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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 2, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta What follows the age of affluence By Arnold London Observer commentator Ever since the outbreak of he Industrial Revolution two centuries our newfangled sconomic set-up has required in order to teep it going. In the first phase of this lovel way of economic he entrepreneurs of nechanised industry secured at the expense of heir own of the of still mmechanised and non-human Nature. The vages originally paid to the vorkers in mechanised ndustry were the mmechanised industries of such as spinning and were put out of iction by the competition of nechanically produced Western manufactures. arid Latin American countries were compelled to admit such Western goods at ow customs rates. And the imited reserves of the jlanet's irreplaceable natural of fuels and raw naterials as and mineral were consumed on a scale and at a that were inprecedented. In this industrial vorkers have succeeded in their rates of wages unionisation. The 'developing have tightened their tariff walls ind have set behind nechanised industries of their jwn. And Man's plundering of Vature now threatens him pollution and depletion. The progressive in workers' in the jalance of bargaining power between capital and labor in the mechanised countries has made these two contending parties agree on seeking more eagerly than ever. The growth of the GNP has been the only means of meeting an irresistible demand for continual increases in wages without loss of profits. and Nature have now worked together to bring the growth of the mechanised countries' GNP to a halt. Few of the politicians in these countries have yet dared to tell the truth to their constituents. But the truth is declaring itself in ways that cannot be ignored. The recent steep raising of the price of mineral oil by the OPEC group of oil-producing countries has shown that the have learnt from Western cartels and trade unions the art of exploiting monopoly situations. In the so-called regions North the Soviet Japan is going to cease. What is it is going to be reversed. Continual economic growth is going to be replaced by continual economic recession. How are the mechanised countries going to respond to this formidable In the course of the last two centuries the major part of their population has been decanted out of rural agriculture into urban and the population itself has swollen to a size at which it cannot be maintained solely by its own domestic resources. It has long since become dependent on the importation of cheap raw and and on the export of manufactures to foreign markets. Now that the terms of trade are turning against the countries in favour of the how will the peoples of the countries They are going to find themselves in a permanent state of in which the material conditions of life will be at least as austere as they were during the two world wars. The wartime'austerity was the future austerity will be and it will become progressively more severe. What When the peoples of the countries are by to recognise the inexorability of the new their first impulse will be to kick against the pricks. since they will be powerless to assault either or they will assault one another. Within each of the beleaguered countries there will be a bitter struggle for the control of their diminished resources. This struggle will merely worsen a bad it will somehow have to be stopped. If left it would lead to anarchy and to a drastic reduction of the size of the population by civil famine and the historic reducers of populations that have outgrown their means of subsistence. in all a new way of life a severely regimented way will have to be imposed by a ruthless authoritarian government. Under the coming siege an authoritarian government's first task will be to impose a scale of differential subsistence payments wages or salaries or fees or for all trades and for all classes In we all agree already that are necessary in but we have signally failed to agree on their actual scale. In our future state of permanent a scale will have to be decided by authority and imposed by compulsion. What is the proper basis for fixing this Children and unemployed or retired adults will have to be maintained by taxing the subsistence payments alloted to the productive workers. The scales of the subsistence allowances should be proportionate to the social value of the work. But how is to be A scientist doing research on the recycling of irreplaceable natural resources ought not to be paid less than a locomotive driver or a though the value of the scientist's work may not accrue till 30 years hence. the returns on a probation officer's work should be considered as valuable for society's spiritual welfare as is the scientist's for its material survival. In a siege all private property except perhaps houses of non-palatial dimensions inhabited by owner-occupiers might have to be nationalized. These suggestions are but they are as imperative as the wartime regimentation to which we have had to submit in the past. The effect will be the abolition of free enterprise on the economic plane of life. The economy will be put in irons. Some economic activities for stockbroking and real-estate will disappear. In these it may be more and perhaps hardly less to be an educator or a minister of religion or an artist or a poet than to be the manager of a nationalized business enterprise or a worker in an assembly line