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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 6, 1920, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE EIGHT TUB 1 ETHBKmGE DAILY HERALD THURSDAY, MAY 6, ..1920 The Hudson's Bay Company I icriaiu trading rights with the great corporation, as now constituted, cou- llivcr, a massive, ruin, eloquent of the. detorralnstlouof tho early tradars, and oi tlie-dunged wftb which they had to The walls of Princo The celebration in '.vestern Canadu Ibis year of the SoOth anniversary o: the Hudson's Bay Company, rrcalls a wonderful chapter In tha early, his- te sight o[ tho ujajritU- uiid were theti forced to., turn back, leaving to Alexander I hopo thai the program Mackenzie the distinction of crossinj; r range ami siuikius his way ;o Iho I'-adiie more thigr sixty years later. Tt-e Oouip.iuy of Adventurers wcrv under tho terms of ilu-lr charter cf May 3070, to supply ever tnu royul v-itrou snould rcniains joccas-Lon lo visit the comiauy's riiory; bin jt is 110'- rvrarded that I Uilv> 8t m, this i Migatlon rested very heavily! ''__________ tory of Canada, ;t chapter that full of romance, and adventure, oi stupendous ieats in pioneerins. ot failures which meant disaster, and of ewcosses so nwn'ellr-us to havV become an imperishable King riiarlfs. or his heirs, with "two for all time the elks .irul tuv b'pA1'; bojvt'rs" the deeds of men long ttimed to ever tiiu rovjl v-itrou should tak dust. It is since tiie Hud- son's Day Company surrendered i-s ierrliorial rights over half a coctin- _ cnt, and live tinif s that period since upon tiie i-nttTpriso. A iK-niumen' j the Merrie Mouarch granted the English tettljiueai was famous charter to Rupert of the i aud tlio vviiuiro bevunic a highly Rhino and his "Ccnqrauy u.' -AdveK-, prosperous one. Hatches, knives turers of England Trading intj Hud-land gewgaws of -various sorts were sen's Bay, a charter whicli s-ivc 10 KLVOU to tho Indians in exchange fur eighteen nobles and gentlemen o! I skin.--, which we're valuable enough England sole trade nnd com- In dayi and would bo of almost rcerce of all loose straits, I incalculable value now. Tho divi- rirers. lakes, creeks and ran as as 50 ver cent., whatsoever latituile they i-iall J--e. that and nil went well unlit Hie failure of lie within the entrance of Ihe straits} the company to explore aud develop commonly called Hudson's Straits, thv interior beoamo u subject of together with all the hmds auJ terri-' complaint and of enquiry. The worthy ot Iho stirring history ot bygone lUys. It is a fur try. irciu tho present j modem gentleman of to tho ilusb- itig cavalier vno first held tho i ilie walls resisted his courts, lu t siuii-ruineU rtaie oiler tho iapso of more than r. ccati'.ry and a q.itJiT- ter. Jhey eland thcrc the name of the famous Prince has gone from the vast lorritorv ?i> lor.s known as Kupert's Land. Ther EDMONTON TO HAVE HUDSON SAY CELEBRATION EDMONTON, May lableaux remains, however, on n Weak Historical scenes in tie his- :o tides of liudsoa's i tory of the Hudson's Hay Compsuy, c.' tho Churchill which will be enacted on the ot a local theatre- on tho last nights fi tho week with a pigcant on Saturday whldi promises to ecllpso oil spectacles ever held lu this city, .the 250th analvereary ot tho rreal Vioaeor company will be celebrated this week. Foilowlog the arrival of Sir Robert Kindorsloy in Edtuontou on Thursday, (ho distinguished visitor will bo tho guest of honor at a banquet ot tao em- ployees ot tho company on Thursday evening to bo followed by a visit to the taeatro where Sir Robert will mako a presentation o.' a guu to Chief Kruiluo Skin of the Crees, tie oldest Indian chief In the west. A feature ot (he parade on Saturday will bo a tloat dcplctbs Fort Edrnoutou in 1796. Approximately S00.090 motor trucks are operating In the area from tho Atlantic Ocean to tho Pacilic, lories upon the countries, confines of the yeas, bays, etc.. afore- said, that are not already actually possessed by or granted to any o'. our subjects, or possessed by (he subjects of any other Christian princo or state." Tuis was tlia insult of tlio slow- ing tales of Radisson .and Chouart ot Iho untold wealth to be taken out of Ihe vast western wilderness. The English Kins, who knew; something of business, as