse- quence he fears that a person using barbiturates to excess, for example, may also be "re- defined in the reassuring terms of regular illness." The figures he presents of drunk driving accidents that kill or injure people every year in North America are staggering and his idea of an "intoxication combination lock" is ingenious and much simnler than other electronic devices already being tried to foo drunk drivers from starting cars. That, however, seems to be the only workable answer to drug problems he has come to. For the rest of the first seven chapters, while informa- tive on names and variety of drugs used by athletes and the case against doping in sports, he has little to communicate that is new. From chapter eight onwards, Dr. Malcolm directs Ms energy almost entirely towards the task of discrediting the LeDain commission. While this com- mission's report undoubtedly invites some criticism and while it is anybody's right and duty to point out mistakes and short- comings of a government-spon- sored enquiry, into matters as important as the drug problem, I feel that much of the author's criticism is too vindictive and personal an attack to be entire- ly objective. As a layman 1 cannot refute or support his statements based on his medi- cal training and experience but, whatever may be said against the LeDain commission's rec- ommendations, they have at least tried to come up with some workable answers which is more than can be said for Andrew I. Malcolm, M-D, He ends his book with this pearl of widsom: "We remain, then, wi'h our imperfect and embattled liber- al democratic culture and, as a consequence of this, we still cannot entertain the beautiful fantasies of the Utopians. It follows that we must be willing to defend this less than ideal system as we continue to refine and improve it. We have a par- ticular view of social reality. It makes sense to us, and it is continuous with an extraordin- arily rich cultural tradition It is worth defending.'1 Very laudable sentiments if only the author had some con- structive ideas on how to im- plement them. EVA BREWSTER Love's devotion Wilma bought a purse acme di and saved of mone At acme, we have a tradition for low prices.That's because we cut frills. And buy our merchandise in volume. And that's why you can enjoy low distributor prices on brand name merchandise all year 'round. When it comes to prices, aCiTie does it up small for you 1 acme MERCHANDISE DISTRIBUTORS Year 'round low distributor prices "The DaugMsr of Earth and a Biography of Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley by Noel B. Gerson (George J.. McLeod, 280 pages. Mary Shelley was only 19 when she finished writing the classic Frankenstein. It was written in response to a con- test to see who could produce the best story about the super- natural. It was published anony- mously at first because women wipers were not recognized at that time. Once her authorship was revealed, her reputation as a novelist became at least as important as her husband's fame as a poet. She wrote sev- eral other successful novels but Frankenstein is the only one which has continued to be read with any frequency. Gerson's book recounts many of the ups and downs of the love and the lives of Mary and Percy Bysshe Shelley and makes fas- cinating reading. Miary was only 15 when she met Shelley. He was 20, married and about to become a father. Mary and Percy fell in love and several months later they ran away to live together. They were even- tually married in 1816 after She'oy's wife committed sui- cide. There were many tensions and tragedies in the Shelley s' life taut relationships with both their families, many finan- cial reverses, the death of sev- eral children, and finally, when he was only 29, the death of Shelley himself. Mary died when she was 54 after a life of considerable struggle, some successes and an undying devotion to the mem- ory of her poet husband. Other famous literary figures inter- acted with the lives of the Shel- leys and add interest to the story. Lord Leigh Hunt, John Keats and Charles Lamb were all friends of Mary and Percy. Daughter of Earth and Water is worth reading. ELSPETH WALKER Low-calorie recipes "Adelaide Daniels Weight Watching Cookcrv" by Adel- aide Daniels, (Clarke, Inv'n Company Limited, S5.S5. 