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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 2, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, ,f Provincial bargaining Saskatchewan has new legislation Cor contract negotiations with school teachers. Called the Teacher Collec- tive Bargaining Act, it provides for bargaining on two levels, one provin- cial, the other local. Provincial bar- gaining affecting the entire teaching force the province, will deal with salaries, principals' allowances, sup- erannuation and group insurance; all other contractual matters are to be left to local bargaining committees. The legislation will be of consider- able interest to Alberta teachers and trustees, who individually and through their associations vill be studying the Saskatchewan developments. There is already talk of some form of province wide bargaining in this province. There is something to be said for a province wide salary schedule for teachers. Their qualifications are set on a provincial basis, as are the ob- jectives of the educational system in which they operate. The depart- ments of education insist the quality of education must be and is the same for all children in the province, whether they live in the city or the country, the most modern and well- to do 'location, or the most remote and impoverished. It reerns only sen- sible that people with the same quali- fications doing the same job should receive the same pay. An obvious advantage of a prov- ince wide salary scale v ould be the elimination of one of the more irritating causes of dispute between teachers and their local employers. Readers will be very much aware of this point, as it is only a matter of weeks since disparities between urban and rural pay scales were cited as the root cause of a disruptive teach- ers' strike in these parts. One frequently raised objection to making teachers' salaries the busi- ness of the province is that central- izing the financial arrangements di- minishes the authority of local boards. This may appear to be so, in a superficial and mechanical way, but if the incumbent trustees are the kind of people who should be direct- ing the educational process locally, they may very well welcome such a change. Rather than losing a signi- ficant responsibility, it could be that disposing of this particular chore could result in freeing them to deal with much more significant matters- Instead of spending endless hours bickering over details of salary grids, they will be able to concentrate their energies on matters of true educa- tional import. It can hardly be argu- ed that there are more critical edu- cational problems than determining how much to pay a teacher with X years training and Y years exper- ience. This is not to say, of course, that with province-wide collective gaining there would never again be a dispute over teachers' salaries. But if such disputes must occur, it is better that they be between the pro- fession as a whole and the provincial government, than between local tea- chers and the locally elected school trustees that employ them. Results of fear An attempt has been made in Bur- undi on Lake Tanganyika to wipe out an entire race of people the Hutus, who made up 85 per cent of the four million population of Bujumbura. The killers were members of the minority Tutsi tribe who run. the gov- ernment and who for centuries have acted as lords in the most feudal society of Euiundi. They struck near- ly a year ago supposedly from a per- sistent fear of the Hutus. The death toll is believed to stand at The killings began last April, ended 3n August. According to most sources government had lists of intended victims including Hutus who had gov- ernment jobs, Hutu soldiers; those who had enough wealth for potential future leadership, such as snopown- ers, and all educated Hutus. Almost all Hutu university students, many secondary school students and half the country's Hutu teachers were kill- ed. In one incident, six women teach- ers were slaughtered in front of their students. Even though the repression of the Hutus subsided more than six months ago another 20 to 100 have been mur- dered vithin the past few weeks which is perhaps a sign that the troubles of Burundi are still simmer- ing. Much like the serfs in medieval Europe the Hutus for centuries have given their loyalty to the Tutsis in. exchange for protection. Caught in the terrifying crisis last summer most of them did as they were told even reporting to the police at the sched- uled time, though they knew death awaited them. Foreigners who know the Hutus well blame their strange acquiescence on a strong streak of fatalism and an intense psychological dependence on their Tutsi lords. Some believe the Tutsis, rememb- ering that their neighboring people in Rwanda had been overthrown by the Hutus more than a decade ago, feared the same thing could happen to them in Burundi. But all of last year's killings can- not be blamed on Tutsi fear. Some were killed in wild, indiscriminate fashion while others were victims of personal vendettas. It is the cold- ness of the bloodshed which makes the Burundi events different from other bloodshed in Africa- It is like entering Warsaw follow- ing the Second World War and find- ing no Jews there. One senses im- mediately that something dreadful is wrong. r RiC N1COL anyone remember? Canada can breathe freely for another year: Montreal made it to the Stanley Cup finals. But the spunky challenge by the NHL ex- pansion teams sited in U.S. cities indi- cates that the season fast approaches when Canada will not be represented in the play- offs at