Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 2, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
Tueiday, May 3, 1975 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD 5 Anthony Westell Candidates are running on their own Publisher Mel JfurLig a federal candi- date in Edmonton and his liter- ature emphasizes, among olher Issues, "an end to the sellout o( reform of political fund raising and, of course, Jobs tor all. Academic and former MP Pauline Jewell is seeking tho nomination in 0 11 a w n iuul names the same three issues as major planks in the plal- Jorm. Flora MacDonald, running in Kingston, can be expected La beat the same Get of drums be- cause she has been a loading worker for the Committee for an Independent Canada, a pro- fessional political organ- izer with strong views on elec- tion financing and, naturally, a critic of high unemployment. Nothing very remarkable about three candidates having similar platforms except that Hnrtig is a Liberal, Jewell a New Democrat and MacDon- ald a Conservative. They are, In fact, three people with simi- lar political ideas who could quite easily lie in the sumo party or even the same cabinet. They nrc nol perhaps typi- cal candidates. Each is some- thing of an individualist wilh considerable political experi- ence and public personally. But Ihey probably do represent a trend toward more indepen- dently minded candidates in 1972 a situation in which party labels will mean very lit- tle in terms of policy in many ridings across the country. If the volcrs want to I; n o w what a candidate stands for, they will have to listen (o what he or she says, instead of to what Ihe parly and (he nation- al leader claim lo represent. There arc several reasons for this loosening of party disci- pline, which seems lo move us closer to the U.S. style of poli- tics. One is the growth of lira party nominating convent i o n which in some ridings has be- come almost like a U.S. pri- mary. The days when the party bosses bestowed Ihe parly mantle on the graleful candi- dale and claimed loyalty In re- turn have gone. Now the can- didate goes out and organizes rank and file parly members lo allcnd Ihe convention by tho hundreds, or thousands, and vole him the nomination. H o winds up owning the parly machine, rather (him the other way around. Another reason for the inde- pendence of the candidate) is that he is clinging lo no- body's coallails. Pierre Tru- deau pulled the Liberal slate !G victory in lillill, but his leader- ship has lost much of its ma- gic Ibis year. Tory Leader Roll- crl Slanfield never had charis- ma for a winning image, and the NDP's David Lewis seems The mounting costs of medicare J01IN MUNHO, both in Parlla- liiiment and. newspaper inter- views has been expressing grave concern over the mounting costs of medicare and hospitalizalion. According to recent estimates, current spending on these two joint programs, is now about billions. The annual rale of increase is 11 or 12 per cent, for medicare; 14 to 16 per cent for hospilalization. According to a report by Arthur Blakciy in The Gazette of Montreal, Mr. Munro described projections for the '70s as "staggering." lie also said: "I don't think we ever an- ticipated Ibis lype of escala- tion." With costs rising iu this fashion, he now fears that the very existence of the programs may be threatened. This concern is not new. It be- came apparent some time ago that costs were out of control and the minister has been en- deavoring, rightly but not as yet successfully, lo reach agree- ment wilh the provinces on a formula for checking the rate of increase. From Mr. Munro's language, however, it would ap- pear that the situation is even more serious than had been as- sumed. We have some further information on medicare in a table of per capita costs for the fiscal year 1969-70. This shows a very great variation with a fig- ure ol J28.84 for Newfoundland as compared to for On- tario and S7G.71 (for less than a full year) for Quebec. The record certainly supports Mr. Munro in his assertion that an escalation of this magnitude was never anticipated by the government. What was remark- able about the controversy of the 1960s was the adamant re- By Maurice Western fusal of ministers to consider warnings. As late as October I960 when the government was already worried about the dis- concerting costs of open-ended programs, Mr. Benson rebuked Mr. Robarts, then premier of Ontario, for daring to suggest that the cour.try could not af- ford the scheme that Ottawa was insistently pressing. Expe- rience since that time has dem- onstrated, unhappily, that Mr. Kobarts was much more realis- tic than federal ministers in his assessment of probable costs. It is wise in such matters to lock the stable door before the horse is oul. This was not done and, in consequence, Mr. Munro finds himself in deep trouble. At best he can hope only, through agrcemen1 with the provinces, lo find some means of checking the rate at which costs will in- crease. The bill for over-optim- ism in government will, as usual, come home lo the tax- payers. How salutary this expe- rience will prove remains lo be seen. There is little to suggest that government has lost much of its zest for developing new and expensive programs. The least taxpayers are entitled to expect is that ministers (and those in opposition who hope to be mir'sters) will be more rea'.- istic in future in their immediate and prospec- tive costs. