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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 4, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta PARE EIGHT THE 'UiTHUHHXiK DAILY 1IKRALD SATURDAY, MAY 101R OF INTEREST TO-THE FARMER PROBLEMS OF THE IRRIGATION FARMERS (Some Nms to Crack by ilie IT. K A by S. S. Dunlin, CONTROL OF DRIFTING SOtL ot the soIL and int-reasius its I to draw water from ihe lower layers !Q maintain surface which Ms not This fael, however, is whal makes surface pack- f increase surfai'fl evaporation the Advocate) ____ ill our pally spritix asiii a cousiil- er.iblt! period Cor the laud to Ury out, liou haw noiliereiotore rtrturnM ariftitiR soil will nulte possibly cto What assurance have we that the El. (s ample provision to supply the necessary Amount water? have- seen uo workhti been toW tbu; rhe price of labyr is ioi> Inn Jimc anil July are 1115. The lor an aUundatu The reader -nviM Tinjini iliat our heading is changed a Ik'.le- tMs This teller is addressed io the fann- ers iii the irrigation liistKi-t of brtdge. There art- two or three tjues- lioas of vital io ihe irriga- tion fanners that an- urgently de- manding iheir uulteil First, the veoil problem. There is to systematic effort beius made to avoid the beautiful irrigation district: in a way rhat it has never been (eU 1 from Ijeing with. uuxEousj liefure. Is the to dot The psriivular danger at this: Its part along these lines? Or are ihey[ Time is the Freiuli or siinK weeil. but] waiting homing thai nature will tbe farts are s> follow s: I them iu' supplying the water that! Heretofore the Coaldale district hns j they have contracted to supply, and] been eomparaiivejy clear of this post.fare we as farmers alive lu ,our inter-' Init the fac: is that the water which in ihis connection? Would it notj irrigate? our farms passes through; be well for us to investigate the facts. whero ihe is bad.'and if they are not such as will secure' where the surface water drains! to u; what we are PavlnS for to niahe more damage this year than it has in the previous years. As A rule Ihe gteatesi daun.te 1? done during early when if a poritxl of Jiififc of summer- f fali'oivs, Leoaus? they arc than any other part of the lunil. uffor the 1210.51. .There is only one highly-tltle.i summer fa How, ami !i.U is to sftrejrt manure or straw over oh ss knoHs or a niece of the- been lesiriH't'ou the Cor previous year. is JantI should be treated first, brfak UowK the into tii? ifrigattoii canal, arid demands fcnowa'ia no uncertain district? ills not an uncommon thing fv.-a'y'1 to find the weed growing on the banks of iJie anil as a result our irri- gation district is com.trnmiite.il with ihe seed of ttiis very dangerous iveed. Already some, of tt.e farmers near the yon so greatly, and thereto) prevents He, use wht'u couserviubn of the soil I'armers Protest High soil I hesloii. not onlv the tliretl! Homo, May water holtjiag power of the soil und.iopiaS iu This Is iudimted hence, its ability to keep Sis surface the press ami Uie debate in ihe moist. The 11 rescuee of humus is. j relchbtag. The government lias ex- therefore, a powerful ag-; plained that this year's crisis can be ainst bio wing, auJ many soils can. by avoided only by the importation of me i hods of footf .from the. Ukraine aiuV KuiuanU be renilerert naturally resistant a opposition to the use of Ocrumti and VkruiUt'Ji KOvernuiL'ntsjAustriuu founuhsloua at Kleft are Germany itromiccd to pay AW murks by tUffifuItles arqr fttUI ijnsolved and which of grain to Germany, More than men and u Ion Tor rye. and 457 marks' u ton for wheat, plus transportation cliar- ses of apin'CAltiiatolj.' 