all. When the finals are between the Philadelphia Flyers and the Atlanta Flames, who then will remember that Hoc- key Night was in Canada? "Roosevelt Brown, can you tell the class anything about the Stanley "Yas'm. Tne Stanley Cup, that's the Su- per Bowl of hockey." ''And how did the Stanley Cup get its "The Stanley Cup was named after the first black mayor of this heah city of At- lanta Major Otis J. Stanley." "Why was the cup named after Mayor "'Cause Mayor Stanley was the first per- son to put the famous marchin' band of Old Alabam on ice skates." "Very good, Roosevelt. Sarah Lee John- son, can you tell the class how ice hockey was "Yas'm. Ice hockey was invented by Benjamin Franklin. He done it on his day off from invcntin' bifocals, the stove and lightnin1." "Will you richcribe the circumstances of Ben's inventing "Ben saw a couple of baseball players hittin' each other ovah the haicl with their bats, and he thought it would ho oven morn fun if they Hid it oil ice "Ma'am, the puck vas invented when s. Missouri mule stepped on a golfball." "And how did ths United States become the world champions of ice beatin' Russia." the United States isn't the only country in North America that plays ice hockey. Somebody name me another coun- try." "Yes. but besides Mexico. It's a country almost as big as the U.S. What about "Canada, the country to the north of the Buffalo Sabres. What part did the Cana- dians play in the development of our great national game? Anybody? I'll give you a hint brrr. Yes, Jefferson "Canada is a cold country and it helped to develop hockey by inventin' ice.'' "You're warm, Jefferson. Actually Can- ada didn't invent ice. It just made it very prevalent." "The prevalent of the United States is Richard Nixon." "Please don't change the subject, Roose- velt. Now, who can tell me why we have so many hockey- players with French names playing America's Number One spectator "I can, ma'am. They's Cajuns." ,''You're sure that Gilbert Perrault is a "Yas'm. His folks come ovah from France, and live in de bayou country. That s how Perrault got .so shifty on In.'. alligators.'" "it's loaded with protein, and think of the money we The crisis ghost moves west By C. L. Sulzberger, New York Times commentator ATHENS An extensive sur- vey of the Pacific-Asian area leads to one paramount conclu- sion: the storm centre has mov- ed westward. It is no longer southeast and south Asian re- gions that threaten world con- flict. Now we are back t o square one that Southwest Asian area known as the Mid- dle East. This is not to say peace is breaking out elsewhere. Indo- china still resembles a can of scorpions with major fighting in Cambodia and minor fight- ing everywhere else. But the United States is out; and with it the threat of a super-power showdown. A riproaring little war con- tinues in the southern Philip- pines where Moslem guerrillas, aided by Libya and through Sabah (Malaysian are expanding their bloody strug- gle. From Sikkim along the Himalayas to Pakistan's north- west frontier and Baluchistan provinces violence and change are in the air. Yet the focal point of inter- national attention is again among Arabia's whirling sands. One miniwar persists in Dho- far, part of Oman, and there are continual affrays in the sheikhdoms of the Persian Gulf, most recently Iraq's incursion into Kuwait. Iran is rearming on a massive scale for possible trouble to the east (if Pakistan collapses) or west (if Iraq suc- cumbs to Dominating all else, of course, is the endless Arab-Israeli con- test for Palestine. Even during its moments of quiescence, this is marked by spurts of murder and terrorism on both sides. For the whole earth this has particular importance for three reasons: (l) It remains the only field of tension where the super- powers are directly involved through confrontation by client states. (2) It is immediately linked to mounting energy prob- lems of the U.S., west Europe and Japan, whose industries rely on Middle Eastern oil. (3) and it has deep emotional and religious overtones. In all Asia, apart from the turbulent southwestern t i p, movement has replaced the angry stalemate of recent dec- ades. The United Sates is try- ing its best to get out of Indo- china, which is like climbing out of quicksand. Russia would like to substitute its own in- fluence, acting through Hanoi on the east and New Delhi on the west: but its chances of suc- cess are poor. Niether Peking nor Washing- ton are likely to accept such a change in the power balance and few if any of the re- gional powers want it. Even In- dia is tilting a bit away from its over-dependence on Soviet generosity. China would cer- tainly, in a Hobson's choice, prefer American influence to Soviet influence in the south. But China is not yet a super- power or even a major indus- trial power and, as Chou En- lai assured both President Nix- on and Japanese Prime Min- ister Tanaka, Peking has no ex- pansionist impulses. Its current policy seems interested only in frustrating Soviet effort to ring China with Russian allies. In this respect it is significant that Peking made no move dur- ing recent troubles in sensitive Sikkim and probably hopes to see India's ship of state veer toward more normal nonalign- ment. Despite the teetering editice of a Vietnam ceasefire and the dangerous centrifugal forces that threaten to collapse what's left of Pakistan, the east Asian situation is immeasurably bet- ter than a year ago. At least there is some surcease. The two Koreas are negotiatig in slow motion. U.S.