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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 6, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta SaturHoy, May 6, 1972 THE LFTHBRIDGE HERALD 5 'Book Reviews Comments on a variety of publications "This Drakolny" by Philip McCutchan (Clarke, Irwin and Company Limited, 222 pages, rrHIS is a very unconvincing story about a hard-Una Russophile, acting prime min- ister of Czechoslovakia and his 37-year-old mistress, former university student, now turned hippie. The characters arc su- perficially outlined and one has to truly marvel about the au- thor's naive concept of life and politics In foreign countries. The plot could perhaps hold tlio attention of Mission Impossible or f spy addicts, but then the price of the book is a complete waste of money. GERTA PATSON. "Planting Your Garden" by Jl. IVan-cn Oliver (Research Ilrancli, Canada Department of Agriculture, 41 TV-1R. Oliver starts with a tan- talizing grapliic and nar- rative description of gardens from other countries and ends with Uie classic garden. He then starts with the pre- liminary planning for gardens, even suggesting the house loca- tion on the lot for best use o[ the [acilities. Some graphic lay- outs of various garden and yard layouts gives one the ex- act look at how an expert would do it. This is followed by the area of plant uses and how to make the most of (.he building hy careful selection of types o[ plants. The selection for planting shrubs and plants, a small section on pruning habits and care of weakened plants and trees closes this very in- tersling and Informative book- let. RIG SWIHART "North Witli Peace. River Jim" by L. V. Kelly (Glen- bow-Alberta Institute, Bofl- back, 52.00; 76 TAMES Kennedy Cornwall, known as Peace River Jim. in 1910 promoted an ex- pedition of journalists and agri- culturists to tour the Peace River area. One of the mem- bers of the expedition was Le- roy Victor Kelly, a reporter for the Calgary Herald, whose eccount of the trip was publish- ed in installments in his paper. That account is now reprinted (or the interest of readers more than half a century later. Mr. Kelly was impressed by: the snoring of one of the company; Ihe poor marksmanship of the hunters; the terrible roads; the vaslness of the piairie; the height of the hay. His good-hu- mored account may well have been an inducement to people lo go as setllers. DOUG WALKER "The King's Drum and Other African Stories" hy Harold Courlaudcr. (Long- man Canada Limited, 125 pages. NINE Aesop type 1 African fables make up this interesting anil humorous book, providing a brief insight into the African and his leg- ends. The thought occurs while reading these ancient legends that they are not unlike the legends of the American In- dian inasmuch as they deal with animals, birds, people and tlie supernatural. One particu- lar stnry that slruck my fancy was about the perils of a man called Money. How apropos this lale is. The only fault with the book is the fact that the notes con- cerning each short fable appear at Ihe end of the book rather than after each story. GARRY ALLISON "Jefferson McGraw" by Weldon Hill (William Mor- row, Sfi.75, 24N pages, [li.slri- buled by George J. McLcoiI I.lil.) rPHIS book is about a twelve- 1 year old boy named Jeff and the experiences he had one one summer. It describes a friendship wilh an escaped con- vict who gave him catfish in return for supplies. If also tells of his first love affair and of his encounters nitli all sorts of troubles. There wore many ex- I'iling parts in (lie book antl I really enjoyed it. PAUL WALKER, (.HADE SEVEN. "Tlio Origin and Meaning ef I'lace in Canada" 1" II. Armstrong inilNiii of Canada, SS.03, 31-5 pages. m the or- igin of place names is, Hie mnsl fascinating thing about l''is brioli is tin- publisher's nnlc on Ihe flyleaf. "The dp mand for thts book, long out o[ print, has been such that tho publisher has decided lo reis- sue it in Its original form rath- er t h a n keep readers waiting for (he revision which is in preparation." I cannot imagine why anyone would want a ref- erence book that is soon (o ho superseded by an improved ed- ition, The 1930 version needs revi- sion. It is preposterously un- balanced in its Lrcalment of Onlario names in comparison lo the rest of Canada; New- foundland has joined Confeder- ation since the book was pre- pared and has a rich assort- ment of names to contribute; Chambers of Commerce in such places as Lloydminster will not appreciate their towns being called villages; addition- al research may require some alterations. DOUG WALKER. "Don't Turn Me Oft, Lord and oilier Jailhousc Medita- tions" hy Carl F. Burke (As- sociation Press, 