150 inures a ton, This makes fiis price fur rye delivered in HerlUi 55fi unrlcs iat normal Italian nicrcheJ throucb ub-iut a loa ami fumMikugu streets during a d'iVlug ralu wheat OJT marks whereas in a r.ionslw Liberty 1-oau tfeiuviieira- Uenuany is paying Herman farmers tion. 290 'only 270 marks a ton tor ami I marks a (on for wheat. _Tlie iheao high jylccs and the Ukraine ___ fanners wJJI not sell for'lesa. as [lie "Oytia- For thU reason tlie Gejrmnn and I mltc Site la also la custody. A .suiliasc int'keJ with tlyiuiuilio has ted to the arrest pt John Soiu- u-inil action. Tbx- uieatis supplies from tho farmer country hail Ihis eud.ure usually the- plcwiug under 1 dovelojied among Qerjuaii fanners, of grrfen 'cropk and ihe use ot stable! According to the between manure. These measures are I _ to many soils in semi-arid and irrigat- ed sections where intensive farming can be practiced. They should bo ac- companied on al! soils subject to Wowing by the several policy of leav- ing on the land ami incorporating with the soil the maximum of straw anil ional value In prevenliiis blowing, be- cause of ihe binding poirer of the roots. Freshlv turned soil acts.sim- been done. We again wrote the min- ister aud immediately he a man to combat tha pioblem but unfortu- nately it too late io do any niater- urged the department 10 pet in toucb Local V.F.A.'a, and to ooperile ivtth-them in au fort t o pre vent the pread of t he but so far nothing being done. have heard of Ii behooves everj" farmer in this district, who Lave- ihe interest and vrelfarR of the and most of the work done in! liracsen slates In. (bis we owe solely io the un- lirlng efforts of our great townsman. Marnoch. president of board ot trade. What are we as Urmcrs do ing to uphold iits hands, and 10 prove! sive. .harrowing connection: "K drilling soil ioter- feres ivitb the (leTelopmetit of a crop. U.A.. fallow. .Let esces- then atleuiio'n-ihan imd cause -or- 'humus' Toot fibre, the itie Leihbridge irri-! was in the land when it did ;ation district to the very forefront of i no' Wow. to be put bach. To accom- thai we are heart and soul with efforts i the ir Can .rnsfation wo tim bells on the coctineni? get '.lislrict heart lo busy. Write to the minister of agriculture and in' sisi itiat ihe water to irrigate your farms be clear froai this most danger- ous pest. Do noi wait for ihe other fellow, do ii today. Call meetings of! lie organization, ami pass resolutions' also. The matter is urgent anil :fj nothing is done it soon be too Jate. Second, Large tracts of irrigated being brought under cultiva- thing atonj these lines? rlo sri POINTS ON THE CULTIVA- TION OF SOME VEGETA- BLES MOST DIFFICULT TO GROW. Fpod Will Win War j-our country and youndf: fay raising FOOD on thr ferti'e plains of Western Canada. Canadian Pacific Raihvay IE for to Lands to an acre; i rrigated land up to 20ycarjttopay. Loan' on irrigated lands. Get fiul particulars and free illus- tiated Jitersturcfrum HUN CAHEROK, Gn'IS9L C.P.ILUsis 9G5 1st ft. Eau, CAX.GA3Y I Experimental Harms Xole.) Cauliflower, although one of most reKetahlcc is oip [root and I head-well. In 'Jndertaking 20 per cent Discount As prices are advancing fre- nuently, vfe have bought an ei- tensive stock in order lo protect the public .therefore, we invite you lo call and see us before jiurchasing, 4; COUNTRY AND CITY ORDERS RECEIVE OUR USUAL PROMPT ATTENTION MacKay and 803 3rd Phone 1802 tel.flbrid'ge "Never' Closed DRINK Cola 5ca bottle At your dealers or wt deliver a Case of 24 half-pint BoUles To Any Part of the City for ii.oo to kt rclurntd when empty.) Sole Bottling .AgenU for Ltth- oridga District. Purify-Bottling Works Corner 4th Avenue 4tti Phone 1501 Irtish this, if may 1m found advisable to grow u thio crop or pasture crop on fthe fallow, or to seed land down to hay. or fn eitremt plow a green crorj. but after uny or aU of those, it will still Vie necessary to nrac- yfticc bare fallowing" or a modification fof.it occasionally OB our drier soils." In discussing the control of drilling J. M. Westgate. of the V. S. De- partment of Agriculture, disrusses lilts matter as follows: Suitable Methods of Cultivation, "In preparing a seed-bed atiri in' [handling a summer fallow, if it he I necessary, there are certain methods of cultivation that are useful in de- 1 h soil blowing. These are specially important In the dry regions -.nrt j j of llle wbcre control hy the use of Crop3 is te. itfant then, from th'e Sail' flat to a distance ot aiont