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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 6, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD May 6, 1970. Peter Newman Violence Invites Violence Campus violence, resulting in the death of four students at Kent State University in Ohio, is certainly to be deplored. Most people will agree with U.S. President Richard Nixon that students should stand firmly for the right of peaceful dissent and strongly against the resort to vio- lence. Violence invites violence. Student violence provoked the use of firearms by National Guardsmen. That in turn may prompt more violence by stu- dents. A cautioning word from Mr. Nixon was obviously in order. But if it is not heeded the President can take some of the blame since he has not set a good example. By sending U.S. forces into Cam- bodia Mr. Nixon in effect opted for the way of violence. He turned his back on diplomacy and without the slightest deference to the processes of international order expanded the war in Indochina. There was no con- sulting with allies, no informing of other Southeast Asian countries who with his encouragement were or- ganizing a conference on Cambodia, no asking of the government whose territory he ordered invaded. Failure to consult internationally The Hawk Hovers Israeli offers for a ceasefire in the Middle East war are not new. What is new is that the latest offer of an "unconditional and unlimited" ceasefire has been made by one of the most hawkish of the Israelis, Defence Minister Moshe Dayan. There is no indication that Mr. Dayan has suddenly had a change of attitude. He made it clear that the Israelis were still ready to fight if that was the will of the Arabs and their Russian military person- nel. It is not likely that the Arabs will rush to accept this offer. Nothing will be done by them that would in any way be interpreted as an acknow- ledgement that Israel exists. No for- mal agreement to a ceasefire seems possible. What might be is that the raiding and counter- attacking might diminish. If Mr. Dayan is indicating a policy of re- straint and it becomes apparent it is being followed there might be an unannounced response from the other side. This would not bring about any diminution of the guerrilla activity but it would perhaps give the gov- ernments in the area some breathing space. They might even eventually find ways of dealing with the guer- rillas who sometimes seem to be as much a problem to their friends as to their enemies. Mr. Dayan indicated that bombing attacks in the Nile Delta have stop- ped because the aim of intimidating the Egyptians had been achieved. That is plainly propaganda since such violence has never accomplished anything other than the acceleration of violence. The bombing has prob- ably ceased because its futility has been recognized. Some hope, then, seems to be war- ranted that a new Israeli policy may be implicit in Mr. Dayan's remarks. Only time will tell if this is so and what response it might elicit from the other side. Art Buchwald would rather be a one- term president, than a two-term presi- dent at the cost of seeing America becoma a second-rate power." From President Nix- on's speech to the nation on April SO, 1970. "Good evening, ladies and gentlemen. I am Walter CronHte, and today, May 12, 1973, I am sitting here in San Clemente, Calif., with former President Richard Nixon who, as you know, decided not to run for second term in 1972. "Mr. President, you've been out of the White House for a few months now. How does it "Well, Walter, I'd like to make one thing perfectly clear. I miss the White House as anyone who lived there does, but I have no regrets. As you know I've joined the law firm of Agnew, Nixon, Mitchell, Haynsworth and Carswell, and we're doing very well." Mr. President, could you pinpoint the mo- ment you decided not to run for another "I can't tell you the exact time. It could have been when John Lindsay defeated me in the primaries in New Hampshire. I decided at that time I would work for peace, and the only way I could do that was to eliminate myself as a presidential contender. Besides, Pat didn't want me to run for another term." "Mr. President, your decision to involve us in Cambodia has been interpreted by many as .the reason that you could not run for a second term. Do you concur with "Well, I'd like to make this perfectly clear. I decided to go into Cambodia as a way of ending the war. Now the Commun- ists did not see it this way, and, therefore, they moved into northern Thailand. Then I was obligated to invade Thailand to clear out their supply bases there. After we did that, the Communists still refused to talk peace, and they started supplying northern Thailand from Burma. We couldn't allow them to use Burma as a dagger against our boys, so we launched the Burma offensive in hopes that Hanoi would see reason. "Instead, the North Vietnamese started supplying Burma from Red China, so in order to protect our boys we worked out a joint attack with the South Vietnamese on Red China. "This strategy was approved by the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and I was only fol- lowing out the policies of three Presidents: Eisenhower, Kennedy and Johnson." "Why do you believe the Communist forces would never, agree to "Well, as you know, I was committed to withdrawing troops from Vietnam. The more troops I withdrew, the more mill- tary actions I approved. This proved a strain on our armed forces. When we in- vaded China, I had only 100 American soldiers left. When the aggressors didn't respond to our invasion at the Paris peace table, I