-Indian relations are definitely better aijd Mrs. Gandhi says with apparent sin- cerity she wants to help Pakis- tan survive. New leaders or old ones speaking with new voices start featuring the Asian scene. Tanaka is groping for the first independent foreign policy Ja- pan has attempted since the Second World War. Australia's Prime Minister "vVhitlam wants to link his continent-country more closely to nonaligned Asia. Mrs. Gandhi, tempted by des- tiny a year ago with the giddi- ness o f success, avoided possible delusions of grandeur. Anyway, she is now preoccu- pied with stubborn internal prob- lems like economic growth and enough to eat. The Shah of Iran sees appli- cation of the Nixon Doctrine Uncle Sam helps those who help themselves as vindica- tion of his precepts. He contin- ues arming to the teeth. And everywhere in Asia, from Suharto in Indonesia and Mar- cos in the Philippines to Egypt's Sadat on tfie continental rim, executive power grows. The only thing that hasn't changed is Palestine. The peri- pheral states are more exer- cised than ever. Guerrilla and terrorist movements are most dangerous. For the nonce, Is- rael is more strong. And the industrialized West, scared silly of seeing its petroleum choked off, is even more scared. Presidency needs reforming By Russell Baker, New York Times commentator WASHINGTON Last week when the Watergate thing be- gan getting very bad indeed for President Nixon, establishment thinkers of both parties began taking the line that we should all be cautious about leaning too hard on Ihe president lest we end up damaging the pres- idency. Some suggested that everyone who truly cares about the future of the Republic ought to rise above party on this one and join hands to see Mr. Nixon safely through the storm, for the sake of saving the presi- dency. Our presidency right or wrong! A strange argument. Tf any benefits do flow from the Water- gate business, it might be the gaudy evidence that the presi- dency is in bad shape and ur- gently needs to be reformed. To ignore this one positive as- pect of the thing would be a sad loss of opportunity. This is precisely tha time for establishment men to lean on the thing with all their weight instead of urging us all to rush sandbags to the levee. The presidency, after all. is not the country. It is not even the government, but only a third of it. And even if it were 1he whole, why ought we ac- cord it such awe as the devout give the divine'' Comparable reverence for the Congress would be looked upon by sensible men as evi- dence of imbecility. As for the judiciary, wise understanding begins with the axiom that while justice bo blind, junges are cither or Republicans, The weaknesses of the presi- dency have been accumulating since Franklin Roosevelt. It has become monarchical, arrogant, overblown with power and re- mote from the people. These vices were at the heart of Watergate. The royal court's thirst for intrigue and intelli- gence inspired it. The limitless power of the presidency to grant boons, or withhold, per- suaded the bankrollers to fi- nance it. Men, who had never run for public office, and had contempt for other men who had, organized it. And when it was exposed and should have been acknowledged, arrogance ana power were used to con- ceal it, and made the final ex- posure more scandalous. It is not an attractive office. All that power; all those tech- nicians, executives, professors, lawyers, cops. The constant danger of lunatic assault to which so much power encapsu- lated in a single human body is inevitably vulnerable. The man outside the door with the box that blows up the world. All that firepower in the limousines that accompany the president to church. Sealed off behind his metal fence, inside his guarded house, tucked away in his private of- fice where even senators may find it impossible to pass the hired cerberus guarding the door, the president finds it hard to hear the country, the other men whom it has also elected, the hurly-burly of the streets. Everything about the office works to persuade him of his own unnatural grandeur. This must create in the poor human Letters Transcendental meditation Transcendental Meditation, as taught by Maharislii Mahesh Yogi, is unique in the world to- day. Its principles and practice are quite different than those of other forms of meditation, hypnosis or auto- "meditation." Transcendental Meditation is a simple, natural, mental tech- nique that is proven to be of benefit to everyone in society, no matter uhat their particular interest or belief may be. The reason for this is that it is not a religion or based on the be- lief 'in any particular philoso- phy or way of life. We don't need to "change" anything in order to practice Transcenden- tal Meditation. TM is an effort- less technique that is practiced for a few minutes twice a day and is easily learned by anyone. It is easily learned because it is a natural technique not involving any concentration, control or physical exercise. TM is a process of direct ex- perience rather than one of in- tellectual analysis. During meditation we start to enjoy increased clarity of think- ing and perception. At the same time the body receives a very profound state of deep rest. The total effect is that after medi- tating an individual naturally engages in activity more effec- tively without accumulating stress and strain. This is the most important aspect of the practice "TM is a technique to bring about more successful man who enters this capsule a fearful suspicion that it would endanger all mankind if, in some test of the moment, he were exposed to the world as human. Not, Olympian Zeus at all, but only the Wizard of Oz. We look to them all as Olym- pian Zeuses now. The