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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 4, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Ihur.doy, May 4, 1972 THE IITHBRIDGE HEBAID 5 Arnold Toynbev Prospects for half-a-loaf people "TWE WISDOM of accepting half a loaf is proverbial in a situation in which "no bread" is the only allcrnalivo. Human beings normally sctlle for half, but what is my deci.'fion to be if I am offered less than even half of the full loaf that I be- lieve to be my due? The situation arises only if I am lue weaker party to the en- counter. If I am negotiating from equality or from superior strength, I am likely to be of- fered a whole loaf. If I am ac- tually offered less than half I cannot reject Ihe meagre scrap without exposing myself to the certainty of suffering. Yet the penalty for accepting less than half a loaf is also serious. Prac- tically, I shall be renouncing all luture possibilities ot a fairer deal in exchange for derisory "mess of and psychol- ogically I shall be so humili- ated that my spirit may be per- manently broken. In the present-day world there arc. lo this world's shame, some unf-irlunale com- munities and classes so.weak and so callously disregarded by more powerful fellow human beings that Ihey must dumbly accept whalevcr is meted out to thorn. The Australian.natives, the ''Indians" in the United States, and the poorest of the poor in all arc in this tragic pavilion. Since Ihe Second World War the problem presented by the offer of less than half a loaf has arisen for seven communi- ties which, like (he Australian natives and the American "In- have been victimized by but which have not been so weak that they have been bound to accept the settlers' dictates. The commu- nities that have had to face the grim choice between accepting and rejcclinc less lhan half a loaf have been Ihe PnleMin- tons, Ihe Uie Pilack Africans In Kenya, Thode- sia and South Africa, the Black ex-African citizens of the Uni- ted States, and the white Homan Catholics In Northern Ireland. In Algeria and Kenya the vic- timized populations rejected less than half a loaf, and Ibis decision has been justified by the evenutal results, though tho price paid by the former vic- tims for their eventual victory lias been high. The Palestinians have made the Algerians' choice, and are paying for this, without yet be- ing able to see victory on their horizon. In the other four cases, the is- sue Is still in the balance. It is still uncertain what the vic- timized party's choice is going to be, and if the answer is a rejection, it is uncertain how the struggle will end. The Algerians' has been remarkable: for, although they were, like the South crn African blacks, in a strong nu- merical majority, they had a minion European settlers I o contend with. The French set- tlers in Algeria were about as numerous as Ihe Protestant British settlers in North ern Ireland, and they were equally fanatical. Moreover, Ihey were backed by the French profes- sional army, which did not shrink from resorting to meth- od1; of barbarism. Fortunately for the Al- gerians. Ihe French profession- al officers' barbarism revolted the French conscripts, and the conscripts' revolt was backed by President de Gaulle. De Gaulle's disposal of the profes- sional army and of the settlers was one of Ills most amazing, and most laudable, achieve- ments. Today. Algeria is free, and both the French Army and most of the French settlers have gone. In Kenya, the struggle has had n happier ending. Here Ihe sel tiers were a numerically in- significant minority, nnd when they recognized that they must I'cipiliilale. some of left, like Hip French settlers in Al- geria. Hut (hose who have cim- srjii Lo .slay have been given lol- urable conditions by Mr Kcn- yatla, who has seen (hat their c o n I i n 111 n c presence is a valuable economic asset for his comitrv. In the United States, the black coininunily is split. Some (if its members consider that they have been given a fair C'loug half-loaf Lo ensure that Ihey will succeed in winning Ihe whole loaf eventually. Oth- ers have come to the bleak con- elusion that nothing but a re- sorl lo violence, in the face of fearful odds, offers any pros- pect of winning for them what they consider to be (heir full rHils. Tlic Palestinians' prospects are likewise bleak, but at least Ihey hove behind them the sup- port of Ihe ,-cst of the Arab world, to balance world Zion- ism's support for Israel. In Southern Africa, Ihe pot is .simmering. It looks as it the Africans will decide lo rcjeci the offer of what is clearly far less than half a loaf. They can hardly be unaware of the sui- ferin" lo which Ihey are expos- ing themselves if Ihey decide lo do battle; but they have one asset in common with the vic- arious Algerians and this is their overwhelming superiority in r.