128 pages, paperback, SI.85, distributee) by G. R. Welch Company collection of medita- tions, complete with scrip- ture verse and prayers, was or- iginally prepared by the author for use in the chapel of Eric County Jail, Buffalo. Carl Burke's earlier book: God Is For Real, Man; Treat Me Cool, Lord snrl God Is Beautiful, Man, used the lingo of the pri- soners. This book employs tha more "straight" speech pat- terns which may make for a less phony presentation but one wonders about the power of the pieces to arouse any sense of devotion among prison in- mates. Designed now for use wilh the general public, they seem prosaic, colorless and of- ten irrelevant. The title is the only contemporary bit of the v.liole book. ELSPETH WALKER, "The Massage Book" by George Downing, (Random House ot Canada Ltd., A LL the dos and don'ts of giv- ing a proper massage are outlined in this book. Extremely valuable for the amateur, all tho strokes, ma- noeuvres and pressure points are described and explained irith the assistance of pictures. If you want to know how to give a really relaxing massage, this book will (ell you. RON CALDWELL. "Okay, I'll Do It Myself by Barbara A. Curry (Ran- dom House of Canada, Ltd.. 173 pages, S4.75, is a "must" for wives whose husbands are either hopeless around the house, or so busy they never have time to get Lhings that need to be done. It would also be a nice gift for a young woman setting up her first bachelor apart- ment, or for widows who sud- denly are faced with emer- gencies, such as plugged plumbing, leaky faucets, bro- ken light switches and other catastrophes. As a matter of fact, this handywoman's book could be easily given to the unhandy man who should not ha too in- sulted at having it on his book- shelf. With sketches lo help the bumble-fingered, its easy (well fairly) lo do small house- hold repairs without having lo call in Ihe experts. MARGARET LUCKHURST. "My Sislcr, My Self" by Anne Taylor (Longman, 168 pages, self is Kate, the older of two sisters. She mar- ries young, ha; an unsuccess- ful marriage, three children, and, eventually, an affair. Her sister is a lesbian. She has a female husband-like companion and has rejected Kate's lover. It is a story of jealousy, love, and human weakness. The book is easy to read. It starts off by giving the Impres- sion of being an A-one novel luit unfortunately sags oft about mid mark. Bonus: big printing. JUDI WALKER. "James Douglas: Father of British Columbia" by Dor- othy Blakcney Smith (Oxford Press, S.1.50, rpHIS is aralner paperback in the series of Canadian leaders and people of note. To date all I have read are short, carefully written and well re- searched. James Douglas, from his ar- rival in western Canada in 1819 until his death in 1877, worked staunchly to maintain Ihe Brit- ish image on the west coast. He wasn't very popular, im- mensely dictatorial, but he did provide a sense of authority which was badly needed to maintain law and order in the frontier society. He was also instrumental in opening the in- terior of B.C. with his project of the Cariboo Road. When he retired in IBM he had put in many years in building a typo of reproduction of Brilain on (he coast and during the gold rush it was a much safer place lo live than California. Altogether a readable little book. MARGARET LUCKHURST. "Alphabet Shorthand in 15 Days" hy Adolph Gerslcn- zang (Grosset and Dunlap. soft cover, SI.50, 111 pages, di.slributcd by George J. Jle- Leod 'T'HIS is a revised edition of the 1943 copyright version. Tlie system avoids the need of having to learn a now set of symbols by employing the al- phabet, Speed is acquired by learning to write letters without loops and flourishes. Olher shortcuts are also indicated. Lessons and tests are provided, DOUG WALKER. Focus on the University By MICHAEL SUTHERLAND Sure sign of spring Pholo by Jim Wright Theory weakened by flawed evidence "Chariots of the by Erich >Von Danikcn (Bantam paperback, SI.25, 163 A SOLUTION is offered by Erich Von Daniken for a variety of unsolved mysteries of the past: unknown space travellers in some undeter- mined prehistoric period brought their genes and genius (o Ihe planet earth. It is a theory that has evoked keen in- terest on Hie part of many ivho have read Ibis book or have seen the TV special based on it. Yet the support marshalled for the hypothesis is flawed and sometimes fatuous. I find it ulterly luiconvincing. The theory really doesn't solve the mysteries. How an- cient peoples in various parts of the world performed prodigious engineering fcals remains unexplained. In a sense the path lakon by Von Daniken in opposition to hu- man creativity leads through infim'le regression to an ulti- male