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Police take to bikes By Don Oakley, NBA Service nPHE idea of a policeman o n a bicycle pedaling fur- iously in pursuit of a fleeing burglar or mugger conjures up a sort of Keystone Kop image. Either that or the picture of a round-helmeted constable lei- surely patrolling a quiet En- glish country lane But in at least one city, Isla Vista, Calif., the police are tak- ing to bikes nimble, lO-spesd models and are not only finding them "highly effective" crime prevention-wise but con- d u c i v e to making friends among the local citizenry, which includes thousands of es- tablishment-wary students at- tending the nearby Santa Bar- bara campus of the University of California. In a recent incident, two of- ficers wheeled silently into an Isla Visla parking lot and sur- prised a burglar in (he act. of jimmying an apartment win- dow. "Had we been in a vehicle, he would have seen or heard us coming and been long says one officer. "Another advantage became apparent when he bolted be- tween two buildings. He was such a fast runner we could never have caught him on foot, and couldn't have squeezed through in a car. On bikes, we apprehended him before he'd gone a block." Now this is a form of law enforcement "wheeling and dealing" that's encouraging to hear about. Other communities might well look into it. Here's a wonderful ccmbination offer from your Munlz Centre everything you need lo enjoy your favourite entertainment in stereo, in your own car. The Munlz Grand Opening Special includes a new, lP72-model CAR STEREO, speakers, and grilles, tape carrying case, ana1 your choice of 2 tape carlridges, all at big savings, plus complete installation by MUNTZ service experts. There's nothing else to buy installation can be arranged for after Grand Opening. GET AIL THESE AT ONE LOW MONEY-SAVING PRICE: CAR STEREO Model 860 It's o beaulyl Integra led circuitry, 10 wait power output, plus precision track- ing, automatic channel changing, vibra- (ion-proaf mechanism. Brand new 1972 design, super-miniature in size wilh super-great sounds! SPEAKERS GRILLES INCLUDED! MUNTZ inslal) TVvin 5" heavy duly speakers flush with your car doors -for full wrap-around Rlcreo MMJiid, finished wilh ai- Irnclivo ma idling cjriilus for noor (rim appearance. CARTRIDGE CADDY INCLUDED! Very convenient carries up lo 10 lapo cnrlndcics. Handsomely slylcd in gleaming black vinyl. An ideal accessory with your new car Meri-'o enlorlainrnenl unil. 2 CARTRIDGES INCLUDED! Vcs, this low Grand Opening Sale Price includes 2 8-track car I ridges from Canada's Inrgest music li- brary. Pop, folk, rock, biucs, soul, country oil sounds of loday are at your Munfz Centre. SALE PRICE INCLUDES COMPLETE INSTALLATION NOTHING ELSE TO BUY OFFER EXPIRES SATURDAY, MAY 6 1706 Mayor Magrath Drive Phone 328-0966 to have made almost no Im- pact on the electorate. flurtig and many other Lib- erals across the country will run more on their own names and personalities than as Tru- deau supporters or Liberal parly men, and if enough ti[ them can get themselves elect- ed, Trudeau will be permitted to continue as Prime Minister. Flora MacDonald and other Tories will have to organizo their own campaigns with a broader appeal than Stanfield has yet been able to show, if (hey hope to win. And there are some New Democrats who think they do belter in collecting the protest vote when there seems no dan- ger that the national leader and his campaign might actually carry the party to major gains and threaten the country with "socialism." In short, riding candidates will owe little to their leaders in the coming campaign. A third factor Lending to ele- vate the individual candidate is that it's harder and harder to tell the parties apart. Liberals, Tories and NDPcrs have all gone through elaborate policy- making processes since 1908 but the result seems to have been lo blur rather than sharpen their images. They arc reluc- tant to make sweeping prom- ises Vhich the voters won't be- lieve, or which they know will cost higher taxes, and they hud- dle together in the centre of tho political spectrum. An analysis of their platforms would no doubt turn up some differences, but the electoralo is confused. A recent Gallup Poll reporled that 43 per cent of Canadians (59 per cent ot Trench Canadians) were unde- cided when asked under which federal party they and their families would be better off. In these uncertain cir c u in- stances, when the national brand name is of dubious value, the riding candidate must try to establish his own distinctive image and appeal. He takes only what he wants from the party platform, adds any planks he needs to create his own local issues, and probably plays down his leader and la- bel AH this means that the com- ing election will be fought, to a significant extent, riding by riding rather than on the na- tional level, and the results in many ridings will depend more on the quality of the local can- didates than the appeal of the party leaders. In this sort of campaign, tlie Liberals have the advanlage of sitting MPs vho are at least recognizable in their areas. The oppos i t i o n parties, however, huve more opportunity to intro- duce new faces and exciting personalities. National opinion polls are of very limited value in predicting the overall result. Whichever party wins, how- ever, there Is likely to be a considerable impact on the workings of Parliament. The candidate who organizes his own nomination, def i n e s his own issues and campaigns on his own ability lo represent the interests