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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 4, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta The Lethkidge Herald Third Section Bangladesh facing Lethbridge, Alberta, Thursday, May 4, 1972 food shortage Pages 25 to 36 West aid urged to avert me By RAM SUNDAIl CP Correspondent BOMBAY (CP) Political and diplomatic sources in India expect a massive effort by Western countries to help avert famine in Bangladesh. The recognition of the new Asian nation by the United States has been welcomed by politicians in New Delhi and Dacca as being particularly helpful in this context. There are hopes thai the gov- ernment of Canada may also draw up a special program to send foodgrains to Bangladesh. Bangladesh politicians think that with India almost self- sufficient in food it should be possible for the United States and Canada to send more food aid to their country in the near future. Welcoming U.S. recognition of his country, Prime Minister Sheik Mujibur Rahman has spoken of the possibility of a new chapter in U.S.-Bangla- desh relations for their "Mu- tual benefit." It is known that the sheik, though distressed by the Nixon administration's stand during the India-Pakistan war over Bangladesh and the earlier phase of the liberation struggle, has always been friendly to- wards the United States. In fact, ne was often de- scribed as being "pro-West" during the days when Bangla- desh was part of undivided Pakistan. DIE OF STARVATION Western diplomats in New Delhi think that President Nixon may organize a sizable aid program matching what the Soviet Union has been doing for the troubled South Asian coun- try. There is not much time to lose if Mr. Nixon is really in- terested in ensuing that Bang- ladesh remains said a member of Sheik Mujib's party now in Indian on a relief-seeking mission. Meanwhile, reports of starva- tion deaths have come in from various areas of Bangladesh. News reaching the border districts of the Indian state of West Bengal says there is acute food scarcity in many Bangladesh districts. Travelers says that at least 50 villagers may have died in the Khulna, Mymensingh, Kushtia and oth- er areas. The general secretary of the I Bangladesh National Awami Party said in Dacca that "fa- mine is stalking our beloved country." Syed Altaf Hussain, the NAP official, said some people had died of starvation in the dis- iricls of Barisal and Faridpur. Hussain said that prices of rice and other foodgrains had "skyrocketed" in many areas and poor people had no money to buy them. The Bangladesh politician was critical of the way the new ad- ministration is tackling the food problem. He alleged that relief committees were ineffi- cient and corrupt. ATTITUDE EXPLAINED Mr. Hussain's statement has been noted in diplomatic and political circles with particular interest as hs is known to be close to the Soviet Union. Why he has chosen to criti cize Sheik Mujib's administra- tion at a time when the Soviet Union is anxious to do every- thing it can to win the goodwill of the people and government of Bangladesh? One explanation offered in In- lian and Bangladesh political circles is that the pro-Soviet mlilician may be trying to show his annoyance at the new urn in Dacca's relations with he United States adminislra- .ion. This explanation tallies with reports that pro-Moscow Com- munists in Bangladesh have launched a propaganda cam- paign against acceptance by the Mujib government of West- ern aid. This, however, was to be ex- pected. Informed circles note that pro-Moscow Communists in India have also been highly critical of the Indian govern- ment's acceptance of such aid. At one stage, when some northern stales were threaten ed by famine the U.S. stepped up food aid to India under Pub- lic Law 480, local Communists mounted a propaganda effort questioning the "wholesome- ness" of American wheat dis- tributed in scarcity areas. Reports say that Prime Min- ister Mujib has made it clear that there is no question of re- jecting aid from any country as long as it is without strings. Nurses up fees TORONTO (CP) Private :luty nurses will increase their "ees by a day beginning May 15, the Central Registry of Graduate Nurses in Toronto an- nounced Tuesday. The new fees will he for eight hours of medical, obstetrical or surgical duty and S40 for psychiatric, al- ih'olic, drug and isolated cases. HIPPIES' INFLUENCE MO DE JANEIRO (AP) French dressmaker Pierre Bal- main says the hippie movement has had' a great influence on men's fashions. "Before the hip- he said, "men were ashamed of wearing clothes full of colors, although they always liked it." BIRDS WITH ADOPTED MOTHER Brenda Bradshaw, 9, of Dallas feeds tiny wood- th an eye dropper. Brando's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Gilbert of Texas'were clearing a wooded lot recently and removed a tree which, unknown to them, contained a nest with four tiny woodpeckers._______________________________ Scientists near solution uses OTTAWA (CP) Concern over dwindling fossil fuels, such as oil or coal, may be over-exaggerated because sci- entists are "on the break- through point" on ways to use atomic energy resources com- mercially, says geologist Rob- ert E. Folinsbec of the Uni- versity of Alberta. Exploration to find sources to meet conventional fuel needs during the next 20 years still must be carried on, he said, but ways to use other energy sources probably will be commercially practical be- fore the fossil fuels are ex- hausted. Dr. Folinsbee, internation- ally-known geochemist and economic geologist, is presi- dent of the International Geo- logical Congress, which will bring together about to geologists from more than 100 countries at Montreal in August. One of the 18 technical ses- sions at the congress will be concerned with ways to use nuclear energy and the prob- lem of the diminishing fossil fuels, he said in an interview. Canada's reserves of fossil fuels "are quite modest at with nearly all of them in Alberta, Dr. Folins- bee said. "Oil reserves