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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 5, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Saturday, May 5, 1973 THE IFTHoRIDGB HBRALD 5 of the Soutli Chris Stewart Kindness and music help teacher The Voice Of One -By. DR. fRANK S. MORLEY "Kindness is of primary im- ortance in a good teacher. When it is lacking teaching be- comes mechanical, but with it sarning can be a happy experi- ence." I found myself agreeing with history professor Jim .ounsins' view of a teacher's asset. I could re- member classroom situations 'evoid of active learning while ithers were productive, excit- ng episodes of discovery; the kindness and under- handing made the difference, Aiming an otherwise drab class- -oom experience into one of Measure. "Some he went on, display an abruptness that orms a learning block, while le warm personalities of oth- create a relaxed, learning itmosphere. A good teachers influence, regardless of his aca- iemic qualifications, is unlim- ed; there is no possible way of 'valuatang his This was the conclusion of a nan whose 47 years' teaching as been characterized by the ualities he espoused. He prac- Iced what he preached. He had seven summers acquiring BA following 1930 (after caching elementary school sev- three years com- deting his MA, and a lifetime Cultivating kindness. He is the teacher so highly raised by a former grade Coleman pupil, who, learning of his forthcoming doctorate ward (to be received May 20th the annual convocation of the I n i v e r s i t y of Lethbridge) lenned the following apprecia- te letter to The Herald: "We in the Crowsnest Pass we this man so much. He has devoted so much of his time to iis little corner of the world, i well remember his classroom of over 40 pupils. Not only did have our usual subjects but roe corner of the blackboard designated for music. Mr. Cousins had his notes drawn so eatly. With a combination of patience and his fine Welsh snor voice he managed to teach s the fundamentals of recog- izing and sounding our doh-rey- mi's. The highlight of our day was a chapter from Penrod, for this pupil, at least, ?ar surpassed the misadven- tures of Tom Sawyer or Huck Finn. I think I can give the ieacher (Cousins) all the cred- .1." Hundreds of similar letters :ould have been written in tri- mte to this fine teacher. His policy to "say it with nusic' brought zest to his classroom. He made sure there was time for music and rarely or ended a school day without group singing. His pup- ils learned to hum, sing and and participated in mnual musical productions and operettas. At one point, when ie was about to cancel further (reductions because of their ,ime consumption, he recalled ie fun they had had putting lese annual musicals together ind couldn't bring himself to jrminate them. He has never regretted for- 'eiting careers in both medi- :ine and plant pathology for saching, and has become in- creasingly aware of the immen- sity of his oportunity in creat- ing values in the lives of his mpils. This has distinguished his career. Professor Cousins commenc- sd his teaching career at 18 in a single-room school in the Moose School District at a Ukrainian settlement near Two Hills. His the 12 by 18 foot eacherage with the winter wind whistling through its gaping cracks, stood next door. He al- most froze to death Ms first winter and credits his survival o the fact the trustees installed pot-bellied heater to augment ie meagre heat from his cook .stove. With three stoves to con- .muallv stoke with poplar lo.as 'including the long-legged heat- 3r perched in the middle of his classroom) he was kept busy 3printing with armfuls of wood Between teaching assignments. The Christmas concert high- lighted the school year. "If you iidn't have as many items as Ihe neighboring school you were :onsidred a failure. If thev had 15 it was mandatory that you iave he explained. Only of his annual salary was met in 1926-27, funds were so low, with the remainder finally realized through govern- ment grants. But if his pay was loor his rewards were bounti- ful. When he left for summer school on the grant award- id by the IODE to a teacher in non-English district, he took ith him as his bride June y, one of his pupils, he married in Edmonton "i 1929. "I decided to take a iouvenir of the district with he laughs. He returned in the fall to 'sach grades 3 and 4 in Cole- man where he had first arrived from Wales in 1921. The Cous- ins', a mining family, had be- come disenchanted with life in the Rhondda, near Cardiff, after moving there from Mil- ford Haven (birthplace of King Henry VII) in Pembrokeshire in western Wales. They found the 'Pass area very similar to their homeland but happily de- void of the strict police surveil- lance which plagued Welsh min- ing centres. Life was exciting in the 'Pass towns. Everyone was "hockey mad." Competition between the