-iimber.s. numbers give them confidence, no doubt --especially in Rhodesia, where there is a white minorily of about among five mil- lien blacks. The Roman Catholics in Northern Ireland are in a mi- nority, but Ihe Prolestanl set- tlers are only about twice as numerous snd there is one point in which the situation in Northern Ireland is uiu'que. Here white settlers arc vic- timizing people of Uicir own race, and they have been doing this for more lhan three cen- turies. The altitude of the Protestant settlers in Ulster towards the Catholics is like the Spartans' altitude towards the Helots. Like the Sparlans, the Ulster Protestants hove not been con- tent simply to oppress their lo- cal fellow Europeans; they have nibbed Ihe salt of hu- miliation into Ihe wounds In- flicled by injustice. We know what eventually happened in .Sparta's miniature empire. faLe of Ulster lies today en Ilia knees of the gods. We cannot yet foresee the Ulster Cath- olics' final answer to the ques- tion raised for them by Brit- ain's suspension of Ihe Slor- mont government. They may or may nol see in this halt a loaf which it would be wise for them lo acccpl. (Wrillrn for Tlio Ilorpld and The Observer, London) A new kind of censorship By Murray Sayle, in The Sunday Times JRKAT1UNAU absurd blue- pencilling by unseen ocn- surs is, of course, nothing new. But Lhe Pakistan side in the produced a unique break- through which I have en- countered bcfcrc: in I a feel- ing thai, this will rapidly spread. The idea is .simple. Ordinary censors just cut stuff out; the Pakistani variant is to in their thoughts in a cor- iT-'piiiKlcnt's dispatch. Thus, uhcre you Sheikh biir lUhman, leader of the Aw- airu League, impris o n e d in West Pakistan, "the traitor Mu- jlh who is actually an Indian wouJd arrive at your puzzled office. A rollcvfiuc from the VYaslr iuc'ou Po-jl was amar.cd to pet n from his edi- tor: "Assume that your refer- ence lo quoit Ihe .so called Bangladesh which is actually an Indian slunt unquote does not indicate Iliyt you aru your objectivity but is a de- vice [o avoid censorship." It ws.s of course exactly Hie rc- How a reporter protects himself and his readers this ploy I have nol, (repeat not) worked out. The situation is much more serious for television men, or electronic journalists as the ones who own three-piece suits call themselves; and, increas- ingly, viewers arc coming lo believe that what they see on television is reality, and not something staged and mnmru- lated as often as by invis- ible controllers, I am not attacking l-hn integ- rity of my friends and leagues of the television teams, CANADA P. Lawson Travel Mnrquis Holol Dlclg. rhono 328-3000 AMA World Travel Service Phone 328-7921 903 3rd Ava. S Art Williams Travel Cnnlrn Village Mall Phone 328-3201 wilh whom 1 now spend most of my working life; and I have the support of all of them I have talked shop wilh in tho past mon.hs to indicate some- thing of [heir plight, strongly illustrated by the Indo-Pak war. At the Intercontinental Hotel in Rawalpindi obliging Pakis- tan Army briefers set up shop in the ballroom, complete with floodlights, maps and pointers. Every night, they were ready to allow television men to pho- lograph their absurd claims and clumsy evasions (the In- dians had a similar set-up in Most of the stuff put out at briefings could he shoivn, if at all, only on a comedy pro- gram. Simple: Q: ITow cnn vou have no rleM even if one Muslim can beat five Hindus as you say? Briefer: In our Army, we be- lieve that no one ever dies in battle. He goes straight to Par- adise, so he is not dead. Q: Can he still shoot at tha Indians (ram Paradise? Briefer: scowls and on to Uio next. The tlireat to TV men is al- ways Ihe same: play ball or yon get nothing, while your more compliant rival gets our guided tour but of course he need not explain that to his viewers snd the official will step out of shot just before you pay "roll and will stay out uniil you say If I am giving any impres- sion that all TV people Lamely give in to show business pres- sures I hasten lo correct it. A clear case in poinl: the per- formance of the appalling "Bri- gadaer" Siddiqui '25, who achiev- ed world fame by, publicly bay- oneting prisoners at a meeting in Dacca scon after its libera- tion by the whole performance, black as (he crimes of Ihe vic- tims niEy vi ell have been. Rich- ard Lindley and his crew from ITN and our own brave girl photographer Penny Tweedio (fresh from an Indian jail which she shared with Phil Ja- cobson) were present at this gruesome scene. "I am not going lo photo- graph said Lindley, "be- cause I think he may be doing it for our benefit and I am giv- ing him no encouragement whatever." Penny agreed and they left, an entirely commend- able decision. Siddiqui went on with his bayoneting and anoth- er photographer followed his in- stincts and kept on shooting but the gesture may well have saved at least one man from this barbaric Lindley's decision points the Vr.y, in my view, for some re- thinking we are all going lo linvc to do about our trade Is there, for instance, any such tiling as a reporter who simply waU'hes like a disembodied eyo himself affecting what he In the old days, a inoh