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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 8, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Friday, May I, Dev Murarka Peking May Take Lead In Indochina Twenty-Five Years Later Twenty-five years ago today the Nazi regime in Germany capitulated and ended the European phase of the Second World War. Germany was divided into two states in which increasingly the East-West confront- ation of the post-war era came to focus. There was a time when it appeared that a third world war might be spawned in the German tension. Today, however, the crisis areas have shifted to Southeast Asia and the Middle East. The remarkable fact is that the tension between the two German states has diminished to the point that the new generation of West Ger- mans is in favor of ending the con- frontation and making out of Ger- many a bridge to the East instead of a bridgehead. West Germany's Chancellor Willy Brandt has struck a chord of resonance among West Germans with his policy of rap- prochement with the East and they support the recognition of East Ger- many as a sovereign state. This does not necessarily mean that Europe has ceased to be a cru- cial area for the future. The full con- sequences of Herr Brandt's new policy cannot be assessed. It is note- worthy that lie recently visited the United States in an attempt to per- suade the Nixon Administration to maintain its military strength in Europe.' The Kremlin obviously is not trusted even though tension has abated. It would be wisiiful thinking to sup- pose that if war broke out between the two big powers Europe would be exempt from the action. This as- sumes of course, that the nuclear ar- senal would not immediately be brought into play. Nuclear warfare might exempt- many parts of the world from land battle but none from the deadly effect of fallout and fire storm. There doesn't appear to be much to lose in any effort to improve relations in Europe. If the tensions over Southeast Asia and the Middle East can be kept from leading to a world war it is not inconceiveable that the rapprochement of West Germany with East Germany could make a significant contribution to- ward a lessening of over-all tension. That such a prod toward peace should come out of Germany twenty-five years after the defeat of the Nazi re- gime is remarkable and gratifying. A Divided House The United States is a very divided nation. Division extends from the general populace to the Congress and may even be found in the Presi- dent's own official family. James Reston of the New York Times, and dean of commentators, wrote from Washington on Tuesday that the feeling in the Capitol is one of deep puzzlement. He said the main question was not what is hap- pening in Indochina but what is hap- pening at the White House. There is a suspicion that the decision to strike in Cambodia was carried out against opposition and perhaps by deception. In support of this suspicion a news Item two days later reports a Con- gressional disclosure of testimony given by State Secretary William Rogers to the House of Represent- atives appropriations committee be- fore the President's decision to send troops into Cambodia. In that testi- mony Mr. Rogers asserted that no American troops would be sent to Cambodia and added that if they did go in "our whole (Vietnamization) program is defeated." Although Mr. Rogers has made an administration authorized television appearance along with Vice-President Spiro Agnew to apparently quell the rumors of dissension in the Presi- dent's own house it did not succeed in achieving its purpose. It is re- membered only too vividly how the Johnson Administration gave the outward appearance of unity when later disclosures showed there had been some dissent. The letter sent to the President by Interior Secretary Walter J. Hickel critical of the White House attitude toward the anti-war young people of the country and the resignation of President Nixon's youth adviser Anthony J. Moffett, may not bear directly on the Cambodian issue but they indicate a lack of complete accord. These expressions of dissent certainly are more than rumor. A divided house means trouble on a large scale. It was bad enough that the nation should be divided and a deep rift should exist in the Congress but it would be very serious if there should be conflict among the President's advisers. The situation in the United States could very well become a greater concern than what is happening in South- east Asia. It is a sad and unfortunate truth that, except for adequate knowledge of reproductive processes, phsysi-. cians as a group are grievously ignorant and actually rather prud- ish in matters of sexuality. James L. McCary, professor of psychology at the University of Houston. Art Buchwald WASHINGTON It is not generally known but there is a top secret com- puter, located within the continental limits of the United States, which has stored in its memory bank all reasons that a presi- dent can use to justify military actions without the consent of Congress. This Com- puter makes