Blairmore Bearcats, the Cole- man Canadians and the Belle- vue Bulldogs was keen with teams playing the circuit from Fernie to Prank. The early soft- ball season was sensational, too, but whenever the ice left the mountain streans the men, in- cluding teacher Cousins, were off weekends in search of trout. In winter, residents would snowshoe in the silence of the hills. Music, the universal language of the ethnic groups residing in the 'Pass, was another cohesive factor in this closely knit, somewhat smug society. Cous- ins, dubbed the "Welsh tenor from Italy" (there was a pre- ponderance of Italian and Uk- rainian residents) headed the Crowsnest Choral Society which captured shields and cups and performed as far away as Claresholm. He a d v i s e d his male singers to wear black suits for uniformity and "to make the one suit they had look as dark as possible, in keeping with the depression. "It wouldn't have done to look too prosperous when we were singing at charity con- laughs the professor. "We might have been jeopar- dized potential donations had our appearance been too afflu- ent." He inherited his love of music from his forefathers. "Singing is one of the chief pastimes in Wales just as hockey is in Canada. A child is 'put to the piano' at the age of 10 and at birth a Welsh baby is regis- tered in a children's choir.'' The disintegration of choral groups today disappoints him. "Where else can you make such a loud noise and be praised for it, but in a he asks. Life in the 'Pass (the subject of his Master's thesis) was to end fairly abruptly for this popular teacher. It was on April l, 1950, he received a 'phone call destined ultimately to convey him from the rural scene to that of university dean. "How would you like to come to Lethbridge" he was asked. To agree meant leaving the pleasantness of the mountains, to refuse was to curb his future. He accepted the position offer- ed at the Lethbridge Junior High School (in operation one brief year before being renam- ed the Hamilton Junior High.) The following year he was ap- pointed to the Lethbridge Col- legiate Institute where he taught music and social stud- ies, while conducting four choirs. Assigned to the new Leth- bridge Junior College in 1957, he taught both Canadian and Euro- pean history and held the dean- ship until 1963 as well as serv- ing as dean of the university section, which became the nuc- leus of the University of Leth- bridge. When the university moved to the west campus he was named head of the history department. He is constantly amused at the variety of titles still accord- ed him such as "Dean Cous- ins" and "Mr. reminis- cent of the formative days of the college and university. He admits he was a "little numb, but very, very happy' when he learned of his forth- coming honorary doctorate award and equally surprised to learn he was to be named pro- fessor emeritus when his resig- nation becomes effective June 30th. Retirement well, not com- pletely. He'll still put in time at his university office and his favorite hobby, gardening, but he does plan "to travel, particu- larly to the Isles of Greece to satisfy a curiousity born from his studies of the Greek classics. Looking back he is glad he took varied courses such as French, the classics, psychol- ogy, philosophy, chemistry and mathematics in acquiring his BA and wishes some of these subjects were mandatory today instead of the "too easy roadr' he feels students are pursuing. He predicts a future teacher shortage. "During the depres- sion we had dozens of teachers out of work and today again positions are more limited but if you're a good teacher you'll find ample he said. He believes the trend towards technical education is only temporary. "The pendulum has bsen swinging back and forth for years between the benefits of university versus technical training. Soon it will be back to the university again." Always enthusiastic about the University of Lethbridge he scores the misconception of choosing a bigger university just for the supposed prestige. "When we graduate our stu- dents they are received without question in any graduate school. We have had lots of "retreads" coming to us from other uni- versities. Here they have learn- ed the discipline of study and have gone on to make good." An Edmonton student who popped in to chat with Profes- sor Cousins recently put it this way. "At the U of A I wouldn't be able to find you, let alone have you give me your time. There, the student enrolment is so large there is very little pro- fessor-student dialogue." He is anxious to sec both the bridge and the proposed drama centre completed as quickly as possible. In addition to being widely recognized for his History of the Crowsnest Pass (actually his Master's thesis) Professor Cousins holds a number of dis- tinctive firsts including the first deanship of the college's uni- versity section, first college dean, first