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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 3, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta if THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Wodneiday, May 3, 1972 Joseph Kraft More was expected iMaiiy people will led lot down by the government's long-awaited policy on foreign investment. They expected more. The only specific in this week's an- nouncement is the statement that cabinet approval will be required for any future sale to American capital, if more than is involved. Tliis does nothing for current Am- erican ownership of Canadian indus- try. Nor does it indicate a general cabinet policy which will govern de- cisions on future cases (although the Home Oil and Denison Mines cases do betray a lively concern by the present However we submit that public expectations have been excessive and unrealistic, and the government policy is a responsible one. The problem has been gravely mis- represented, to the point that too many people have deceived the m- selves into thinking a simple pen- stroke by an enlightened government would solve everything. The Commit- tee for an Independent Canada is partly to blame for the deception. These, we further submit, are some of the hard facts: 1. That capital, in large quantities, Is a requisite for modem industrial development, and it cannot be pulled out of the air. 2. That Canadians have insisted on an economic growth rate in ex- cess of what they could afford with their own capital (that is, their own and at the same time a higher standard of living than they were earning. By and large they were not producing enough to accumulate large blocks of capital, and not saving enough of what they did produce. ;i. The best way lor a nation to be- come financially independent is through industrial strength, and that may require the import of mure foreign capital. Usually the best way for a small fanner heavily in debt to get on his own feet is to borrow still more capital so he can produce more. 4. Foreign owned industry is sub- ject to Canadian taxes and Canadian laws. It must also be subject to Ca- nadian government policy and oper- ate in the best interests of Canada, and it is the duty of the government to see that it does. 5. Rent must be paid, in one form or another, for the use of capital, re- gardless of who owns the capital, and so long as Canada's interests are protected it doesn't matter a great deal whether the capital is domestic or foreign. B. Canada's preoccupalional con- cern over too much American capital must seem strange to all of those countries who would dearly love to get some of it. 7. Getting the most benefit from Americnn capital should be a prior Canadian concern. Employment should be a prior concern. Is unem- ployment preferable to employment by an American capitalized indus- try? In short, a mere negation of Amer- ican capital is not the answer. To the extent that there is a problem, it re- quires more logical thinking and greater effort by the Canadian peo- ple, and the government's main duty is to give them leadership in a more positive direction. According to Tuesday's statement that is the gov- ernment's intention. Shrinking French fact The figures the latest census released recently by Statistics Can- ada have not been thoroughly an- alyzed but they show a distinct trend to a diminuation of the French fact in the nation. Population growth in Quebec has slowed substantially, from a rate almost 10 per cent between 1961 and 1966 to a rate of 4.3 per cent between 1966 and 1971. Only four other prov- inces, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Manitoba and Saskatche- wan grew more slowly in the second- five year period. Perhaps some of the Quebec spin- off may have ended up in other high- growth provinces such as B.C. and Ontario. However, the over all French speaking population has de- clined in Canada as it has in Quebec itself. True, the changes are at present minimal. The proportion of French- speaking Canadians dropped from 28.1 per cent in 1961 to 26.9 per cent in 1971. But these figures are inter- esting in the light of the federal government's efforts to encourage bilingualism and biculturalism dur- ing the past five or six years. They could perhaps foster diamet- rically opposed inlcrpretat ions. Should Ottawa redouble its efforts to prop up French culture in order to prevent further assimilation? Or do the figures show that in spite of all concerted efforts to save the French fact by artificial stimulation it will in the "long run be a lost cause? Any conclusions should be ad- vanced cautiously in the interest of the country and the liberty of the people. But this new information should be looked at carefully and with considerable thought. ANDY RUSSELL Adventure in high country ADVENTURE is something that ca take many forms and does not can uy forms ana floes not al- ways involve fast action and personal risk. It is part of really enjoying life; noticing little things and the ability to interpret signs well enough to anticipate what will happen next. Working with grizzlies in open country while unarmed is adventure of another or- der, n kind of sport not recommended for casual weekend naturalists, for staying out of trouble with the big animals requires deep understanding of their ways. People often ask