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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 7, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Monday, May 7, 1973 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 7 Israel at 25: still plenty of pressing problems Israel is 25 years old today. From harsh pioneer begin- nings it has grown into the most advanced country in the Middle East. It still has plenty of pressing problems, though, from within and from without. By David Lancashire of The Associated Press JERUSALEM (AP) The remains of ancient wrecked and burned-out trucks toe the modern, four-lane super- highway to there as monuments to the convoy teams who died in Is- rael's war of survival 25 years ago. "I was an artillery officer in the fight for says Reuven Berger. "We had one cannon with wheels left over from the Spanish civil war." Berger is a successful doc- tor today and Israel has ac- cumulated heavy firepower. In 1948, Ashdod was an empty swath of sand dunes on the Mediterranean and the collective farm of Yad Mor dechai was an abandoned ruin, lost to the Egyptian army. Today Yad Mordechai airfreights roses to Europe, its canning plant exports jam and fruit juice and its library boasts more than books. And last month the port of Ashdod, a thriving ISRAEL: A Flame Rekindled I. "Unto Thy Seed I Have Given This land. lion in 1971, and industrial ex- ports alone last year were million, a growth of 11 per cent in a year. But in- flation pushes 'prices up at least 13 per cent annually. In- terest rates on private loans were 20 per cent or more. So many bard-pinched Is- raelis are angry when investi- gations disclose scandal or corruption in national enter-' prises, and the last few years have produced several. War profiteers have been exposed and a judicial hear- ing indicated that money went into private pockets from Ne- tivei Neft, a government- owned company extracting oQ from Egyptian wells captured in 1967. Until the "f 1967 war provided the leisure for introspection, Israel baa thought itself immune from such abuses. Despite problems and com- plaints, most Israelis think Is- rael at 25 is a success. DIETRICH DENTURE CUNIC ROSS A. HOSACK Certified Dental Suite 5th St. S. Ph. 327-7244 And it came to pass... that the Lord made a covenant with Abraham saying "unto thy seed I have given, this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates." town of played host to the luxury toer Queen Eliza- beth 2. LAND TRANSFORMED "We came to a desolate country, most of it desert, ALLIED ARTS COUNCIL "Sunday Afternoon at the Yates" NCERT featuring DALE KETCHESON (guitar) THE JAZZ SCENE TOM MELLING (tenor) MARDINE FOSTER (flute) THE JOLLIFFE DANCERS (dances mod and medieval} SUNDAY, MAY 13th 2.-30 P.M. Tickets on Sale at LEISTER'S Adults S2.0O All students and Sr. Citizens SOUTHERN ALBERT IfHEATRES CARDSTON Mayfair Theatre "YOU'LL LIKE MY MOTHER" In Technicolor. Starring Patty Duke, Richard Thomas and Rosemary Murray. Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday, May 7, 8 and 9. Mon- day show at 8.15 p.m. Adult Not Suitable For Children. FORT MACLEOD Empress Theatre "CARNAL KNOWLEDGE" In color. Starring Ann-Mar- garet and Jack Nicholson. Monday, Tuesday and Wed- nesday, May 7, 8 and 9. Monday shows at pm. Restricted Adult. P1NCHER CREEK Fox Theatre "THE HOSPITAL" In color. Starring George C. Scott. Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday, May 7, 8 and 9. Monday show at p.m. Adult Not Suitable For Children. TABER Tower Theatre "X, Y and Z" In color. Starring Elizabeth Taylor, Michael Caan and Suzannah York. Monday and Tuesday, May 7 and 8. Monday shows at and p.m. Restricted Adult. By the standards of history, the Jewish people should have become extinct centuries ago, as did other ancient cultures. Yet it ivas not to Be. For 40 centuries, from the 20th, B.C., to the 20th, A.D., they struggled, fought, fell, revived, regressed and advanced, says historian Max Dimont, over four continents and through six civilizations, mastering all odds. The history the Jews, and of Israel which celebrates this year its 25th anniversary'as a sovereign state, is a study of survival. The study is not yet completed. The wars are barren hills and malaria-in- fested pestilential swamps." says David Horowitz, former governor of the Bank of Is- rael, recalling his arrival by freighter in the 1920s. "In those days, not one of us ex- pected to see Israel as it is in 1973." Israel celebrates its 25th an- niversary today. In those 25 years the Jewish state has built itself into the most ad- vanced country in the Middle East. With a population