full U of L professor, first history department chair- man and the first U of L pro- fessor to be awarded an honor- ary doctorate. Always modest, he would pre- fer to leave the applause to someone else. But if he must receive an ovation, well, just "say it with music." It will be like a grand finale of a great musical when he walks off the stage. PROFESSOR W. J. COUSINS Photo by Bill Groenen Hook reviews White's thrust brings bloodshed "The Flight of the Ncz by Mark H. Brown. (Longman Canada Ltd., 480 pages, TMs major writing is a su- perb contribution to the histori- cal lore of the early west. While the author refers to it not as a history but as ''an estimate of the there is little doubt that this highly research- ed, fact-filled book can be none other than a history. The Nez Perce (pierced nose) were first sighted by the white man when the Lewis and Clarke expedition moved through their territory. Their next brush with the whites came with the influx of settlers, moving west to start afresh in a promising new ter- ritory. Author Brown speaks contemptuously of the "enter- prising settlers." insinuating that many of them were just plain thieves. From an almost innocent be- ginning, consisting of increasing settler-Indian conflicts and the chastising of a warrior by his fellow braves, Brown traces the plight of the Nez Perce and their troubles that seemed to snowball and culminate with the final battle on the Snake Creek battlefield. The book, highlighted with highly de- tailed maps of the journey and battles gives an unusually de- tailed account of almost every- one who was killed or wounded te'ling how, when and where. A more complete and exten- sive work would be hard to im- agine. The numerous personal accounts give the reader an in- depth feeling for the situation Getting to know self "What Do You Say After You Say by Eric Berne (Random House of Canada Limited, 457 Dr. Eric Berne is the origin- ator of transnctional analysis. He went to the United States from Canada and with his writ- ings and teachings attained rec- ognition for developing one of the most innovative approach- es to modern psychotherapy. According to Dr. Berne the basis of structural analysis is the study of ego states. Each human being exhibits three types of ego state: (1) Those derived from parental figures called the (2) the ego state in which he appraises his environment on the basis of past experiences, called the "Adult" and (3) the "Child" which may be anywhere be- tween two and five years of age and is the most valuable part of his personality. Each person, in addition, has a preconscious life plan or script formed in early childhood under parental pressure. It is the psychological force which propels people towards their destiny regardless of whether tl-ey fight it or say it is their own free will. Dr. Berne tells in his book how each life script gels written, hew it works and how each of us can break free of it to attain real autonomy and true fulfilment. Tifiis is an invaluable book for those who are interested in get- ting to know themselves better. It is written in clear jargonless language and should be very revealing to parents who are anxious to understand their off- spring. GERTA PATSON that is seldom found in a book of this sort. One particular account by an army surgeon named Tilton. who eventually was awarded the medal of honor for his bra- very in treating the wounded men at the final battle, demon- strates the feeling in the book and captures the horror of the final battle: "The bullets hum all notes of the gamut, fit music for the dance of death dirt thrown up here and there, while others go singing overhead; riderless horses are galloping over the hills; others are stretched lifeless upon the field; men are being struck on every side, and some so full of life a few moments before have no need for a surgeon's aid one officer is struck by a bullet which explodes, shatters the bone, tears a fearful hole in his arm and carries off a good portion of his ear." This is a yeoman effort, In- corporating newsp a p e r ac- counts, letters, official docu- ments and even first-hand In- dian testimony in regards to the situation. All these facets combine to make a superb chronicle of the situation as Brown sees it. GARRY ALLISON Who wants liberation? "The Liberated" by Henry Sutton (Doubleday Canada Lid.: 384 pages. This is a novel in the modern manner, so to speak. All the confrontation thing man vs woman, black vs white, right vs left, dropout vs establish- ment, hippie vs whatever the opposite of hippie may be. Be- tween them, Amy and Peter work their way through the lot, and still have time to encounter permissiveness, communal liv- ing and the rest of the modern day social phenoncma. There's also a homespun philosopher who walks in and out of the story f quite literally, as part of a promotional gimmick that has people walking from Maine to