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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 7, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 1HE IEIHBRIDOE HERALD Thursday, May 7, 1970 Joseph Kraft Economic Expansion With tire announcement that Swift Canadian will definitely be building a meat packing plant in Lcthbridge there comes a fresh realization of. what it means to have been desig- nated a slow-growth economic area. This is a major addition to the in- dustry in the city made possible by the area incentives program and there are likely more in the offing. The meat packing industry in Leth- bridge already handles 11 per cent of the inspected meat in the country. When the new plant, is in operation and when additional rumored expan- sions are completed, this figure could climb to more than 20 per cent. Leth- bridge may come to be known as the meat handling capital of Canada. Although the area incentives pro- gram is undoubtedly the chief reason for Swift Canadian deciding to locate in Lethbridge there are other good reasons for choosing to establish here. Southern Alberta is an ideal place to raise cattle. The supply of feed grains and forage is abundant and the climate is generally favor- able. More cattle will be raised in the area as a result of the expanded meat handling facilities. There are undoubted economic ben- efits lor the people of Lethbridge and district. More jobs are be'ng created and a greater bouyancy in the economy can be expected. This is cause for rejoicing. Problems, however, are presented Ijy this sort of expansion. The hous- ing shortage will be further aggravat- ed unless the 128 new jobs can be filled by people already residents in the city. This is highly unlikely since some positions will require special- ized training possessed by people who will have to be brought from other places. The most serious problem will be that of sewage disposal. As a result of already existing industry Leth- bridge requires sewage treatment facilities for a city of people. It'will he imperative for City Council to see that new industry has adequate pollution control equipment or that it assumes its share of the cost of city sewage treatment facilities. Ap- parently council expects to deal with the latter possibility through the proposed bylaw basing sewage tax on use. On balance it appears likely that the benefits received through being designated an incentive area out- weigh the problems created in the short run. Swift Canadian and other companies will find a welcome. Brazilian Torture Tactics Voices are being raised against the torture tactics being employed by the military regime in Brazil. Recent out- cries in the Protestant weekly, The Christian Century, might have been suspected of being alarmist except that they are in line with reports elsewhere. Pope Paul VJ, for in- stance, found the evidence of suf- fering impressive enough to make what he described as a "duty-hound intervention" on behalf of political prisoners. A writer in The Christian Century avers that people are regularly tor- tured into unconsciousness. He quotes Ivan Illich, head of the famous centre for Intercultural Documentation in Cuernavaca, Mexico, that the cruelty in Brazil is something entirely new. The Nazis and Stalinists made their victims disappear but the Brazilian torturers release their victims often picked up at random to infect the whole population with ter- ror. That such inhumanity could char- acterize a regime dedicated to eradi- cate Communist subversion is made believable by persistent reports of what amounts to genocide against Brazil's forest Indians. Whether the regime co-operates in or simply toler- ates this extermination effort said by a German paper to "outscale Viet- nam and Biafra put together" is immaterial. There is a disregard for the human being by the regime which is reprehensible. The New York Times has recently editorialized that "there is no surer way for the regime to swell its op- position and even to make subver- sives and revolutionaries out of ordin- ary citizens than to make terror and torture a way of life in Brazil." On the other hand, torture tactics might so demoralize a people that no res- ponse can be expected. Some outside reactions seem nec- essary. A regime determined that Brazil is going to join the industrial nations of the world is likely to be sensitive to certain economic pres- sures. It may be a forlorn hope to expect the business interests of Can- ada and the United States to exert such pressures, but hope we do. Drag Strip Down Drain Despite the lack of sympathy in some quarters for those who want to establish a drag strip for the district, there has to be regret that it has proved to be economically impossible. One does not have to be an auto- mobile buff to appreciate the disap- pointment now experienced by a por- tion of the population. Automobiles