mystery. The visitors from another heavenly body must have learned their skills from still other visitors anil so on. Actually Micro is a sort ol ex- planation of tiow the great, .si one monuments were erected the g i a n I s whn came from Hie stars could have heaved Ihe enormous weights around and into place. This may be an im- provement over Iho medieval belief in (he magic performed by Merlin at Slonclienge bill, I fail In fee il. Besides, if the author is correct in slaling thai. Ihe resources nf ev- ery continent today would be inadequate for building the pyramid of Cheops, Ihe giants would have had lo be un- imaginably huge posing problems for travel in space capsules and for mating with earth women! One of the chief evidences adduced for flic hypothesis thai there were space visitors long ago is the frequent reference lo "sons of God" in ancient litera- ture, especially Ihe Bible. This is very flimsy evidence indeed; if is an arbitrary interpretation lhat ignores lilcrary and his- torical crilicism. That il is an extremely unlikely interpreta- tion is indicated by the way the New Testament writers John and Paul speak of be- coming sons of God through failh and not by birth. Von Daniken (and a host of other people) could profit from reading some historical crili- cLsm of Hie Bible. II would have been a Rood Ihing for him to have become more familiar with the of Ihe Bible and the UM1 of a concordance as well. This could have saved huii from some, gl.iring errors and foolish assertions. Tlie proposiil Mini. Ihr Ark nl l.hc Old Testament ua.s elec- trically me as nhsunl. Von Daniken writes, "WiHimil. actually consulting Exodus, J seem lo remember Hint, Ihe iiri was ollcn sur- rounded hy flashing sparks and that made use of t-'is 'I, runs m I I o r' ivhcncv cr lie. needed help and advice." There are no references lo .spnrks in Kxodiis nr ill (iliiiM1 nf flic Bible where the ark is about. Nothing remotely sug- gests thai tlie ark was a trans- mitter used by Moses or any- one else. Support for the notion lhat Uzzah was electrocuted when he reached out to sleady the ark is absent, loo. What happened to Uzzah is very un. clear. In Hebrew the verse in 1 Samuel 6 reporting the in- cident is mucj jjiore obscure than our translBons suggest. The exegesis in The Inlorpre- Ler's Bible points out lhat tho Hebrew could mean lhat Uzzah slipped on oxen droppings and struck his head on the bare rock of Ihe Ihrcshing floor whicli killed him without any contact being made with the ark. In all tlie versions of the Bi- ble wilh which I am familiar. Lot's wife didn't fall dead when she looked back at the destruc- tion of Sodom and Gomorrah, as Von Danik.-m stales; sh? was Iransformcd inlo a pillar of salt. Since nothing in the slory really tells what happen- ed to Ihe old cities. Von Dani- ken seems at lilwrly to pro- pose a nuclear lilasi. This is more however, than the usual theory Hint in a region uhere there, is a major land fault an could have occurred lhat pel off ex- plosions nf accumulated gas, visions have long lemplwl people lo see far more in them than is warranted. Von Daniken finds in Ihem precise rlelails rii spaee vehicles and thinks Ihe description are as- tonishingly pood. He easily pleased: most readers of Ezckicl's visions cnn'i. make head Or tail of them. They are best read as the ecstatic utter- ance of a visionary in which symbolism associated with Vahwism as well as that en- countered in tire religion of Babylonia, where Ezckicl was in exile, is evident. T am not competent lo crili- cjr.e most of the oilier "evi- dence'1 advanced by Von Daniken but I strongly suspect that it is as flimsy as Uiat which he has attempted lo draw from the Bible. Qualified scholars will have to deal with that though I very much doubt if they will. Von Daniken seems (o anticipate Uiat Jus hypothesis will be ignored by them too and snipes at scien- lisls for having closed minds. While scientists have some- times been unduly stubborn about examining unorthodox views they cannol be faulted loo slrcnuously for ignoring a liypolhcsis as vaguely enunci- ated as Hie one that unknown intelligences at some unknown lime in the past may have in- vaded the earth. It is akin to Ihe hypothesis lhat flying objects are to be ex- plained as evidence of exlrn- mlelligcneo. As (he report on tit'Os made clear, il cannot be denied or af- firmed because il is nol feM- able. Von Dunikon .says people lo- day are less credulous than their falliem. If his bunk is nn inlornalionnl b e s I e 11 e r as slated on Ihe rover of Ihe pa- perback i-oriinis doubi is cast nn his assertion. .DOUG WALKER. Convocation "pXACTLY seven days from when this columr. hits the stands another 420 persons will