Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 3, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
PAGE TWELVE THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD PAGE" FRIDAY, MAY Raising, Poultry, Marketing OUTLOOK IS FOR 50 PER CENT INCREASE IN POTATO ACREAGE By District Agriculturist vice. Albena Agriculture. at acres were uacer crop. -i-w-j-g Potato producdoafcas grown in 1 in the irrigated areas of sometime Southern Alberta _ ana. S before iew growth Potatoes should be. plantec soon as cut where pcssiozeana wid -n no case be esposec WITH THE GARDENERS DON'T COUNT ON BRITISH MARKET nen: farms. to _ production. Discussion Uj breeding enterprise in we have been corapeliea to active interest in. variety. ____ prior to the same time we attempt r slanted immedate- i We imagine a lot of people, especially former Old Country people and those who stand to make i money out of export of beef and pork to Britain, will condemn the above heading. But the fact is that fanners of Western Canada are not counting much on a continuation of a stable market in Great Britain for pork and beef when the food shortage is HOBTICCLITKE over food production reaches normal levels again. Our reason for emphasizing K is a letter from an Alberta rancher who learned the butcher business in Kent, England, as a boy, and who is over there now. He writes: "The 'governor' is taking me up to Canterbury the main meat nodi for this part of Kent. He wants production marke; Tbi anv cessftilly son. s Sandr loam is the iceal potato j soil bus the crop can be grown on p a wide variation of scii types pararion for the seed bed to prove to me that the good Canadian beef I Keep Ihal! referring to does not reach this part of Britain. An- 1 other says it's plain rot about the Britisher having such fastidious tastes about bacon. What little I have tasted here is not as good as our ranch outline of the Minnesota i iUo-n program, i brmg to j cm-e Rationing is more severe here now than during the war and everybody I have had contact with is We repeat this to show that, despite ail mat nas -T hold the British It's dry spring. Ko mistake about that. Ana it's a windy spring wiui plenty of soil drift- ing. We have always said that ;he larmier's job Scuta Alberta is to farm against drought and soil drifting. Thas, hag been Eamraered home this spring. We Still have a lot to ieam. We .hope we'll learn it before it's too late. We believe we were never in a better position io learn. Most farms are free of debt. Many farms could do some seeding down and carry a little livestock. The urgency for cash returns is not so great as in tne teirties, and we should take advantage of it. to learn some new tricss to beat drought and soil drifting. tO Indications are that there will be a 50 per cent increase in potato acreage t'oJs year. They've been a great paying crop the past lew years. Bus there are times when ooiatocs are a glut on the market. The in-and-outers are generally re- spozsiiTc fcr the It" used to be the same m hogs. Steady production on a long-time pro- gram is the best way to control output and prices, and that's up to the growers. LETHBRIDGE EXPERIMENTAL FARM WEEKLY LETTER there is usuallv plenty of water ta WATER the spring and fall whereas in the "peak" summer season a fanner must frequently wait for his "turn." As long as the ground is not frozen it is never too early or too late to apply water to alfalfa, or ECONOMICAL rSE OF IRRIGATION" In addition to the several large scale irrigation projects in South- em Alberta and Saskatchewan. there are every year an increasing private schemes use of early spring Farmers and ranchers with 2. lot of expensive livestock should be sizing up the reserve feed situation on their farms and laving clans to replenish, stocks depleted by a long winter. Hun- dred dollar cows and S150 steers are worth looking after. number of which make run-off. The economic use of the limited water available is of course very important in these small pri- vate schemes and also in the larger projects when the supply Js short. It !s quite a natural reaction to delay the aoplication of irriga- tion water until the crops are well up and shading the ground to some requently In small dams the losses from evaporation and percolation will be high and any good imgator knows that his water doesn't go as far on a hot summer day as on a spring day. Furthermore, when water is avail- able late fall irrigation is very good practice. It should scarcely be necessary to remind water users in the larger irrigation districts that earl's .