of rcjxnicrs with cameras diking nnd flash bulbs scar- ing people's eyebrows was in> provable enough as an invisible witness With a typical televi- sion crowd at work, with lamps nnd cl tipper boards no one would any longer doubt that IhLs is nl least in part show business, wilh a powerful ef- fect on the nudiciicc, When massacres are staged, nnd hostages coached for the media, tho convention thnt our presence dors not make somo nf Ihosi' tiling happen is gcl- liiii; impossible lo II must nol IK- i bought that of us imolvod in Ilio Indo Pnk nffr.ir put up meekly wilh the incessant harrnssmenl of iTji.irlors, restrictions and rcn- Kordiip and plnin refusal to let; us pel on with our job. Many of the P.nk officers nnd briefers 1 had blazing rows with, for instance, had a quirk answer: "Rut Hritish television accepts tvnsorship in IMslov. Thai's your Uu.s I.1; ours.'' Appreciation for both worlds By Fox, In Kainal News T BELIEVE in llic succession and pro- gression of the lile-slyle of the Indian, have a great respect for Ihe traditional Indian style. For example, I get a great Ihrill and enjoyment when I participate in a pow-wow. Also, I cannot help but feel elated and proud to see old and young peo- ple participate in any dance or ritual tak- ing place. It is at these times that I wish my upbringing had included more stress on Indian life, rather than learning English, history, mathematics and all the other veins of white man culture wliich lead to the main artery of existence in present day society. Consequently, I find myself in a dilemma. In a stage of puzzlement, of not knowing exactly which route I must follow. I be- lieve in the powers of men such as Small Boy and his followers, yet, I also behold the genius of Edison End Pasteur. I be- lieve in a system of work and thus re- ward, yet I also believe in one man looking out for the well being of his fellow men. I enjoy the books of Harold Hobbins although literary critics call this trash, and have read Shakespeare and Dickens and the Brontes, and found these easy to un- derstand only after f had acquired a rea- sonably sound English vocabulary. I can see beauty in the sleekness of a GM or a Ford product (so many underesli- male this in Ihe selling of a car) yet, I appreciate the geometric and straight-lined rlcsipn of the Blackfoot-speaking peoples, and had believed at one time that the fore- runners of my race had a firm knowledge of geometry and trigonometry as they evolved tlieir designs on Iriangles, squares and diagonals, (This was in the period of my life I was struggling but never succeeded in memorizing or understanding the theoruin or formulas of this science, or is it f drink the now traditional drink ot In- dians lea and f have enjoyed the false-heaven of the finest scotch or the Russian vodka, or the non-telling taste o[ gin. Even the fattening and bathroom-fre- quenting delights of beer. I used to feast on the crushed deer meat mixed with Sas- katoon berries of my grandmother Anne, and still enjoy the raw version of beef kid- ney and the occasional (when lucky enough) ississtsisslan or the guls of some poor dead cow or steer. A doctor-son friend of mine almost had a fit once when I demonstrated my raw-meat eating Wow! I figured that would turn on the whole campus! I figured it was just as good as a good high on grass or hash, and better than the weird exaggerated world of orange-sunshine or mesc. r T also dig 12 ounce New York cuts cr> 'o oozing perfection over charcoal, I by fine French dinner wine. I have been to the Crow I- and wish- ed it was here in Standoff, because it is such a fine demonstration of Indian pride, and because the weather is so hot (here in August (and I don't have air-conditioning in my Then I hear the music of Hair and Charley Pride, and Jesus Christ Super- star and Buffy Ste. Marie and I find I'm addicted to all kinds of music. I, maybe, just maybe, am a very con- fused psrscn. But I consider myself very lucky. So what of discriiniivaliou. I have felt it from both Indians and So what! I can't speak English as great as a blue-eyed, blonde-haired person, yet I can communicate in that language. But'thai blue- eyed, blonde-haired person cannot under- stand me when I say a simple "a" or "sa''. So maybe, dear readers, if you are brown like me, you don't have it as rough as you might believe, or, if you arc white you are lucky, but no more so than others. A needle for the doctors Tlic Wall Street Journal TIHE perversity in us always delights at Ihe sight of some of our best-edu- cated experts eating a bit of crow, as the medical profession now seems to be doing with regard to acupuncture. West- ern doctors have perforce long dismissed it as superstitious quackery, but now find themselves launching hot research projects (o discover if it can't after all be used as an anesthetic. If (here was one thing all doctors ab- solutely knew six months ago, it was that the ancient practice of treating illness by sticking needles into people was utterly worthless. Then came the demonstrations