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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 8, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 10 THt IFTHBRIB6I HtHALD Friday, Moy 8, 1970 No Bloat With Saiifoiii Bit. II. n. HANNA, Research Scientist (Legumes) Five years ago, few people in Canada had heard of the peren- nial forage legume, sainfoin. Today this crop is familiar to many farmers and ranchers, and it is being tried all across Western Canada in plots rang- ing in size from a lew square feet to a hundred acres or more. There are several reasons for the booming interest in sainfoin. The main one is that it does not induce bloating in livestock. Therefore, it has attracted at- tention as a potential pasture crop. Sainfoin also has been brought to the attention of the Canadian fanner through the success of the Eski variety in Montana. About acres of Eski are being grown ttere for hay and pasture, plus several thousand acres for seed pro- duction. The most recent upsurge in Interest has resulted from the release of Melrose, the first va- riety of sainfoin to be edvelop- ed and licensed in Canada. In tests all across the prairie re- gion, Melrose has been super- ior to Eski and other introduced strains in forage and seed yield and in winterhardiness. The va- riety was selected from mater- ial introduced from the USSR, whereas Eski and most other available types are either of Turkish origin or imported from eastern and central Eur- ope. The entire seed slock of Melrose has been turned over to seed growers in Alberta, Sas- katchewan, and Manitoba; the first crops of Foundation and Certified seed will be harvest- ed in 1971. Because Melrose has been .un- available for general use in Canada, farmers wishing to grow sainfoin have had to ob- tain seed of Turkish and Euro- pean strains. The price charged for this seed has suggested that seed production of sainfoin in Canada should be a -jrofitable enterprise. However, it should be borne in mind that the mar- ket for seed of these unlicensed strains may be rather limited once the Melrose variety be- comes generally available. Furthermore, the hay and pasture potential of the more recent introductions has not yet been fully evaluated, so there is little justification for grow- ing them for seed at the pres- ent time. A mimeographed bulletin on sainfoin has recently been pre- pared and is available from the Research Station at Leth- bridge. It provides information on sources of seed and on the establishment and management of the crop for hay, pasture, and seed production. FARM VEGETABLES According to the Dominion Bureau of Statistics, the total farm value of commercial veg- etables grown in Canada in 1969 was million dollars. Who's got the fastest start in boat ing... in every model? Only us. With Thunderbolt ignition. Now on all 1970 Mercurys (Breakerless Thunderbolt on 40-hp- and-up Mercs; new Maker-Point Thunderbolt on 20- to 4-hp Thunderbolt zaps up lo volts to your spark plugs in microsec- onds so fast, that voltage can't leak away. Togelherv.'ith Perma-Gap "lifetime" spark plugs, Thunderbolt does away with stubborn starts, rough idle and preignition common to-ordinary outboards. You'll run clean on a mixture of regular gas and oil, too! Thunderbolt: for the fastest, surest start in boating. Come see. FIRST FOR CANADA 400 feet of fibre-glass ir- rigation pipe manufactured by Northwest Industries of Edmonton, is being installed four miles east of Grassy take, as an experimental venture with the St. Mary River Irrigation district. Pressure test gauges are installed every three feet along the length of the pipe, designed to measure the strength and resiliency of the 20 foot tubes during the next two years. (Cost of the pipe will be com- petitive with concrete.) This instalment is part of construct- ion programs presently under way in the soufiiern Al- berta irrigation districts made possible by the government cost sharing program. 'Agro Outlook By Sieve T BEAD a news release the other day concerning pesticida pollution, and felt some good points were made. Lately a lot of people have appointed themselves "instant in the field of pesticide pollution, and some of these people and organizations have gained strength and attention through spectacular displays and actions'. Pointed out in the release was the question, "Are these pesticides at fault, or is it the management of them that is at Recent studies performed by the Alberta department of agriculture showed misuse of pesticides' to be one of the greatest contributing factors in problems encountered thus far with DDT and other mercurial compounds. Government agencies are not condoning the use of mer- curial pesticides, other than as a dispensary program, but ad- vantageous progress will not be made in the war against pollu- tion if hysteria and panic are the main driving factors. Diversification is the trend on the Prairie's Ihis year, and in southern Alberta, many farmers will be attempting to grow crops they have f-ever grown before. Figures released by Federal Grains Ltd. indicate a shift from cereal grains into crops like azuki beans, millett, sun- flowers, buckwheat, corn and oriental mustard, all of which have acreage contracts in Alberta this year. About 200 acres of azuki beans1 have been contracted in southern Alberta, and 60 acres of millett in three 20 acre lots. There will be about acres of sunflowers, acres of buckwheat and acres of corn. (The market for nearly all of these crops will be With such limited acreage, these crops are not expected to drastically alter the position of the Prairie grata farmer, but plans for future market expansion are presently under way. MERCURY OUTBOARDS COMPLETE RANGE OP POWER: 135.115. 80, 65. 50. '.0. 20. 