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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 5, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 TH8 ISTHBRIDCE HERALD Tuesday, May S, 1970. Peter Newman Who Will Blow The Whistle? When a game threatens to get out of hand the referee Wows the whistle and calls a halt to the action. 3y handing out a penalty or two lie can sometimes cool the situation, pre- venting a general donnybrook. In the great war game being play- ed by the major powers, the time for blowing the whistle appears to have arrived. U.S. President Richard Nixon's unleashing of his military in- to Cambodia has resulted in U.S.S.R. Premier Alexei Kosygin announcing a re-examination of his country's military aid commitments to North Vietnam. This could presage the general war said to be unthinkable since the dawn of the nuclear era. It has seemed only a toss-up for several months whether the clash would come in the Middle East or in Southeast Asia. The appearance of Soviet pilots in Egypt might have precipitated the showdown but instead it seems it will be American troops in Cam- bodia. Since the chief participants in the war game are also the only ones capable of acting as referees, the sit- uation might be considered to be hopeless. The enigmatic role of China only adds to the fearfulness since nothing can safely be predicted re- garding it. There is not much hope that the United Nations might be able to act as mediator. Both the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. have been only too willing to try to get their own way and to employ the veto when that has not been possible. This leaves it to common sense to blow the whistle. It came to the res- over Cuba and Berlin. Perhaps the basic instinct for self-preservation will again come into operation before it is too late. Diminution Of Tension The chairman of the Alberta Com- munal Property Control Board, Mr. E. G. Breach, seems to think there has been a diminution of tension be- tween the Hutterites and their neigh- bors. His report in the Alberta Muni- cipal Counsellor is certainly optimis- tic in tone. Three factors seem to be contributory to this better climate. Most immediate of the factors is the reassurance provided to those" who were fearful of wholesale takeover by the Hutterites. This has come about as a result of the Communal Property Act having been upheld'bv the Supreme Court of Canada. In add- ition there are the guidelines which have been set down for the approval of applications to establish new col- onies. These are: colonies shall be a minimum of 15 miles apart; not more than two colonies shall be pernu'tted in the average county or municipal district; not more than five per cent of the assessable farm land in a mu- nicipality shall be allowed to be under communal ownership. Less immediate but perhaps more significant are changes in the attitudes of both Hutterites and their neighbors. Mr. Breach says the younger people in the colonies are being brought into more contact with the world and "they like what they see there." These young people are realizing that they have some respon- sibility to the community around them. On the other side, there is a growing interest in the Hutterites. The crisis in agriculture is causing farmers to consider the possibility that they could learn something from their neighbors in the colonies. Those who have been aware of the long-time Hutterite opposition to the world and the individualism which has caused farmers to look askance at communalism may be surprised even skeptical in the face of Mr. Breach's observations. But this is a time of great change and there are many surprises. He could very well be right in his assessment of the situation. In Error The debate on the effects of mari- juana continues unabated. Both those who want the drug legalized and those who oppose its legalization claim studies in support of their case. While the positions of the two sides appear to have hardened before all the evidence is in, the majority people who feel too uninformed to take a stand are getting more confused. An unfortunate typographical error has greatly added to the confusion. Nature Magazine, Britain's fore- most science journal, published an article professing that signs of "overt intellectual deterioration" a m o ng heavy marijuana smokers had been found. The anti-marijuana forces nat- urally added this article to their doc- umentation of the case against the drug. Recently, however, the magazine called attention to the fact that tins was a typographical error. The two American researchers, Norman E. Zinb'erg of Harvard and Andrew T. Weil of the National Institute of Men- tal Health, had written that there were "no signs" of any such mental degeneration.. The pro-marijuana for- ces are apt to withdraw unwarranted conclusions from this and too hastily discount other reports of studies sug- gesting dangers. Perhaps tile chief result of this happening will be a further undermin- ing of confidence in the "infallibility of the printed necessarily a bad thing to have happen. The Price Of A Friendship By Charles Bauer ALMOST everyone has seen the aimless struggle of an insect deceived by the transparency of glass. The outside world1 lies before it but just but of reach. Its efforts are in vain and it is finally over- come by exhaustion. It was a sunny, warm day when I entered the car, parked on the carport be- side our house, to discover an, unwanted visitor striving for freedom against the windshield. It was a huge, hornet! Its di- mensions were astounding and I assumed that it must be a queen. I went into the house, returning with a tumbler and a piece of cardboard. I placed the tumbler over the insect