__ breakdown of the green manure crop. Alfalfa might be ploughed in the spring for ssmj i bu: some experienced wi; left in ths sofL t tion of manure before breaking the tesds to i ISP SStion may be necessary oe-! for a sugar beet cror> may be con- sidered ideal. Cut Chore Time s; of maximum "si EAKLT OR LATE PLAXTTXG seed should be planted as soon after ploughing as "the season nf rlip. nenmr. yields can only be, ob- tained by giving frequens and light, anolicatfons of water. Potatoes will nbt stand flooding but the water should be controlled in the row and moist son. Poor resnis of dry wsaT'ner. Potaa _ market; muss be planted with little risk after the 15th. of April for the eariy market, if freezing weather dees hit the emerging stems and leaves is wiE set the stand baci IKK new stems will usually succeed the frosted ones. Main crop plantings ordinarily need not be planted until the second week in May. This later enables the be applied whenever soil shows an indication of becoming dry. The secret of quality potato production is to never let the potato stop Uneven moisture condi- tions fh the soil makes uneven growth and potatoes may be poor- Iv shaTjed. FERTILZERS manure should be used nossibie Zoughing or extra cultivation. dunng the latter part the manure before plough- sara tniality. A great variation in re- sults has been obtained from the Uniform. Although myriTrmTn yields might be obtained by earlier plant- ings superior Quality is usuaily ob- from plantings week of ______ eased use of for- j 'age "croos m the rotation, organic) i matter is now being renimed to the f f T4 water holding capacity In KOICiniT improved., Tne. uorous IlUg grasses hold together naracles and discourage drifting- Tour Dis- Ind. jive cen- It has ben a dry, windy spring, but if you remember 1928 we had only 1.32 inches rain in April, mostly snow isi the early part, and only .09 inch of rain in May, the driest May on record. But we got 6.79 inch- es of rain and floods in June and raised one of the best crops yet- So don't desoair. extent. However, very delay is very costly. to other lands provided that this does not interfere with seed bed preparation, etc. In sixteen years of experiments at the Experimen- tal Station a fall irrigation on land to be seeded to whest frequently gave as good yields as land receiv- ing one irrigation the following year when the wheat was growing. With alfalfa a fail irrigation orac- tically guarantes a good first cut- ting the next year. Bus if alfaJfa is not irrigated in. the fall, water should be auplied in the spring just as soon as the ground is thawed out. It should always be remembered that soil is a very good reservoir. Most 01 the water applied in an ordinary irrigation will be retained in the soil in readiness for plant growth for an extended period with only very limited loses. Servant of Agriculture. Lethbridge Experimental Station Flat Less Haul More Grain By H. G. L. STRANGE Mr. Hoover, former president of Soaetv who are given an oppor- tunity" to select iz as a free plant premiuni going with their meinber- shin. Generally speaking this lat- ter" distribution is EOI made until. towards the close of the third test, i By this time coosmg and processing tests have been made of what ap- pear io be the more important and promisine selections and varieties, i It is Dosabie that a variety may be introduced at; the end of the third j test, but in general varieties of the more important fruits, such as ap- ples, raspberries and strawberries are put "through a fourth or so- called commercial test. The varie- ties are planted the Fruit Breed- _ Jiti, iUiiiiCi Ui Agricultunst caa aavise wita nai Indiana pork proaucers wno Unjtecl states, aid now in i to the legumes ana grasses co-operated with Purdue Goiver- of fond fn- best suited to your district, and can J Agricultural Esjermsest Sta- provide you with particulars of the j studying methods of re- frrm TPnrse? nmn I forage crop_ policy. seed should since the to cants. Forage crop j 0Ucmg labor required in their Poster to Help A swine bam poster, which will be of great interest to hog raisers, has just been oubbshed by the um- ing Farm in laree enough lots to use of fertilizers potatoes y spealdng MOO pounds appear good, practice to apply from pomds of This fertility and preparation of the land, j Very fertile land can stand plants i closer together and utilizes Quantities of seed. A two seed piece is considered ideal. Whole seeds are not so subject to drying or breakdown in the soil as Idaao to ours best rjasuits bv applyine around 100 produce a fair volume of fruit fcr Sinclair mprfrpr. purposes. Here we try get information on consume] action, ability to stand up i packing and shipping, attractive- ness in the package, adaptability for commercial processing and any other characteristics whicn may appear. These commercial growers operated in co-operaaon with a few of our best commercial growers who are willing to take on The growing and testing