Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 4, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
BIRDS WITH ADOPTED MOTHER Brenda Bradshcw, 9, of Dallas feeds tiny wood- peckersw hh an eye dropper. Brenda's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Gilbert Massey of Dallas, Texas, were clearing a wooded lot recently and removed a iree which, unknown to them, contained a nest with four liny woodpeckers. Scientists near solution to atomic energy uses v (CP) Concern over dwindling fossil fuels, such as oil or coal, may be over-exaggerated because sci- entists are "on the break- through point" on ways to use atomic energy resources com- mercially, says geologist Hob- ert E. Folinsbec of Hie Uni- versity of Alberta. Exploralion lo find sources to meet conventional fuel needs during llic uexl 20 years still must be carried on, he said, but ways to use other energy sources probably will he commercially practical be- fore the fossil fuels are cx- hausted. Dr. Folinsbec, internation- ally-known geoehemist and economic geologist, is presi- dent of the International Geo- logical Congress, which will bring together about to geologists from more than 100 countries at Montreal in August. One of Ihe 18 technical ses- sions at the congress will be concerned with ways to use nuclear energy' and the prob- lem of the diminishing fossil fuels, he said in an interview Canada's reserves of foss'l fuels "are quile modest at nilh nearly all of them in Alberta, Dr. Folins- bee said. "Oil reserves are estimated at about 10 billion barrels, with present use at abonl 500 million barrels a year. About 750 million barrels a year will be needed by 1375." However, uranium can be used as a atomic power this now is commercially applica- ble only in limited areas, he said. One pound of uranium, which sells now for about has the energy equivalent of barrels of oil, which costs about So work on application of this energy source is under study. "One reason we don't use it (now) is that furnaces are so expensive." It costs aboul billion lo build one nuclear furnace. coui.n rircAT cm' Another reason is that about tv.o-thirds of the energy re- leased under present melhods of splitting the atom goes into Indians old HOBBEMA (CP) The wheel of tradition has turned full circle for IliQ residents nf Ihe IJobbema Indian reserve1 in central Alberla. For hundreds of years before the while man invaded the western plains, which were dark wilh millions of Miff.iln, n main chore of many 1 n d i n n omen was mamifao'uirim; clothing from animal hides. Now, well aware of the mod- ern trend toward Icnlhcr clolli- ing, Ihe Indians of the Ermi- neskin Iiand here have rovhecl their crafl and have opened Ihe first nalivc-rim tannery in Can- ada, employing 13 persons. LHtlc has changed. Bui in- stead of soaking I lie hides in lakes and rivers, (hey aro im- mersed in large of water. Instead of using (roc branches lo break fibres and soften the hides, niclal strips arc used. And cvcrylliing is indoors, free from the vagaries of weather. Hides from buffalo, mouse, nnd horses arc slrelobed nn poles overnight and the hnir and flesh loft aflrr soaking aro scraped off unlil (ho hlood-vcs- sol lines and pores stand out clearly on the Iran.slucc'nl hide. SOFTKNKl) WITH Using the lirains of the ani- mnl hcing tanned, (he Indians apply n coaling of brains and grease lo soflen Hie hide. "If JL's a biiffnlo hide, Iho liver is the bust says Johnny Samson, manager of the tannery. 1 The hides Ihoi are folded and i I weighted lo allow the Krease- I and-brains m i x L11 r c to wnrk i Ihrmiali. Sor.ked once morn. I j they then are wrung dry and i ilnperfeclions such as small I boles arc patched. j ''The h i d e lupins lo turn while at Ibis since." JMr. Samson. "Tor the white buck- j skill outfits, it's lefl, but for a Ian shade it poes 10 Ihe smoke- house." Nc x I lo I he smokehouse i.s anoltipr small building whrru the legs of tiie animals aro used the skin for purses and bags, and small shin hones for seiving awls. Ambrose Lahoucane. who scl up the tannery with the help of Ihe department ol Indian af- fairs and C a n a d a manpower, says Ihe naJivc-t.'tnncd hides are in great demand. Another clothing venture begiin on the reserve Monday, ('ailed Alberta Uniform Manu- farlnring and sel up by a four- band council and 1'aciiin Cloth- ing MamifactnrcTs Ltd. (if Van- couver, it will produce. slyle garments. Fifteen women have boon ap- proved for a manpower train- ing program and, says Chief Arthur Polls, "if it gors well, we will probably have In set up a oslablishmcnl." waste pollution said. Problems of coping wilh Ihe waste heal must be overcome. The United States is plan- ning floating nuclear reactors which would be used far of- shore where the large vo- umes otf w. aler would not be affected by Ibe warming. As weli, scientists are ing on ways lo use the waste heat. He said, for example, warm water created as a by- product might be harnessed to provide central healing for a il had cooled. "Again, Lhe huge cosl fac- tors must be considered." Further in the future, geolo- gists foresee that science whole city, then reused when might utilize some of the sin's energy methods, he said. Now, using laser heams, scientists are finding ways they can squeeze together sev- eral atoms with small atomic weights and harness the heat energy given off by Ibis fu- sion. Fusion of atoms is the op- posite of Ihe splitting of heavy atoms of the uranium type, hut it also provides fanlaslic possibilities as an energy source. Dr. Folinsbee said. "We've done it destructively