of his riding, will even- tually arrive ou Parliament Hill with a considerable sense of in- dependence and Individual re- Lsponsibility. He will not bow lo the discipline of a parly to wliich he owes little, or accept for long the conventional restraints of the parliamentary sys t e m which require him, if he is on the government side, to sup- poii the government even when he disagrees with its decisions. He is likely to demand more freedom than MPs have cus- tomarily enjoyed. And this will require major reforms in our system of government. There is already a good dea! cf discussion on this issue politicians particular- ly among disappointed Liber- als elected in the Trudeau euph- oria and idealism of and it will be high on Ihe agenda im- mediately after (he clcclion. The popular view at flic mo- ment sor-ms to b? that Hi? par- liamentary system should be moved a lillle closer lo the U.S. style. Governments would be given a fixed, four year term and Mi's thereby freed to vote against government measures without fcnr of forcing an elec- t i o n. Committees would be strengthened and given more effective power lo change gov- ernment legislation. Another approach lo reform which should he considered, however, ivould he lo restore (he ancient power of Parlia- ment lo remove a government and appoint another without holding a general eicclion every lime. Backbench MPs with a spirii of independent judgment might very withdraw sup- port from one prime minister and it to .-inolhcr whose policies they prefi'nrd. within (lie life of a Parliament. Then we could hope to see people like Ilurtig, Jewell nnd Mnenoriald lolini; for (he same Kovrrnmonl In implement (ho policies on which Ihcy nil agree, instead of opposing each oilier. (Toronto Mar Tenure ior teachers The Slrccl Journal TJNTIL recently it was considered inapprc- priale to question the wisdom of tenure for teachers Within the profcssnn, tenure. guaranteeing that teachers cannot be lired except (or cause, and only after lengthy hearing procedures was widely regarded as a bulwark of academic free- dom. And even agreed that teachers at the university level who held unfashionable views, hut otherwise were qualified and capable, needed protection from arbitrary dismissal. But both attitudes have been slowly chang- ing. And although 42 states still have tenure laws for teachers in their public col- leges, high schools and elementary schools, several legislatures have been discussing whether to aliolish or modify1 those laws. Ijost year, for example, bills were intro- duced into the Florida and Iowa legisla- tures to eliminate tenure outright, and a committee of the Arizona legislature ap- proved a bill to eliminate tenure for teach- ers n-ho walk out on strike. Now Maryland is re-Lhinking its 50 year- old tenure law. And the issues there, after making allowances for local differences, are familiar to anyone who has watched the controversy develop. It is a controversy that lew boards of education or school dis- tricts are likely to avoid for much longer. The pro-tenure position continues to lean heavily on the academic freedom argument. By and large, proponents insist that ten- ure is necessary to prevent ideological purges and bloodletting on campuses, that it is a cherished and essential protection for the teaching profession. That argument has prevailed for most of (his century, affirmed by local education associations no less than by the American Association of University Professors. And, on the university level at least, the argu- ment for free inquiry is respectable and compelling. That argument is far less compelling for teachers of primary and secondary schools, where research and intellectual innovation are scarcely central to the educational pro- cess. A candid member of Maryland's board o[ education put the argument In practical terms when he said that the ten- ure law's practical effect lias been to pre- vent school boards from weeding out incom- petent teachers during the past 2ii ycarj, when there had been a teacher shortage, but now that there is a surplus the state- has (lie opporlunily to clean house. At every level from the university down- ward, for that matter, it has been possible for teachers after a brief probationary per- iod to settle into lifetime careers in an in- tellectual vacuum, at the expense of their students and the taxpayers. At the university level, tenure's appeal has lessened in direct proportion to the rela- tive affluence of faculty members, the once- pressing need for economic protection is no longer so great. Beyond thai, the llircat that tenure has historically countered, the inflamed legisla- ture or intolerant trustee, is no longer tha chief menace to freedom of inquiry on cam- puses today. The threat comes instead from the university community itself, in the form of obloquy visited on professors who take such unpopular positions as supporting the Vietnam war, Richard Njxon cr America! society in general, and of the hooliganism to which the resulting atmosphere has so often contributed. Perhaps on occasion tenure is some pro- tection against this threat, but in fact it sel- dom seems to work that way. It did no! prevent MIT from refusing to allow Wall W. Rostow to return to its faculty because he had sinned by advising the Johnson ad- ministration for too long a period. Nor wag tenure much help to the number of profes- sors who have been hounded from their campuses by verbal and even physical abuse Irom student radicals. If the faltering steps