are distinctive of our culture. They exert a tremendous fascination for some people. Drag racing permits the expression of al- most irresistible urges to demonstrate skills in the maintenance and hand- ling of automobiles. It may also pro- vide an outlet for subliminal passions through the sensation of power and the experience of achievement. Drag racing is not by any means a destructive activity although it could be dangerous without proper facilities. This is implicit in the re- fusal of insurance companies to in- sure a strip with ditches. Those who seriously engage in this form of com- petition are zealous in caring for their cars and in observing good car handling techniques. They are thus potentially the safest sort of drivers. It is regrettable that a strip can- not be provided because of the dis- couraging of something good and be- cause the temptation to drag on city streets and highways remains. Drag' racing in these situations is definitely dangerous and has to be strictly for- bidden. Alderman Jim Anderson, a booster for the strip, rightly shelved the idea when the cost to the taxpayer be- came known. But he is to be com- mended for his interest in those who would like to drag race and for his efforts on their behalf. Role Of Guidance Counselling By Helmet Hoffman, Instructor, Lethbridge Community College TS counselling really relevant in the mod- ern treed of student self-determina- tion? Does counselling not tend to arrogate to itself the initiative of determining vari- ous significant factors that will affect the entire lifespan of students? A definition of the role of guidance coun- selling is needed before the question of rele- vance or value can be properly assessed. The entire resources of an educational in- stitution help to mold the attitude, apti- tude and motivation of the student with either positive or negative results. But with- in this framework, it ;s deemed desirable and necessary to have certain specially- trained personnel dedicated to the task of helping people to become more aware of the possibility which is in man to act to- ward things so that he gets from them that which he wants rather than only what is given him. This implies that the counselling received by the student is in the nature of several alternatives rather than the veiled threat of "Do as I advise or disaster will be sure to fall on you." No matter what a counsellor docs or does not do, unless the student maintains a choice in arriving at a deci- sion, he is being manipulated. This is premised on the basis of (osier- ing the belief that stuo'cnts in a commu- nity college are ncaring the door of entry into the world of occupations. The world of occupations demands recruits who know tow lo'be purposeful, someone who is mas- ter'of rather than mastered by his self- concept. To this end, counselling must util- ize psychological measurements and care- ful records for both teacher and counsellor AND for interpretation of the student to himself. In a community college setting where students- of various ages, abilities and back- ground are welcome, the need for guidance is imperative. If students are merely ac- cepted on a "first come, first served" basis, then we are not doing an effective job of liberating the students from the needs that motivate them toward seeking further edu- cation. This we can ill afford since the risks are that doubt, defence, and despair become the outcomes of our educational effort. Such conditions predispose citizens toward social unrest and mental illness. Perhaps more prevalent intermediate con- ditions are apathy, unconcern and moral indifference. After roadblocks are cleared, then the vi- tal role of the counsellor is in the area of helping students to realistically visualize their abilities and aspirations. Some stu- dents have too low an opinion of themselves in both areas and others, perhaps, too liigh. Counsellors need to have a good educa- tional, occupational and personal back- ground to be able to discuss these rather pertinent affairs with students in a confi- dent and knowledgeable manner. This ra- ther deltaic (ask is too important to be left entirely in the hands of the busy in- structor. Underlying Policy Of Cambodian Strike WASHINGTON The Cam- bodian foray is a perfect expression of President Nixon's basic approach to the war in Southeast Asia. So the real trouble is not that the opera- tion may get out of hand, still less that a couple of aged Senators were misled. The real trouble is what the Cambodian strike reveals about the underlying policy. It shows that Mr. Nixon has miss- ed the boat again on a negotiat- ed settlement. It also demon- strates that the one alternative he has left will, almost certainly fail to achieve an early American exit from the war. The basic policy of the Nixon administration is to build up the South Vietnamese regime of President