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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 3, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta ic LetHbridge Herald Thud Section Lethbndge, Alberta, Thuiadaj, -i 1973 Pages 29-36 THE SAVAGE CELLS: Cancer 'cure' continues to elude researchers 3y DAVID HENDIN NCA Scierte Edi'or NEW YORK At some litre the lives of one cf every four Americans a sing e cell v ill undergo a c1 astic aid ccvaslalma change The a'tera1iO-i may b" caus- ed by c-cmical irritants, raoi- otion, infectiojs agents or, perhaps, it may hase been programmed info the mdmJ- ual's body f om his corcep- tlO-l Whatever the rea on, the e ce'ls, the tmv building blo-ks form every living part the human body, beccme nangi anr, or cance Savagely the cell divides into two tnen four, eight and so on All resultant cells are malignant ond the end resu t is a cancerous tumor. As the col's reproduce, seme b eck c and es'ablish them seivcs In other pa ts of ths boay If this abnormal growh and spread is not controlled, tne Victim will die And last year the death rate from cancer rose at ils fastsst pace in 22 yeais, ac- cording to the National Cen- ter for health S'a} sties h its monthly report the Cen er said trat the cancer morta ity rate was 1668 per CANCER'S 7 WARNING SIGNALS Charge m bowel or bladder habits A soie thot docs not heal bleedmg er discharge Thickening or lump in breast or elsewhere esHon or difficulty in swallowing nous change in vart or mole Nagging cough or hoarseness If you hgyc a >ornipg signal, see your doctor! deaths ir 1972, compared with 161 4 in 1971 This rate of increase was about three times the annual average since Provisional Allhough these statis'ics are labeled "p-cvis orct ex- penenca has that they will proocbly differ only by a fraction o- a percentage f om the refined final data not yet available txperts exp am this rise in various way, but rrost agree tnat a contmua iy increasing e posj'e of man to chem cal carcinogens in his e vi on- rnent is probably mvolvej In 1973, cbout 350000 Anis'icans 960 each cay will cue cancer. About 665 000 new cases will be diag- no-ed this year IT 1973 mo e mtn will a e of ca CET then women a o' nearly 55 to 45 Cancer v ill cut s tort t-e I cs o' sons 4 000 children under 15 years of age And of tl.e unaffected youngsters uncier 18, some have ol- lest their fathers to can- cer ond more tl an lost their mothers Many cancer victims wi not die o1 the disease. More than will be saved this ya accO'diict 'o the American Career Society (ACS) The ACS considers a cancer patient "cured" if he rema ns without symptons of the cisease for five or more yenrs Manv of the res- cued from cancer this year ha'f certamly died lingering, terrible aeaths five cancer cells divide One of the most interesting phenomena of the diseases cal'ed career is the way thry spiead in an maividual i body But this is one oc the areas least sluditj ard understood by the cancer figMers According Jo a stylishly mod Philadelphia scient st who was be i in Israel understanding the cance spreads or meWstasizes, may be the fastest way of harness- ing the diseases until total prevention if, indeed, it is possible be accomplish ed Metastasis, says Dr Isaiah J. Fidler of the University of Pennsylvania, is the ultimafe of malignancy One of the prime reasons a benign tumor Is benign is that it docs not spread "Tho first thing a physic an wonts to know is whether his poiioit bos o or rra lignant tumor because him natjre tr-p tl 'ci to tl e life, FiJier "A be-ugn tu-ror is usually en-a isula'ed, never invades, never rretas asizes But a ma lignc-it ore is the opposite It QI-OVS ctickly s po-oHy en involve ond it mefc tc'izes "Ths r1 ost impor ant In thn or r to iv wi i 3 pstir nt }hn r on th hoi a1 i.adv or C -r--d TC prpvpt t th s p cor- ing !o n -vitn f more por'art then tal-i iq 'Cre of t after it preods a'cr soy tl 15 hp 36 old DOT! He lope to dc-r'op a method that i II p spree J oc raicT t'voughou' >uc bOi.'y Oncg this is done the curing of carcnr becomes strictly mechanical "As soo" as you con stop rr-PtaJtO'is the crunch is The "-uraeon's km b" conns iHe mo t efftc i tool Dr (Wort n Lewi' pro fc'ior of pathology at Me moricl University of Nev. toundland, Canada "As of right Fid ler, "there is no way a doctor can remove a malignant tu- mor and say 'we got it oil' and be 100 per cent sure He can say only that there has been no evidence of in- vasion ridler's data show that the presence of cancerous tumo cells m the blood of a patierf cloas not mean metastasis has token place, because meias'a'ts only occurs once