establish- ment men who urge us not to damage the presidency are en- couraging the view. In a time of few Gods, let us not do away with one who has the power to hurl the ultimate thunder- bolt. All this is terribly unhealthy. Even Napoleon had Fouche and Talleyrand to move outside in the great world and keep him in touch. Presidents have only courtiers to keep out what they would rather not have presi- dents hear. As the presidency' becomes more grotesque and overbear- ing, it begins to destroy our president. John Kennedy was killed by it. The same insti- tutional vices that created Wa- tergate for Richard Nixon while he was occupied with foreign policy destroyed Lyndon John- son in Vietnam while he was occupied with domestic policy. Watergate shows us again the need for change. We have had repeated evidence over a dozen years that reform is over- due, that we must restore the human dimension to this poten- tially most graceful of political ideas, that we must somehow dispel the iron fences and firepower and brilliant tough- minded hard noses which seal the man off like priests around Pbaroah. and make It possible once again for him to be merely I he first, citizen o! foe republic. and fulfilling activity" it Is not a method of withdrawing from life but of getting even more out of life than before. Scientific investigation on TM has shown that the quality of rest in 20 minutes of TM is much more profound than that reached in a night's sleep. This deep rest reduces tension and anxiety in everyday life. At the same time as the body received this profound state of rest, the mind remains very alert and fully conscious. Those practic- ing TM report this state to be profoundly refreshing, both phy- sically and mentally. Major studies have also found that Transcendental Meditation is an effective solution to the drug abuse problem. These stu- dies showed that users of many types of drugs greatly reduce the amount of usage or com- pletely quit after starting TM. Through personal instruction anyone can learn the technique and immediately begin to en- joy life more. The Students International Meditation Society has now set up a centre in Lethbridge for the teaching of Transcendental Meditation. There will be regu- lar public introductory lectures where people can hear more about the practice. To obtain times for future introductory lectures or for further informa- tion, please contact Bruce Han- sen at 327-3208. BRUCE HANSEN Lelhbridge. Bouquets for teenagers Recently I have had my faith in today's teen-agers com- pletely renewed and I firmly believe there are some great leaders amongst them. They really aren't as bad as some of the newspaper articles and TV shows would have us believe. I was fortunate in being in Kamloops, B.C. during that city's international bantam hoc- key tournament and saw over 700 boys of 14 and 15 years of age exhibiting sportsmanship, good will, clean living and abil- ities which belie their years. It was wonderful to be able to watch these young men play some of the finest hockey I have ever seen. Our Lethbridge team, The Lethbridge A.C.T. Bantam "A" reps, were fine ambassadors of goodwill from our city. Those of us who were with them were justifiably proud of each and every one of them. Their cali- bre of play was exceptional and their conduct on and off the ice was commendable. My high- est compliments and regards are extended to each of the boys who so ably represented our city at this tremendous tournament of youthful champ- ions. Returning to Lethbridge I was fortunte enough to be among the more than 2700 peo- ple who jammed the Exhibition Pavilion to see 350 of Southern Albertas' youth between the ages of 14 and 18 put on a dis- play of dancing that was thor- oughly enjoyed by everyone who was fortunate enough to be there. These two examples of youth in action, proved to me that the youth of today aren't all bad. Having had a chance to be associated with so many fine youth, I would like to publicly say to them. "Thank you." My faith in the youth of today has been reaffirmed by the fact that the world will be in good hands when we, the "establish- pass the torch to you, the leaders of tomorrow. A. J. MURRAY Lethbridge Understanding Our class studied a bit about Indian values. We think we know some reasons why they might behave the way they do. If people knew more about In- dian values, they would treat them with more understanding. They should be given the same chances as everyone else. In- dians are people too. Grade 6-0 VAUXHALL ELEMENTARY SCHOOL. 1973 by NEA, Ire, "Con I help it if I am ffie helpless product of the machismo bias in Letters are welcome end will be published providingi identification is included (name and address are re- quired even when the letter is to appear over a pseu- they are sensible ond not libelous; they are of manageable length or can be shortened (normally, letters should not exceed 300 they are deci- pherable (it greatly helps if letters are typed, double spaced and with writers Jo not submit letters too frequently. The Lcthbrid0c Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethtorldge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD no. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Steond Clasi Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of TIM Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper PuMlshtrs' and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO w MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS. General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F MILES DOUGLAi K. WALKER Mwrtislng Editorial Editor "7Hi HiRAlD SfiftViS THE SOUTH" ;