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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 8, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta SUNNY FORECAST HIGH SATURDAY 65 The Lcthbridge Herald VOL. LXIII 124 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, FRIDAY, MAY 8, 1970 PBICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS 22 PAGES Nixon Opens Second Front -At Home By RAY DICK WASHINGTON (CP) President Nixon has open- ed up a second front hi the Vietnam war, with the White House as the battleground, and whatever be the results of Ms invasion of Cambodia, they may be greatly outweighed by the damage done at home. It was only a few weeks ago that Nixon appeared to be a president that had it made. He had announced further troop withdrawals, declaring Vietnamization was going well and that "the just peace" was finally in sight. Most student dissent seemed to have been channelled into other areas, particularly the environ- ment. Then the bubble of complacency burst. Nixon, in a national television broadcast, announced that American and South Vietnamese troops had in- vaded Cambodia to knock out North Vietnamese and Viet Cong sanctuaries. It was a move long desired by American generals, but never previously allowed. Caught By Surprise The invasion, and accompanying limited air strikes previously abandoned against North Vietnamese supply depots, caught Congress, the students and many Amer- ican people by surprise. The move, said the president, was necessary to save American lives in Vietnam. Administration sources were more specific. It was a gamble that the North Vietnamese would take the show of U.S. might as a shock that would induce them to "bargain" at the Paris peace talks. The Congress, miffed about riot being fonvarned of the attacks, requested and got a meeting with the president to explain his actions the first time this has happened in five years. A cut-off of funds for the war by Congress was suggested and later rejected and there was even some talk of impeachment. Students reacted in the expected way, but this time there was a tragedy that produced four martyrs. Violent Clashes There were violent clashes at universities through- out the country, but it was at Kent University in OMo where National Guard tropps fired a volley of shots that left four students dead and 10 injured. The demonstrations that followed seemed much more serious than those of a year ago that culminated in the giant anti-war moratorium in Washington. At that time Nixon said he would not be influenced by dissent in the streets and Vice-President Agnew becamse somewhat of a hero to some silent Americans by referring to the violent student radicals as an "effete crop of impudent snobs." This time it was the president who seemed to lose his cool, in labelling violent student demonstrators as but he seemed more concerned about Congress and the students than he had before. Stopped Bombing Nixon terminated the renewed limited bombing of the North and announced that American troops would not penetrate more than 19 miles into Cambodia with- out congressional approval and that the troops would be withdrawn from that country by July 1. He met with six Kent state students Wednesday and promised them a full investigation into the student deaths. Thursday he called in eight university presi- dents for talks. For the American people he will hold a press conference Friday night. Meanwhile, by one count, 223 colleges and univer- sities are on strike and high school students in growing numbers are taking to the streets. And the barricades have gone up around the White House in anticipation of a mass demonstration this weekend by an expected persons. They are more angry this time. Sketch Of Swift Packing Plant To Be Built Here Canada Wants To Stand On Her Own Feet LONDON (CP) Defence correspondent Richard Cox of The Daily Telegraph says Canada currently is trying "to become as far as possible disengaged from the super-powers." "Her problem is that she is commercially and geographically tied to Cox remarks in a reference to the United States. In a long analysis of alterations affecting Canadian foreign policy, he writes that the British government already "has been through the traumas of attempting to change Britain's commitments and priorities radi- cally." "There is enough in common between Prime Minister Trudeau's intentions now and Prime Minister Wilson's in 1964 for Canadian ministers to have expected more understanding from Britain than, for instance, Defence Minister Healey has shown over Canadian troop reductions in says Cox. He writes that a white paper on Canadian foreign policy due for publication this summer will almost certainly contain "some firm hints to the United States that Canada intends to continue developing both her own identity and her own resources." "The French-speaking world will assume an impor- tance equal to that of the Tlw Telegraph writer adds. Drury Says Postal Pay Battle Test Of Control Plan oves OTTAWA (CP) Treasury Board President C. M. Drury left little doubt Thursday that the federal government is bank- ing its anti-inflation program on a final test of wills with postal workers. The two sides in the contract dispute are well apart from the compromise wage settlement proposed by Judge Hene Lippe of Montreal in a conciliation board report which split three ways on the issue. The report was made public Thursday. At a news confer- ence, Mr. Drury said the gov- ernment felt its wage offer "has been adequate." The government offer would increase wages for postal work- ers by 16.1 per cent in a 30- month period ending April 1, 1972. The demand of the Council of Postal Unions is for a two-year contract, expiring Sept.30, 1971, which would raise wages by 23.3 per cent. The last postal con- tract expired Oct.l, 1969. Judge Lippe's proposal would have increased the base rate in the post office over the 30- month period by 19.4 per cent to from S2.57 an