and eased the cardboard underneath it, then removed the receptacle from the wind- shield with the cardboard clamped tightly against it. I released my captive in the garden and it flew straight into the blue of the sky. Operation liberation was ac- complished and it made my heart feel good. Next day, as is customary for me, I made my tour of inspection of the rose garden. It generally takes a half hour or more depending on my findings. It is a time when one really gets close to nature and I find it a most pleasant time-con- suming part of the summer's activities. My heart abounding with nature's won- ders, I felt something alight gently on my bare arm. I looked down at a huge hornet and steeled myself, hoping it would fly away. Goose-pimples rose to new heights es it moved to my shoulder. Peeking out of the corner of my eye, I was certain it was liberated the previous day. Pacing me, she seemed to be so content. There was a faint rhythmic quiver to her wings and I could see the beauty that na- ture had bestowed on her, in bold yellow and black stripes. I concluded her inten- tions were friendly and my composure was restored. Several minutes later she went on her way. For the next few- days visits .were a regular routine, as she landed almost un- noticed on my person, never buzzing me as some of her friends have a habit of doing. After a few minutes' stay she would disappear as quietly as she came. Then one day I saw her flying slowly over the underside of the carport roof. She seemed only concerned with her task of inspecting the rafters, stopping here and there. Several days passed until worker hornets attracted ray attention to a slate gray pa- per nest (composed of chewed dry wood mixed with saliva) attached to the carport, two feet from the back entrance of the house! I watched the workers entering the small opening at the bottom of the nest, and leaving shortly afterward. The queen came out to examine the project and re- turned to her likely occupation of pre- paring the interior for her brood to come. My thoughts turned to the queen hornet. Perhaps she felt I was a friendly type for liberating her that day from the car when she was trying to find a way out of her predicament, and decided this was an ex- cellent place to raise a family in a friendly atmosphere. After some deliberation I concluded that it was an impossible situation. Having a hornets' nest at the kitchen entrance could mean a nasty welcome for visitors and trades people, and could spell isolation for us. The queen had only one purpose in mind the propagation of her species. While seemingly friendly and gentle her- self, the control of her offsprings' temper could be anotlier matter. I was repulsed at the thought of destruc- tive action, yet act I must, and the deli- cate nest was no match against human strength. It was the end of a friendship. The price she asked was too high for a fearful hu- man to pay. Bourassa Stresses Economic Equality (Williin hours of his upset victory in last wcir.cs Quebec election; Premier-elect Rob- ert lionrassa of Quebec granted an exclusvie inter- view to Peter C. Newman, editor-in-chief of the Toronto Star and a contributor to The Herald. This is the first of two parts. QUEBEC CITY Political supplicants of all shapes and desires crowded the ante- room of Robert Bourassa's par- liamentary office. Men with thin mous'taches and large am- bitions, they hunched their shoulders against the burdens of office they soon hoped to carry, displaying their self-im- portance by puffing cigars, shuffling through briefcases and exchanging whispered con- fidences. Telephone calls, coming in at one-minute intervals, kept two secretaries busy. Mayor Jean Drapeau of Montreal was put through; others were diverted or delayed. The only relaxed presence in all the euphoric hysteria was that of Robert Bourassa him- self. The first of the current Canadian premiers to sport sideburns, he appears even younger than 30, a man so gaunt his neck muscles are taut and his adam's apple juts out incongruously below a face whose eyes mirror a deep intel- ligence. As yet untouched by that aura of power which tends to create a feeling of distance around victorious politicans, he looks more like a young pro- fessor of economics in an Ivy League college than 'the new premier of Quebec with the largest popular mandate since the heyday of Maurice Duples- sis. Bourassa is so cool, so with- indications mean anything, sees the salvation of his people through economic prosperity and hence through action. Not for him any misty (beams of refighling the Plains of Abra- ham. He talks only of now and intends to push Quebec into full m 11 years ago, six "men' have technological partnership with 1 kept challenging them, asKing held what must be the most the rest of Canada. He refuses what they would do w solve uii- to endow separatism with any mystique about yearnings for out pretension that in his pre- sence "La Politique de Grand- eur" as a concept seems an absurdity, and it immediately becomes apparent how very dif- ferent he is from his predeces- sors. Since Maurice Duplessis died but with the majority l have and a minimum of luck, 111 succeed." "You he continued, "during the election I didn't have much time to try to des- troy the Parti Quebecois. But in the last week of campaign, hazardous 'job in Canadian pol- itics. Joined by the common ideal of trying to reconcile the aspirations'of a volatile popula- tion with the outrageous insen- sitivity of an Anglo-Saxon en- vironment, they .have tackled their task in various ways. Maurice Duplessis turned Quebec into an isolated fort- ress; Paul Sauve briefly bridged the moats; Antonio. Barrette equivocated; Jean Le- sage attacked; Daniel Johnson