1S2 Mrs. Daniels states in the in- troduction of this book, "Be- cause fat people love to cook and eat, they will welcome these recipes. What is more, they will" appreciate the fact that the dis'ies can be enjoyed within the limits of the weight watching program." Mrs. Danie's end her husbnnd established Weight Watchers of Ontario Limited in 1967. This is a separate program and not to be confused with Weight Watch- ers International Incorp. Ltd. Books in brief "Family Circle" by Mary Hocking, (Clarke, Irwin and Company Limited, 216 pages, This novel is about a very peculiar English middle class family and their helpful friend nicknamed Pug. As the story drags on, Pug discovers that the family is not as wonderful as it was supposed to be. I doubt if the final revelation worth the effort required to read this tedious book. TFRRY She also recently introduced the Canadian Family Meal Plan for Weight Watchers, which is a nutritionally sound diet plan available at weight watchers classes in Ontario and the Mar- itimes. Because Adelaide Dan- iels is a lecturer, columnist, author and business woman, supporting weight-watch- ing, she is well qualified to put together this recipe book. The book itself took over a year of preparation and con- tains over 600 low-calorie rec- ipes ranging from cocktails (non-alcoholicl, soups, salads, meats and vegetables to des- serts Shrimp Om- elette, Strawberry Mousse and Turkish Coffee are some of the gourmet dishes included, and may he enjoyed within the lim- its 'of the weight-watching pro- gram. As related in the Preface of this book "Another group o f people who can find help in my cookbook are those whose doc- tors for one or another rea- son have told them to restrict their fat or sugar intake, or both." With spring on the way and summer around the corner, peo- ple fighting the battle of the and those wanting to lose a few extra pounds, could find using these recipes interesting. HELEN KOVACS A Christian circus? By Noel Buchanan, Herald After two in Lethbridge recently, one question must be asked is Key 73 a Christian circus providing gospel enter- tainment or a genuine soul probe in South- ern Alberta? Long musical marathons highlighted a youth rally in St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church and a ssrvice of Christian witness at Soutfcminsler United Church. The Vulcan Purple Band, the Knelson Family Musicians from end the New Dawn singers from Calgary present- ed the musical package. Between testimon- ies and B.'blical reminders of "the return of the st least two cf the groups managed to work in a promotion for long- record albums. Several rally participants commented the music sessions each evening were much too long. Two junior high bays from the LeUibridge Pentecostal Tabsr- racle noted the music and testimonies were "all the same stuff" at both rallies. Some laymen pondered why imported tal- ent was used in the city raJlies are there no musicians in Lethbridge church- es? Surely, the Salvation Army band could march up onto the podium and share the Key 73 spotlight with, say, a hallelujah chorus from the Pentecostal Tabernacle. Other laymen pondared the value of evangelistic meetings inside a church sanc- tuary. Tor youth rallies, why not a more in- formal coffee shop setting with musicians mingling wii.li the audience on the floor; for the service of Christian witness, a meet- ing in a neutral auditorial or outdoor set- ting where the gospel liberally can con- front the secular audience? Rev. Albert Baldeo assured the Sunday evening crowd several Key 73 meetings are planned later in the year. Howevar, organizers were unable to give any specific date for the next function. Key 73 is a evangsl'sm thrust by Christian churches and laymen's organization. The ear-long venture se.ks to call the continent to Christ via rallies, Bible distribu'ion, doorstep evangelism, television programs and other individual and joint church outreaches. Implementation of Key 73 activities hi Lethbridge hasn't been without a few thorns. On one hand, several denomina- tions have a sparkle in their prosyletizing eye when they see Key 73 as a grand evan- galJsiic thrust. Others appear to view the program as a chance to worship together across denominational barriers, thus quiet- ly demonstrating Christian love. Some clergy, while publicly involved in Key 73 programs, confess privately to their congregations misgivings they have about the program. "I would denounce the Key 73 organiza- tion if I had to compromise on the Gos- one prominent city clergyman said in a recent Sunday morning service. "Since reading same of the comments of Word of Life evangelist Jack Wyrtzen. my thinking MI Key 73 has changed. The good part is that evangelicals can and should get together to preach the gospel. But there is a world of difference between engaging in a public discussion with a lib- eral theologian and asking him to pray in a service. Believers and unbelievers can't work together to win souls.'' No doubt, a repeat performance of the Saskatoon revival of two years ago would make Key 73 altogether worthwhile for many supporters. In Saskatoon, shoppers returned taken from stores, marriage problems were resolved, theatres screening allegedly Obscene films Were picketed, and long even- ings of confession, testimony and reconcil- iation occurred in community churches. The revival began quietly and spread far beyond church walls in impact. Saskatoon residents were genuinely both- ered by a strong Christian stand taken by some of their neighbors. But, for the most part in Southern Al- fa .eta, the Key 73 flcme has burned lo v. A? Ed Hilz of the Vulcan Purple Band at the youth rally: "Do ym- o-'.n but don't bother your neighbor." ir Report to readers Doug Walker Good and bad news Newspapers contain only bad news so