4 HP SILVER STAR INDUSTRIES 6lh Avo. and SI. 5. Phone 37.8-4850 Government Sponsors Pork Drive The Alberta Hog Producers Marketing Board and the Alber- ta Department of Agriculture will undertake a joint advertis- ing and publicity campaign to promote sales of Alberta pork and pork products in both Al- berta and B.C. For the promotion drive the Alberta government will pro- vide approximately plus some staff. The 'campaign will start at Edmonton May 16 and be fol- lowed later by similar pro- grams in Calgary and Vancou- ver. During the campaign pork recipes and meals will be em- phasized on radio, TV and in press features. Hon. H. A. Ruste, Alberta ..linister of agriculture, said the decision to take part in the pro- motion program stems from the government's desire to promote Alberta products and at the same time help producers to help themselves. He said Alber- j la has a great potcnlial for pro- ducing pork but unless mar- kets can be expanded both at home and abroad producers aren't likely to receive realistic or equitable prices for their product. SUGAR YIELD The total yield of 1969 sugar beds were 1 tons with tho, average yield pur acre being! H.8 Ions. i C. t. SIBBALD AGRI-BUSINESS LTD. ANNOUNCEMENT Calendar Of Farm Events May to Chain Demonstra- tion May City, Livestock Experiment Station Field Day May Cattle Breeders Association Bull Sale May Annual Performance Test Bull Sale May Breeders of Calgary A.I. School June Cattlemen's Association Toiir of Southern Alberta June For the Al- berta Institute of Agrologists Convention June of Alberta Feeders Day June Marketing Workshop June Spring Bull Sale How To Store Potatoes By DENNIS E. DAUBY, Regional Agricultural Engineer Alberta Depl. of Agriculture, Letlibridgc, Alberta. Ono of the bright prospects for agriculture in 1970 will be increased potato and vegetable production. In recent years, there has been more of a need for longer and longer storage periods, un- til some producers will be stor- ing essentially for 12 months of the year. This requires top quality storage and environ- mental control. Storage quality is related pri- marily to the ability of the storage system to provide good environment control; the prop- er humidity, temperature and ventilation for long storage. What are the qualities of a good storage? Good storage is synonymous with good ventila- tion. Ventilation provides the following essential ingredients: Air movement through the pile of potatoes to remove heat, provide uniform temperatures, heal damaged potatoes, and re- tard the spread of rot organ- isms which may develop. Temperature control. This is particularly important dur- ing warm weather of fall and spring. Highest possible relative humidity (95 per cent) to min- imize dehydration (shrinkage) losses. A means to effectively dis- tribute sprout inhibiting chem- ical through the potatoes to pro- long storage life. Ventilation is b e s t accom- plished by circulating air through a network of ducts un- der the pile of potatoes. A fan, ductwork, humidifier and tem- perature control louvers are re- quired. The correct air tem- perature is obtained by blend- ing a proportion of cold out- door air, by means of thermo- statically controlled louvers, with inside air which is being recirculated. Forty two de- grees is considered best for most storage applications. Al- though lower temperatures pro- mote longer storage, conver- sion of starch to sugar pro- ducts below 40 degrees causes brpwning or blackening during cooking. Reliable design data suggests that air distrib u t i o n ducts should be placed 10 feet apart under the potatoes. An air flow of 10 cfm per ton of potatoes is sufficient for temperature control throughout the pile. Good ventilating systems will cost from to per ton of storage cap a c i t y. This cost must be compared to the ex- pected benefits to evaluate a system for any particular stor- age. Stiuctural requirements of storages should meet three con- ditions; thr storage must with- stand potato pressure on side walls, it must provide a very well insulated shell in order to maintain temperature and hu- midity, and a storage must be reasonably convenient to work in. The insulation factor is pos- sibly the most critical. The higher the insulating value of the building surface, the great- er can be the relative humidity before condensation becomes a problem. Eight to ten inches of fibreglass balls or equivalent are excellent for roof surfaces, six inches for side walls. A good vapour barrier' on the inside of the insulation is essential. FOR SALE FULL LINE OF VERSATILE EQUIPMENT 1967 D118 VERSATILE TRACTOR 1967 MODEL 420 VERSATILE SP COMBINE 1967 15 FT. VERSATILE SWATHER with pick-up reel 1969 63 FT. VERSATILE SPRAYER 1967 78 FT. DEEP TIL CULTIVATOR with harrows 1967 35 FT. VERSATILE AUGER with motor 1967 F500 FORD TRUCK, 16 ft. box and hoist 782-3655 Phone 328-7278 WILL TAKE BARLEY IN TRADE HAROLD G. HUGHES Mr. Harold Hughes, formerly of the Enchant, Alberto district, has joined ihe Calgary-based firm of C. I. Sibbald Agri-Busi- nesj ttd., professional agrolo- gists, where he will act in a technical capacity to clients seeking odvico with regard to "markets and marketing" prob- lems. Mr. Hughes has on exten- sive background in farming and i animal husbandry. He has been active in 4-H Club youlh work, and has held positions in a lumber of producer organiza- tions including the Farmers' Union cf Alberia (now local and provincial Irrigation Committees, tho United-Farmers of Alberta Co-op and tho Alberta Wheat Pool. Mr. Hughes Is cur- rently overseas on personal and >mpany business; he will return le end of May to reside at Coal- _ain, Alberia (P.O. Box 959 j Telephone CENTRE AISLE RUG SALE STILL IN FULL SWING Merchandise Guaranteed First Quality The Selection is Great The Prices are Too! MOTHER'S DAY SPECIAL BORN FREE By OZITE Sq. Yd. Only Just Soy "Charge It" Choose From Shag Twists Acrilan Tweed EXTRA SPECIAL ROLL-END CLEARANCE PRICES ON WALL OZITE TO-WALL BROADLOOM AND INDOOR-OUTDOOR CARPET Open Daily 9 o.m. (o 4 p.m.; Wednesday 1 a.m. lo 1 p.m.) Thursday and Fridoy 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. College Shopping Mall 2025 Mayor Magrath Drive ;