me how we managed to get the close-ups portrayed in my films of these big animals, and generally look a bit skeptical and surprised when I tell them it is made possible by being able to crawl inside their skins and think like them. Truly, that is the answer, but can only be done by spending many hours watching them from a distance, learning their ways and becoming sufficiently acquainted with individuals until one knows what, lo expect In a given set of circumstances. For in- stance, it is much easier and safer to work In close fo any grizzly during berry sea- son, when the huckleberry bushes bang heavy with luscious fruit and the bear is stuffed to Ihe cars. Bears, like men. are much easier to get along with when their bellies are full. A mother grizzly with cubs can be a very touchy and potentially ex- plosive study subject if she is afraid and anxious about her young but ccrlnin individuals are easier to .nppron'.'h when their cubs are, close. The I rick is lo know- how each individual reads, which takes lime and patience much patience, as well as goof] leg muscles for bears arc g.'Cat travellers. The thing to always re- member is that no two hears arc alike, and what one may ij'nere another may considfr a breach of oliqnelle Hut there arc cerlain sland.'ird.s of behavior lhat one can always count on when working with wildlife. Learning some of these opens doors to much pleasure. We were camped one summer with a dis- tinguished guest, a senior editor of Na- tional Geographic Magazine. One day he, my daughter Anne and I were watching a brood of rock ptarmigan feeding with the mother among the rocks of a timbcrline slope. Anne, then five years old, was fas- cinated with the half grown young ones as they moved around very close to us, and wanted to pick one up. "If you stand very still and wish very hard until I tell you to move, you can pick one I told her. "But you will have to be very still." She accepted my instructions without question, but our visitor cocked a quizzical eye at me, no doubt wondering what I was up to. But he went along with the game, freezing in his tracks while the ptarmigan fed and chirped around close to our boots. I had an eye on Ihe sky looking for one of Ihe big golden eagles nesting on the faco of a peak across the valley; hoping one would choose to fly over us. When I was beginning to wonder if my little play was going sour, one of the big birds showed up. sailing majestically on a thermal out over our heads. Instantly the mother ptarmigan gave a low chirring noise in her ihroat. which meant be still lo the chicks, and they all froze where they stood. I told Anne. "Yon can pick ono up." She quickly fnruvtrd niui (iid just Hint tn linr vast, drlight before Hie astonish- ed eyes nf our guest, lie eoxcred his .sur- prise a bit. by Incoming very busy with his camera and laughed when I pointed to Ilia eagle and explained. I! was one of those times when opporln- nily for a hit of showmanship along with a bii of knowledge pays off, adding .spice and fun where it would ordinarily lie miss- ed. Slum-limes adventure is where least expect to find it. Moral principles at stake in Vietnam WASHINGTON The Big Two have arranged to channel the tide of war in Viet- nam around the summit meet- ing fixed for Moscow next month. In the process Hie Paris peace talks have been reopen- ed. Normally this would cause joy unconi'ined. Only the pres- ident seems so wound up in his own need to prove himself that I come away from the recent events with a sick feeling in the pit of my stomach. It was chiefly out of Mr. Nixon's self-doubts lhat the need to detour Vietnam around the summit arose in the first place. As soon as the enemy offensive kicked off at the end of March, Ihe White House was full of dire talk about Commu- nist manoeuvres to put Mr. Ts'ixon in a weak position at the Moscow summit. Mr. Nixon I lien began a complex huffing and puffing, designed to make the Russians swear off the fell intent im- puted to them in his own mind. There were a series of re- marks linking the offensive in Vietnam to the Soviet supply of arms. When these brought only an ambiguous reply from Moscow, Mr. Nixon decided to prove to the Russians lhat he was se- rious. To direct their attention to his concerns, he ordered the bombing of Hanoi and Hai- phong. The raid on the port city, which hit four Russian ships, apparently did the trick. Within a couple of days, the Russians proposed that Mr. Nixon send a high-level emis- sary lo talk things over with Parly Secretary Leonid Brezhnev. In response to that invitation, we now know, the president's chief foreign policy adviser, Henry Kissinger, flew to Moscow for four days of talks with Mr. Brezhnev. In those talks, the artificial con- frontation which Mr. Nixon had staged was wound down in a contrived de-confrontation. Under the terms of the de- confrontation, the United States agrees to resume the peace talks in Paris. The Russians agree to play a medialing role between Hanoi and Washing- ton. Hanoi agrees to send its chief negotiator, Le Due Tho, hack to the Paris talks. On the surface, everything is hunky-dory. The Big Two sum- mit is out of the shadow with good prospects for agreement on arms control and on in- creased trade. The Paris peace talks are resuming with some signs of serious negotiating intent. But in me these events