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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - May 3, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XI. lETHYitlDG^;rlM-'BEnTy\. I-'HII)AY. MAY 1918 Nl'MUKU 121 ALLIES GAIN GROUND-RUSjiA RESENTS HUN OPPRESSION ATTEND THESE LECTURES New Appointments* by Govt. Have Created a Favorable Impression ALLIANCE OF SINN " FEINERS WITH THE NATIONALS FAILURE l,(iniloii, May H.-(Rcutora Ottawa y ;;er,(;y.)~Tlio nUlanco of Sinn Foln-em and Nationalists promises not to bo long lived. A quarrel lias broken out on tl>o subject of the by-olectlon In Kasl Cavan, which tho Sinn l^einers Ijorstlst In contesj-ing (leapito Nationalist reinonstratlons. Thirty Natlon-iiliat commonors speak there on Jlay r, In opposition to Griffiths, tho Sinn Fein candlciate. Not Responsible. , .lohn Dillon, leader of tlio Irish Nationalists, speaking at Ballisborough yesterday said that tho Nallonallsta wcro ih no way responsible for the unhappy situation that had now risen. It the spirit exlilbited by tho Sinn Vohi leaders in making this Indecent attempt' to capture tlie seat were to Ijrevall national unity would be impossible arid the imposition ,ot con-tijtrlption facilitated.  Dglavera, the Sinn Fein loader,~vls-Ited the Bishop of Kilmore yesterday in connection with the latter's aug-geation for ii compromiao In East Cavau. /iVnerican Appeal. � A luembor of tho American mission 'row in ijondon, In an article In the Irish Jiidependcnt appeals to the peo-])lo of Ireland to help in tho greatest crusade tho American people have midertiiJven. Ho, said that Americans were grievpd- and amazed that Irlsh-ri'on had itot long since proved tUat il6rloRas"lti behaiM;of.others -wltose need is-greater and says that Amerl-�cans retuac'trt believe that Irishmen �wish"to' b'o regarded as partners bt the Prussian and the Turlc. v.^ Improvement In Situation. An appreciable improvement in'the Irish situation has been Reported in consequence of the appoinjtnent of Kdward Sliortt as chief secretary and Oaptain Redmond to the Intelligence office ol^ General iiVench'B staff. It is understood that an additional safe guard for Ulster will be provided in tho form of an Ulster committee with a veto on legislation affecting Ulster. Sit All Summer. Tho latest proposal tor the vice roy elty is to place it In the hands of a commlssloij, probably oonailBtlng of Viscount .Middleton, Ijord French and Justico Ross. The Daily Kxjiress states that all parliamentary plans have been 'ti^et by the new situation, that instead of month's iioliday at Wbitauntlde tlioro iirohably will be only a week and it, is expected that tlio comiuons will pit aH- suinmor. '  The lectures being glv^en by Rev. Hugh OobtQn � Ih Wesley church, on conteKyation of. human life, are of the. utmost value to every member, of the community, men and women alike. Last evening Mr. Dobson spoke on the effect of industrialization on the family, and this evening Me will spea^ on "Social Roconotructlon \ After the War," Mr. Dobion is one of the foremost authorities in America on these subJectsyThis evening the auditorium should be packed to hear him. His lecture deals with the entire social structure of the nation, and the vital problems in this regard which arc facing the peopfe of Canada today, problems which must be frankly faced and dealt vyith If the life of the people Is to be conserved, phy.'ilcally, mentally and morally, t&'';he highest possible degree. The duty of the men ai-.d women of this community lies clearly before them. No opportunity should be lost to hear such an authority .IS Mr. Dobson on this subject. VICE-ADMIRAL KEYES, In command otxthe raid 6a Zoebrugge and Ostend. '-'v HUN CRUELTY TO WOUNDED PRISONERS I London, Ottawa STHEREPOm One of tiie 'fij'St procoodlugs after tlie signing of thr? Treaty of Brest-I Ijltovsk v/as the exchange liy way of Sweden ot certain prlsonors of