of -a. new variety. Thp "mimhpr of trees of an AlDena- Dean and Dr. J. K. D. average time. Sere is did it. according to Dr. J- W- Ober- j holtzer. who made the work sim- piification study; These farmers made improve- ments in six of the major opera- tions: Watering, storing, preparing and handling feed economically, supplying sufficient housing with the arrangement of buildings and feed lots planned to cat down trav- el_ There was a definite system of o of the Department of Animal Sci- managementl Plans were made in practical directions for the feeding I On tae average and care of hogs. Specific informa- fifth of the work of fattening nogs tion is given on lie f eedicg and goes to watering them. Means of care of me orood sow during preg- getting water to a hundred hogs naticv, at. farrowing time, during on rotation pasture where no nat- the suckling penoo. at weaning Hral source existed, were studied, time and on flow the Digs should, j piping water from a pressure- sys- be led and cared for iroin oirth till j jem required. 14 hours of labor and iev reach the market. j walking 40 miles. Against this, TJseful information is given re- trater was hauled with a tank wag- riods in which swine production nas IDS. of nhosphate fertilizer per acre. 'as least two years out of four di- K rectly to the alfalfa crop. Fertilizer is not applied directly to the potato crop. This method gives not only through the establishment of a va- riety testing station in southeastern Minnesota where our principal com- fruit interests are located. been a proutable enterprise during the past 25 years. These and otner j interesting ana useful items are all mum increases in yields of pota- toes. Experiments will be uncer way this year in Southern, Alberta large cut surfacep. yields and best quality can be obtained with large seed pieces planted close together on fertile soil. On less fersue son nothing an be gained by close planting. Foundation. A certified or certified is the measure of quality in potatoes for planting. Many commercial growers are now recognizing the value of certified seed and plant a small seed plot V Belt DRIVES A inch. to 10 in. io 100 in. B inch. to 3.9 in. to 100 in. We also design and sap- ply multiple belt drives. Stocks now fairly complete. MCKENZIE Electric Ltd. PHONE 3637 Mail and phone orders given prompt attention. to test out ttiv method under our conditions. EQCBPIHENT Good eouitunent of the right de- sign is important to successful pota- to production. Two-row planters are desirable when they can be ob- tained. These planters enable more accurate planting and cultivation. The two-row digger may save time but is not considered as important as the two-row planter. Bagger at- tachments or have to be adapted to our conditions be- fore they can be considered suc- cessful For large acreages power dusters will be necessary to pre- vent serious damage from the pota- to beetle. Dusts caa be applied with less effort than sprays and are equallv effective. HAIWESTING STORAGE Many improvements in the har- that through tt coHjperatibii of a large and pu'olic spirited orporation such a station will become established with some- thing over a hundred acres avail- able for demonstration and experi- mental work with fruits. The plans for project involve extensive variety tests of our more important fruits. These tests wfll be of two types, prelimiuarv and commercial tests. It is hoped, that in the pre- liminary test we can faring in all the varieties of apples, raspberries strawberries which have been recentlv introduced and which have yet been tested in Minnesota- Only such varieties as have already undergone a considerable amount of testing will be included in the larger scale commercial tests. A fruit variety testing program such as outlined above requires a large amount of time and a con- siderable amount of man power and monev. We must remember, how- ever, "that when an experiment sta- tion introduces a new variety of fruit or recommends a new variety for planting, it is assuming a con- siderable responsibility. In the case of trees fruits, growers who follow i vesting and storage methods in this I the suggestions of the experiment area are now in order. Every ef- station are starting a long-time fort should be made to prevent bruising and mechanical injury while handling.' As market stan- i cards are being enforced more and more potatoes will be of little value unless they can meet grade stan- dards. Such things as rubber cov- 1 ered picking baskets are being ased jby growers competing for the big markets. Storage cellars are <5e- j------- signed to allow tracks to drive di- i fun oav rec-Jy into and out the other end. Fruits or the project, and they should be pro- tected as far as is reasonaoiy pos- sible by