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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 5, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta COOLER FORECAST HIGH WEDNESDAY 65 The Lethbridae Herald VOL. LXIII No. 121 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, TUESDAY, MAY 5, 1970 PBICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS 18 PAGES U.S. Campuses Tense After Ohio Trag Nixon New War Diefenbaker Won't Attend Untter Prairie Conference Here iTOtCSlS Fire Dube Supports Union Idea By JOHN MIKA Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA Veterans Affairs Minister J. E. Dube recently made a second impassioned speech for union of the Maritime provinces. which included a strong argument that could be applied to the prairies as well. He contends that "the Maritimes is one of the most over-governed jurisdictions in North America, if not the world." To back up his contention, he cited the 136 MLAs elected to the New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prineo Edward Island legislatures representing an aggregate population considerably smaller than metro Toronto boasts. The MLA ratio in the Maritimes is one per persons, compared wift one for Gntarioans. Mr. Dube points out that P.E.I., with barely 000 people not only hps its owii legislature but h2.i ao less Ulan eight cabinet ministers while the United States federal government, which represents times the P.E.I, population, gets fay with an even dozen cabinet ministers. The veterans affairs minister, a New Brunswick French-Canadian, claims iiiat his first speech urging Maritime union touched off the One Prairie Province conference which will be held May 10-13 under auspices of The Lethbridge Herald and University of Lethbridge. Five Jurisdictions He also was instrumental in establishment of the more formal Maritime Study Group, under Queen's Prof. John Deutsch, which has federal and Maritime provinces' official support. Its report, expected later this year, may persuade Newfoundland to consider union seriously too. It's interesting that the study group's executive; director Fred Brummie and Carleton University's cele- brated (Vertical Mosaic) sociologist Prof. John "Porter who was to have presented one of the papers at the One Prairie Province conference both agree on one aspect of the union question. It well could, and should eventually, lead to refor- mation..of Canada into five provincial jurisdictions as originally proposed by B.C.'s Premier W. A. C. Bennett to the first of the recent constitutional conferences. Here's The Burden Here's the burden, as viewed from Mr. Dube's point of view this week, that is carried by the roughly 3.6 million people living in the three Prairie Provinces and the two million people in B.C. The Prairies now are represented by 181 MLAs which breaks down to one for almost every con- stituents. B.C. with 55 members in the House, com- pares more favorably with a ratio. The Prairies muster a formidable governing elite of 42 premiers and cabinet ministers while the west coast province has 16. The salaries and sessional indemnities that must be paid by Prairie citizens runs to some million just to keep the elected politicians in personal funds that probably if travelling and office expenses were toted up for the three legislatures. British Columbia taxpayers' bill for sessional indem- nities and cabinet salaries runs close to and, again, this is only about half of the cost when the nec- essary incidental expenses of office-holders are figured in. These are large sums, recurring annually. Over the normal four-year life of a single administration, they probably total about million for the prairie region and million in Smcdl Part Of Cost Using B.C. as the 'control' (and it could be argued from the point of view of difficult terrain and population size, it is comparable to the entire Prairie region in terms of government suggests that union if it did nothing else would free about million for the use of every (unified) prairie administration's programs instead of its pockets. But the probably waste of dollars Is only the smallest part of the cost, as Mr. Dube pointed out in his Maritimes speech. The tripled outlay for politicians' pay is far out- weighed by the losses of senseless competition with pro- vincial governments of the same region establishing industrial development programs to woo new business away from each other at great public cost in terms of subsidies or tax concessions usually in the face of rational analysis, from the regional overview. DEADLY CONFRONTATION National Guardsmen stand over a fallen Kent State University student after the Guardsmen reportedly fired into protesting students on the Ohio campus. Four were killed. War Spills