California) and makes his sage observations on the media and the human estate. And just for good measure, the rather lim- ited variety of basic approaches to sexual satisfaction differ- ent sexes plain, different sexes fancy, same sex are ritually explored. But while completing the 1973 list of "right tilings to include in a novel" Sutton displays his very acute knowledge of the whole rat-race he considers life to be, the man-woman part of it. the social, business and pol- itical parts of it, And he has thought lor read) quite a lot about what realty- is. A brief example might illus- trate. Amy has left Peter, and he is looking for her. He is talking to a kind of hippie priest who runs what he calls the Centre for Alternate Life Styles, and who asks him "Why are you looking for A bit taken aback at such a silly question, as he sees it, Peter replies "What? She's my wife" The quasi cleric then observes "Yes, you said that. But then by the same token, jou're her husband. And she's not looking for you, is Not. profound, perhaps, but worth thinking about. Several passages in this book are. JWF The power behind the throne Few thsmes are more fascinating for Protestants than the opsraUons and pur- poses of the Roman Catholic Church. Few are more mysterious and opinions and at- titudes range from fear and superstition on one extreme to ecumenical brotherhood on the other, from a belief that the Vatican exercises an enormous international power to a belief that it is ineffective inoper- ative in political and economic affairs. In between are all varying shades of opinion. Consequently an article by Father Peter Hebblethwaite, S. J in the. British Ob- server is of vast to Roman Catho- lics and alike. The learned Je- suit maintains that Archbishop Giovanni Benelli, though almost unknown outsidte the Vatican, is the most powerful figure in the central administration of the Roman Catho- lic Church and the chief obstacle to change and reform. Father Hebblethwaite pictures him as a man of great personal force, a somewhat sinister machine in the back- ground, suppressing nsws, determining more what is noi to ba dene than to be done, rendering powerless the Pontifical Commission for the Means of Social Com- munication headed by the American Arch- bishop Hesbn, ruthlessly censoring the Vatican Radio so that it has been forbidden even to mention Bom Helder Camara, "the violent man of peace" from San Recife, Brazil, and cunningly frustrating the ecum- enical movement. Father Hebblethwaite resents Benelti's centralizing fervor, his overly zealous passion for orthodoxy, and the inquisitorial spirit of his discipline. The promising development of lay influ- ence through the Council of the Laity is also, according to Father Hebblethwaite, feeling the hard hand of Benelli's domina- tion. Catholic international organizations have successively run into difficulties. Ex- amples of "incriminated bodies" include a Catholic busii i.ssmen's organization radio and television the cinema (OCIC) which "erred" in awarding a prize to the film "Midnight and journalists Thus the thrust of the Vatican Council was badly blunted. Father Hebblethwaite sees a par- alysis of fear and secrecy creeping over the life of the church with a war psychosis which sees enemies lurking in every corn- e.-. Thus the Brit'sh Christian Association of Business Executives (CABE) is suspect because it cannot be effective without ecumenical help. Father Hebblethwaite is profoundly grate- ful evidendy tnat the archbishop could not became the next Pope despite his great power. He fears however that the system will produce another Benelli even if the next Pope should bring In his own and another team. It is hard to believe that a strong Pope like Paul VI does not control Benelli. One wonders also how representative Father Hebblethwaite's opinions are. As a Jesuit he comes from an order whose original ob- jective was to strengthen the hands of the Papacy. Recently Time Magazine (April 23) hi a feature article on the Jesuits point- ed out their amazing diversity in opinions and habits. Father David Tracy, a non- Jesuit professor at the divinity school of the University of Chicago, says, "At one time when you were seeking an answer you'd find a Jesuit. Today, when you are looking for a question, you find a Jesuit." Perhaps Father Hebble'hiiaite his point. The pursuit of happiness By Richard J. Needham, in The Toronto Globe and Mail Are you happy in your work? If you are, you belong to the lucky minority. Most people, by my observation, find their work at worst distasteful, at best boring, and isn't that precisely what God intend- ed? If you know your Bible, you'll know that work was the punishment inflicted by lim on Adam and Eve for their mis- behavior in the Garden of the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat and we've been sweating, physically and psychologically, ever since. Now