schemed; Jean-Jacques Bert- rand waited. But Robert Bourassa, if first employment. And they were unable to reply. Rene was say- lost nationhood "but sees it ing UK independence of Quebec strictly as the poison seeping means economic prosperity. from economic inequalities. "Separatism has at its base economic he told me. "If I make a good showing during the next five years, the separatist threat will be over. By that time the consequences of the lower birth rate will make it easier to meet the un- employment challenge. These will be the tough years but I'm pretty confident. It would have been hard with only 55 seats, "There! No one can accuse the government of not taking action in dealing with mercury pollution." Tim Traynor Campaign To Cut NATO Commitment WASHINGTON "Are we would suffice (he says) to es- ----------1 tablish the American presence. supposed to maintain the present number of U.S. for- ces in Europe indefinitely at U.S. expense because the Ger- man government feels that it is useful for the purposes of its Central European Such was Senator Mike Mansfield's pungent comment on the arguments put for- ward during the recent U.S. visit of West German Chancel- lor Willy Brandt and bis associ- ates, who oppose U.S. force re- ductions. The senator's rejoind- er signalled the resumption of the campaign to cut back the number of troops committed to NATO. Sen. Mansfield, leader of the Senate Democratic ma- jority, has formalized' the drive in a resolution for which he claims the backing of more than half of the 100 senators. The Nixon administration is committed to maintain the sta- tus quo until mid-1970, and the Germans sought to demonstrate the advisibility of avoiding any abrupt departure from the course over the longer term. Publicly, as well as in talks with the president, Mr. Brandt asserted that "an important American presence" was neces- sary as a basis for eventual ne- gotiations with the Soviet bloc on mutual force reductions in Central Europe. From all appearances, the administration is thinking in similar terms. In a West Ger- man interview, Secretary of State William Rogers said the administration was discussing the possibility of troop reduc- tions, but "relatively small" ones. "We have had changes in the past, as you know. We are r.ot talking about taking our troops out of NATO." Sen. Mansfield, however, challenges the Germans on a number of points. He questions the use of American troops as a basis for negotiation on the grounds that the Soviets have never shown any real willing- ness to talk seriously about mutual force reductions. He re- lates this to the need to have forces to keep a grip on East- ern Europe. In his view, Soviet inertia Is not a cause for retention of a large American counterforce, but rather for cutting back, since a mailer U.S. group The West German case was put by Helmut Schmidt, the de- fence minister, as well as by Mr. Brandt. He said the U.S. had the choice of defending it- self on the Elbe or on its own eastern shores. "As long as the U.S. national interest is so per- ceived, an American pres- _ was not forthcoming as to' ence in the Old World is incus- pensable, not as a matter of charity, but as a matter of self he said. "Precipitate 01' premature" withdraw- als from Europe were undesir- able. Cautioning against a height- ened debate on the U.S. force contributions, he asserted that increased European forces could not soon offset with- drawals from the superior Am- erican contingent. However, he increase in German contribu- tions 'to the costs of the Am- erican force, a key issue with Letters To The Editor School Policy Changes The experience Dr. Cranley reveals of a "pushing through" of changes in school policy by school superintendents is not new. Three years ago a meeting was called with only 24 hours prior notice, demanding that parents cf children attend- ing Allan Watson School be present. This meeting could hardly be called well-attended considering the seriousness of the agenda, w h i c h was not made known prior to the meet- ing. A. lecture on new proposals was given by Mr. L. Strezlecki, Assistant School Superintendent after which a vote was taken. Time was not given for private discussion. A promise was made that another meeting was to be called in a year's time, at which this project would be reconsidered. This second meet- ing was never called. The outcome of this hushed and rushed meeting is that our children are unable to use the nearest school for the early grades but are bused 18 blocks to an experimental pilot pro- ject school! B'urthermore the "dynamic new concept" in education pro- posed by our Asst. Superinten- dent of Schools at this meeting is very much a reality it seems, so why waste time on a meet- ing at all! ONCE BITTEN. Lethbridge. Sen. Mansfield and his support- ers. Sen. Mansfield has left no doubt of his dissatisfaction with this. And he ominously chal- lenges the German claim that U.S. force reductions would un- dermine public 'confidence in the defence of Europe and would, in Mr. Brandt's words, "be regarded as a step towards, more or less, Soviet hegemony as far as Europe is concerned." Sen. Mansfield counters that frustration of a "phased, delib- erate and1 reasonable reduc- tion" may result in a "preci- pitate, withdrawal from Europe. "If that occurs, there might well be realized the fears which were expressed by the German chancellor of adverse 'political and psychological c o n s e quences. "I must reiterate" my view therefore, that the longer a sub- stantial reduction is delayed by the executive branch, the more likely is a precipitate and, per- haps, complete withdrawal front Europe." (Herald Washington Bureau) But this was an intellectual fraud." I