with the hydrogen bomb. Now we.musl find ways lo use it constructively." I.NTKIiEST CANDU Canada has be-on a leader in many Renlogical research areas mid it is expected there will be tremendous iiiterna- lion.Tl interest in the meeting in lionlreal, he said. Visiting geologists also make field trips lo various parts of the country as part of Iheir trip. For example, many scien- tists arc interested in Ihe Ca- nadian-developed CANDU nu- rlc.nr power reactors, which arc one of Ihe most efficient lypcs in three times as efficient as AmiTicnn-dovi'lnpod Folinsbee said. Some ol the Russian delega- lioji. which is expected lo number aliolil probably will IK- particularly interested in field Irips to some of the mi'ieorilc scars, or "aslrob- found in Ihe Sudbury area of the pro-Cambrian sicld in Northern Ontario. "It's quile clear now that there arc a vast number of meteor scar.s on carlh and the pro-Cambrian shield shows a number of these." Concerns of Hie geologists nllrmling the congress will be far-reaching, Dr. Folinslwc said. "They range from aslro- goolocyi c once r n i n g the makeup of dislanl plancls, lo zigfiiiral slndics, which try lo (hid out what was used to build Ihe ancii'nl Mesopo- Inniinn Icmple lowers a kind of early Baby- lonian skyscraper." The LetKbttdge Herald Third Section Bangladesh tacing Lethbridge, Alberta, Thursday, May 4, 1972 food shortage Pages 25 to 30 West aid urged to avert famine By RAM SUNDAIl CP Correspondent BOMBAY (CP) Political and diplomatic sources in India expect a massive effort by Western countries to help avert famine in Bangladesh. The recognition of the new Asian nation by the United States has been welcomed by politicians in New Delhi and Dacca as being particularly helpful in this context. There are hopes that the gov- ernment of Canada may also draw up a special program (o send foodgrains to Bangladesh. Bangladesh politicians think that with India almost self- sufficient in food it should be possible for the United States and Canada to send more food aid to their country in the near future. Welcoming U.S. recognition of his country, Prime Minister Sheik Mujibur Rahman has spoken ot the possibility ol a new chapter in U.S -Bangla- desh relations for their "Mu- tual benefit." It is known that the sheik, though distressed by the Nixon I administration's stand during the India-Pakistan war over Bangladesh and Die earlier phase of the liberation struggle, has always been friendly to- wards the United States. In lact, he was often de- scribed as being "pro-West" during the days when Bangla- desh was part of undivided Pakistan. DIE OF STARVATION Western diplomats in IVew Delhi think that President Nixon may organize a sizable aid program matching what the Soviet Union has been doing for the troubled South Asian coun- try. "There is not much time to lose if Mr. Nixon is really in- terested in ensuing that Bang- ladesh remains said a member ol Sheik Mujib's party now in Indian on a relief-seeking mission. Meanwhile, reports of starva- tion deaths have come in Irom various areas of Bangladesh. News reaching the border districts of the Indian state of West Bengal says there is acute food scarcity in many Bangladesh districts. Travelers says that at least 50 villagers may have died in Ihe Khulna, Mymensingh, Kushtia and oth- er areas. The general secretary of the i tior. at a time when the Soviet Union is anxious to do every- thing it can lo win Die goodwill of the people and government of Bangladesh? One explanation offered in In- Bangladesh National Awami dian and Bangladcsli political Party said in Dacca thai "fa- circles is tlial the pro-Soviet inc is stalking oui- beloved [politician may be trying lo country." Syed Allaf Hussain, the NAP official, said some people had died of starvation in (he dis- tricts of Barisal and Faridpur. Hussain said that prices of rice and other foodgrains had "skyrocketed" in many areas and poor people had no money to buy them. The Bangladesh politician was critical of the nay the new ad- ministration is tackling the food problem. He alleged that relict committees were ineffi- cient and corrupt. ATTITUDE EXPLAINED Mr. Hussain's statement has been noted in diplomatic and political circles with particular interest as ha is known to be close to (lie Soviet Union. Why he has chosen to criti- cize Sheik Mujib's administra- show his annoyance at Ihe turn in Dacca's relations with Ihe United Stales administra- tion. This explanation tallies wilh reports that pro-Moscow Com- munists in Bangladesh have launched a propaganda cam- paign against acceptance by the Mujib government of West- ern aid. This, however, was to be ex- pected. Informed circles note that pro-Moscow Communists in India have also been highly critical of the Indian govern- ment's acceptance of such aid. At one stage, when some northern stales were threaten- ed by famine the U.S. stepped up food aid to India under Pub- lic Law 480, local Communists mounted a propaganda effort questioning the "wholesome- ness" of American dis- tributed in scarcity areas. Deports say Ihat Prime Min- ister Mujib has made it clear Ihat (here is no question of re- jecting aid from any country as long as it is without strings. Nurses up fees TORONTO (CP) Private duty nurses will increase Iheir fces by a day beginning May 15, Ihe Cenlral Registry of Graduate Nurses in Toronto an- nounced Tuesday. The new lees will be J35 for eight hours of medical, obstetrical or surgical duty and S40 for psychiatric, al- coholic, drug and isolated cases. 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