preliminary work on the part of" their local experiment sta- tion. Where commercial fruit grow- ing interests are cot involved, a less conservative program may entirely satisfactory. charge of all relief food for iurppe and Asia, has just issued his first report from, the spos in Europe. It is a sad document. One hundred and fifty million European people alone. Eoover tells us, have insufficient food to support life, JUTilTTl Millions of old people and little children will die before the new crop is harvested unless much more food can arrive in the nest two months. Sfany are doomed to die in spite of anything that can be done. Many of the research results ob- tained at the Lethbridge Experi- mental Station require test- ing at ether noints where soil, cli- matic, and other conditions may be quite different. This is one func- tion of the ten sub-stations located at Nobleford. Claresholm, Pincher Creek Lomond, Foremost. Wtitla, Bindloss. Acabia Valley, Craigmyle, and Drumheller. Another impcr- i taut function is to carry the find- ings of the main station to the farmers and provide a. place to solve problems peculiar to the dis- tr'cts in which thev are situated. the advent of P.F.R.A. in 1335. soil drifting control became the most imocrtant project on the sub-statiOES. The spread of strip farming and trash cover fallowing was accelerated by the example set bv these stations. At the same time modifications of these methods were studied to fit the special needs of each district. Water erosion control, including contour farming, contour dykes, and grasesed waterways, has been studied and given successful prac- tical annlication: particularly at the Pincher" Creek Station, This phase of the work is being developed at other stations where conditions re- quire it. Water conservation by dug- out and stock watering dams has uroject- Over- H. CHESTER (Supervisor, District Experiment Sub-Stations in Southern Alberta) were spent in the Neepawa dis- trict of Manitoba, where he first Mr. Hoover pleads for all people been an to save bread and food on their j tanks "have been constructed became interested in praine agri- tables, and for farmers everywhere i afc Foremost and Kobleford to facili- m to ship every single bushel of wheat, tate irrigating a farm garden. oats and barley to the market that they can possibly spare from their farms. Even a single wagonload of grain will save laves that otherwise would be lost. Mr. Hoover urges all of us, country and city people alike, to grow large vegetable gar- dens so as to cut down our own consumption of bread and meats, all so that more food may be avail- able to the starving people of B-jrops. All this concerns Europe alone. but the plight of untold millions in The quality of cereals grown in sub-station districts is of a high standard. This is the result of tests maqe on the stations to de- termine the most suitable varieties and the subsequent distribution of high Duality seed of suitable varie- ties bv sub-station operators. Some problems which will be given more detailed study irt the immediate future include the pro- duction and use of cover crops, the relation of wheat yields to sub-soil moisture, and cultural practices for culture. He then moved to" British Columbia and after a short spell of service in the First Great War en- tered the university ot B.C.. gradu- ating in Agriculture in 1925. Fol- lowing graduation Sir. Chester spent one year in soil survey work in northern B.C. and nine years at the Experimental Station. Winder- mere, where he had. charge of Field Husbandry and irrigation work. In was transferred to IiCth- bridge to take over the sub-station worfc which has had steady expan- sion under his leadership. the pressure svstem. M) gallon fountains was i extravagant in use _of i farmers favored the} to ?_ _VPT1 cipr piii winter wheat. A study of farm extra food niay save a valuable all swme barns as a source of prac- tical imormation. for all hog rais- ers. These costers can be secured free by writing to the Extension Deoartment of the University of Alberta, 01 to the Extension Ser- vice of the Alberta Dej Agriculture, Edmonton. the other methods. A small saving of time and effort were gained from the arrangement of farrowing houses. A double row of houses, with tne pens in between gave the most efficient placing, for I nearly circular as possible. Alberta Feed Bank Unneeded? The snort feed crop in many sections of the province last year prompted the Provincial Depart- ment of Agriculture to prevail upon the Dominion Feeds Administrator to establish feed banks in Calgary and Edmonton. As a result of Uus acuon we now have about a mu- lion bushels of barley and half a million bushels of oats in store at these two points, says an Alberta Some Mysteries Of Weed