gen- erate neither confidence nor 'NO grants are NOT cheer. On the contrary, there Is some thing truly disquieting about the president's recent huffing and puffing. All Mr. Nixon hai accom- plished, for one thing, Is to re- deem past blunders. The assur- ance that the Moscow summit will take place only relieves doubts unnecessar i 1 y inspired by the bombing of Hanoi and Haiphong. The resumption of talks in Paris only gets the Vietnam talks hack where they were before the administration deliberately broke them off. Then there is the matter of tone. The self-conscious quality of the TV speech delivered by Mr. Nixon last Wednesday can only inspire misgiving. A pres- ident who talks over and over about "respect for the pres- idency" does not know how to achieve it. Anxiety is further quickened by the attitude the president has taken towards the success of the Paris talks. In the key phrase of the TV speech a phrase that was carefully drafted with weight given to every word Mr. Nixon said: "We are resuming the Paris talks with the firm expectation that productive talks leading to rapid progress will follow through all available chan- nels." But docs that mean Mr. Nixon himself is prepared to be flexible? On the contrary, all the signs indicate that he is far too determined to prove his own toughness to make the kind of concession that would promote a settlement. The signs are that if he does not get the satisfaction he expects from Hanoi, he will prepared to do terrible things to North X'ietnam. Which brings us to the criti- cal point the matter of death and destruction. I have tried not to be moralistic about the Vietnam war. I do not see that much is accomplished by waxing indignant about a sub- ject as tired and complex as Vietnam. I have tremendous admiration for the diplomatic skills of Dr. Kissinger. But diplomatic skill is not enough. There are moral prin- ciples at stake, and the true source of my uncase lies in the .feeling that the country is now entering a crunch where these principles are not restraining the national leadership. The fact is that decency knows no excuse for the president's will- ingness to bomb cities the bet- ter to prove he is tough. Honor offers no support for the view that it is all right to destroy a country to maintain what Mr. Nixon is pleased to call "re- spect for the presidency." (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Peter Desburals Canada's Olympics could become political issue 'VO one likes to talk about it of- ficially at this state, but there is little doubt that the future ot Canada will be apparent on the playing fields of Montreal in the next four years. The basic issue appears to be clearer to the average Canadian at the moment than to his politi- cal leaders. In English-speaking Canada at least, the letters-to- t he-editor columns of most newspapers have reflected mounting concern over Can- ada's involvement in the 1976 summer Olympics in Montreal. The impression is that many Canadians regard this as an im- portant political question and that a vociferous segment of the population is adamantly op- posed lo giving Montreal any "special favors" to enable it to stage the Games. Up to now the politicians have tried to cool the public debate, a sure sign of their respect for Ihe national feelings that are in- volved in Canada and Quebec. Mayor Drapeau of Montreal iias merely repeated his promise to finance the Games without mak- ing any special demands un Ot- tawa and Prime Minister Tru- deau has continued to take him at his word. The. polite rilual is fooling no one. Everyone believes that the Games will require an extraor- dinary contribution by all Cana- dians; everyone senses that the national decision involved in I his contribution is complex and influential. Since Mayor Drapeau ob- tained the IW> (.ames iwo >ears ago, with (lllawa's en dorscment. Hie politicians have had only limited control over Ihe eonlexf in whieh liiis deci- sion will be nvido II now seems clear that it. will come at a eriti' cal lime In the history ol Mont- real mid Iho p r o v i n c i> ot Quebec. In the five years since the in- ternational triumph of Kxpn 117, Montreal has had lo face a se- ries of adverse developments. The mosl obvious and persis- tent been it.s relalively slow rate of rconomic growth, Iho major factor in the province's persistently low economic vital- ity and high unemployment. According to statistics pro- duced by Jacques Dery, chief economics researcher for Quebec's Union of Municipali- ties, Montreal's employment index from 1906 to 1970 in- creased from 120.8 to f21.3 while Toronto's index went up from 123.6 to 135.1 (the calcula- tion is based on a 1961 index of In the same five-year per- iod file total value of construc- tion permits in metropolitan Montreal was about billion compared with S4.3 billion in metropolitan Toronto. Montreal remains an impor- tant financial and industrial centre. Six of Ihe nation's 20 largest banks, insurance compa- nies and financial institutions have their head offices in Mont- real as have 29 of Canada's 100 largest corporations. But the main pattern of the past few decades has been the consolida- tion of Toronto's role as the ceo nomic pivot of central Canada. Every statistical comparison of the two cities during this period shows the same trend. At the end of last year, re- sults