it possible for the Command- er in Chief in a matter of moments to produce the phrases that can be included when explaining why he has chosen to take a certain course of action. As soon as President Nixon made his decision to invade Cambodia, the computer went into action. A White House speech writer who was plugged into the computer tapped out the following message: 'What would be our reason for going into The computer replied, "To shorten the war in Vietnam." The speech writer lapped back. "Why are we going in at this "Because the enemy has been using Cambodia as a vast staging area and re- fuge which has become intolerable." The speech writer continued, "What will this decision do to the American The computer replied, "It will be a basic test of their will and character, and it will show that the American people honor their commitments." "How will this decision affect the Com- munist "It will make them realize that the United Slates will not act like a pitiless helpless giant when faced with a military threat." "Is that "You can add that when a real crisis comes, America won't be found wanting." "What is the easy thing that the presi- dent could The computer was silent for a moment, then it replied, "The easy thing for (he president to do is to bring all our lioops home immediately, to accept defeat, to desert the South Vietnamese people and to get a peace at any price, a peace of humiliation." "What is the hard thing for the president to "To do what's right. To bring the war to a successful conclusion." "Is this an invasion of the aide asked. The computer seemed to flounder. "Re- peat the question." The White House aide repeated the ques- tion. "No, this is not an invasion of Cambodia. We are just destroying areas that have always been in the hands of the Viet Cong. The president is really trying to avoid a wider war." "Thank you. Please give us some phrases about the Cambodian people." "They are freedom-loving democratic peoples trying lo seek their own destinies." "What about all the Vietnamese people they killed in their "Omit." "What have the North Vietnamese vio- "Cambodia's neutrality." "What are we doing in the aide asked. "Helping to protect their neutrality." "How will this affect the president poli- The computer paused. "Are you the aide lapped out. "I'm the computer tapped back. "How about this? Whether Ire is a one-term president of a Iwo-term president is insignificant compared to whether America becomes a second-rate power and accepts the first defeat in its proud 100 year history. That should do it." "Thank you." the aide tapped, "We'll be back lo you in case (lie speech is loo short." (Toronto Telegram News Service) TVr 0 S C 0 W Tiie invasion of Cambodia by Ameri- can and SouIh Vietnamese forces has raised Russian fears of increased Cliinese influence in the Indo-Chinese region as a whole. The presence of the Chi- nese Prime Minister, Chou En. lai, at the conference between the exiled Prince Sihanouk of Cambodia and Vietnamese and Laotian Communist leaders last week on Chinese territory is a significant pointer to the Rus- sians of how tile intensification of tlie conflict is helping China to extend its influence without paying any high price for it. The Russians share the Am- erican assessment of Chinese policies in Indochina in con- sidering Chinese military inter- vention unlikely. Indeed, hints are being dropped here that the Cliinese may have specifically conveyed this to the Uniled Stales. It is believed in Moscow that the Cliinese will conf i n e themselves to verbal support. At the most, they may supply some weapons to the North Vietnamese, the Laotian rebels and pro-Sihanouk Cambodians. For China this is a relatively inexpensive way of consolidat- ing her influence in the region. But the gains are not insignifi- cant. For one thing, the Chi- nese want tlie conflict to go on indefinitely. As long as the war was confined to the Americans and the Vietnamese, chances of a settlement were still not ruled out. But now that it involves Letters To The Editor Misleading Statements On Pollution Please allow me to comment on some potentially misleading statements in a letter entitled "Detergent Pollution" by Frank Wilson, General Man- ager of Amway of Canada, Ltd., (The Herald, April 28, First, Mr. Wilson attempts to relate "foaming" with "deter- gent pollution." While it is true that the foaming characteris- tics of early detergents brought them to the attention of the public through the mountains of suds they produced in sew- age treatment plants and in some rivers, it is both false and misleading to infer that "no foaming" means "no pol- Second, Mr. Wilson invokes the magical term "biodegfad- All that this means is that a chemical substance may be broken down by the meta- bolic activities of living orga- nisms. "Biodegradable makes 10 reference to either toxicity or to the length of time neces- sary to accomplish the break- down. For example, both DDT and thah'domide are "biode- but no one would agree that they thereby cause no problems. Thirdly, Mr. Wilson makes the absurd statement that