had to ask the American people to send in a million more soldiers." "And that was when you had the youth strike and every draftee in the United States refused to go." "That's correct. That was in the fall of 1971. We had to jail men for draft evasion." "As you know, we didn't have enough jails to put everyone in, so I had to authorize an enormously expensive prison building program. This money, which should have gone for military expenditures, caused inflation to spiral. "So I made my decision to devalue the dollar, which caused the riots, which forced me to call out the troops, who, unfortunately, had no choice but to fire on the American protesters in the streets." "Mr. President, what part do you think the students played in your decision not to (The following excerpts were eliminated from the program for security reasons at the request of Mr. Nixon. (Toronto Telegram News Service) Selling Quebec's Investment Potential was bad enough but the lack of con- sideration for the opinion of his own people is worse. How can Mr. Nixon expect the students to engage in peaceful dissent when it is blatantly ignored? 'Not only has he failed to consider the legislative ami of the government but he has dismissed the accumulated dissent of the Amer- ican people registered in many ways over the past few years. In his speech announcing the Cam- bodian action, Mr. Nixon indulged in sentiment which is on the side of vio- lence. War was made a test of his pwn and the nation's manhood. He made it evident that he ultimately trusts the power of violence, being willing to negotiate but not if it does not achieve his ends. There is only one way in which increasing violence can be avoided in the United States: by rejecting violence in other places, especially in Indochina. Only by getting out of the war can the American people be per- suaded to eschew violence. Not by rage but by restraint can the head of that country expect to lead it out of the present morass. But Mr. Nixon, like his predecessor, may have lost that opportunity. (Scconti of two articles) QUEBEC CITY It was a wrenching experienco after an interview with Robert Bourassa, Quebec's young pre- mier-elect, to imagine Mm in the province's top political job job that has so often been held by men who have be- haved as if they were kings, negotiating abroad with sover- eign pretensions, moving through the province in flag- fluttering limousines, and dis- pensing largess with an up- raised hand. Bourassa could not be more different from the florid person- alities of the past. His style is almost wholly cerebral. He is laconic, unimpressed with him- self and unemotional. There is still about him the air of the brilliant, bespectacled student who figures he can solve any problem with the application of enough energy and intelligence. The most pressing of his problems at the moment is highly unacademic. He has to live up to his controversial elec- tion pledge of creating new jobs a year. "It's a promise that won't be as difficult to keep as it ap- Bourassa told me "About new jobs will be created by the normal expan- sion of the economy so I'll have to find about extra jobs. That might be tough if I had won only 55 seats but with my large majority, Quebec will have the kind of. stable govern- ment which will attract plenty of outside capital." Certainly Bourassa's efforts to revive the Quebec economy begin with renewed investor confidence. In one dramatic morning, on the day after last week's election, an incredible 11 million in cash was re-de- posited in the Place Ville Marie branch of the Royal Bank of Canada alone. John Meyer, the Montreal Gazette's financial columnist, has .estimated that expansion projects worth at least million, deferred pending the outcome of the election, will now proceed. Bourassa is counting, too, on help from the Trudeau gov- he may not get it in view of the federal mania about inflation. This will undoubtedly produce the first clash between the Trudeau and Bourassa governments: be- tween Quebec's urgent need io create more jobs and Ottawa's determination to cut spending, even at the expense of creat- ing more unemployment. .Negotiations have been start- ed to accelerate work on the billion jumbo airport at S t c. Scholastique and Bourassa's government is expected to ask Central Mortgage and Housing Corporation to raise its grants for low-cost housing projects in Quebec. Bourassa himself plans early visits to Toronto and New York money markets to sell his prov- ince's investment potential and says he'll accept any amount of foreign capital from any- where including Russia to. _______ "It's nothing serious the editorial page always gives him indigestion" Peter Deeley Guns For British 'Bobbies'? Good Start By Doug Walker JNTEREST IN getting a fence for our place appears to be growing. The matter was even taken up at the Tues- day morning brain storming session ui The Herald board room recently. It was suggested to me that I should hold a fence building bee at which freo beer would be available. When I express- ed doubts about the kind of product Hint might result I was informed that I should only promise Hie beer for the end of the project, as an incentive. The idea will have to brew for a while. Against my background it sounds extreme and its implementation is highly unlikely. Meanwhile, Tom Adams has offered to bo sidewalk superintendent. Unfortunately, for him, that position is already filled. And if I didn't want it, I think cither neigh- bors Hugh or Louis should have first crack at tho vacancy. TONDON it soon be guns instead of truncheons for the British A spate of armed crimes, culmi- nating