of just 31 the same as Mexico has seven universities, two inter- nationally-renowned scientific institutes, and what the United Nations calls the high- est agricultural growth rate in the world. Its burgeoning industries export instant cof- fee to Korea, soap to Thailand and sub-machine-guns to the U.S. Secret Service. Israelis run aid programs for under- developed countries. FUNDS HARNESSED Without the oil or resources of its Aarab neighbors, how has Israel surpassed them? Horowitz, the former bank governor, quotes a foreign economic survey saying: "These achievements were largely the result of two fac- tors: a capable and deter- mined population with a broad base of well-educated and energetic people and a relatively large and contin- uous flow of foreign capital originating chiefly from pri- vate donations of American Jews and from reparations payments by West Germany." Few countries, if any, have put foreign aid to work as ef- fectively as Israel. West Ger- many has given about bil- lion to Jewish victims of the Nazis, and most of it has gone to many a driver of a new car bears a concentration camp tattoo. From the United States has come billion, including loans, grants and military aid, but much of it is from Israel bond sales and private Jewish donations. Yet despite the progress and prosperity, Israel at 25 remains menaced from with- out by its Arab neighbors, and troubled from within. not yet over. The instruction of Isaiah, "Peace, peace to him that is far off and to him that is Las not yet teen fulfilled. The Middle East's destiny, Abba Eban once said, "has profoundly affected the entire human experience. In the heart of that region, at the very center of its geography and history, Ihes a very small nation called Israel. This nation gave birth to the currents of thought which hai e fashioned the life of the Mediterranean world and of vast regions beyond." Indeed, two ihirijs of the civilized world is already governed by the ideas of Jews, the ideas of Moses, Jesus, Paul, Spinoza, Marx, Freud, Einstein. Can the ideas of these men be somehow linked with the struggle of 40 centuries? What spark has kept a civilization alive? To find that spark, we must turn to the land between the river of Egypt and the Euphrates, 'to the land which throughout history has felt the footsteps of foreign invaders marching to war. The Biblical cities of the Middle East were built, it would seem, to be destroyed. And Jeru- salem, a city considered holy by three great re- ligions, is symbolic of the devastation. The city 'now lies perhaps 40 feet above its original ele- vation. Between the foundations of modern buildings lies the rubble of centuries. "Jerusalem of gold, of bronze and of are the words to a modern Israeli folk song. But Jerusalem is also, 1 and has always been, a city of war, of misery and of death. Just as Jerusalem's history is tragic and heroic, so is the history of the state of rael, and of the entire Middle East. NEXT: In the Footsteps of Abraham r TAVERN 'APPLESHINE' TONIGHT thru SATURDAY DINE AND DANCE LOUNGE TONIGHT thru SATURDAY 'TREE71 RED COACH LOUNGE TONIGHT thru SATURDAY JOHN BARROW CORNER 4th AVE. and 7th ST. S. PHONE 327-3191 HOTEL Most Israelis are cockily con- fident they can easily handle the Arab enemy, but they are less assured about solving their problems of politics, re- ligion, mass immigration, in- flation, pollution and growing discontent. RELIGION CRITICIZED Democracy, many Israelis complain, is hampered by re- ligion. Orthodox Jews, whose National Religious party is an indispensable member of Pre- mier Golda Meir's coalition government, holds startling control over Israel's commu- nity life. No buses or trains run from sundown Friday to Saturday, the Jewish Sabbath. Even pri- vate cars are stoned in the Orthodox Mea Shearim quar- ter of Jerusalem. Friday- night movies are banned. Pork is outlawed, but is sold in disguise as "white steak Civil marriage does not exist, and objectors contend that Israelis are unable to marry because of restrictions by rabbis. Non-religious Is- raelis are irritated by all these strictures. Religious scuffles break out regularly. Some Israelis fear the fighting could become serious. Immigration is an even big- ger issue. Since it was founded, settlers have entered the Jewish state. The current population is almost five times the 1948 figures of First came the haggard European survi- vors of the concentration camps, then hordes of Jews from the Middle East and North Africa, many of them unskilled, illiterate and primi- tive. RUSSIAN EXODUS Nowaways, new settlers come from Europe, North and South America, Asia and