are estimated at 10 billion with present use at about 500 million barrels a year. About 750 million barrels a year will be needed by 1875." However, uranium can be used as a fuel-in atomic power this now is commercially applica- ble only in limited areas, he said. One pound of uranium, which sells now for about has the energy equivalent of barrels of oil, which costs about So work on application of this energy source is under study. "One reason we don't use it (now) is that furnaces are so expensive." It costs about billion to build one nuclear furnace. COULD HEAT CITY Another reason is that about two-thirds of the energy re- leased under present methods of splitting the atom goes into Indians revive j 1 1 1 _. HOEBEMA (CP) The wheel of tradition has turned full circle for the residents of the Hobbema Indian reserve in liver is Ihc best says Johnny Samson, manager of The hides ilien iiru folded and I central Alberta. weighted lo allow the grease- For hundreds of years before and-brains m i x t u r c 10 work the white man invaded the Ihronch. Sicked once morn. vcslern plains, which were j they then are wrung dry and dark with millions of Iniffoln, a I imperfections such as small j main chore of many 1 n d i a n i holes arc patched. j w omen was manufacturing "The h i d e begins lo turn clothing from animal hides. at this stage." says Mr.; Now, well aware of the mod- Samson. "For the white hurk crn trend toward leather clolh- ing, Ihc Indians of Ihc Ermi- neskin hand here have revived their cra'l and have opened Ilio first native-run tannery in Can- ada, employing 13 persons. Little has changed. lint in- stead of soaking the hides in lakes and rivers, they are. im- mersed in large tanks of water. Tnslcatl of using Irec branches to break fibres and soften the hides, metal strips arc used. And everything is indoors, free from the vagaries of weather. Hides from buffalo, moose, nml horses are sketched on poles overnight and the hair and flesh left alter soaking are scraped off until Ihc blood-ves- sel lines and pores stand out clearly on the translucent bide. SOFTENED WITH DRAINS Using the brains of the ani- mal being tanned, Ihc Indians apply a coaling of brains and grease lo soflen the hide. I we will probably have to sol vip "If it's a buffalo hide, Iho'a dryclcaning sslablishmcnl." skin outfits, it's left, but for a tan shade it goes io Ihe smoke- house." Next lo Ihe smokehouse is another small building Ihe legs of the animals arc used the skin for purses and bags, and small shin bones for sewing awls. Ambrose Laboitcano. who scl up the lanncry with Ihe help of I ho department ot Indian af says Ihe nalivc-laimed hides are in great demand. Another o 1 o I b i n g venture began on the reserve Monday. Called Alberta Uniform Manu- facturing and set up by a four- band council and Pacific Cloth- ing Manufacturers Ltd. of Van- couver, it will produce wcslern- slyle garments. Fifteen women have been ap- proved for a manpower train- ing program and, says Chief Arthur Polls, "if if goes well, waste pollution said. Problems of coping with the waste heat must be overcome. The United States is plan- ning floating nuclear reactors which would be used far of- shore where the large vo: umes otf w. ater would not be affected by the warming. As well, scientists are woftt- ing on ways to use the waste heat. He said, for example, warm water created as a by- product might be harnessed to provide central heating for a it had cooled. "Again, the huge cost fac- tors must be considered." Further in the future, geolo- gists foresee that science whole city, then reused when might utilize some of the sun's energy methods, he said. Now, using laser beams, scientists are finding ways they can squeeze together sev- eral atoms with small atomic weights and harness the heat energy given off by this fu- sion. Fusion of atoms is the op- posite of the splitting of heavy atoms of the uranium type, but it also provides fantastic pcssibililies as an energy source. Ur. Folinsbee said. "We've done it destructively with the hydrogen bomb. Now we.must find ways to use it constructively." INTEKEST IN' CANDU Canada has been a leader in many geological research areas nnd it is expected there will be tremendous interna- tional interest in the meeting in Montreal, lie said. Visiting geologists also will make field trips to various parts of the country as part of their trip. For example, many scien- tists arc interested in the Ca- nadian-developed CANDU nu- clear power reactors, which are one of the most efficient lypes in the three times as efficient as American-developed o n c Dr. Folinsbee said. Rome ol the Russian delega- lion. which is expected lo number about 150, probably will be particularly interested in fielfl trips lo some of the meieorile scars, or "astrob- found in Ihc Sudbury area of Ihe pre-Cambrian sicld in Northern Ontario. "ll's quile clear now that there are a vast number of meieor scars on carlh and the pre-Cambrian shield .shows a number of these." Concerns of Ihe geologisls atlending the congress will be far-reaching, Dr. Folinsbec said. "They range from astro- gcologyi c once r n i n g the makeup of distant planets, to ziggurat studies, which try to find out what, was used to build the ancient Mesopo- lamian temple lowers rals- a kind of early Baby- Ionian skyscraper." FIFTH ANNUAL ARENA By POPULAR DEMAND Repeat the Most Important CARPET EVENT Ever Held in Canada mm sit HENDERSON ICE CENTRE from someone you can TRUST Your response to our previous sales has been over- whelming. We have proven to thousands and thou- sands of happy, sotisfied customers that the dynamic buying powers of Jordans, and the massive volume purchases, guarantees incredible bargains. Your Assurance of Satisfaction JORDAN'S reputation has been built of 43 years of quality and value, service and integrity 0 Alfli UP shop 10 10 olul TO wll Friday, Saturday 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. Hurry Fere are iust a iew examples of the low, low prices! 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