the old bromide goes. Newspapermen have a penchant for reporting the sordid and sensational; they miss all the things that are good and of lasting significance. Experiments have been made in publish- ing newspapers with nothing but good news in them. The papers tend to grow for a while and then perish. It is an illu- sion to think that all the disagreeable things in life can be ignored; the unreal- ity soon palls and people want to face the world as it. is. There are some newspapers that spec- ialize in reporting the grime of life. Unlike the publications dealing with sweetness and light these wretched rags have a tendency to flourish. The explanation for this eludes me unless it is that readers get a better image of themselves by reading about peo- ple who are worse than they are. Most newspapers try to give some sort of balance between the good and bad. Those who do not believe this should, for a period of tune, go through the paper and tote up the good and bad news items. They will probably not find a balance but they might be surprised at how much good news there is. One of the complications in making such an assessment is the fact that good news for one person may be bad news for an- other. A news item about members o f the Irish Republican Army dipping into the coffers for their personal advantage is a case in point. Despite the perfidiiy in- volved, this is good news for those who recognize that fewer bombs would go off end fewer rcunds of ammunition fired willi a resultant saving of lives in Ulster. But supporters of the IRA would see it quite differently. It should bj readily conceded by journal- ists that some things go unreported be- cause the significance of them is not rec- ognized. The launching of an experiment in a laboratory might be the step that eventually leads to the conquest, of cancer. But all the multitudes of experiments can- not be reported on the chance that they be part of a glorious story. Exclu- sion of s'ciies is one way of holding down the tally cf depressing news since the majority of experiment probably lead cjily to failure. Journalist, who are incipient historkns, cannot he expected to be more perceptive and unbiased than professional historians. When one considers the amount of distor- tion people have been taught from history taxtbooks, written by skilled assessors of the past, a modicum of patience might be in order regarding the profferings of journ- alist. Professional hisioriar.s do rot even have the excuse of working against the daily deadline. News editors always have more stories at hand than they have space in which to print them. The Herald, for instance, has space for less than half of what comes over tha wires. In selecting what wire news will be printed, the judgment of news editor Klaus Pohle and h i s associates Murray Brown and Laurie Graham conies into play. They give priority to stories that seem to have the greatest impact on the world scene, placing these on the front page along with at least one story of local interest. It is popularly believed that editors "bury" stories, about which they are not sympathetic, in the inside or back pages. There are stories that editors might or- dinarily put on the front page which will some days get knocked out of the psuer entirely, not simply be relegated farther bade, because so many bigger stories break that day. Sometimes there isn't room on the front page for a story that would be violated by drastic cutting so it is put farther back where more space can be givsn to it. A ston" isi'i necessarily demeaned by not appearing on the frcnt Our read- ing habits are such fiat an item in the middle or bottom part of the front psc-3 might not be as well read as on? at 'hs top of an inside page. The selective pro- cess is not only to be found in reporters and editors but in rc-aders as well. Few- people read everything on a page: they skip around, stopping here and as headlines and size of the story catch their attention. It is up to readers, to some extent, what kind of news they will allow into their consciousness. I don't read about Howard Hughes or Elizabeth Taylor because it 'si't cf Eny CoTsequerre, frr as I see, Hughes holes up or what E'izDbe'h pets for her birthday. I w ill rt-ad on crime trends but bypass most particular- ized local court stories which s'rike me as akin to gossip. I would be haopy to have the news editors kill that kind of stuff but since they don't I try to ignore it; others can do the same. The tempter By Dong Walker Pat Sullivan and I are very close to one another we are separated in our offices only by a half partition. There is one thing that Pat can't understand about me: how can a baseball nut like me get along with- out cable TV, confined to viewing only the Montreal Expos? Well, it's tough, I can tell you, but for peace in my home I endure the limi'.-' After a long season of hockey, end_ng with playoff games galore, I am already treated as some kind of pariah by my wife. II I was to intrude endless baseball games into the situation who knows what would happen?