Af- rica, but the of last year's are from the Soviet Union. The flood of immigrants brings inevitable friction with older settlers and with younger Israelis who see housing facilities absorbed by the newcomers. The cost of settling new im- migrants runs to about for each Russian family, for example. But every Israeli leader since Premier David Ben-Gu- sion has insisted that mass immigration is essential to settle the empty areas of the land. Defence Minister Moshe Dayan says that if necessary, Today's Showtimes PARAMOUNT Short Subjects "Effects of Gamma Rays on Man in Moon Mangolds" Last Complete Show Adult, Not Suitable for Children PARAMOUNT CINEMA Short Subjects "Sounder" 7.30, 9 35 Last Complete Show 9.20 Family COLLEGE CINEMA "Sweet Sins of Sexy Susan" "Yes" Last Complete Show Restricted Adult GREEN ACRES DRIVE IN "Dracula AD 72" 9.00 "Crescendo" 10 55 One Complete Show 9 00 Adult the army will move out of its barracks to make room for immigrants. Immigrants breed children. Young Israelis are a. far different breed from the Jews who survived the ghettos of Europe. Sabras to- day are 47.2 per cent of the population. Brusque, some- times arrogant, undisciplined, matter-of-fact, healthy, many modern Sabra wears mod fashions and long hair, digs Fellini and the Rolling Stones. IDEALS DISCARDED To many young Sabras, the Zionist ideals of frugality and backbreaking work are out- dated, and "Zionism" is a slang word for empty talk. Even the 75-year-old Mrs. Meir admits "sometimes I say to myself this is no longer your world." "This is not your gener- ation." Sabras proved their patri- otism in the 1967 war and many times since, but they want changes in Israel. Left- ist agitation is small but sig- nificant. It cams to a head; with the recent arrest of four Israeli Jews on charges of spying and sabotage for the enemy Syrian government. They were the first ever ar- rested for plotting violence against the homeland. Two of them have been con- victed. They were a Sabra from a kibbutz, a collective farm, and a university stu- dent. They were sentenced to 17 and 15 years imprison- ment. It was a rare occurrence that scarcely reflects the spirit of young Israelis, but it prompted an outpouring of self-recrimination in the older generation GUILT AROLSED "Heie and theie. mostly among the youth, a guilt feel- ing is said Mrs. Meir, talking of Israel's posi- tion m the Arab world. "A feeling that here in our land we robbed and dis- possessed to the best of my knowledge this is a dis- tortion, but regretfully, it ex- ists." Israel's speedy development has spawned some of the problems faced by the West, such as pollution. Israelis made the desert Jewish National Fund alone has planted 100 million intensive fanning fertilizers have pollutted the Biblical Sea of Galilee. Industrial growth, inflation and one of the world's heavi- e s t tax burdens have launched a wave of labor strikes that cost the country work days last year. Factory workers, dockers, airline staff and even rabbi- nical marriage registrars walked off the job for more money. Ironically, Mrs. Meir's La- bor party, built on socialist ideals from, the Russian revo- lution, has found itself in di- rect conflict with the workers. The government outlawed strikes and fined of- fenders. INFLATION THREATENS Israel's exports of goods and services topped bil- paramount cinema NOW SHOWING at p.m. St. AM. Smth. 327-5100 HURRY LAST FEW DAYS 'AT LAST, A COMPASSION- ATE AND LOVING FILM ABOUT BEING BLACK IN AMERICA. -JAY COCKS, Time Magazine FAMILY i FILM IS A RARITY. A MOVIE THE WHOLE FAMILY CAN ENJOY." -Ebony Magazino "SOUNDER" A Robert B. Rltt PANA.-SION'CGi.OR BY DE Shopping Mall college cinema Mayor Maa-alh Dr 3286: TONITE AND TUESDAY The MystervotSex Delightfully Revealed green acres drive-in Iteyor Migntth Dr. Coum Hwy, 327 TONITE AND TUESDAY FIRST RUN HORROR FEATURES For Lovers of the OCCULT ADULT DRACiilA And for Lovers of the Macabre COLOR GATES AT ONE COMPLETE SHOW AT 9 P.M. 1 COMMU PUBLIC May 81 Wed., FRITZ SICK Swim (adults only) 12 1 (adults 12 1 Public SIR i ALEXANDER 1 SALT 30 p SERVICES DEPARTMENT-CITY OF LETHBRIDGE PUBLIC SWIMMING and MUSEUM SCHEDULE 9 Thurs., May JIT Eri., May 11 I Sot., May 12 I Sun., May 13 Mon.r May 14 paramount DELUXE SHOWS At p.m. FAMSLY STARTS TOMORROW HIS MOUNTAINS. HIS PEACE. HIS GREAT HUNTS. HIS YOUNG BRIDE. WITH ALL THAT, IT SHOULD HAVE BEEN DIFFERENT. LAST TIMES TONITE JOANNE WOODWARD in 'THE EFFECT OF GAMMA RAYS TJI Jit ON MAN IN THE MOON IH MARIGOLDS'' W AS ROBERf REDFORD in A Sydney Fb'tek F JOHNSON 'A Joe W :si Sanfortf WlLGtrt STFFAM r, tn'rodijCing BOLTOM-Mi isbyJo'in Rib -s'e 1 ;