two locfies ol the5e ls the apart way as sfoa as iSe ct lhe .soil by afler-llie seed germinates. This per- mits a freer circulation of air betv.een tte plants tint) makes Ihe da-ger of clamping off much less. ;'Root mag- gots jre bad nearly every in many places in Canada md uflen pre- vent practically 'all tt plants from heading. Eggs are Inid.on Ihe ground near-tbo-plant which soon hatch into maggots which eat into the roofs and ihus cut off (tie supply of sap. To prevent injury from these, a tar fell disc should be placed around each plunt close to the ground at tie time ot planting. It will be too late other- Full particulars In regard to Inn use of the disc can be obtained froirt the, department of agriculture, Otta- wa. If the first planting of cauli- flower is a. failure, a seconil planting should lie madias cauliflowers are ranch caster to grow in late, than in earlier .summer as the maggots are not to troublesome al that time and i (here Is usually an abundant-supply of moisture. If ihe soil in which cauli- I [lowers are growing Is dry. they, will not head well as thcR need lots of t moisture and must be kept growing i without a check from start to finish. The onion '.i another rather difficult jvEgelahle to grow, n require, a long season or growth and very often Ihe I teed Is sown loo late if iiis i mer is 900! snd wet the onions will not f-rlpen and will run lo thicknecks. The I seed should be got in the ground as early as possible In the spring so [hat tlje onions will mature while the watm neallier continues, thus ensuring z (thorough ripening anti curing of Hie ToTiaslen (he development of bulbs, especially in places where the jseasOn Is short..Jxiilnij plants are set instead of the seed bein; planled 'Onion sets will insure good bulbs alsi where the -warm'season Is short. Hoot maggots often do much harm in ihe onion plantation: Watering tbe rpw3_evers four.or five days with hellebore riid water in'the proporllpn of-lwo onnies of hellebore to one gallon of water While the insects are raos: troublesome will control Ihem to-a'considerable extent. Kicept' in parts of melons require consMerable c'sre lo. ensure the ripening 'of many I of them. The warm season is too t_rt. To overcome this, melons (should ha slattetf'In liot-beds and kept under until there are v.-arm nights in .fune or even'July. .Melons TC-juire heal below and heat aliove, hence ntcessltv of keeping the soil warns by having a good bed of man- urn. will not saccecd In. cold snil even if the air flfjove the ground is warm. Melons 'require a-plentiful supply of moisture !n the soil lo give the nest rf sulta. Much watering, how- should im delayed until the grmiml Is sulllclently warmed up so that heavy walerlng will not cool k too much. i Rruazeli aprouls do not develop well in hot. dry weather unless the autumn Is a long one without severe frost, they arc no! sa'.isfactory. It la -Important, therefore, to plant var- ieties that will hs reosl likely to de- velop .where tie Is short, and tha dwarf ones htve been found the most satisfactory. Winnipeg lav.-yera say that Ihey clfenla hiding their limi seek divorce under Manilolia'a tin c.iftlici] divorce law. luyer of air nest lo luc ground, thu protecting lha soil. When I small pat- ches of soil in fieMs commence to drift with the wind tile the or other roughen 'the surfao promitl use of implement io of Ihe blowing The second auO more generally use- ful iiiethod Is. the roughening of the surface. If field fs in danger of wind daniugo its surface shouhl so far as possible be left covered with clods and the furrows be run at right angles to luo. direction of the dangerous winds, A rough, cloddy and.furrowed surface acts in tho same way us vegetation in areas wlil usually stop the damage and prevent its spreading to the rest of the field. Opening up furrows ju'ross (he field at right unsles lo the prevail- ing wind will reduce; the injury from blowing and also serve lo reduce Ihe run off in case of heavy rains. The maintenance of a foggh surface is es- pecially important.'ivlien a soil mulch is necessary. The recent rapid devcl- oprnerU of so.