for manufacturing mechanized vehicles. A society that is declining materially may be ascending spiritually. Perhaps we may be going to return perforce to the way of life of the first Christian monks in Upper Egypt and of their sixth- century Irish successors. The loss of our affluence will be extremely uncomfortable and it will certainly be difficult to manage. in some it may be a blessing in if we can rise to this grave occasion. A collection of brief book reviews Snare of the by Helen Maclnnes Canada 306 Irina Kusek escapes from Czechoslovakia to find her father and give him vital information about his political enemies. She discovers her escape is only the beginning of an adventure in which she is both bait and intended victim. Irina is helped by five friends whose protective efforts are often overshadowed by the skill and cunning of the hunters. Helen Maclnnes writes with conviction about political intrigues and the work of secret police in modern Europe. This is a very exciting novel that moves along at a brisk pace and should delight lovers of suspense stories. TERRY MORRIS Prayer for Katerina by Arnost Lustig Whiteside 165 It seems almost impossible to give full credit to this masterly written novel. Although the circumstances must have been manifold under which the many millions of Jews lost their lives to the Nazi machine the by revealing only a small fraction of the enables the reader to fully understand how so many could have gone to their death while the world looked on. Although the novel is deeply tragic the with suble paints the epitome of the perfect bureaucrat in the person of Mr. Brenske. In his double-tongued fashion Mr. Brenske reports on the lengthy negotiations with other in order to release the 20 American millionaires who got caught in a game of blackmail and attrition. He even allows Katerina Horovitzova to join the group after Herman one of the puts in a plea for her. It is in the person of this beautiful child who separated herself from the that the anguish of the nameless millions becomes substance. GERTA.pATSQN by C. Moody Irwln Company 184 According to the author there have been many reviews and articles about Solzhenitsyn and his work wth in Russia and the West lut little of substance or value las been said and Solzenitsyn's works are only low beginning to be studied on their own merits. Mr. Moody commences with i short biography of the author which he concludes with Solzhenitsyn's about e function of literature in that it must combat the falsehood on which violence ultimately depends. He discusses One Day in the Life of Ivan The First Cancer Ward and August 1914 and stories and plays and analyses them in relation to Russian literary traditions. This is an excellent starting point for the student of Russian literature because Mr. Moody's references are not only based on the study of Solzhenitsyn's translated work but he has been able to include a study on language and style for which the original Russian writing has been used. GERTA PATSON Thing He by Brian Glanville Heinemann Frustrated ambitious and nationalism are some of the problems dealt with in this collection of short stories. Some of the stories are very dull and make you wonder why the author bothered to write them. The best of the bunch are Join the a tale of religious prejudice in golf and The in which extreme national pride is carried to the point of absurdity. TERRY MORRIS Reminiscences of a by Rollo May 113 distributed by Fitzhenry Promise of by L. Gordon Tait B. Lippincott 127 distributed by McClelland and Stewart When Rollo a studied theology at Union Theological Seminary in New York City in the thirties he encountered Paul newly arrived after expulsion fron Hitler's Germany. nearly a decade after Tillich's May has written an intimate account of his affection for his teacher and friend. Sometimes the reminiscing gets a bit sticky but there is enough other material of an nature to make the reading worthwhile. The second one in a series on some of the outstanding theologians of the Low quality journal British Journal of Photography edited by Geoffrey Irwin and 204 It's not often that one sees a serious photography publication of such low quality. It almost seems as if the editors were trying to copy a Canadian National Film Board still photography edition. it was a miserable attempt. The most upsetting factor that immediately strikes the. reader is the annual's complete lack of thematic structure. inconsistent layout has the jumping from one implicit theme to another with no proper development of any. Frustration mounts even further as one searches for nonexistent technical and informational which are' a generally accepted convention for photographic publications. The inclusion of feature articles such as Anatomy of the and in Graphic Technology and seems peculiarly incongruous with the logical objectives in turning out a photography annual. The printing quality of the book is simply ludicrous. Dozens of photos appear with substantially large dust Practically all black and white material is printed towards the dark end of the grey producing unattractive mid- tonal ranges. Black borders are of distractingly inconsistent sizes around individual and more than an acceptable amount of grain pattern is evident in most photos. Printing of color photography is also with evident mis- register and color shift ruining much of its effects. Photographs themselves are particularly disappointing within this edition. Nothing new or striking is old themes are overworked to the point of nausea. Some of the entries are distinctly amateur in poorly exposed out of compositionally poorly or the result of sloppy darkroom printing. The photography contained in the book's 48 pages of advertising often puts the annual to shame. The British Journal of Photography 1974 is an overtly pretentious publication. I would consider the purchase of it constituting gross wastage of money and time. Photography Year-Book by the same Canadian should be considered a much wiser investment for the serious photographic enthusiast. 