well as of other mat- ters, saw the possibilities or this great scheme of exploit i, uader his royal authority'; the little Uaglet SEI out across the seas. Even (bat, hbwever. was not lie iieginning More, than fifty years before, llenrv pi-cductfon a doubtful jour- ual of 0110 Henry Kolsey. wfco seems to have done, some exploration work on his own account, helped to satisfy a parliamentary committee, but thereafter tho company displayed more vigor, uiid -seni its otficers inj land. The journey of Anthony Hen- dry was notable one. extending us it did far into tho prairlo country. Homlry found the buffalo and the first Knglishman to reach __ Saskatchewan. He camo into con- tact with the. French traders and with the Ulackfoot Confederacy, re- turning with much valuable inform- ation, eonio of which TVRS not be- lieved. Ten years afterwards Samuel Jfbrne made his celebrated journey Hudson, in' the Halt TMoon n'nd the! to ihe Coppermine and tho Arctic, vainlr seekiue an ocean Sea. Discovery, vainly seeking an ocean passage to Calhay nnd the Islands ot Spicery, had found bis way into the bay wiich bedrs bis name. Marooned by. a mutinous crew. Hudson perish- ed, exactly how or no one knows to (his day. nor Iras his grave. Jiecn found. Presumbly, the intrepid navigator and his handful of faith- ful followers died in tlie part of James Bay known to the early vjy- ogers as the Bay or God's LMercies. After him camo olher hardy Eeameii, agents ot certain English uwrchants, who called themselves tlw "Com- pany ot llerchanls of London, Dis- coverers ot the Northwest and these nieu for half a century traded'in the western interior, which they called Now Wales. Tho great west of those early days was a terra Incognita, ranged by countless herds of bnflalo aad in- habited by the Blackfoot. the Cree and other nomadic tribes. The ex- plorer'had never penelrated its fast- nesses; Ihe great prairicF vrere un- .known and no while man had looked tipon the Rocky Mountains. Nor -ivas it till many years alter Ilie establishment ot the Company Adventurers that Englishmen went beyond the regions their trading jiysts contiguous to ____ along the bay The first great work of exploration was that cf a French-Canadian, La heard of a vast (Ida water away in Uie distant west and thought to find the way to Asia The sons of l.aVerendrye pushed as far westward on the prairies as to The operations of the company suffered, however, a' rude'Interrup- tion. The French, who claimed the lands granted under the charter of King Charles, sent au expedition gainst Uie Hudson Bay posts under he celebrated d'lberville. Tho ex- loils of this famous soldier are a ch .narrative in themselves. It IB nKjeient here to say Uiat he .drove 10 English from the bay, to which icy did not return until the treaties f Hyswick and Utrecbl reslored aem their privileges. The latler part of the eighteenth entury saw tho beginning ot tho ong struggle for trado supremacy Kitween tho Hudson's Bay Company nd tie companies organized by the lontrea'l, traders, the Northwest Company and the X. Y. Company, ft vas the X.-Y. that 'sent Alexander lackenzlo into the Northwest, re- nlting in the great discoveries with which his name is associated. Tho absorbed the X. Y. and a litter competition between the Eng- ish end Canadian company, ac- companied lawless deeds and the spilling of blood, marked the hislory o' the west for a long period. Posts tvero duplicated, the natives and ialf-bree.ds -were cajoled by both side's trade. bedevilled by all sorts of 'devices, good -or bad, accord- ing lo the-; dispositions ot the rival factors. It was not till after tha death of Selkirk that the opposing fofees, realizing the value o.' mono- poly and .the? folly o! competition in so rich a trade, finally amalgamated. Tho story of Selkirk's enterprise, is the story of a great effort at colon- ization brought' to failure. Lord Selkirk bought conlrol of tho Hudson Bay Company in order to further bia scheme. Mackenzie bought his way into the company for the ot blocking, tho colonization' Selkirk, at Itio succeeded. He 'brought, -liis ncoplo to Canada, but thero they encountered mipfor- hino after iinisforlune, duo to tho hostility or the Xorthwcst Company as well as' lo bllghUs antl tho diffi- culties of( pioneering' .flgrlculturo. They linrrieil from post to post many, o.' them slaughtered, and not Mil. 1S17 was the last settlement left in Tho Hudson liny Company sold its territorial rights to tho Dominion in 1S69 for reserving to ilsclt HAY' HAY'' A 1 For Immediate Shipment Car.Load L'ols or Less. 75 CARS OF CHOICE ALFALFA. 