in the last three months in the deaths of three police- men, now threatens to upset tradition. The weaponless British po- liceman has always, been the object of bewilderment to for- eigners. "Aren't your policemen has been the ex- clamation of foreign tourists for years about the man in the blue helmet armed only with tact and commonsense. Policemen from other coun- tries regard their British coun- terpart as simply foolhardy: they do not accept that be- cause the policeman does not carry guns this too inhibits the criminal. One New York detec- tive told me: "You cannot ex- pect a man who breaks statute laws to abide by unwritten ones. In this business it's the quick and the dead; the man without the gun ends up dead." Today, these arguments seem more difficult to refute. Brit- ain, like America, is in the grip of a crime wave which seems to be permeating all layers of society. Bank and wage rob- beries, often accompanied by the use of shot-guns or blinding acid, are a regular feature of Friday pay-days. Gang vio- lence, particularly amongst ur- ban teenagers, is at present straining the resources of Scot- land Yard in its job of policing the capital; racial intolerance is at the root of a seines of at- tacks by white youths on Paki- stanis (a new phrase "Pakki- bashing" has been coined) and commercial crime fraud and embezzlement is reaching record levels. In these areas at least there is no conflict over the police role. Society is right behind its policemen in their at- tempts to control the crime w a v e. But there are other "fringe" areas of crime: drugs, pornography, and student vio- lence which really lie behind the present acrimony between a section of the public largely the liberal Left and the po- lice. The police argument is that Parliament must change the law if it is out of tune with popular feelings: until then they must enforce the law as it ex- ists. But the police officer in Britain whether he be hum- ble "beat" bobby or Commis- sioner is in fact allowed much more discretion than his counter parls abroad. Where this discretion seems to be un- necessarily abused the police cannot really complain if they begin to get a bad name. In the past it has been tacitly accepted by all parties that law and order was not a mat- ter for debate at the hustings. But the Conservatives are pledged to strengthen the police both numerically and financial- ly and to harden the law on trespass to give the police more power to deal with dem- Letters To The Editor onstrators on private property such as universities. The police have said they do not want this law strengthened: they do not want to be in the position of the French and Am- erican police where they could march onto a campus to break up student demonstra tions. They argue that this could later be extended to factories where workers were staging a sit-in and might even lead to a repeat of the 1926 General Strike con- Legalizing Marijuana I am sure that everyone is getting tired of hearing about marijuana, but articles are still coming out to the effect that it is more-or-iess harmless. They tell us that the most dangerous thing about it is the law against it, that up to 50 per cent young people have tried mari- juana and that legalizing it would take it away from the Mafia. Let us remember that most of those studying marijuana are getting their information by asking questions, and taking short term studies among col- leges and high school students. In such a survey naturally it is the ones who use drugs who are most often interviewed, thus if they come up with re- ports of 50 per cent smoking pot, it doesn't mean that 50 per cent of all students have tried marijuana. It is popular to be uninhibited today, but inhibition is that in- ner sense which warns a person that there are some, things he should not do. I don't think any young person (or older one for that matter) dare go too far in throwing away his or her inhibitions. 'Crazy Capers' G> a e 0 (3 B E B Ot A group of young people in a passive mood and with all their inhibitions broken down, would need only one clever lead- er to bend them to any purpose he chose. They could be led to taking stronger drugs, putting themselves under hypnosis, down the line to prostitution or even murder, if the leader so desired. I believe at'least 90 per cent of our young people do not smoke marijuana nor wish to do so. Let us not sacrifice them for the few who wish to smoke it or make a fortune selling it. Legalizing it will not take it out of the hands of the Mafia. They have already moved into some legal businesses. Mari- juana would be just another source of legitimate income for them. V. M. CLOUSTON. Quebec. frontation between policeman and worker. But on balance the individual policeman would probably like to see the Conservative party back in power although he would never be allowed to say so publicly (indulging in poli- tics would bt> just one short step away from He feels that- the present Labor government has allowed too much permissiveness to creep into society and' has only help- ed the imbalance by removing certain "checks" against crime. The most serious rift between police and Parliament has been the decision to do away for all time with capital punishment. Though the police feel that Members of Parliament to some extent "cooked" murder statistics to suit their own case, they are not, in general, against the abolition of hanging. What they bitterly complain about is the absence of any legislation to counter-balance the loss of this check. The police argue vehemently that the present crop of gun- battles is caused by the crim- inal's knowledge that he cannot any longer be executed nor, if he is caught, will he serve more than 10 years in jail. A Conservative MPs recent at- tempt to get full life imprison- ment written into the statute books for murder of a police- man or prison warder failed by only seven votes. It indicated that a large body of opinion in Britain today believes that the "bobbies" are getting less than a fair deal. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) LOOKING BACKWARD -and this is our stand- .by THROUGH THE HERAU) 1920-What is believed to be a record for seeding operations set by the Noble Founda- tion when acres were planted in one day using 26 drills. charge of speeding was dropped against a taxi driver, who spattered a couple with mud as they waited at the loop for a street car in North Lethbridge. He was ordered to pay the cost of cleaning and pressing their clothes. powers of super- vising the military operations have been placed on the shoulders of Winston Churchill, who became in effect Britain's first lord of warfare, 19M Manitoba's flood crisis mounted Ixmrly as all points re- ported damage. have been breached at Morris and the town has been aban- doned to the raging waters. Margaret and Armstrong-Jones were married in Westminster Abbey amid all the panoply of a great ceremonial occasion. make the Quebec economy buoyant again. Bourassa wants American money most of all but he em- phatically does, not want Am- erican culture. "I guess you could say I am a Canadian na- he told me, "but not on emotional grounds. It's very hard to be emotionally Cana- dian. What's good about Can- ada is that it's a protection against the United States. In North America, the smaller the political unit, the more depen- dent it is on the United States, which is the most conservative and the most powerful country in the world. Canada is a pro- tection for us against being swallowed up by the United States." In setting his economic pri- orities, Bourassa may surprise the Quebec businessmen who regard him as their captive. "Economic growth is not in itself sufficient to reduce social he i r. s i s t s and already has officials investigat- ing the feasibility of a guaran- teed annual income plan. "We he says, "find and eliminate all socially unwar- ranted expenditures, in order to re-orient our efforts toward the rehabilitation o f underprivil- eged citizens on a more equit- able and effective basis." When he is talking about social justice Robert Bourassa sounds suspiciously liks Pierre Elliott Trudeau: "The citizen who, in this post-industrial and consumer society, risks be- coming enslaved more and more by a system which deper- sonalizes him, must be able to find in the laws that govern him the guarantees of his per- sona! liberty and his funda- mental rights, without which loses all his dignity." Like Trudeau, Bour'assa pays lip service to "participatory democracy" and worries about the generation gap: "to inte- grate today's youth into the wider community, a new style of leadership is .needed, a new method of government new leaders that will be attuned to the new cinema, art literature, the new philosophy of Me, the new pattern of Social relations that describe the new culture of youth." In fact, the more you study Bourassa the more you realize that even if he doesn't have the Trudeau temperament, he does the Trudeau approach. ut there is one important dif- -arence. Trudeau only listens to technocrats: Bourassa is one. When Bourassa talks about Quebec not being "a province like the he is suggest- ing not that other provinces don't have special characteris- tics of t h e i r own, but that the sociological and cultural char- acter of Quebec "makes it more different than the others. That's he says, "anyone who governs Quebec has speci- al responsibilities responsi- bilities to See that the French language and culture survive and flourish in North America." He intends to give legislative substance to his determination that French must become Que- bec's priority working lan- guage. He is convinced that the dominance of the English lan- guage in the province's com- mercial and industrial life has been one of the strongest argu- ments used by separatists in fa- vor of independence. Bourassa hopes that Bene Le- vssque takes up the offer from one of his successful Parti Que- becois members to try for a safe seat in the National As- sembly. "I like Bour'as- sa told me. "He is tough and he forced Quebecers to think about the future. I'm personally sure he is not entirely con- vinced about h i s theory of sep- aratism. After one radio debate I had with him during the cam- paign, I heard that he told a friend, I would have liked Bour- assa to discuss that with Pari- zeau (Levesque's clu'ef lieuten- ant and economic advisor') to see who is right. Because Robert Bourassa scored his impressive electoral victory without incurring any debts to any particular section of the electorate or indeed his party, wlu'ch never thought he'd win, he is now in an unusually strong political position and in- tends to exploit it. "I have a great responsibility to my coun- try and to my he said at tire end of our interview, "and I'll work 16 hours a day fulfilling it." (Toronto Star Syndicate) The Let1tkid0e Herald S04 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration Number 0012 Uanbtr ot Canadian Flew and the Canadian Dally Ncwaptptv Association and Audit Bureau of CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE. BA1.I.A WILLIAM HAY Editor Associate Editor ROY V. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKEi AdvtrtUini ManaiV Editorial "THE HERALD MRVES THE SOUTH' ;