Killing It is a Eivstery to many people whv it is possible to kill one plant with a chemical spray and not loll another beside it. In some cases, the reason is still a mystery even' to those who have given the sub- ject careful study. In. other cases, the answer is simple, says George Knowles, Field Husbandry Division, j Central Experimental Farm, Ot-1 tawa. to on sprays. The latest and most remarkable of all the chemical weed Sailers, 2-4-D is more highly selective than any known herbicide. Most selec- tive weed killers discolor, temporar- ily, the crop in which the weeds This is not so with ills many species of weeds without causing any percept- fible injury to plants of the grass i family. j Field days on sub-stations have become an" important link between farmers and the Experimental Sta- tion. That farmers appreciate these days is indicated by the fact that the attendance has grown gradu- jally each year to an average of over 160 for each field day. The guidance of -this important work Is in the capable hands of H. fHerb) Chester who has been di- recting it since 1934. It is 35 years since Mr. Chester came with his parents from England to Canada. His first four years in this country WELDING FOR PORTABLE or SHOP WELDING Fhone 3899 Richards Welding 323-3rd St. S. s, grain back to country points would indicate that tne demand is not very strong or that our farmers are not aware of the fact tnat these supplies are available. There is a demand for feed grains m Eastern Canada, and it may be necessary mustard growing m a gram crop_ was killed by copoer sulphate spray which did not kill the gram, spray burned the leaves o" to Fanners will be well advised check their fed bins to see if their y them un- m The _____ the grain and the crop looked dead for about one week. Then the grain commenced to turn green again, but made no further explanation of the recovery of the grain is that the growing tip of the plant of the grass family (and trus includes j oats, wheat, "barley and is en- oaney ana is ea- j t in a sheath or covering and! i the caustic copper sulphate spray could not touch this covered grqw- Alfalfa Seed and Garden Seed Now is the time to sow Alfalfa Seed, Clover, Brome, etc. Large shipment just arrived. Bulk Garden Seeds, Fertilizer, Lubrication and Paints. SOUTHERN ALBERTA CO-OPERATIVE ASSN. LTD. Koueer Seed Distributors of Southern Alberta I221-2nd Ave. S, Lcthbridse Phone 3777 and flax bv Sinox trade name for a recsntiv __ ____________ whole of this feed reserve. How- t :eTer- the Present weU in I FORAGE CROPS FOR advanced farmers are advised to or- Ule OT OrtWCCOir ATTfkM oer ;he'" summe.r supplies now ana introduced comical -s-eed killer. It SOIL CONSERVATION the Feed Administrator shoud keep thmjght that jhe fOr this __________ j eastern shipments at a minimum. is because jeaves of peas and flax 1 To the progressive farmer, the j _ I Iarc Wax5" but wthout hasrs and the soil is a factory m which raw ma- i .Development of and off iike off i terial is converted into plant food sistent vaneues has helped farmers a cabbage leaf. The weeds that I by millions of busy workers. These overcome the worst hazards j have not a waxy surface are killed workers, the soil bacteria and other j minute forms of life, split up the j organic matter and set free the food needed by the plants. For j some time the fanner in this coun- try gave little thought to re- sponsibility in supplying this raw I material. "Natural vegetation uas destroyed to make room for the raising: and as a result many west- em fanners now look upon flax is a reliable and profitable crop. by the spray. Another example of selective weed killing is the spraying of car- (rots with oil. The oil wets the Successful flax growers plan their leaves of the carrots just as it wets fields, anticioaie weeds and foilo-v r the leaves of the weeds, but for tested cultural practices. The high i some unknown reason the oil kills returns per acre from a crop with i most of the annual weeds and does .__...... an assured market merits careful not kill the carrots. It might be gram "crops which, did not replace planning and planung they say. j said that carrots are not allergic ANNOUNCES MILKI N G 111 fHf No No No troublesome pipe Pulsator to about installation ACTION PHUATIOM ofiH d -Vze- coasuutt vzccnra nffkmg. the titMbleaoffie; hajid-ttxleaa jape lisa. Jt fires lisiWe. txsottrr h txto. mtp Simply wheel it in r cant. Io TOB eaa it iuuuduus Izfcontoir s iolo tVc bcra. 3. Oae-fxi ta n WiWVj wfiwi Has tntnts n Miitin aimm estltrs a OH iMtor. OfartK tlie unt t COS. start Available with 110V AC, 110V DC and 32V DC motors, or with gasoline engines. MMtLAMOKSOMMrC.ee, MMMN 4, WK, SOUTHERN ALBERTA ELECTRIC LIMITED 319 EIGHTH STREET S. Telephone 2376 SPAPFRf NFWSPAPFK!