asked Bourassa the hardest question anyone in his position must Does he consider himself a Quebecer or a Cana- dian first? "As prime minister, I have to put Quebec he replied. "But while my main interest is to defend Quebec, when I discuss federal matters, I'm a Canadian first. I don't think that's a contradiction. After all, Quebec is part of Canada." Bourassa sees himself not only as chief spokesman for French Canada, but as the champion of all the economic- ally depressed regions east of the Ottawa River. "I am ready to assume the leadership of Eastern he said. "Tariff policies up to now have favored Central Canada too much and that's one reason for regional disparities. A bet- ter deal for Eastern Canada is bound to benefit Quebec and we won't have to ask for special treatment. Only Quebec is pow- erful enough to put pressure on the federal government on be- half of the East. That's why we have a special role in Confeder- ation. If I don't use that power as the leader of Eastern Cana- da, Confederation will lose the game." Bourassa's main interest and dedication is to use the instru- ment of government to inter- vene on behalf of the ordinary citizen and in this sense, at least, he is a political radical. "When I was studying at Ox- he told me, "I was a member of the Labor party with Chuck Taylor (the Mont- real Though I was then a leftist, as prime minis- ter of Quebec in the year 1970, I have to behave like a prag- matist." Bourassa went to Oxford in 1957 after graduating first in his class at the University of Montreal law school. He later studied corporate law and pub- lic finance at Harvard Univer- sity and taught economics at the University of Ottawa. Fol- lowing a brief period as secre- tary of the Carter Commission on Taxation, he become re- search director of Quebec's Boulanger Commission on Pub- lic Finance. He moved into active politics by winning the Merrier seat in the 1966 elec- tion and became a protege of Lesage's and the Liberals' chief financial critic. Married to the daughter of Joseph Si- mard, founder of the huge marine industries complex at Sorel, he won the leadership of the Quebec Liberal Party in a tough contest earlier this year. "I have the same training as Pierre he said, "and I'll be able to negotiate with him on an equal footing. I don't know; him well; in fact, I haven't spoken to him at all in the last four years. But I know Marc Lalonde (Trudeau's main policy advisor) very well. He is one of my closest friends. On administrative grounds, I think Trudeau has done a good job. But I'm not the same type of person. I'm more austere than he is. But neither of us is dog- matic and I think it will be easy to work with him. Bourassa's other demands are likely to include Quebec jurisdiction over the French network of the CBC; reform of the Supreme Court of Canada; provincial participation in the setting of tariff, policies; turn- ing over to Quebec family al- lowances and a new formula for distributing medicare.funds to take into account unemploy- ment levels, per capita income and tax revenues of the less rich provinces. (Toronto Star Syndicate) LOOKING BACKWARD THHOUGH THE HERALD heavy rams over the weekend Questions On Youth Centre 1 have given considera b 1 e thought to the move by the Mr. Ken Spence and others for the establishment of a youth hostel in the city and I would like answers to some questions. (1) How do the sponsors plan to prevent providing housing, meals, etc. to dope pedlars ami (or) addicts and .petty thieves? (2) How well will the hostel be supervised and by whom? (3) Would older people on the move have the same access to the hostel as youth, and if not, why not? (4) Why is it so necessary to lake care of tramp kids on the bum? (5) Why must our society be- come so youth oriented that, not only are the tax-payers edu- cating them (if that is what is happening) but now we must help them to have a free vaca- tion? (6) Is the same amount of concern lurking anywhere around to give aid to the pen- sioners who built our country and who get about half what the tax-payer is doling out to the professional of whom are learning all the wrong things to make them into useful, stable citizens? Please Mr Epencc. some answers. MRS. HUGH McCAUGHERTY. Lethbridge, 1920 The family food bud- get in the United States has doubled in the past seven years according to statistics. During the same time in Great Britain the increase was 120 per cent. 1930 Tim Bed Trail from Lethbridge to Taber will be gravelled this year. There is a standard grade now built from the city to Chin and work is underway on the Chin to Taber portion of the road. 1940 Southern Alberta con- tinues to experience one of the wettest springs in years as added almost three quarters of an inch to the total for the past two months. Normal aver- age for May is 1.10 inches, but this year a total of 3.36 inches fell. "no smoking" rule on city buses is to be enforced, following complaints received by City Manager Sommerville. 1MO _ The Lethbridge and District Tourist and Convention Association was formed today. The main purpose of the or- ganization is to attract more Canadian, American and for- eign tourists to south Alberta. The LetKbtidge Herald 504 7th SI. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publistwri Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall ReBistration Number 0012 and tht Canadian Daily Nenroipal Publishers' Association and Audi! Bureau of Circulation CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and puolifhcr THuMAS H. ADAMS. Ccneral Manager JOE BAI.L.1 WILLIAM MAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. Mvutisinj Mananr Editorial Pan Edllcr "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;