of its use as an anesthetic in Peking a few months ago, and now one doctor who witnessed it in China reports, "It seems like even' single anesthesiologist in the U.S. is trying to get there.'' We shouldn't pick on the poor doctors, we know, when their knowledge has served us so splendidly. Still less do we have (he slightest intention of endorsing acupunc- ture for anything, let alone for all the things superslilion has claimed for it. II there is one thing we absolutely know, it is that no one's going to stick any needles inlo us until it's OK with the good old fami- ly physician. Even so, we can't believe It's bad for either mankind or the doctors themselves to have their bland serf-assurance upset now and then. Even before Ping-Pong dip- lomacy, it bothered us to find one doctor pushing and another deploring, say, natural childbirth, each with the same aura ol in- controvertible scientific arid personal au- thority. Except that they carry it off better, for that matter, the doctors probably aren't the worst offenders. After all, they do know quite a bit. One of the spectacles of the last decade or so has watching reality deal successive comeuppances to succes- sive bands o[ self-ass'ired economists, who know a little but not nearly as much as they lead their political friends to believe. Then there are the rest of the social scien- tists, who know almost noUiing at all. but invoke the authority of science in advising us how lo raise children, cure poverty and move mankind beyond freedom and dignity. None of these claims should be dismissed entirely, for even in the social sciences there are modest practitioners making modest but useful gains. In our age, though, the prevailing mistake seems inslead to be accepting too uncritically whatever is claimed in the name ol science, and it's nice to be reminded that not even doctors know as much as they think they do. JIM FISHBOURNE Two cent refund not enough TF I had lo guess, I'd say he was about len. Maybe nine. I first saw him non- chalantly riding liis bicycle down our lane, one hand steering, the other idly swinging a newly emptied pop bottle. As he ap- proached where a neighbor and 1 were leaning on our gardening tools, passing the time of day, I was slarlled to see him swing the bottle as high as his arm reach, and then smash it down to Ihe pave- menl, splashing glass all across the lane. We both yelled, I Ihink, and he liu-ncd our way. a sort of "Well, Mac what is it you expression on his face; he didn't really slop, just slowed the bike to the point at which he could barely balance, lie simply looked blank when one or Ihe other of us demanded "What did you do that but when I lold him to gel a broom nnd clean up Ihe broken glass, and that in a prclly sharp tone, I got a hit of a reaction; he grinned slowly and told me wncre lo go. Polilcly adding "misler." lialher takes you abnck, you know. My neighbor swallowed a couple of times, and tried another Inck, asking his name anil whore he liml. Thnl rcalh got n response, in [ho form of an obscenely -phrased direc- tive much more offensive, lhan being told lo gn lo hell The youngster Ihen rode off, nol even hurrying, evidently quile sure there was nothing we rmilri do ahoul il. And he was right. Oh yes, I can hear you saying uh.il you would do nhoul il, if such a Ihmg were lo happen in your lane. Oh? And just what would you have done? lilt him? Groat, iilo.i. and jusl wh.il 1 foil like doing. Bill belling olhcr peoples kids can run lo and costs In court, which you might be able lo afford a lot better lhan having peo- ple remember, a few years from now, that you were the chap who was in (rouble for abusing children, or "something like that.'1 Or perhaps you would have grabbed him and held him your neighbor or your wife telephoned Ihe police? Well, that would be somewhat better, though you might not always strike a time when (he police had nothing else to deal wilh lhan a complaint that "some kid jusl broke a botlle in our lane." And manhandling a child, even while waiting for the police to arrive, doesn't get you any medals. Either idea would work all right, I sup- pose, if you happened to be lucky enough lo get away wilh il. Belling the kid would eflse your feelings, and perhaps leach him not lo break hollies in ycur part ol (he lane at leasl when you arc watching. The price could be high, though, if you arc charged. Gelling Ihe police in on (he ac! Is more likely lo effect n change in behavior, not only in the pnrlicular child but also on Ihe parl of bis buddies. There's even a chance lluil (ho change might be for the though I'd rny that would be unlikely. Dili; in rcluni, you grcally inn-case the chances of 'irinp charged wilh nssnult; tho kid is almost certain lo complnin, snrl jor- pnls are very npl lo, us a rosull of Mm po- lice calling on Ihem. "Oh, I henr you say, anoth- er, far better answer; with swwt ro.ison, you explain lo (he child all about broken glass and aulomohllc- I ires and nil Hial." The answer lo Mini one is oa.sy: "Where have you boon living ;