20th has been out for a couple of years. The May book provides a belated excuse for making reference to it. In this book the focus is on Tillich's thought and especially his system as developed in a three-volume Systematic Theology. Tillich isn't easy to read and Tait hasn't really simplified the matter although he has done a good job of synopsizing. Taken together these two books provide a quite good introduction to a theological system that has been very influential in the recent past. DOUG WALKER and edited by Jean Baker M.D. Books 415 This book throws new light on psychoanalysis for women and their struggle for a more fulfilling life. The 16 essays by eminent psychoanalysts present a view that differs from the commonly-known formulations in that they have alternative ideas to offer. The contributions have been selected for their focus on the difficult questions that women now face. Although none of the authors pretend to know the final they offer provocative and valuable views on the changing situation of women in today's political and social conditions. GERTA PATSON Last by Dayton 0. and Whiteside Ltd. 264 Not only does the author relate an intriguing historical but he does in a exciting manner. One wouldn't want to make a habit of this type of where the author places himself frequently in the shoes of the main but on this occasion it proves entertaining. Shoshone Mike and his small band of Indians were tracked down and killed in 1911. Their gripping saga is vividly depicted by Hyde as he relates Mike's entire not only of the chase but of the events leading up to it. It makes for good reading. GARRY ALLISON Reason for by Babs Deal of Canada 276 Babs Deal brings to the reader life in a small town in the years before the Second World War. She writes a sentimental but melancholy story of Spencer Howard and her four cousins centred around their dreams and aspirations of the pre-war years. Picture a soft evening the scent of roses in the air and a group of youngsters on a Saturday night treasure roasting marshmallows. Thus you have Reason for Roses. SYLVIA JOEVENAZZO Easter by Fred Picker Press W- x 40 distributed by Random House of Canada This slender volume is composed 90 pages of black and white 17 pages of two pages of nine pages of acknowledgements and 22 pages of nothing. The blank pages are noted because some of them appear at random in the midst of a series of photographs. Maybe this was done to heighten the mystery which is so much a part of Easter Island. since Fred Picker is primarily a the book's focus is on providing a visual study of the island. The photographs are stunning. It is especially interesting to see the landscape shots because so much previous photographic work has concentrated on the monoliths for which the remote island is famous. There is a newness about Picker's photographs of the monoliths inasmuch as he has been able to shoot some of them restored to their original foundations. Dr. William an American archaeologist who was a member of Thor Heyerdahl's 1955-56 has repeatedly returned to the island for restoration work. The text dealing with the the and the monoliths is very sketchy. Thor Heyerdahl contributes a .five-page historical summary. For an understanding of the mystery of Easter Island one must turn elsewhere. DOUG WALKER by Bart Spicer Canada 379 The Adversary is a novel about the murder trial of Jonathan Pike. The four main characters around which the story is based are very well their physical life- style as well as their mental outlook on life. The reader tends to become very involved in this story as one tries to decide whether Pike is really guilty of the brutal rape and murder of Angela Morales. One concentrates on the way the law actually works and if it is for the betterment of the public or the client. Do lawyers really strive for truth and justice or do they just try to get their clients off by any means This is a well written one that is worth reading. Ft citr r. Hidden A child is a book waiting to be each person he encounters is a chapter. Photo and text by David Ely. Herald reporter Watergate and main street By Norman editor of the Saturday How far is Watergate from Main One wonders. The question that has to be asked is whether-Watergate is less a sudden wild aberration than a terrifying reflection and extension of something that has been happening on almost every level of the national life. In the past two corruption scandals have broken out in the police departments of at least a dozen major American cities. There is almost a pattern to the revelations. While in generally on night police have burglarized stores. Some police have helped to operate drug or have taken hush money from landlords who are in violation of various city ordinances. Kickback exposes are seldom out of the whether with respect to military or public works or hospitals or or town and village activities. Reports abound about money paid under the table to quash charges or to obtain special