Over On New Front SAIGON (Reuters) The Vietnam war spilled over into Cambodia on another front today as American and South Vietnamese troops launched a new operation in the central highlands. The new move, into, the Se San base area of Cambodia about 5 miles west of the South Vietnamese central highlands city of Pleiku, came as U.S. troops and tanks already. in Tambov. ia on 'what was believed to be a major nerve centre of the Viet Cong war effort. Se San, long a Communist stronghold in Tarakiri province about 30 miles from, southern Laos, is the terminal of the Ho CM Minn trail and has a small civilian population. The U.S. military command said eight B-52 missions were flown Mon- day night on the South Vietnam- ese side of the border. But it gave no indication how many raids may have been made in Cambodia to soften up the area. The attack came after a com- bined drive into the Fish Hook area Friday. A 500-building de- velopment, complete with radio antennae, was sighted from the air Monday as American tanks thrust through the Fish Hook to the Memot rubber plantation by strategic Route Seven. The tanks are part of a com- bined American arid South Viet- namese force, numbering about troops, which Friday plunged into the Fish Hook sali- ent at dawn, trying to track down and smash the Viet Cong high command fof military and political activity in South Viet- nam. President Nixon is gambling that the force can find and de- stroy the stronghold before the monsoon rainy season comes next month. He has said the push into Cambodia is not an in- vasion. Military sources said the 500- building establishment was dis- covered near Route Seven, about two miles insiue the Cam- bodian .border. China Pulls Out WASHINGTON (Reuters) The slaying of four students in an anti-war clash at Kent State University in Ohio and the threat of more campus up- heaval brought new troubles to the White House today as Presi- dent Nixon sought to muffle ris- ing criticism by meeting con- gressmen angry over his expan- sion of the Vietnam war. The four girls and two young shot and killed Monday by National Guard troops-. Nixon, under mounting pres- sure over his decision to send U.S. troops into Cambodia, im- mediately issued a statement expressing his sadness. "This should remind us all once again that when dissent turns to viol- ence it invites he said. But the National Student As- sociation went ahead with plans for a nationwide university strike starting today. Other campus groups already have started boycotting classes. And the Senate foreign rela- tions committee, in a highly critical report issued on the eve of its visit to the White House at 5 p.m. EDT today, blasted the administration for waging a "constitutionally unauthorized, presidential war in Indochina." ARMS TALKS HURT? International criticism of the U.S. was capped Monday by So- viet Premier Alexei .Kosygin's Moscow news conference in which he denounced Nixon and warned the American incursion in Cambodia would make arms limitation talks now under way in Viennamore difficult. Despite the clamor, there was no sign that Nixon was about to change course. .The White House, in fact, claimed that fa- vorable reaction to the U.S. in- cursions into Cambodia still is pouring in. The president agreed to the Senate foreign relations committee, as well as the House of Representatives foreign af- ForTner Conservative leader John Diefenbaker said this morning he would not attend the One Prairie Province En- quiry next week because the four-day conference "is not es- sential." The conference, opening Sun- day-at the Lethbridge Exhibi- tion Pavilion, will study the feasibility of political union by the three Prairie provinces. Mr. Diefenbaker- told The Herald in a telephone interview from Ottawa, he did not regard "as seriously the alleged feel- ings of separatism in the west. "But there is fear and frus- tration at the failure of the Trudeau government to do any- thing effective to relieve the economic condition of the west. WEST FORGOTTEN "The government has forgot- ten there is such a place as the Prairies." Mr. Diefenbaker, prime min- ister of Canada in 1958-63, said he had never heard of stronger criticisms of t h e central gov- ernment as in the past two or three years. Western farms are overload- ed with grain and there's no se- rious attempt being made by the federal government to sell it, he said. "As for this wheat acreage Mount From AP-Reuters JOHN DIEFENBAKEK reduction progfam that the government has named Opera- tion Lift the only lift the western farmer is going to get is in the posterior." Postal Strike Vote Set For May 19 TORONTO of the biggest postal union lo- cals in Canada have set a tenta- tive date of May 19 for a strike vote by their members. The union officials met here Monday .to discuss the strategy they will follow if their mem- bership reject a conciliation board report handed down in Ottawa Monday night. Earlier they attended a meeting of 300 Toronto shop stewards and union organizers. 