war bo-twoon Germany and Austria Hungary nn \ "\ havo liadan interview witli^a man just out of Austria whose information there is reason to crmlit. He says: " 'Austria is at Ih'ia moment aeetii-ing with revolution, hut there are no resolute, dauntless leaders and no means whereby the hungry, angry masses can organize theniBOlvos Into el'fectivo groups. Also tho whole people are cowed by tho prospects ot liip punishment that might bo inflicted upon thorn by the Giu-mans-It the-j much vaunted victory of Ludendorfi! in the west really conies off. The Ukrainian peace lias .scattered the revolutionary plans to the winds for the time being, liut the' Ukralaiiau peace, will not, as \vas hoped, fill AustViuii stoniachs. " 'The people ot Austria are still starving. They manage to keep body and soul together with potatoes and otlier odds and ends. 1ml there is bad feeling* over the under-feodiiig and ooimuci'uent illness everywhere in Anslrin. Vienna itself is, on thebrinlc_ of starvutiou and living from hand to'" mouth, although the food speculators are believed to have"' considerable hoards. ' A ralway strike ot two or throe days duration would leave the city foodless. - Th^-e is no catastrophe tho government fears more than a railway stril*.' " Serious Strike Zurich. ISlay 2.-The strike in tjifi' Doinbrowa coal flolds,^ tho iargost Jii Eastern Russia, according to a Cracow dispatch to the Noue Zurlchor, is tho biggest and moat serious of any outbreak since the Austrian occupation ot Polilnd. Tho strike began on April 5'and extended speedily to all tho mines' in the district. Tho Austrian nuthoritios took severe repressive measures without avail and finally suspended the entire traffic ot tho raihyay. , Allied G Ground st; Little Changed London, May 3.-In the neighborhood of, Vlliers-Bretonncux on the front before Amiens, the British gainedthe advantage in local "��fljntlng during the night, the war office announces. Oh the northern front there was considerab.te^! artillery . activity, _ especially near Givenchy, the forest of Nleppe^nd Locrc and south of Ypres. ' The text of the statement reads: "Local fighting took place to our advantage last night in the ncighborhopd of Villcrs-Breton-neux. We carried out successful raids south'. of-Arras and east of St. Venane in the, course of which ten ;pri6t)nors and five machine, guns were captut(i�d by (our troops. '"'The'artillery had .been active on both aides during the.night between Qtlvenchy and the forest ef Nieppe' iti the neighborhood of Locre and south of Ypres." - GAIN GROUND Paris, May 3.-French troops have gained ground near Villers-Bretonneux on the Amiens front, the War Office announces. The French made an attack late yes- terday on the front between )-la!lies and Castele, southeast of Amiens and captured Hill 82 and the wood on the ,^v^e River nearby the War Office announces.  Encouraging Reports Paris,,?.lay :!.-(Via lleutcrH Ottawa A.ijoncy)-Henri Hidoii, the dislin-guished military critic ot the .lournal De.s llebat.s, who ha.s just returned from the front gave ITeulor's correspondent a moat encouraging account ot tile position tliore. He says lliat ' the last time ho visited the front was jitit TuTaFTTfe rapltii'-S ot ICemrael Hill. He found some gloom over the possible consequences of its loss, but when ho returned hp was delighted to find a spirit of the utmost contldeiice tiin-ong the allied officers and men^ resulting from*.the,magnificent manner in whlcli the GorrtianK had'been-held up. Bkiou said that Tuesday was^ a grand day for the allies and graver for the Gcrhuuis tlian the loss of Kem-raol Hill was to the allies. He concluded that never before iiad he seen siu'ii comradeship and mutual esteem iietween the allies as since beginning of ihis groat battle when tho I''rench and British fought and died together. The Sir .Mexaiulcr Onlt chapter of tlic 1. O. IJ. ]:. will hold a tag day on Saturday. The I. n. !). 