hour. The top rate among those in dispute is now S3.23 an hour. SEEK STRIKE BACKING In a statement with the re- port, the unions council an- nounced it will ask union mem- bers to authorize strike action in a vote set for May 19. The council stated it is willing to resume negotiations with the treasury board but warned that postal workers will not accept an agreement that does not in- clude a "good increase" and provisions for job security. It added that the minority opinion filed by labor consultant William Walsh of Hamilton, C it., could well become "the strike manifesto of the postal workers." Copies of the conciliation re- port are being printed in both French and English and will be distributed to all union mem- bers within the next week. Mr. Drury said the govern- ment's offer is in line with set- tlements negotiated with other elements of the public most of which have waived the right to strike. The government is seeking a relatively long-term contract to enable the post office to intro- duce needed changes, he said. It would not offer a quick settle- ment that would the par- ties back to th j( b; ning table within a year'to cu.. ..der the ef- fects of anti-inflation efforts. At the same time, the govern- ment was not prepared to pay an inflated price for the tail-end of a 30-month or three-year agreement. The unions would have to trust that government policies will effectively control the cost of living. Mr. Drury admitted that up to now organized labor has given little indication of such confid- ence. He maintained that a postal strike is not expected by the government. JACK HORNER "he lied" OTTO LANG in trouble MPs Shout 'Fibber In Wheat Sale Rumpus No Shuffle -Strom CALGARY (CP) Premier Sbom said Thursday that a proposed provincial cabinet shuffle likely will be put off for some time now that Highways Minister Gordon Taylor has de- cided to remain in his post. n Mr. Strom told a press con- 'ApOilO rjlgllt fercnce that, with Mr. Taylor U.S. Pilots Not Being Trained For Vietnam ;OTTAWA (CP) Groos parliamen- tary secretary to Defence Minis- ter Leo Cadieux, assured the Commons Thursday pilots flying U.S. Air Force B-52s over Sas- katchewan and Alberta are not being trained for the Vietnam war. He said in an adjournment de- bate that completely different flight training techniques are used for Vietnam sendee. OTTAWA (CP) -Minutes after announcing a wheat sale to Peru, Otto Lang, minister responsible for the Ca- nadian wheat board, was in trouble Thursday. Jack Horner charged in the Commons that Mr. Lang "told a deliberate lie" two hours before the announce- ment ia. telling the House he didn't plan to make a state- ment. Mr. Lang had replied, when asked by Don Mazan- kowski whether he intended "to make a statement this afternoon." Mr. Horner asserted that Mr. Lang had "deliberately misled" the House, then had gone up- stairs to sign the sales agree- ment with the ambassador from Peru. Champagne flowed and flash- bulbs popped at the formal sign- ing ceremony, although the sale will barely dent Canadian stockpiles of bushels. Mr. Horner's question of priv- ilege was rejected after Mr. Lang explained that he thought Mr. Mazankowski was asking whether' there would be a state- ment in the House. Speaker Lucien Lamoureux said it appeared to be a. misun- derstanding on all sides. However, he didn't force Mr. Homer to .withdraw the word "lie." A few days ago, Donald Maclnnis Breton- East Richmond) withdrew a similar remark at the 1'equest of the Speaker. As Mr. Lang left the House, members shouted "Fibber McGee." Mounting U.S. Crisis (From Herald News Services) With thousands of anti-war protesters heading for demonstration in the U.S. capital, President Nixon has moved to ease the crisis mounting over the use of Ameri- can troops in Cambodia. Nixon scheduled a televised news conference tonight in the face of snowballing coast-to-coast protests, which already have closed 364 colleges. (The conference will be carried live on Canadian tele- vision and radio networks beginning at 7 p.m. MST.) Nixon will avoid an opening statement and go direct- ly to questions, probably all concerning the U.S. advance into Cambodia and the campus disruption at home that has resulted in the closing of college doors to more than might be asked about the gloomy econ- omic picture, in light of disclosures that unemployment in per at its highest level in five years. Meanwhile, anti-war leaders are going ahead with plans to stage a massive rally at the doorstep of the White House Saturday. Nixon is expected to take a conciliatory approach to the demonstrators following the stance he adopted Thurs- day when he told several college and university presi- dents the administration, would soften its hostile tone to- ward dissidents. now decided against joining the federal civil service, there no longer is the same "urgency" about the cabinet shuffle as previously. The premier also said he sees no reason to call a pro- vincial election this year. His government would, he said, re- main in office until its full four year'term is completed. Seen and Heard ABOUT TOWN rJpWO policemen restoring order at Mayor Magratn loth Ave. S. when two traffic lights facing west decided to go separate ways, one showing red and one green at the same time Ted Swihart keeping his cool when a piece of steel fell on his toe, but losing it when another piece fell on the same toe the next day (it took 10 minutes for the pain and blue smoke to clear) Michael Ennis thinking se- riously about giving up base- ball after receiving two black- eyes and a broken nose wlwn hit with 3 bat. Date Switched WASHINGTON (AP) The flight of Apollo 14 will be post- poned from Oct. 1 until at least Dec. 3, the U.S. space agency said Thursday, and its landing target will be the Fra Mauro region that Apollo 13 never reached. The crew of Apollo 14 is unchanged Alan B. She- pard. Stuart A. Rosa and Ed- gar D. Mitchell. InnExpanded To 200-Room Structure The Herald