tie cc'l is crretted and estab- lished as a new tumor in an- other part of the body (fre quently tne lungs because or the large number of tiny blood vessels there1 Fidler who is bo'h vetenn orian ond pathologist and once wrote a "Pet Doctor" column for on Israeli new- paper, believes that th" spread of cancer can be EV olained by deferences in cell surfaces He- is not yet sure lust wt-ot the. is b.Lt rg suggests that How it causes the cell to lodoe 1 be Iy and reproduce njlcr I opes to alter the sur taces cells so career eel's which have left the primary tJmor cannot ar-est in other parts of the body He notes that cancer cc Is m the bloods t r e a m travel f irougn the body v, th re-rei clots speed, so fast, in foe' not thny are being battcrPd 'o oeath within 24 hours er rr, if th'-ojgh tHe b ooci 1 F dlnr Hoi r JP o1 mafia in t hjsr o bell r cltcn t of ig OjtoDl a 0 nde d exper memj h o e pro t-J correct 'A" en F 50 000 'mole ears ego But many of tnose saved still will not con- sider themselves lucky They will have undergone pairful ''isfiaurira therapy by he knife, X ray or c'emicol cgcn a in on attempt by phy- sicians to rid their bojies of the cells Malignancy The bodies of others, less fortunate, will re'am parts of the malignancy and the d s- ea-o v.ill linaer for months or yecis before it ends in death. Many times in years go e by Americans have been led to be'ieVe that mirccu Ous for some, or oil, types of cancer were in sight '10 e is not vet any reel "cure" for ca icer, the cat-hell te m is eorrmonly to des- cribe v.'iat some scieitiss believe to be 100 or more scpcrata disease1: Do rot doubt tnat advance.! are made almost cai y in la'oorrto-ics orourd 'he v orld But the battle ago nst this relentless and unc scrim mating enemy is not an easy OIP And toda with their arsenals of effective drugs ond t'le'-apies, the career fighters are as much on the offensi as they are on the de'eniive The public could help-mo-e than riost pcop e are wi'li-g to believe "With the preven- tive and diagnostic SKiils available today we could con- trol fully 85 per cent of a'l ca cers We could practically make it an innocuous c s- ACS president Dr. Arthur G Carres said in a e- cent interview in Noga es, Ariz, v-here the -ociety held its annual seminar 'or scierce journalists Warning signs "Simpiy by seeing ohy- sicians early ord hrrdinq the sevo i ca gcr signols, Lie t by 65 pe- he the Oh o su gton noted that most pe'O pie usually thirk "it isn t serious ACS recom mends annual physicals for all persons over 40 years of age Another 20 per cent of oil cancer deaths in th s country, acco'ding to Jcmes, are d e to cigarette smoking a v.'iicS lo crrray of hcclth proTessiCroIs has increased in recent years Partici lariy disple a s i n g, James says, "is the traa c in- crease in the number of ycuig pcoa'e smoking c garottes, por icjlarl g r's The f CS blames this L.art- ally on the fact 'hot w' e i t e bon en c cavo-tisirq occurroc Ivo }cars ceo foir chs p u e t tot iTt o i i de-appear The s not prer unncj the brcadcast 'c cga n begin broadcas'ma Pvn ocrs of anti e.re rail nr ot the Control possible wi r learn I Jomos I A' of ond to may tne i Fully 35 o1 all cancers cou'cl be controlled if the pub'it was morr conscientious, Cancer- Socigty Dr Arthur James cer cells in which each suc- ceeding generation is more co'e-it, wi'h regard to metas- tasis, than its parent. When he niected live can cer cells into mi-e he found an average of 40 luna cancer nodules when dissecting ths mice 'uree wee's later Co i- cells ta' en from these re- su tart were m'o o'1 Er mic" The geierctioi yielded 117 lung cancer nocj'es The third gen- eration y-elded 327, the fojrtH 42g, the fifth nearly 600 and so on "This experiment demon- strated that we were obie 1o specifically select, within the some tu-nor, lines possessing an increasing ability to me- fastasize It proves that me- ta'la'is is not a random phe- nomenon but ceppnos en in- nnrent Qualities of the tumor Fidlpr scid in a intrrvisw in Noooles, A iz v hpre tue American Cancer rOLicty it5 on- 'n-mnar for re e ILS jou nal t T1 e stresses that much mo-e research must oone in the neglec'ed fie'd of the un que properties of can- "cr cell surraccs "The ulti- idtc; treatment for the p'-e- sn on of metastasis cou'd r rot On i! m orua' 1un o- anrj n on cc o i OT o' lumor o ior rnll o blooc! 0 f f i- rjrc jlctlDCI 1 tho- syMom for ka noy we cou'a or" 1 I' r" F dlT o h o 'eloled ive'-tigo'icT P 0 ot i onicolly I fO j-- '1 lOGys Tinupo 'hot tl-o 'prrodlnq ronccr cc Is to cljrm end thus su By lo m intiiun po i'j in trsf n cr he A 0? ao i reduce ni'w