1-;. are worthy nf generous sujiport. Tliey have done invaluable patriotic work In tho way of sending comforts to ths soldiers and along otlicr linos. Tile Sir Ale.yiiiuior Oalt chitptev last ifc-ar slilpii'Ml no leas than 3115 socka to the Holdlors at tho front. Their work along other patriotic lines waa no leas extensive and effective. Tlio I. O. D. K. (leponda almost entirely for it:, fhiancial aupport from tho tag days. Ifor tho sake of food economy, tho teas formerly held by tlio chapter have been stopped. Other source;', of revenue have alao been made uiiavaiialile. so that the tag day is practically the only source there is. Tlie public should generously support tho tag day tor tl\e Sir Alexander Gait cliaptcr tomori'ow. IH RUSSIA NOW Russian People Resent Oppression of Invaders and Oppose Them With ForGC ; ARMED CLASHES � HAVE TAKEN PLACE . AT SEVERAL POINTS' Three RIverp, Que., May 3.- A �disastrous fire broke out this morning on Bonawenture Street. A large number of stores and residences were quickly destroyed. Help was asked'for from Que-. bee and Montreal. Three Rivers was visited by a ' disastrous fire in 1906, when half � the city was burned, Three Rivers Is the second oldest city lA Can- � �t'^' : 1 Ci By 11 o'clock eleven houses on^^, ; Bonav'enture 'Street had been destroyed, The flames spread to the nearby streets and the families vysre compelled to leave their  hoiisias tiecause of the tremendous heat. , . Tho fire Is re^iorted to have started In the Victoria Theatre, which collapsed. At'noon the damage done vyas ' estimated at $100,000. then* had been no loss of life up to that time. , ' . (gpoclal'to tho HeralrU \ Fernle, May 3-Fire broke out at the Elk River Lumber Co. camp At.S#ruce Cresfc, twelve miles up the Elk this afternoon,and It Is , reported that the' camp, stables and throe horses have^ been bumped.:- It was Injhis violnltji'that a �firp burned to death seven men ^a'nU fifteen horses last August New York, Ma^ .8?-rSerKt.'' >iajor Robert Lilly of tli^; Canndidu army, who served twentjjSrie'mp'ntKs la tlie trenches in Frangei fjiight Jn many important engagements during' the early riods of the war and had two of Uls fingers shot off, was . arrested hero yestei'day by .tho amy Intelligence bureau and lociced uirchargv^d with desertion. Thp arfest-wos .made after Lilly htid concliided-a Liberty Loan address to a Itirgb.ihroiilr. Lilly, who Is . 22,, ^ygiirs "bid, was attending Leland Stanford': I)nivorslty >vlien the war broke .oiit. -He went to Canada, joined tlie ^ Canadian army and was soon in th^itronchiis. While in a French hospital recovering" from the wounds, ho Iparne^ tUat liis Tegi-ment was being re'br^anlae'd and decided to return to An)'l?Wcit. �"Accprding to the ppllce, tiilly escaped from France on a tranSporl' and landed in America' foi^fihotitha ago. At tho request of ;tiie | aco, wore constrained to take mill tary action It would be friendly as Histanco without thought of conquest' or interference in the internal affairs of Russia. E UNS AFTER WAR Britisli Seamen. Roused by Murders of Sailors, Determine on Boycott, London, May - (Via, Reuters Ot-tuNva- Agencyi-Havelock Wilson, president of the Hrltish Seamen's and Firemen's Union, in a statement as regards tlie sacrifices olAhe mercantile nuirine. says tiiat 15,000 British sfeamon have been murdord by German pirates during tho war. Sea murders are growing despite the decline in the number of ships attackea, because ,the Hun is more determined than ever that sailors in sunken ships woUld ncft live to tell the tale. Britisli sailors were in deadly earnest in their dotorminatlon to apply n punitive boycott to Gerhiany after the war. Masters, officers and seamen w;ere iiv hearty unanimity tn their de-tern/natlon not to handle stuff -in any M'ay,connected with Germans aftei' tlio war. A year ago tho limit of the boycott was for two years. Now, owing to the Increase ot such' crimes it had been extended to fLve and one half years. He added tliat tho seamen's'league was growing daily. Already It had a hundred thousand men. Candidates for pariinnidnt at the next election who did not espouse the league's policy would have a poor (^^liance. GERMANS m NEED OF CLOTHING NOW London, May 3.