-callcd dry-farming and the use therewith of (ho dual mulch tmve caused a great iifcrease of .wind damage. Tlio use of sVh a mulch n'earis the complete exposure of large areas to Ihe wind for months at -a This difficulty can be met by maintaining (wheii the physical nat- ure of the soil will.allow) a mulch of strnli clods instead of fine dust. The cfftckacy iu conserving moisture will be as great and the surface v.'ll! lie rough und not so lo OF CANADA HEAD OFFICE Money Orders and Drafts are issued by this Bank payable in all oarts OL ,the world. J. G. SCOTT, Manager, G. F. BLETCHER, D. A. CURR1E, AccountanlSn-Ghsrge, 13It, SI, North. 4th jAvenue South. t Get Behind the Wheel of a Drive i; f it just once! Ask.your friend to let you "pilot" his car on an I open .stretch. You'll like it, arid will'-bft surprised how easily the JL Ford is handled and driven.: If you have never felt'the thrill driving your own car, there is somc- thiflggood in storetor you.' His vastly different from just a passenger. And especially so if you drive a Ford; i Young boys, girls, womep and even grind of them-- are driving Ford ears and enjoying it. 'A Ford stops and starts in'trafiic with exceptional ease and smoothness, while on country roacW and hills its strength and power show to advantage.... Buy a Ford and you will want to be behind "the wheel" Runabout Touring 595 Coupe...... 770 Sedan-..... 970 Chassis r 535 One-Ton Truck 750 F.O.D. FORD, OUT. THE UNIVERSAL CAS Ford Garage, Dealers A. P. Veaie, Dealer Z. N. Skouson, Dealer Lethbridge Warner; Raymond It is a matter of the greatest importance that Canada increase her produc- tion of BACON HOGS and oth.gr live stock as there is at present a world-wide short: age of meat. Good markets for some time to come are assured. THE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE will gladly make loans to assist farmers in good standing to acquire live stock. Y Lethbridge Branch-- R. T, Brymner, P OF CANADA When will Yon Save II ycu don't Saive NOW? Though your sclsryorlncomii will no doubl Increase, so will year rriany find that the Istttr more thsnkw-n pics vith Uis former. Mow is Ihe Hme !o slart a rteservu Fund the Savings Department c( Ihe Union Bank of Canada li the pb.ce lo keep Doposit Ui8 citra ysj have on hand now-you'can' tcccunt vilh any sum, dovn tocne dtsv InlarestailL LETHBKliGE BRANCH F. NICHOLSON. Manaotr CARDSTON BRANCH F. V. i EARONS BRANCH j. Hana'jtr Draw Qfi Your Customers tli rough the Merchants Bank. With Branches in aU'pdvts.of Canada, pondents abroad; Bank-is in a positron lo present Drafts promptly, have them accepted, arid collect payment, with tho least possible trouble and cost to you. The'Manager will behind, to take up this matter with you. Head Office: Montreal. OF LETHBRIDUE BRANCH, MONAItCIl linANCII, NOI1LEFOUD BRANCH. NTS BAN! Eslablished I 8C4. R'. J. niNNING, V. A. EnnilLY, Acting M.bieer. M. A. KlLPATBICKj Actini Builders' Supplies CEMENT, LIME, WOOD FIBRE PLASTER, EMPIRE FINISH, HOL- LOW TILE, BRICK, ROOFINGS. BUILDING AND TAR PAPER, FIRE PLACE MANTLES AND GRATES, TILE, BEAVER BOARD, PLATE GLASS, HURANESE' QLAOS. "COMMON GLASS, "AUTO WIND- SHIELDS. The Western Supply Equipment Co. Ltd. PHONE UW FOURTH ST. 3., LETH8RIDGE FOR SALE Dwelling House? 525 7th Slreet S., Modern Bungalow...... T... 903 6th S., 50x75___'............................. t403 1st Avenuo f Balance on easy terms APPLY The British Canadian Trust Go. EXECUTOR, ADMINISTRATOR, ASSIGNEE, ETC. HEAD OFFICE, 315 FIFTH STREET S. UTHBRIDGE, :ALDERTA PHONE 1843 -Is it Ready? Delay in ihe making of a Will lias caused many an estate to pass to those for whom it was not intended. Why not see to yours at once? Consult our Trustv Officers. All infoi'mation gladly given without charge. OUR BOOKLET ON WILLS. Hie Irysts and Guarantee fompsny, limited CALGARY AND LETHBRIOQE, >LBERTA tETHBRIOGE COMMERCE BUILDING J. W. McNICOL, INSPECTOR. PUBLIC ADMINISTRATOR AMD'OFFIOIAL ASSIGNEE FOR THE JUDICIAL DISTRICTS OF LETH3RIDUE, MACLEOD, HAT, CAtGARY, RED DEER, STETTLER. X ;