the problem of high phosphate lev- els in our waterways "bears little or no relationship to the 'detergent pollution' referred to on our SA-8 package." Cer- tainly, Amway of Canada, Ltd., is free to define "detergent pollution" in any way it wishes; but to do so and there- by deviate from accepted en- vironmental and ecological 'Drag Strip' Issue That our anti-noise bylaw as regards noisy motor bikes and noisy autos is not being largely observed is readily realized when the present motor vehicle noise level is noted to be equal or beyond that preceding the implementation of the new anti- noise bylaws. It is fairly correct to say that those currently requesting a "drag strip" are largely the ones responsible for most of the unnecessary motor noise level consistently being affected The Mark Doesn't Matter Open letter to Todd Fisher, Lethbriclgc, age 8 years. Dear Todd: I don't think 8- year-olds read much of the newspaper so maybe your dad will see this letter and read it to you. I'd like you to know about it. I heard you play your guitar in the Lethbridge Music Festi- val last week. I think you were a little disappointed in your mark and so was I. But I want- ed to tell you, Todd, lhat hio mark doesn't mailer lhat is just the adjudicator's way of doing it what is important is that you did it at all! It takes an awful lot of work and ef- fort to learn to play the guitar, and for an eight-year-old it is difficult just to stretch his litllo hand around the neck so his fingers can press the strings. I don't know much about mu- sic and I don't know guitar So They Say Within the last two years the dream of American equal- ity and commitment to that equality has been dying. We are returning lo the racism, the blatant racism, of the past. Don Edwards, D-Calif., denouncing Georgia Gov. Lester Maddcx for passing out ax handles in Ihe House restauranl. lechnique, but I do know that you made that guitar sing and for that you receive 100 per cent on my score sheet. Please keep on playing your guilar, learning and loving, it; you have a world of enjoyment for yourself and others at your fingertips. Good luck to you. MOTHER OF 2 YOUNG GUITARISTS. Lelhbridge. against this community, and while they wait for tlie "drag strip" they make a substitute out of most of our city streets and avenues and there is little doubt that they will continue to do so, drag strip or" not, until they are stopped. To see city council playing ball with these thoughtless, ir- responsible, or selfish people on this "drag strip" issue just about surpasses credibility, and if our city police would park near any, slop sign or signal lights .in this city they would find more than ample reasons to lay disturbance charges, bolh in Hie condition of the vehicles operated and the manner in which they are accelerated. I suggest that there must be many areas where these Ihous- ands of dollars now being con- sidered for a "drag slrip" lo satisfy a group who have prov- en lliemselves to be bad citi- zens, could be spent for much better purposes and probably for the benefit of a more de- serving people. considerations Is misleading and not in the public interest. Fourthly, Mr. Wilson is cor- stating that phosphates enter our waters from a varie- ty of sources, including indus- trial effluents, agricultural sources and municipal sewage. However, he fails to point out (quite understandably) that de- tergents are the largest single source of phosphates in' muni- cipal sewage. Finally, Mr. Wilson is correct in declaring that pollution in- volves "responsibility in every segment of our community." I would only point out that Mr. Wilson's letter does not stand up as a classic example of that responsibility. Oh, yes, Amway of Canada, Ltd., does produce a non-phos- phate detergent, LOC, and PC- SA recommends it. But PC-SA does not recommend the use of Amway Trizyme (52.S per cent Amway SA-8 (36.5 per cent Amway detergent for automatic dish- washers (34 per cent phos- phate) and Amway Water Softener (73.5 per cent phos- PAUL D. LEWIS, JR: Chairman Board of Directors Pollution Control-Southern virtually all the people, they will be more in- dined to take the Chinese ad- vice to prolong the fighting to the bitter end. In fact, they have no alternative but to fol- low this course which will auto- malically make them more de- pendent upon China for mili- tary help, supplies and sanc- tuaries. Although it is certain that tha Russians will also step up their arms supplies in North Viet- nam and the Communist guer- rillas there arc geographical factors in favor of Ciiina for which the Russians cannot com- pensate. Since Moscow, too, has no desire for a direct confronta- tion with the United States, the Russians will have to be con- tent with supplying arms and rallying diplom a t i c support against American policy. In this they are likely to encounter Chinese obstruction and this could have a significant effect on their relations with Peking. If the conflict in Indochina be- comes drawn out over a long period, and no sober analyst of the military situation is pre- pared to predict