-(Special Cable to Toronto Mall and Empire)- The fatest addition to the long list; of rfecessltles of which there is an acute shortage In Germany is clothing. In spite of the alleg-. ed discovery of a method of turning Into yarn for wearing apparel, and other.purposes, the Imperial clothing offices has Issued a manifesto to thc'public announclng.it must obtain In the shortest possible tim.e no fpwer thqn three million men's suljis for those employed In munition factories, in agriculture; on the tramways and in mines. Lies is Trying to Arouse Denmark Against the . British London. May ;!.-According to a Copenhagen disiiatch tho Vossiacho ;2eitung, Borliii, publishes the.foljow-jng statement: "Denmark fears that Iceland may Recede and declare itself a ropi^llc. British influence in Iceland is extraordinarily Htroiijj and it Is believed that tho new republic will later attach itself to Groat Britain. Everything Danish . in Iceland is syBtematicoUy suppressed by the English, who by tlie expenditure of groat .sums of money, have created a feeling lii favor ot ETtBl.'ind." Renter's NewS'-Agency is otticinlly informed iliaV there is not a word ot truth in the statement rontalned in the article in question with' regard to the : "great sums of'money" tvliich.iOngiand ] Is supposed to bo spending, and that the only possible foundation tor such an allusion is the-fact that Great Britain lias purchased the fisll catch ot Iceland. AH Hope of Victory Gone and Huns Will Again Try Peace Drive ,-5) ? ? ? ?> ?   * ? ? ? . \- -� '''''' �. ? COMPLETE ACCORD . ? ? OF .THE ALLIES ? ^ � � �  ^- , - : ' Washington,' Miy 3,-Irii'port- ? ify ant (declRlona 'I'blat qg to tan- Paris. An oMiplaiiy: d^Sputcli * > saps the proceetii^iRB ot the council onclB liibi'fe'affirineii the ? ? complete accordidft'tiio allies. ? TO BE EXEMPTED Montreal, May 3.-General WII-, son, officer commanding this military .district, received word this, morning from Ottawa that, only sons of farmers were to be ex-einpte^. LIBERTY LOAN. Washington, May 3,-The Liberty Loan total today readied $2,838,31,7,-' KOO with partial reports from yoater-day's bual/eas.--� " Lnmloii. Atay .'!.- Thorc is ,';ravo Uii-oaHlncss in liernumy over tlie new!^ from (he oast where apparently tho Germain sliortly will be confronted with /ivcrwhelmlng dittiiniltles that' that will shatter the whole fabric of the lircHt-Lituvsk peace, says an Am-Kterdani dispatch to tho Dally Express from Finland to the IJUraliio Trisevci-increasing opposition to German' oppression. Vienna reports, it Is added, say that most ot the Ukrainian crops were ruined by tlio peasants who would rather starve than feed the Germans. Armed Clashes. Moscow. .May 2.-Germany's liar-barous treatment of tlie inhabitants of occupied territory antf constant re-quisitioiiing of food are iirovoking great resentment and causing armed'' clashes. In a village in the Kiev district the inhabitants resisted tlie Germans for three days witli machine guns and rifles and wore subdued hy \ tile u.se of armored curs. in the government of iMlnsk the Ger-. mans seized able-bodied persons In tho street ami in tlioiv homes arc sending thinn lo Germany ^ in loekcd cars. Those who try to rs'oapo are shot. Tho inhabitants, panic strickori', have gone iiiti) hiding. Streets in the towns and cities,are armed, camps with patrols of troop^and machine guns every-, where. Much Friction Jloacow. May ;;.