Nguyen Van Thicu. To that end the United States is footing the bill for an expanded and retrained South Vietnamese army. For that purpose this country has moved to turn over vast stores of modern weapons to the South Vietnamese forces. In the same spirit this country has allowed diplomatic and po- litical pressure on the regime to be swept away. Ace o r di n g to President Nixon's foreign policy advisor and flack, Henry Kissinger, support for Saigon is supposed to give this country two options in Vietnam. First, there is the Vietnamization option. The the- ory here is that the South Viet- namese forces will become strong enough to take over the main fighting job. When the enemy is sufficiently bloodied, there would be a total Ameri- can 'withdrawal. Then there is the negotiating option. The theory is that. the Communists will get worried when they see the Saigon re- gime g a t h e r ing strength. Rather than that, they will agree to negotiate on the terms offered by Mr. Nixon at the Paris peace talks. Anyone believing in these views will find it hard to make a case against the Cambodian strike. For the strike hits at a concentration of Communist forces and supplies. The loss is relatively small because there are so few American troops in- volved and because the present regime in Cambodia, unlike the previous regime under Prince Sihanouk, is favorably disposed to harassing the Com- munists. Thus at very little price a blow is dealt to the other side that saves American lives and brings nearer the day when South Vietnamese forces can take over the war. The only hitch with all this is that the two options which the president has supposedly been preserving all along turn out to 'be empty options. A negotiated settlement has al- ways had as its principal ob- stacle a nearly neurotic fear by the other side that the United States was talking peace in order to take mili- tary steps directed at solidfy- ing the Saigon regime. That is .why it took so long to get the talks going at all. That is why the Paris talks have been stalemated. And now the application of pressure "When you're IB MY fax bracket, don't hint to worn about 'the quality of mo We not tolerate fining OUR children estfesei. to violence this will bt rubbed out." tactics will have the effect of spoiling what little chance there was to use the Cambo- dian crisis as an excuse for moving beyond the Paris talks to a full Geneva conference. With negotiating out, there remains the Vietnamization route. It is barely possible that the Saigon regime will take on enough of the war for Mr. Nixon, under cover of elabor- ate victory claims, to take out a truly large amount of Amer- ican troops. But all indications go against it. Certainly the present opera- tion on the Cambodian border cannot be decisive. It .was served up and looked at over and over again .in the Johnson administration only to be re- jected as not very promising. Even if the other side has been dealt a hard blow, the basic fact is that the Com- munists field a guerrilla force. They can take it on the chin in Vietnam and show up in Laos. They can be stopped in Laos and emerge in Cambodia. They can be squelched in Cambodia and lie doggo for weeks and even months without suffering anything like a final defeat. Moreover, there is no incen- tive for the Saigon generals to take over the full burden of the war. If they know anything they know that they have the whip hand over Mr. Nixon. They know that'the first bit of trouble in Laos and Cambodia led the president to stretch out and slow down the time- table for American troop with- drawal. They see how easy it was to hook him on the Cam- bodian strike. They know they can keep large numbers of American troops around and a guarantee of their own secu- inventing new threats and new opportunities. What all this means is that the United States is going to be in the Vietnam war for a long, long time to come. Not be- cause of anything done in the last few days, but because of something more visible than ever namely, that the Nixon administration is a government of weak men, unable to think deep or see far. (Field Enterprises Inc.) Maurice Western Bourassa Victory Changes Political Landscape QTTAWA: The Bourassa vic- tory in the Quebec elec- tions should breathe new life into the federal-provincial con- stitutional discussions which seemed last winter to be sink- ing rather rapidly into a state of coma. Although there were numer- ous and often well-intentioned efforts to conceal it, the under- lying reality of a succession of conferences was the fundamen- tal ideological difference be- tween nationalist Quebec and all the other governments. On particular issues Mr. Bertrand did, quite frequently, find allies against the federal authority. But the premiers who shared his positions (usually only in part) did so for practical rea- sons whereas the Quebec spokesman