universities hav< taken to end such abuses are the true mea- sure of their regard for academic freedom, it's hard to see how they can rely on aca- demic freedom arguments to protect their privileges. In any case, tenure teems in- creasingly Irrelevant, end In the long run the issue is not whether it will be changed but how. Ceylon no more The Winnipeg Free Press is no more. mil- lennia of history have been sunk by the stroke of a pen, and the spicy breezes no longer "blow soft o'er Ceylon's isle, where every prospect pleases and only man is vile." Bishop Hebcr, who wrote the poem at Ihe (urn of (he 19lh century, may have been a bit sanctimonious, but the change of Cey- lon's time-honored name derived from Sin- haladwipa, or the island of tho Sinhalese, to new Sri Lanka wifl hardly solve the human-political problems that continue to plague the beautiful island. Prime Minister Sirimao Bandaranaike's government is in a mess as Mrs. Ban- daranaike's leftwing administration is floundering in corruption, battling a Mao- ist rebellion and facing national bank- ruptcy. Some rebels have been in- lerned, and much cruelty has been evinced both by the young guerrillas, who kill without compunction, and by the army thai kills without discrimination. This indeed is nothing new in Ceylon's Moody past. Civil strife and invaders covet- ing the island's riches have put their stamp on the island's history and may have in- deed inspired Bishop Hcber's thoughts. Tho neighbors came firsl, lo be followed by tha Europeans. The Portuguese arrived in 1505, the Dulch in 1644, (he British In 1795, and it was only after tlie British had set- tled down, in 1848. that Ceylon enjoyed a century of peace. When the British left, it 1949, Ceylon was the most prosperous, peaceful and democratic of all countries in Southeast Asia. But this heritage of a hun- dred years has been squandered in less than two decades. Sri Lanka is to he a new beginning, but despite all the state planning, bold essays into all kinds of socialism, (he prospects, other than those of a bountiful nature, no longer appear to please. JIM FISHBOURNE Junk mail ANYONE wilh a mail box knows, every week brings ils pile of unsolicit- ed mail, stuff you'd like to throw out right away, but that you have to glance through to be sure something useful isn't mixed in. In such a pile of junk mail last week, and not looking at all out of place there, I ran across a missive from no less a dignitary than the deputy poslmasler general him- self; a gaudy little package containing some stickers, a single "special" post- card, one of the most fatuously worded letters I've ever read, nnd a 23-page book- let, all for the purpose of persuading me thai from now on I should add lo my normal address a six-digit appendage. This will be a "personal" poslal rode, which I will share wilh several thousand other people in this corner of the province (or is it and which 1 am urged lo com- municate lo anyone who iniRht lake the notion lo write to me. an exercise which should net Ihe post office a fair bit of change, if everyone complies. Having spent much of my life in reason- ably close proxinuly lo government people of one sort or another, both provincial mid federal, I'm inured lo inslilulionalized idi- ocy. I fee] no special urge lo upbraid tho pood BI'M lor this particular piece o! ex- Irnvagance, Ihongh I hopo someone gently points out to him Mini you're planning (o print n lew million copies of anything, someone olhcr limn n junior ck'rk, prefer- ably someone a working knowledge of English, should glance M (hi1 original. No, I have a soinewhal differcnl con- cern. Il's nbont this odd nolion. that sccnir, tn he popping up willi iiicrcnsiiiK frequen- cy in government circles, that buying a bunch of machines will solve all problems, lh.il if you spend enough ol Ihe taxpayers' money OD gadgets, something of conse- quence is accomplished. Il's an interesting idea, but it has a distinct drawback; it doesn't always work, and where [he gov- ernment is concerned, you can pretty well substitute "ever" for "aluays." Examples? Well, (here are hundreds, but 1 can cite only a couple in the available space. About twp.nl y years ago, the army de- cided it just to have a computer, so it got one, paying something like annual renlal for Ihe installation. It was lo do everything faster and belter, and save oodles of dollars in salaries, as shoals of clerks became redundant. Of course, for the first "lillle il would be neces- sary to hire a few extra "cxpcrLs." a few specially trained clerks and typists Yi's indced. Two hundred oxlras, as it turned out, and five years lalcr Ihey ucrc all still there, along with all the originals. Ami now the renlal was Then, al a university I used In work for, .1 positively dazzling computer set-up was acquired. This fantastic array of padgclry was (o forever emancipate the in.slitulion from dcpcndance on fallible humans, do cverylhinp do-able wilh pcrfecl accuracy and blinding speed, and cut slaff costs lo a mere fr.icd'on of previous levels. Again. i( was necessary lo hire n feu specialists, "just al of course. And are they slill there'.' Don'l funny Of course Ihry r.nd now Ihcy all have asMsIanl.s'. So. my friends, forgive me a spot of skep- ticism about Ihe plans of our dep- uty postmaster general, or (ho efficacy cf adding six fir sixly-six dipls lo our addresses. Put the funny numbm on your envelopes if you likn, but if you plan on getting any bcnefil oul of il. I suites! buy a iilllc ITT slock.