learned today that plans for the Lethbridge Inn, to be built on the old Hull Block site in downtown Lethbridge, have been changed to allow for an expansion of the building into a 200-room hotel. Construction of the new facil- .ity is expected to begin in Au- gust. The original plans called for an 11-storey hotel of 150 rooms. The new hotel will be 15 storeys. It was indicated a na- tional firm will operate the hotel but no name was men- tioned. Search Begins o MISbOULA, MONT. (AP) A search began Thursday for a light airplane missing on a flight from Spokane, Wash., to Missoula. Don Squires of Missoula was identified by officials as the pilot. A passenger was not identified. WILL WATCH WORDS Clearly, he will weigh his words carefully tonight, particu- larly since his recent descrip- tion of protestors as "bums" seems to have galvanized many demonstrators and was a major factor in the resignation Thurs- day .of Anthony J. Moffett, 25, head of youth affairs in the health, education and welfare department. Nixon flew to his mountain re- treat at Camp David, Maryland, Thursday night to prepare. He will return early tonight to a capital bristling with barricades awaiting the demonstration. .Leaders of the Saturday dem- onstration have talked in terms of up to persons for a pro- test in Lafayette Square just across the street'frpm the White House, although officials say the dissenters will not be allowed that close. Other reports estimate the crowd at close to posing a problem for both government officials and protest leaders trying to control the demonstra- tion. The rally leaders held train- ing programs for marshals it) keep the demonstration non-vio- lent, while the Dis- trict of Columbia National Guard was being prepared along with Washington police. Nixon met eight university presidents at the White House Thursday and assured them that his administration would make no further hostile com- ments about dissident students. Nathan Pusey, president of Harvard ami spokesman for the eight, said they told Nixon of the "distress, frustration and anger among student and fac- ulty across the nation." Nixon Thursday also called the governors of all 50 states ot Washington for a Monday meet- ing to talk over the surge of dis- sent. This came ss a conference of the 32 Republican governors was called off in Santa Fe., N.M., "because of the critical nature of the present crisis." FLOTILLA MOVES Meanwhile on the battlefield, southwest of Saigon in the Mekong Delta, a flotilla of South Vietnamese Navy boats began to move toward the bor- der for an operation up the riv- er which the South Vietnamese d e f e n ce ministry announced Thursday. It appeared the force would assemble at a bar- racks ship 20 miles from the border and move up the river Saturday. Elsewhere, the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese battered South Vietnam's northernmost provinces with hundreds of rockets and mortars early to- day in a new wave of attacks. Five-Province Idea Has Ottawa's Blessings OTTAWA (CP) Federal cabinet ministers have dis- cussed, though not as govern- ment policy, the consolidation of the 10 provinces into five, in- formed sources say. The four Atlantic provinces would become one and the three Prairie provinces another single unit. Veterans Minister Jean-Eudes Dube, New Brunswick repre- sentative in the cabinet, has personally endorsed the single- province Atlantic concept in a public speech. S'upply Minister James Rich- ardson, from Manitoba, is ex- pected to do the same for the Prairies in a speech at I-eUi- bridge Sunday night. Agriculture Minister H. A. Olson, from Alberta, and Re- gional Economic Expansion Minister Jean Marchand will also be hi Lethbridge to attend a conference on the subject "One prairie province? A ques- tion for Canada." The conference is being spon- sored by the University of Lelh- bridgc and The Lethbridge Her- ald and is expected to attract about 300 economists, business- men, educationists, administra- tors and provincial and federal politicians. It is understood that Mr. Richardson even has a name for the proposed one prairie prov- ince hiit he is saving that for his speech opening ths Sunday-to- Wedncsday meeting. Though ministers here have discussed creation of single provinces in the Atlantic and prairie regions as a method of shifting some power from cen- tral Ontario and Quebec, there is no government policy as such on the matter, informants said. This is considered an issue strictly for the provinces them- selves. Supporters of one prairie province would also like to bring in British Columbia but, for tho moment, are confining their ad- vocacy to Alberta, Saskatche- wan ami Manitoba as a single political entily. Nova Scotia, New Brunswick Prince Edward Island have for some time been looking at toe possibility of political union and Uiere is some thought that Newfoundland might be in- cluded in a single "Atlantis." Backers of the idea of one prairie province see advantages other than legislative and ad- ministrative. MAY CONTROL GRAIN For instance, informants say, they see the possibility of a sin- gle prairie region taking respon- sibility for grain production and marketing instead of leaving this task in federal hands. Such a move, or, for instance, western conlrol of oil, would be a method of obtaining more po- litical leverage in Ottawa, cre- Btine a better balance amona the five regions of Canada, and alleviating current western dis- content. One source close to the cabi- net said not a single cabinet minister is opposed to the idea of five provinces, though some are not wildly enthusiastic. Prime Minister Trudeau is among the ministers who has discussed the idea informally. Ottawa has already proposed reform of the Senate so that the regions of Canada might have a larger voice about legislation in Parliament. Mr. Trudeau said in a Winni- peg speech March 20: "We need some fresh ideas in our consti- tution and we count on western- ers to wovide them." ;