0 f f i c i a 1 s of the Canadian Union of Postal Workers, the Carriers' Union of Can- full collective bargaining, in- cluding a negotiable retirement age and consultation on each step the corporation makes. Mr. McCall said in the event of a strike, workers might start then- own local post offices for business mail. Bernard Belanger, president of the Ottawa local, said this idea could spread across the country. City Boys Rescued From Banff Mountain BANFF (CP) National park wardens rescued three 12- year-old boys who were trap- ped on the side of a mountain 80 miles west of Calgary. Park superintendent Steve Kun said that Tim Powell, Gor- don Owen and Gary Stevenson, all of Banff, attempted to climb Tunnel! Mountain without equipment and were trapped on the southeast face, unable to move up or down. Tourists heard their shouts for help, notified authorities and a five-man rescue team led by warden Bill Vroom lowered the boys to safety by rope. No one was hurt. HONG KONG (Reuters) China is withdrawing all em- bassy staff from Phnom Penh and breaking off diplomatic re- lations with the Cambodian gov- ernment, Radio Peking reported today. The radio was quoting a mes- sage of greetings from Premier Chou En-lai to deposed Cambo- dian ruler Prince Norodom Si- hanouk, congratulating him on the formation of a national coa- lition government-in-exile in Pe- king. The message said establish- ment of the coalition govern- ment by 'Sihanouk shows th Cambodian people's anti-United States struggle has entered a new stage. Sihanouk, living in Peking after he was overthrown March 18, announced the establishment of the coalition government under his United National Front at a news conference in the Chinese capital today. Woman Killed On Highway CALGARY (CP) Clara Ri- der, 46, of Morley was killed when she was struck, by a truck while walking on the Trans-Canada Highway about 22 miles west of here. services committees of chambers. both the report in Ottawa, 01 Kepresentauves toreign at- uwuu ui uaii- 7-47 i n fairs committee and the armed ada and the federal government UecUireS AUS> O _____uj.___ _e u..i.t_ cfiiHioH tho wmnrf in Atfnura Civic Holiday Air Lodged OTTAWA (Herald Six protests have now been filed here with the Air Trans- port Board concerning the ap- plication by Pacific Western Airlines to take over the Cal- gary-Lethbr'idge ran of Air Canada. In addition to Time Airways protest, others includes ones from George Money and Son, Ascot Agencies Ltd., Royal Ca- nadian Air Force Association, Mrs. Iris Mossey and Automa- tic Electric of Canada Ltd. Deadline for the filing of pro- tests is May 15. After that time Pacific Western has 10 days to offer written rebuttals to each of the protests, but to-date there has been no response from Pacific Western. After May 15 the files will be lifted and referred to the va- rious divisions of the Air Trans- port Board for study. Presidents of postal union lo- cals in Ottawa, Vancouver, Montreal, Quebec City and To- ronto outlined priorities which their members want fulfilled: guarantees of job security after a proposed Crown corporation takes over and brings automa- tion to the postal service; con- sultation on employment of cas- ual labor; seniority rights, and "reasonable" wages. Jim McCall, Vancouver local president, said items not negoti- able under the 1967 Public Staff Relations Act could cause a na- tionwide strike. These include consultation on legislation set- ting up the Crown corporation, Police Patrol Capitol Area HELENA, Mont. (AP) Se- curity measures are planned to control vandalism at the Mon- tana capitol complex here. Eighteen wi n d o w s were broken at one office building and the top was broken from a tree on the capitol grounds. An additional guard is to be placed on duty and Helena police are being asked to patrol the capitol area more closely. City council Monday night de- clared Monday August 3 a civic holiday, allowing a mid-sum- mer long weekend. A number of inquiries were received, particularly from firms planning their 1970 staff holiday schedules, asking the city to make a decision one way or the other. Stung by the shooting deaths of four Kent State University students, young persons on col- lege campuses across line United States have begun new protests, strikes and demonstra- tions against U.S. involvement in Indochina. The four were killed Monday when National Guard troops, or- dered to the .Ohio campus to curb violence in protests against the expansion of the war into Cambodia, opened