-The ambiguous, wording ot the Brost-Litovsk pence treaty is causing considerable friction and a, consttmt exchange ot protests. Tlie provision reiatiii/j to Russian war. ships'stimulating tho trairtfor to Riis-^lUu.liorls or tlioir disarmament, Germany iiiterprSts as obliging them not' to leave poi-ts and not to cruise in territorial water.i. -SI. Tcliitchorjp, tho foreign minister, objected to this Interpretation and suggested that a. commission be appointed to settle the dla-i pute. Tills was accepted hy Germany and the commission will meet in Ber-lln. At tho same time Foreign Minister Tchitcherin demanded a guarantee that the Black Sea fleet, a report ol whose capture by tiio Germans, liaa not been confirmed, bo given immunity in the Crimea. i � Germany has refused to admit intd.' the territories occupied by lier, three iiundred thousand starving refugees, who are gatlierod.near the frontiers, aa requested repeatedly by the Ru.ssian forelBn minister. It Is reported from Irkutsk that China is claiming territory near .China. Tlie Siberian Soviet government has protested to the Chiii. eso government. BATILEBWIIHSUB Gunners Aboard the Liner Managed^ to Drive ^it Away MEN FROM INBIA War Council of Princes Deter-mines to Aid Erhpire in Every Possible Way A, Berlin,, May 3.-The Germans have- taken Sebastopol without flghtlnfl,""-accordlno to report received her*. GOVT. IS REDUCING YUKON ALLOWANCE Dawson, Y. T., May 3.-Tho Yukon legislature now in annual /session here ha* been notified by ' the" Ottawa governmeiU that the ' Federal authoritjec ai;tdes by Its ' decision to maVe a orty-two'^per cent reduction In the cash allow-ahce.to the territory for tie Yukon fpr thocurrent�year,.* London, May 3.- tVia Routers Ot towa Agency.)-It Is noteworthy that tlie mil in the fighting since tho German dofuat at Ypres all Germiui talk ot tho "Kaiser's 4)attio" has vsoilahod. The German e'xports and newspapers have now been.llistrticted to wilrn the people tiiat no ne\y Sedan is possible, thilt Ypres is very'strong and tho British fought most alubbornly and that utter all Ypres, is of no importance for tho Germans. They declare that the German cotiimand may decide not to take Ypres.' Sir Aym. Robe'rtson's warning that ths war Is lllialy to last for a long time yet, is commented upon in London as timely. It Is pointed out tiiat Olio reason- why American Intervention did not sooper become active in some fields Ms ,-i>eciauBo Amorina inado arrangements for Intervention on an ImniensQ, B.calo and she realized'thot a Buccesstul offensive against , Germany may bo- necessary to win the war. . The TiiiKs refer?, to a despatch from -'Wasiiinetou.- stating that �diplomats anticipate a peace moye, but that no offer of mediation, e*en from the Pope, will .hp .oonsiilei'od. Any proposal �of peace, .iiiust come from Germany, the Tliheiv declares. The allies An Atlanljic Port, May 3.-One ot the biggest and fastest of British" lln ers docked here last iilglit and brought a story of-a night hattlo with one of Giernlany's U-lioats of the newest and largest type. The giin- crew believe the sulnunriue was sunk and they are sure that It wa.s at least disabled. Tho submarine's first torpedo wont wild, but tiro second came uncomfortably close to the Ilnor'a stern. The ship was .'ilg-L-agging and firing at the submarine, which by this time had come to tho surface. \\ dllzon Canadian officers nt the rail watched every shot fired by the gun crew and they all agree that the twelfth and fourteenth � shots appeared to he �';uir hits, at nny rate immediately after tho fourteenth shot (ho submarine disappeared, WiroleES. calls wore sent out and destroyers were coming up In answer to' the alai-m. They scouted tho sea' looking' for periscopes or wreckagei ..but Cflund noitiicr. So the fate. Qt.the' U-boat may never be deflnltQlj^.ictipivn. ' I'Cnowlng tho habit 'i^f the'if-boats to work iu Kro^ps, tho'commander of tho liner to/ik'i (i wide detour from his normal course and no; more trbubje was experionijed tor tho rest oi f jCiib. voyage. Tlfs, ,B^lp jiirriyed