proceeded from a doctrine basically unacceptable to Ottawa and to the other nine provinces. By Nationalist standards, Mr. Bertrand was a moderate and he customarily expressed Neighs Grow Louder By Don Graff, NBA Service p ET a may have been a big joke back when the auto was making its sputtering challenge for con- trol of the roads, but a century and more since the horseless carriage's apparently total victory more and more Americans are now doing ex- actly that. We have the Department of Agriculture's word for it that there has been a significant up- swing in the nation's horse pop- ulation in recent years a dou- in fact, to an estimated seven million in the last six years alone. This is, of course, still a far cry from the something like 27 million on American streets and farms back in the peak year for horses, 1918. After that, the decline was rapid. As the internal combustion engine took over transportation and field chores, man's age old power source became not only ineffi- cient tut eventually almost a luxury. Ironically, this is the reason Letter To The Editor for the comeback in the afflu- ent '60s. With more money and more leisure time, more Amer- icans are indulging in horsey pastimes. Horse racing, for example, al- ready rates as the country's No. 1 spectator sport with 63 million fans passing through the turnstiles of 230 tracks last year. The race horse popula- tion alone is growing at a 15 per cent annual rate. Trail riding, according to the agriculture depart m e n t the fastest growing activity of all, and rodeos are also drawing more people and horses. Horse shows are on the increase, with some 500 major events now scheduled annually. For real class, there are fox hunting more than 100 hunt clubs already and still grow- ing and (hear this Prince Philip) polo M clubs cur- rently, up 50 per cent in the last decade. Technological progress may have lead the horse to the point of extinction, but it couldn't quite make him go. Betrayal 01 Electorate? I view with deep concern the absence of 130 Commons Mem- bers on the recent Bill C-3 (Anti-Hate Propaganda) vole in the House of Commons. At a time when the freedoms of 20 million Canadians are threatened, why did our public servants fail to appear to stand and be counted? Was this not a betrayal of the elector- ate? Yet, these same men say they are underpaid? I further question. Can a bill of such magnitude, one of the most vital issues ever to come before the Canadian Parlia- ment be passed on half a Commons vote? Wake up, Canadians! Time for lip service is past the time for action is now! Our elected representatives have failed us on a crucial issue. Can we in good conscience con- tinue to support men of this cal- ibre? I think not. Let us then unite for the sake of our beloved country. When the next election rolls around, let us put out a call for men of integrity, men of honor, men with a coaseience, men who will not flinch at duty, men who have the courage to speak out against that which is wrong and look the world square in the eye. Most of all let us call for men who arc not for sale, men who will stand! II. THORBURN. Lcthbridge. himself in temperate, often graceful language, which tend- ed to disguise the rift. But essentially his position was that stated much more trenchantly by the late Mr. Daniel Johnson; indeed the Quebec premier sometimes went further arguing by reference to Mr. Lesage that he was the spokes- man not simply for his party but for s continuous tradition in his native province. The basic claim was that a Quebec government speaks not merely for the province but for a French-Canadian nation of which it is the guardian. Thus it must have powers quite un- like those claimed by any other province; in the words of Mr. Johnson "everything that may be used as an instrument for French Canada's assertion and promotion of her economic, so-, cial and political institutions." This extended to "the presence abroad of the Quebec commun- ity." It. also involved a judicial veto, to be effected by re- placing the Supreme Court with a constitutional tribunal so nominated that it might be ex- pected to function like the In- ternational Joint Commission. With the advent of Robert Bourassa, it should be possible to initiate much more hopeful negotiations. From his cam- paign speeches, the premier- elect emerges as a rather prag- matic man, interested primari- ly in finding solutions to eco- nomic problems. While de- cidely critical of Mr. Trudeau's policies, he also blamed the Union Nationale for using Otta- as a scapegoat for its own failures. On the subject of the constitution, he is quoted as saying: "The Liberal party wants to accelerate the nego- tiations to change the constit- ution in order to get more precise, more efficient shar- ing of powers between the two levels of government to prevent duplication." Certainly there is no