favors. Even on the level of everyday the average citizen wonders whom he can trust. If he goes to a he now finds it necessary to double-check every charge. Not long some of the most prestigious hotels in New York City were ordered to cease putting false charges on the bills of their guests. Some of the same hotels were also found to be paying hush money to police officers. Twice in the past few I discovered overcharges on restaurant checks. Anyone who wants to have his car or television set repaired dreads the in view of all the stories that regularly appear m the press concerning the unconscionable padding of bills. anyone who has taken the trouble to obtain competitive bids for such repairs can testify not just to astounding variations in the estimates but in the descriptions of what is wrong and what has to be fixed. Home building or renovations or repairs have in too many cases become an experience in costly escalation. Some cases have reached the courts where operating on a cost-plus have charged for two and three times as much labor as they actually employed. There is also something of a home-front Watergate about the practice of using chemicals to increase the weight of beef and most of it in water or unhealthy fat. How many parents know that their children are drinking cola beverages containing caffeine from decaffeinated The individual's capacity to be shocked by corruption or wrongdoing is progressively shrinking. Watergate is sufficiently dramatic and occurs on a high enough level to produce general but our lives filled with community-size or personal size Watergates. This is the real problem. It will not be changed just by the spectacular of some national officials. Thucydides' of the Peloponnesian is as much an account of the attitudes and weaknesses of the Athenians as it is a record of military engagements between Athens and Sparta. One of the most vivid passages in that book is not about a battle but about the decline in standards of basic honesty and integrity among the people themselves. Citizens not only distrusted their they distrusted one another War some of which were more the result of arbitrary decisions by political leaders than of genuine figured largely in the erosion of confidence in government and in the spread of distrust in the community at large. In any the unraveling of the moral fibre of the society was a basic factor in the decline of Athenian civilization. The American troubled and apprehensive about the condition their society and of their place in the are now preparing to celebrate their 200th birthday as a nation. That occasion is now only a year and a half away. Special festivities on a grand scale are being planned. But superfireworks are not what the bicentennial of our independence calls for The year 1976 could be a year of restoration and regeneration. It could be a year in which we try to locate ourselves in time and a year to knit ourselves to relearn the essential lessons of our to find out who we are and to assess the true sources of our strength. We need to create a basis for the restoration of confidence. We need to redevelop the capacity to hope and to trust. Most of we need to be able to trust our leaders and one another. This is the best way to regain our self-respect. The pseudo-process By Louis local writer Practically all education is governed by a factory philosophy raw material the product out. This is easily understood if one remembers that modern education was initiated by merchants of one kind or another for purely mercantile reasons. But today society considers the educational product suspect. No one doubts the quality of the raw material. almost instinctively the fingers are pointed at the process. the blame Ijnds on the classroom teacher. is a gigantic error. The problem in the educational process rests with the personnel on the upper levels school university administrators and other such birds which nest in the ivory towers. The educational snags occur high up in those towers where the game is paper re-runrimg material through computers which produce side- winder statistics dressed in glittering jargonese and odorized garlic baloney. In the entire operation at the upper level is a phantom process. Teachers are consulted. That triggers the whole process. Teachers meetings are held noon and ideas flutter by in their dazzling arrays by the dozen. They never stick anywhere because the function takes place in an educational vacuum. All action at the upper level in education is quite relative. It is not really meant to accomplish anything because there is a element built into the process. The so-called top level in education keeps itself hyper-active pushing the in-box. the the eternal merry-go-round box. If the Canadian forests ever run if the paper supply ever dries up the upper echelon will collapse in nervous frustration. In education the grass roots whisper to the ivory tower. Many teachers pass on excellent ideas to their administrators. The ivory tower listens but does not the flaw in the organism. The school boards do nothing to implement ideas passed on by the oom the people who actually do the job of education. Teacher suggestions are quietly or conveniently lost in the paper blizzard. All is relative education. but not leaders are not quite honest. They are somewhat dishonest to put it another way. The paper blizzards are intended to dazzle and bamboozle and the public at large. These storms can be generated almost instantly by simply cranking the machinery fit nOAItslsv_nr.r ;