otherwise, it will put a new strain on those relations. The Vietnam war had already caused difficulties but, with ine future of South East Asia at stake, the Russians are unlikely to leave all the run- ning to the Chinese, while any Cliinese obstruction will cause irritation and anger in Moscow. The Russians rail have to take counter measures to un- dercut tlie Chinese gains but it is going to be a difficult task. Aoart from military and diplo- matic support, they will also try to influence Ihe leaders of Indochina to avoid exclusive dependence upon China. Tire Russians may, for in- stance, try to recognize the Si- hanouk Cambodian United National Front and persuade him to visit Moscow for consul- tations and offers of aid in the struggle. Significantly, the First Secretary of the North Vietnamese Communist Party, Le Duan, has been in Moscow since the Lenin centenary cele- brations on April 22. Little of what was discussed rath Mm has leaked out but in view of the deteriorating situation in Ins area, it is obvious that con- sultations of a nature have goie on between him and the Soviet leaders. The Russians want to understand future Vietnamese strategy and tactics in the military field against the Americans. The brunt of supplying weapons, particularly of a more sophisti- cated nature, would have to be home by the Russians and their shipments arranged. The Rus- sians will also be interested in finding out the possible peace terms which might be accept- able to Hanoi. There should be no illusion that the American move into Cambodia has made peace chances brighter. In fact, it may postpone the day of peace to some future date after a long period of warfare. But the Rus- sians want to keep channels for a peaceful solution open and this cannot be done without Hanoi's co-operation and only on Hanoi's terms. The Cambo- dian situation is likely to alter the perspective of Hanoi and the Russians must assess it ac- curately. The presence of Le Duan In Moscow is useful for the Rus- sians since he is'known to be ideologically to them and also a moderate in his do- mestic policies. His visit here, therefore, is an indication to the Russians that Peking's influ- ence in Hanoi, though growing, is still not overwhelming and they would like to keep it that way. Their fear, however is that, thanks to the Americans, even moderates like Le Duan in Hanoi might be thrown into the arms of the Chinese, Soviet military aid notwithstanding. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) Lelhbridge. CITIZEN. Public Spirited LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 Electrically operated torpedoes loaded with whiskey are being used across the De- troit river from the Canadian side to the United States. The informant told the authorities he had been watching the oper- ation for some time. As you are aware, Pollution Control Alberta and the Lethbridge Consumers' As- sociation have been conducting a pick up campaign of a high phosphate detergent, Arctic Power, which has been distri- buted, unsolic i I e d, lo many homeowners in Lelhbridge. Tlie campaign has been in operation for nearly a week, and we con- sider it lo be a great success: Over 200 boxes of detergent have been collected from home- owners who do not want to be forced into the role of being polluters. We would have been unable to achieve any measure of suc- cess, however, without the pub- lic spirited aid of the mana- gers and staff of Ihe three A and W Drive-In restaurants in Lelhbridge. When the campaign started, we telephoned A and W, explained the problem and what we were Irying lo do about it, and asked for assistance.' They quickly agreed to serve as drop-off depots. It is for their help that we wish to express, publicly, our gralilude. Pollution affects the environ- ment in which we all live. It is only by working together that we may be able to counteract it. We appreciate the example set by A and W. PAUL D. Jr. Chairman, Pollution Control, Southern AlbcrU- will go to Hie polls in Canada this summer possibly in July. Premier Mac- kenzie King, who has held of- fice for the pasl four years an- nounced a irew endorsement would be sought in a appeal to the people. military prep- arations are being carried out in Holland as reports of Ger- man columns converging on their country are received. abandoned its fight to hold back the flood wa- ters as all but one of the city dikes has been swept away. 1960-The pilot of an Ameri- can plane, Francis Garry Pow- ers, who was shot down over Russian territory, is said to be alive and in Russian hands, ac- cording to Soviet reports. The lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published IMS 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Seconi Clasa Mall Reelstrallon Number ami of The Canadian Press and lha Canadian Daily iVewiiutw Association and Ihe Audit Bureau of Clreulatlouj CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing hilHor Associate Editor HOY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. Advertising Manager Editorial KdiUr "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;