be receiving or will have re- ceived their degrees from The University of Lctlibridge. These people have spent the last Iliree or lour years in either the fac- ulty of arts and science, or Ihe faculty of education working in anticipation of next Saturday, the fifth annual University of Lethbridge spring convocation. For each person tlie graduation means something different it may mean another step in the educational process along the way to post-graduate and professional studies, and it may mean the end of as much as 16 or 17 years of participation in tlie public education system of this and other gov- ernmental areas, from primary through secondary. The convocation this year should be interesting. While one must think there is something strange in an almost continuous reference lo ''history making" precedence by the. university, this event is no exception. Of course, the graduation of 420 persons, representing all life-styles, of all ages and from many parts of southern Alberta, Can- ada and other countries, must be consider- ed Ihe highlight and focal point of Satur- day's ceremonies. The effort put forth by each, by their families, by their instructors, in culmination provides an unending and fascinating book about people. A good deal of interest ivill centre around the presentation of honorary degrees (Doctor of Laws) to Chester Ron- ning and William H. Swift, both Albertans, and both with past and continuing records of service to their fellowmen. Now residing permanently in Camrose Dr. Chester Roiming although reLued from the Canadian diplomatic service in 1955, has a conlinuing regulation as an international diplomat that assures his stature as one of Canada's most knowledgeable representa- tives in terms of the Far Easl as well as other world areas, in the pasl and at the present time. He has been a Canadian dip- lomatic delegate lo the United Nations on several occasions and has participated in conference at Geneva and in China to name but a few. Dr. William H. Swift has dedicated his entire life to all aspects of education and will be remembered for a great many con- tributions to education from elementary to post-graduale levels in this province. His most recent association wilh the univer- sity in a formal sense was a chairman o[ the Universities Commission from 1966 lo 1968. Part of his career included E term as deputy minister in the Government o! Alberta dcparlment of education and his efforts brought about significant changes in education in Alberta. He credited with major action on such jlems as the estab- lishment of the Royal Commission on Edu- cation, introduction of tlie government-sub- sidized textbook rental plan, and framing of the School Buildings Act, Student's As- sistajice Act and the development of leg- islation establishing public junior colleges in tins province. At an evening banquet in honor of (he Class of '72, Mr. David Iwaasa of Raymond will address the gathering, as the choice of fellow memlrers of the graduating group. Always an honor student at the university Sir. Iwaasa was recently awarded tlie Min- istry of Japan Mombusho Scholarship for one and one-half years of study in Japan and the President's Research Scholarship in arts at Tlie University of Lethhridge. As in previous years convocation will be attended by Lhe families and friends and people of the university. Considering the size of the graduating class at more than 400 and the fact that the demand tick- ets is well in excess of the decision was made to hold Lhe event in the Exhibi- tion Pavilion, There will be a very limited number of tickets available to the general public and anyone who has not managed lo make a contact through a member of the university facully or staff or the grad- uating class should contact the office of the president at the university specifically concerning convocation. However aji effort will be made to ensure that anyone inter- ested in seeing this colorful event, high- light of tlie year in southern Alberta, is given the opportunity. Next week, on the very day of convr-ca- tinn, I will take a whack at a subject which receives continuous discussion in most quarters of society and which was stimulated by a question posed by a grad- uating Grade XII student encountered at a recent high school visitation "What is the value of a university education The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORLlTY The deeper meaning of profanity Canadian public has had a sorry exhibition of profanity from both sides of the House, hy leading members of the Government and Opposition. Men who speak in this way do not speak as lovere of our country, as men who admire and respect our institutions. The House ol Com- mons is the