tire. In the wake of the Kent trag- edy, most campuses remained calm while protests were being organized. But there were inci- dents of violence and ROTC buildings frequently b e c a me targets. The army ROTC build- ing at Kent had been burned Saturday night. The Reserve Officers Training Corps in U.S. colleges provides a nucleus of officers for the U.S. military esteblishment. At the University of Mary- land, 500 National Guard troops were called out Monday night to put down a demonstration by a crowd that numbered up to They were dispersed by repeated barrages of riot gas. DECLARES EMERGENCY Four persons were taken to hospital and 107 arrested as Maryland Gov. Marvin Mandel declared a state of emergency and a curfew was imposed. Troops carried fixed bayonets but .no ammunition for their weapons. An estimated to students roamed the campus of Syracuse University shortly be- fore midnight, breaking win- dows and setting up blockades designed to prevent classes today. Police removed a fire- bomb before it exploded from the campus bookstore. National Guard troops were on the alert in Wisconsin after hundreds of students at the Uni- versity of Wisconsin in Madison set fires and smashed windows. A supermarket was destroyed by flames as hundreds Of stu- dent spectators cheered. In San Francisco, some demonstrators stormed into city hall to demand that the board of supervisors call for the im- peachment of President Nixon. Police forced them out. BURN TRUCK At the University of California in Berkeley, anti-war marchers overturned and burned a ROTC truck. In front of (he chancellor's office, they bawled down Ameri- can and California flags, set them afire, and pulled the flam- ing banners up to half staff, chanting, "Burn, Nixon, Burn" ROTC buildings at the Univer- sity of Nebraska. University of Virginia, Central Michigan Uni- versity and Case Western Re- serve University In Cleveland were occupied by student pro- testers. The National Student Associa- tion in Washington today issued a statement saying memorial service for the four Kent stu- dents would be held this week across the country. 'Qait griping! We're withdrawing from Vietnam, aren't Youth Steals Pigs To Feed His Family MONTREAL' (CP) A young man who pleaded guilty here to stealing two pigs to feed his family has been of- fered a job by the theft victim. Ex-farmer Andre Touchon, 19, told Judge Louis Paradis he stole the pigs because his un- employed parents and eight brothers and sisters "wanted something to cat." The judge freed the young man on two years probation and on condk two that In rtturn Uw meat, Dayan Offers Arabs Ceasefire MOSHE DAYAN TEL AVIV (AP) Defence Minister Moshe Dayan of Israel offered Egypt Monday night an "unconditional and unlimited" ceasefire, but said Israel will not be driven from the banks of the Suez canal by the Egyptians or the Russians. "The government is ready to re-establish a n unconditional and unlimited ceasefire even if this will enable Egypt to reor- ganize and put up SAM-3 mis- sile Dayan told a student rally in Haifa. "We are willing to accept this because we sincerely want a ceasefire, because it would end ww and open the corridor. to some land of an arrange- ment." But Dayan yowed that Israel would maintain the ceasefire line at the canal and is "ready to fight physically to hold the lines even against Soviet aid. "If they try lo push us back by he said, "we shall fight." The Israeli and U.S. govern- ments reported last week that Soviet pilots now are flying with the Egyptian air force over the Nile Delta although not over the Suez canal front. Asked why Israel had stopped Its bombing to Delta, Dayan said the aim of "sowing death and destruction among the Egyptian army" had been achieved. 'WAIT AND SEE' "At this stage, with the entry of the Soviets, we prefer to wait and see what we can do now." He also said he rashes the United Elates would face up to the Russians in the Middle East like "a real tiger with biting teeth." At a Moscow news conference Monday, Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin evaded a direct answer when asked if Soviet pilots are flying defence missions in Seen and Heard ABOUT TOWN LONGTIME Lethbridge resident Cathie Johnson making her first trip to Lund- breck falls Alderman Rex Litlle telling North Leth- bridge businessmen the city would eventually prohibit barking on 13th St. N. then catching himself with, "I must be going to the dogs." University student Kaihy Harkcr getting lots of com- ments like to "say hello lo the Eskimos" as she left for a summer job in the wilderness area north of Edmonton. Plan Independence LONDON (Reuters) tain will grant independence to the South Pacific island colony of Fiji and its people Oct, 10, it was decided here. ;