50 CARS No. 1 TIMOTHY AND TIMOTHY AND ALFALFA MIX- ED, AND ALFALFA MEAL AT REASONABLE PRICES. About 40 Cars Rolling Now i LBS. GOVERNMENT TESTED ALFALFA SEED FOR SALE. PHONE R-217, OR WRITE Olive Oil Cannot Cpmpare With Ttit Sweetest Oil from Aprlcota HELP THE BAB5ES! TAG DAY, MAY 15 It It your Iraclor radiat- or needs repairing, the "know tho equipment and tho biggest shop In Alberta U >t your service. ANDY THE RADIATOR MAN 412 Silvtr Grill QUEBEC TO LIVERPOOL May 14, June 11, Eaiy. Frame June i, July 2.....Victorian June. 25, Jul 23, Pr. Fred. Wni. May From Montreal To '15.vMellta .Liverpool 19.. Sicilian ....----Glasgow 21 .-.Grampian S't'hton-Am'p S8.'.Tunisian ..Havre-Londoit ....Liverpool ......Glasgow li 'CANADIAN PACIFIC OCEAN SERVICE OF WALES CHEWING TOBACCO in Canada Look for ihe Fit- Reform Label which means'the certainty faction. CUNARD ANCHOR AricHor-Donaldson .PROPOSED SAILINGS NEW Vauban .-May 35 Carmanla .May 18 K. A. Vic. May 29 Yestrls June-It) NEW AND SOUTHAMPTON Maurlelnia May 22 Imperator June 1! Mauretanla July 3 linperalor July V Aquitania .JulSl Impenlor -Augl' NEW BOURG AND George May 19 Hyl Georgo Jun 2 Oeorgo Jul 2S Ryl George Sep NEW via Movllle Columbia .May22 Columbia .July Columbia .July 31 Columbia .Aug. 2S NEW YORK, PLYMOUTH, CHER- BOURG AND LONDON Caronlo. ..May22 Caronia ..Juno26 Cassandra May 25 Saturnia June 12 passandra July 3 .July.-l? Draf'lS' Jloney aiii, Cabls For lull' information apply to any R. R. and G. S, agents, or to Com pany's Office, 1 SCOTT BLOCK, 270 Main St., Wlnnloeo YOU DON'T KNOW How Much You Can Get For Your PELTS and FURS UNTIL YOU GET OUR OFFER DEALERS IN HIDES, PELTS AND FURS PHONE 442 ADDRESS: 320 eth ST. s, P.O. BOX 5 i From coast to coast, Fit- Reform wearers acc.aim expressions of satisfaction.' Fit-Reform have excelled themselves. The garments prove this statement. mm McKelvie McGuire C.P.R. Sailings HIDES PELTS RAW FURS WOOL AND TALLOW YOU WILL RECEIVE HIGHEST MARKET PRICES FOR YOUR GOODS BY SHIPPING TO A RELIABLE FIRM. THE LARGEST DEALERS IN THE WEST LETHBRIDGE, ALTA. "pHONE 595 1251 SECOND AVE. S. AGENTS FOR MINED ROCK SALT P.O. BOX 37 TO LIVERPOOL May .Empress ot Franca May 15.............. .Melila Jlay 2T> "June 4 ;.'........-.'.Victorian; June June June June 13 .........------Mellla .June 25 ..Prince Fred: Will. July 2.............Victorian July July 3 ...Empress ot Franco July 10....-......... Metagama July July 23 .Prince Fred. Will. July 24 ..............Merita July 30 ...........Victorian TO GLASGOW May 19 .............Sicilian -June- 2...........Protorlari 23..............Sicilian July July .25..............Sicilian (Fp.Bsfort >ppllcallon 'tormi eupplled.) Call or for lion, 0. P. R. Ticket Office, JA8. GORDON Depot Ticket Agent PHONE GIZ Tickett Issued on all othir At- lantic As We Are Digging Trees Shrubs At the Mitchell Nursery Now, It Important That You Order Anything You De- sire in That Line at Once. Just n tow more cla.vs to set some of these good home grown stock at a very low price. WE HAVE ALL KINDS OF READY FOR SHIPMENT US FOR PRICES, IT WILL PAY YOU. GOVERNMENT LICENSED AND BONDED. MITCHELL HAY GRAIN COMPANY WINNIPEG, CANADA HELP THE BABIES! TAG DAY, MAT 15 SALE OF irrigable Land Near the Town of Taber I HAVE SEEN INSTRUCTED TO SELL BY AUCTION Saturday, May 8th THE DESCRIBED IRRIGABLE LAND That portion of the S. E. of Sect, Mcr., lying to {lie south of the .Canadian Pacific Rail- way consisting of 78 and 2-10 acres. Thin is Booil nKrinillnntl land with water rights under tho Taber Irrigation District nni! Is on tlie main road half mile east of Tabor one milo from elevnlor.s and business part ot town. Terms of casli, onc-llilrd in one yc.ir and balance in two years nt seven tent, Inlcrcnt. I WILL ALSO OFFER FOR SALE AT THE SAME TIME ONE THREE-ROOMED HOUSE Klltialeil MM Ihe above land which would bo sullalilc to mote and ,fljt for a dwelling house. Sale Will B6 Held at Tainter Porteous Sale Barn, Taber, at 2 p.m., Saturday, May 8th, 1920. W. A. PORTEOUS AUCTIONEER I ;