oldest governing body in the world, older than the American Senate or House of Representatives, and entitled to some respect. Such men are saboteurs of the quality of Canadian life and degrade the quality of Canadian Life at a time when the country is undergoing a stupefying change in its morals. Such contempt for decent behaviour damages respect for law and increases crime. It displays an omin- ous loss of a sense of pride in our insti- tutions which reaches down into all areas of living. When the laws of God are held in derision one cannot be surprised if the laws of man are held more iightly. Can- ada is becoming a country with no moral goals and no moral guidelines. A prominent citizen told me the other day that he asked his teenaged daughters how long it would take them to get him some marijuana if he gave them a len dollar bill. They replied, "five minutes." Then he asked how long it would lake lo get LSD. They replied, "ten lo fifteen min- utes." How long (hen would it take lo get some heroin? Tlie reply was "half an hour." So easily are drugs available. The use of drugs lend slo escalale so thai marijuana leads to LSD and LSD lo the use of heroin. One reason for this is that Ihe gang you associate wilh tends to de- bauch you. Tlie great department stores have lost entirely any sense of pride in their ser- vice. One has to wait an interminable time lo get any attention from a clerk. Recent- ly a woman lost her crcdil card and in- formed the company. She found Roods charged against her card by another wom- an. She look Ihe froiihlo. to sea Ihe bills issued apainsf Ihe card and was astonish- ed llial Ihe woman had signed her own name and nol. the name on tho rard! Tha manager explained that tlie girls were just loo busy lo rlicc.k whether Ihe name on I lie r.'inl aprccd wilh flic name on Hie. bills for poods! So clerks in slores are over- worked lo Ihe of rank inefficiency. In countries behind the iron curtain my wife and I remarked the idea of service, had been lost. Tlie iclen of service is lost in Canadian slorcs today. This rieeline of pride in Canadian Instilu- tinn.s reaches into even' area. Strikes are railed wiih ullcr lark of a sense of re- sponsibility. In Ihe. strike in Quebec on tho part of hospital workers, however, the Que- bec government had given a lead in a non- moral attitude! by its treatment of doctors and sinislers diclalorial methods. In schools mediocrity is carefully cultivated and the nurture of brilliant students ne- glected, which is a prune Communist ob- jective. The discontent of students in uni- versity is quite reasonable considering the lack of teaching by professors and ths poor quality of that teaching. All the high and noble things that Ca- nadians possessui their public Life they owe to the Judeo-Christian faith. Basic to that faith is the Ten Commandments. Ono of these commandments reads, "Thou Shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guilt- less that takcth his name in vain." Very few young people learn the Ten Command- ments any more, which is a pity. They are as true today as they were when they were first spoken. The Jews considered (he use of the name of God r.s a matter of the utmost solemnity so that indeed they would not write that name and today thp. name is lost and scholars have been un- able to reconstruct it. Early in the history only the high priest was allowed to invoke it and then just once a year in the privacy of (he Holy of Holies. The veneralion ot the name of God poinls up Ihe facl lhat Ihe most sacred of all Chrislian phrases, "In the name of Jesus Christ." concludes the prayer of all Christians. It is intoler- able that the name of God and the name of Jesus Christ should be used blas- phemously by politicians In the House of Commons. Profanity may be the sign of an im- poverished mind. Lord Byron remarked of an acquaintance, "he knew not what to say, and so he swore." Btinyan confessed lhat before he became a Chrislian, "I know not how (o speak unless I put an oath lie- fore, and another behind, to make my words with authority." One frequently, however, bears men and women swearing where Ihcrc can be nn point lo it whatever bul just an emptiness ot mind. More often unhappily swearing a Tack of a sense of reverence and (his i? what makes one fear for Ihe House of Commons. In the Bible Ihe wriloi of He- brews warns, "lest there be, any fnrnir.ilor, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of male sold his birtliripM." Tiio profane pel-son, the person wiinonl n son of reverence, or holiness, was the lypc of man who would hold his birlli- righl cheaply and sell it for little. If U'.a liiblo he true Canadians may well (ear for Ihe. (ulure. of Ihrir rounlry. ;