a move's afoot to give us joy on the job. Firms are trying out methods whereby work is "enriched" and "human- whereby team sys.ems produce tba team spirit, whereby people turn out the whole product instead of one tiny com- ponent. The North American worker, so we're told, is to do what his Japanese counterparts do race eagerly into the plant or office singing as he He's to get as much satisfaction from his trade or skill whom? Who really does en- joy what he's doing? I'll take an answer to that question from John Harney (NDP) who represents Scar- borough West in the House of Commons. He contrasts the guy on the assembly line at General Motors in Oshawa with "peo- ple who get paid for pleasant activity- politicians, lawyers, newspapermen, preachers, university teachers." Well now, Mr. Harney, I've been around newspaper offices in Canada for well over 40 years, and in that time I've encountered an awful lot of unhappy men and to the point, of mental illness, of chronic al- coholism, of maritaj breakdowns, of strike talk and strike action, of quit- ting (or being fired) in a screaming rage, of taking early retirement and getting the hell out of the fuddle-duddle place. Nswspapper offices, even that of the dear Mop and Pail, are a long way from Paradise. I'd be a rich man indaed if I had a dollar for every time I've seen some reporter cr rewrite man or columnist or editorial writer slip a piece of yellow pa- per into his Underwood and sigh heavily, and then look at it with as melancholy an air as Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, and then sigh again and shuffle off to the washrooms and then shuffle back and type cut sentence and then throw it away and look bleakly into space. It's as E. B. White says, writing is hard work and bad for the health. How about politicians, are they happy in their work? Mr. Harney says they are, but he must know about the powerful drinking which goes on wherever politi- cians assemble Ottawa, Washington, Queen's Park. Some people might Yeah, yeah, that's what makas them so I'd be more inclined to think it's a matter of and nervous fatigue around in circles all day and half the night. As MPs tell it to me, they're driven men, who rarely have a moment to themselves. I'm not too convinced that lawyers, preachers, and university professors have an idealic existence. If being a minister's so great, how come so few of our young peo- ple are going into theology? I keep hear- ing from Roman Catholics that priests have to be imported from places like Ireland. We commonly suppose that doctors get awfully tired of looking down people's throats and in their ears and up their noses. Somebody will say at this point, "How about you, Richard? Do you like writing a daily I'll answer no, I don't like the actual writing of it. that takes thought and concentration and anxiety; but I like the things that go with it reading and research and travel and good money and freedom to come and go pretty much as I please. I would guess I'm as happy in my work (which is ateo my life) as a human being can reasonably expect and a great deal happier than many other peo- ple. But why, I often wonder, have we seized upon this idea of happiness on (Or off) the job? Why did the Founding Fathers of the United States specify life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness? Why did that fa- mous soap opera of radio days go further and style itself. The Right to Happiness? Are we all entitled to be happy at every moment, in all wa do and are? If you like your work, that's great. If you don't like it, well, it takes only a small part of your time. As Albert Camus said, 40 hours of doing what you dislike is a fair price for 128 hours of doing what you like. To sum up, I'm a little bit skeptical about this joy-on-the job movement. Can or should the postman rejoice as he picks up his load? Can or should the bus driver smile as (for the 200th or 300th time) ha wheels his Greyhound to Windsor? Tiie English poet, A. E. Housman. probably said it for most of us toilers, yesterday, today and tomorrow: "Yonder see the morning blink; the sun is up and up must I, to wash and da-ess and eat and drink and look at things and talk and think and work, and God knows why Oh, often have I washed and dressed, and what's to for all my pain? Let me Le and rest: ten thousand times I've dene my best, and all's to do again.'' Shopping futility By Doug Walker There is so much waste energy ard time in shopping that I generally avoid it if at all possible. However, I occasion- ally get involved despite my resolve to keep unsullied. Trailing around behind Elspeth at one of the malls one night I noticed Stan Sproul, the picture of resignation, s at the door of a wallpaper shop wailing for Beth to reappear. "Don't you like looking at wallpaper I inquired. "Oh, Beth has already placed replied Stan. "She is just checking to what she may have missed." ;