guar- antee of peaceful relations in the fact that a Liberal govern- ment in Ottawa will now be dealing with a Liberal govern- ment in Quebec City. There is some substance in Mr. Bert- rand's claim that he carried forward policies of which the Lesage government ani ex- ponent. But Mr. Bourassa is in a quite different position. Although he had been a fed- .eral minister, Mr. Lesage quite deliberately shifted to a more nationalist position in order to neutralize some of the old ap- peal of tte Union Nationale. One effect of the quiet revolu- tion was to awaken a new style nationalism in Quebec which the Lesoge government encour- aged with such slogans as "jMaitrei Chez Nous." No one did more to stimulate it than Kene then a power- lul Liberal minister, who peri- odically startled the country with explosive speeches, highly critical of Comederatipn and exciting to young nationalists since they gave currency to the notion 01 "options" one of which was a clean break if English Canada showed itself unresponsive to Quebec de- manos. The Lesage ministry was an extremely ambitious govern- ment. It set out to modernize Quebec and to this end charted a variety of programs which in- volved not only great expense but also the employment of very wide powers. Frequently it found itself blocked by the existing constitution or by rev- enue limitations (for which Ot- tawa was blamed) or by Otta- wa policies which interfered with its own provincial priori- ties. For these practical rea- sons, quite as much as for rea- sons of constitutional doctrine, it came into frequent conflict with the federal Liberals and sometimes forced them into such doubtful innovations' as the "opting out" formula. Not surprisingly the Lesage government was pushed rather against its will into anti-federal courses by the very nationalist opinion which it did so .much to strengthen. Thus it agreed at first to the Fulton-Favreau formula only to reject it after- wards although it might, with comparatively minor changes, have provided a widely ac- LOOKING THROUGH THE HERALD noted Italian chemist is said to have discovered a way to make liquid hydrogen, which could be used for driving automobiles, a gallot being suf- ficient for 230 miles. It could also be used for locomotives and ocean steamers, he de- clared. 1930 The Edmonton Grads, who lost their first game with the Chicago Taylor Trunks in Ednvcnton, showed a complete reversal of form and won the series by 17 points. Alberta potato growers, who are fortunate ceptable solution to the. prob- lem of constitutional change. The point is that at no time did Mr. Lesage ever fight an election with a clear-cut feder- alist platform. He was never in a position to do so. In stark contrast, Mr. Bourassa ap- pealed as a federalist and prob- ably owes his victory to the fact that, in contrast to other groups including etfcn the Creditistes, his attitude oil this central issue was unequivocal and well understood by the electorate. He is not dependent, as Mr. Lesage was in consid- erable degree on the popularity of a Rene Levesque. It is more likely than other- wise that, on particular issues, Mr. Bourassa will prove him- self a tough negotiator espe- cially if it appears that his plans for expanding the Quebec economy are frustrated by Ot- tawa.. But having won as a federalist, he now have the strongest political interest in demonstrating that federal- ism can be made to work. No other Quebec premier since, the war days has been in such a position. Mr. Bourassa apparently be- lieves that the constitutional negotiations are of great impor- tance for this end. His victory therefore creates opportunities which did not exist before. The political landscape has been changed overnight in a fashion which may well have far-reach- ing consequences for the whole Canadian Confederation. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) BACKWARD enough to have potatoes on hand, are receiving per ton for them. 1950 A Cranbrook farmer after having licensed his trac- tor, trailer and truck, remark- ed that there could not be such things as flying saucers be- cause "Our government says there aren't any and if there were they would be collecting licences for them." plan has been sub- mitted to the Interim Develop- ment Board for the building of 44 homes in the vicinity of 31st A Street in the eastern section of south Lakeview. The Lcthbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Pubiishwi Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN _ v Second Man RMMratlon Nunibtr 001J Winter a Canadian Presi and He Canadian Daily Nwmnpar Association aad the Audit Bureau of CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manascr JOE BALLA WILLIAM BAY Muiunlns Editor Associate Editor HOY K. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKEI Advertising. Manager Editorial Pale Editor .v "THE HERALD StRVK THE SOUTH" ;