of the 1971 census indi- cated that Ibis relatively slow rate of economic development was affecting Ihe city's popula- tion growth. From 1966 to 1971, Montreal's rate of population grow I h was per cent com- pared with per cent in To- So They Say The lo improve commu- i.s In stall lalking K. ,lha, India ambas- sador In Ihe United .Slales. The backgrounder briefing) permil.s the press Ihe government lo sleep togeth- er, even to procreate, without gcl.ling married or having to accept the responsibility for any offspring. It's Ihe public on whose doorstep orphans of dc- eeplivo infonnalion and mis- leading allegations are lefl, .Bill Mnyors, former U.S, prcsi- dcnlial press secretary. ronto. The cities today are ap- proximately the same size, and Toronto's population is expected to exceed Montreal's, for the first time in history, at some point in 1974. The most important factor in the relative growth rates of the two cities is immigration. From 1966 to 1971, 50 per cent of Can- ada's immigrants settled in On- tario. Only '20 per cent decided to live in Quebec. Largely because of immigra- tion, the population of Ontario increased by more than 1.5 mil- lion in the sixties while Quebec added less than 800.000 people to its population. This trend lias started to cause alarm in Quebec. Writing in Montreal's Le De- voir earlier this month, journal- ist Claude Lemclin estimated that when the population of Can- ada reaches French- speaking residents of Quebec will account for only one- quarter of this total. "Already, with a ratio of Ihrcc-in-tcn, we don't carry much weight in federal circles." he slated. "We have to agitate continually and threaten seces- sion for them to give us even a few morsels. "Will things bo any better when we arc reduced to two-in- More detailed information from the 1971 census this week increased Quebec's concern. It showed that, despite slower pop- ulalion growth in the sixties, the emigration of thousands of Kng- lish-speaking iMonlrcalcrs from Ihe previncc and strenuous ef- forts lo improve Ihe siatns of Ihe French language in Quebec, Ihe percenlngc of Krench-spoak- hig people in Quebec actually declined slighlly during the dec- ade. The combined impacl of theso economic, population and lan- guage changes has yet to be as- sessed and publicly discussed in detail within Quebec, lint the importance of the data is unden- iable and Ihe dchalc about it.i implications is bound lo havo political particularly on the outcome of the Quebec elec- tion expected within the next two years. One could hardly imagine a less-favorable context for dis- cussion of federal participation in M o n t r e a 1's 197G summer Olympics. The data Indicates that Mont- real looks to the Olympics to give it the kind of economic and moral stimulus in the seventies that Expo 67 provided in the sixties. It also indicates that, despite the promises of Mayor Drapeau, the city's ability to pay for the Games will be hand- icapped by its poor economic performance under Drapeau's administration. Taxes in Montreal already are among Ihe highest, on the conti- nent. A study commissioned by Ihe city earlier this year showed lhat the owner of a one- family bouse in Montreal paid property taxes of a year compared with annual taxes of S164 for a comparable house in Toronto. On a house, the Montreal taxes amounted to compared with in Toronto. If this study Is accurate, it means that Montreal's ability to pay for the Games is strictly limited. This is the situation that some Canadians already have de- scribed as a kind of blackmail. The people who are now writing worried letters to the news- papers are right in sensing that it is an important decision which should be debated throughout Canada as openly as possible. The longer Mayor Drapeau refuses to lay his cards on flu table and involve other Canadi ans in this national undertaking the more difficult and destruc live this debate will become. (Toronto Star Syndicate) Looking backward Through The Herald 1922 The Vulcan town coun- cil granted a request that the curfew bell be nmg at the hours of 7 a.m., 12 noon, 1 p.m. .UK! fi p.m. in addition to the usual ringing at p.m. dur- ing the summer months, the idea being lo announce the time to residents. Government official1; preparing today to trans- fer Al Capone to a federal pen- itentiary to start him on his eleven year sentence for failing lo pay the government income tax on the enormous profits lie is reported to have made on his gangland activities in Chicago. 19-12 For the first time in years South Alberta is shipping potatoes to the Pacific coast in Volume. 1952 Nearly trees will be planted on boulevards and streets in Lcthbridge next Wed- nesday during the annual treo planting day. _ Prime Minister and Mrs. Diefenbaker are sched- uled tentatively to arrive in Lethbridge at 10 a.m. May 11, The Utlumdge Herald 501 7th St. S., Lcthbridge, Alberta LETII73RIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1005-1954, by lion, W. A, BUCHANAN Second Clftis Mall RprjKtr.ition No 0512 Member of Tim C.-inndlfin Prrss nnd thn Canfldi.m D.iily Publishers' Association and tho Audit Burpnu of circulations CI.EO W. MOWERS, Editor nntl Ptilili'.hpr THOMAS H. ADAMS, Genprnl Mim-ninr DON PILLING wit i IAM HAV f-'ililor ROY I M1I.F', noUGI M K WAI KTR Manner hditnrifll Prtcm "THE HfcRAlD 5ERVIS THE SOUTH" ;