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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 2, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HEHALD Tuesday, Mny 5, 1972 Mark Fraiikland Outdated practice The practice of requiring people in courls of law to swear on the Bible to tell the truth is outdated and should be dropped A case in an On- tario traffic toinl whicli has recently had a lot ot adverse publicity pro- vides a prod toward this goal. In this case the defendant happen- ed to be a Moslem, When lie ex- pressed willingness to lake Ihe oalli on the Bible the of. Ihc peace appeared lo be perplexed. How. be wanted to know, could a Moslem lie loyal to his jailb and swear on the Jewish and Christian Bible? Although tlie defendant didn't have the opportunity to elaborate on bis views, his point seems lo have been that lie respects all sacred writings because Ihcy arc inspired by God. He would thus be able lo swear on the Bible as n symbol of (mill. For some people the justice of the peace included, perhaps llic Bible is TI1E truth because it alone is (lie revealed ivord o[ God. To fail lo give it pre-eminence would be to deny it the. role the courts intends it t.o serve. Uhen (his implication behind swearing on the Bible is made plain a lot of. Canadians arc embarrassed. They no longer subscribe to notions of inferior religions and inferior be- lievers in them. This is also a plural- istic society in which tolerance has become a byword. A substantial segment of the Chris- tian community does not even sub- scribe lo the view thai the Bible is literally and objectively true. To try lo use Ihe Bible as an extrinsic mea- surement of truth in much the same way as a foot measure is employed is for them wrong. They consider the Bible (o be intrinsic informing and guiding the community of faith not the world beyond. Alternatives lo swearing on the Bible are provided but they arc us- ually only introduced af.ler an indi- vidual has decided lo make an issue out of being unwilling lo proceed in (he 'cuslomary way. iVot many peo- ple want to draw attention to them- selves on this matter because prob- ably few are able to articulate Ihcir objections wilh clarily and confidence lo seem convincing be- fore the court. Such a situation ought not to exist. The practice of swearing on the Bible ought to be only one among several options if giving one's word is not considered enough. Wedding palaces Entrepreneurs have been surpris- ingly slow in recognizing the lull po- tential in the wedding trade. Hotel- iers and caterers have been doing a thriving business in handling recep- tions and dances. In many instances they save these affairs from disas- ter by having a polished director prompt the unknowledgeable master of ceremonies. So important has this aspect of getting married become thai the place of the reception is often ar- ranged prior lo securing the services of an officiator for the wedding. It is not an uncommon Ihing today, in cities, for couples to shop around for a church and minister ivith sched- ules that fit in with the fixed time for the reception. Since the church has ceased, in so many instances, to be a truly impor- tant factor in wedding plans, some hoteliers have started to offer their facilities for the whole affair. They arrange one of their rooms as a cha- pel and after the ceremony the party is taken lo another room lor the re- ception. Already popular in some places in the United States, the idea is cer- tain to catch on in Canada. Cana- dians are never far behind the Am- ericans in matters of custom. Clergy- men at. first may be resistant to con- ducting services in hotels or wedding palaces, and licensed government of- ficials may not be available on weekends and after hours. In time, however, such obstacles will be over- come. Hoteliers may acquire the right to issue licenses and perform ceremonies and (hus take over the marriage business completely. In an increasingly secularized so- ciety this development seems al- most inevitable. It may seem like a retreat to some people bill, there will be a gain in that a lot of hypocrisy will be removed from the forced re- ligious aura of many contemporary Figures of iolly By Eva BrewsUr you remember ,a few ago, one of the lastcst administrative follies that cnme inlo effect on April 1st? I am not referring lo an April Fool's joke, more is tlie pily. hut to one govern- ment department having lo pay to another. Tlie figures for postage stamps on official pair! hy each brajich of tho government throughout Canada, are al- ready astronomical. Now the government gives the money lo local heads of smalJ departments up to now magnanimously, though not exactly voluntarily, advance the cash out of their own pockets to purchase stamps for gov- ernment mail. Furthermore. Ihe govern- ment has remedied the situation for larger departments in Its own inimitable and in- scrutable These departments are now supplied with stamping machines for which they have to pay rent at the rate of per annum. Where you have anything from two to ten or more government departments under the same roof fanfl v.'ho hns not one time or another wandered through such a building looking for Manpower, the ministry of education, or the department of agriculture for instance? j you also have two In 10 or more such machines. Appar- ently the communal use of just (me would produce chaos in tiiu cnffm and admini- stration of individual offices where the left hand docs nut know what Iliu right is doing. Having rented the stamping machines is not hy any means the c-nd of departmental expense. Now cash has lo tic paid in ad- vanrc to the post (ilfice lor the amount ot mail visualized a minimum of one month nnd that may he anything from SlOO lo quite improbable numbers of dollars and letters. This advance Ix-mg paid, n mechanic comes from I.cthbndge or anv other cilv throughout Canada to county, rural and oilier government departments to remove Ihe seal from the stamping machines and reset them for the amount of advance post- age paid. He repeals this visit at least once a month or more often if the pre-paid postage has run out prematurely. So far so good. having paid rent on the machine of advance on postage of say SlOO and airanged for a technician (whose wages, time and travel allowances are an unkovvn, if estimable, each department is required to purchase scales Ito weigh the mail. These scales' are costly and their price bears no relation to their fragile appearance. After that, while the ignominy of a man licking stamps all day has been removed from the system, there still has to be a civil servant manning (he weighing scales, stamping and registering all outgoing, offi- cial government mail a job previously required of Ihe post office employee. Yet still pay post office employees Ihe same and ever increasing wage demands. It is easy to sec, even for a brnin not endowed with Einstein's mathematical ge- nius, that Hie cost of this system must run into untold millions of taxpayers' dollars, tho hard-earned dollars you have just paid inlo (he bottomless pi; of National Revenue. Whal ire could not do wilh just one little million or even a fraction of that figure of folly in the form of income tax relief is anybody's guess. Can somebody, please, explain the logic of this system? Computers are being in- stalled across the country tj sort out let- ters by destination (hence the new poslal code of How can such moder- nisation and tovward llunking lie recon- ciled with the backward this poslagp folly has lurned out In be? Nolldng to Hy Dong Wnlkcr M- sllc !ms n oul walkinc hnr liiisliniitl Hill shn oven feels roscnlmonl It rcsidrnl.i liavo draun Ihoir drapt [ARflARRT I.lirthiirst ndrnlls that slw should brine her over li our slrccl 'Hie like Anno McCrackcn in :m, nncr Wc. Iht'ni from pu'vmus lumsp dnn'l .ill Ihc arniss. II i? rlmililful, however, if Iriji our part nf llic rily wmild lie worlli Ihe ef- If MarRarel ever "nes w.-il'mni; fi." -'nds wnild Ihe drape, dra.n lhc hmikos. The double-edged escalation in Vietnam rpirE indignation of official Wiushiiifjlon ill Hanoi's L'senlalion of the.' fieliline, in Vietnam is not very convincing to anyone followed the. Indochina war closely. Since llic early ttlliUs and Ilio creation o[ the National Liber- ation I-'ront (tl'O J I 'U Communists li a v o .steadily strcnmhencd their military forces to match American at- tempts to build up the Salmon army. There have been thrco faeat offensives in the last years, each heller equipped lhan the one before. Tlie 1SBS-BS offensive wliicli nlmost ile-stroved the Saigon government and forced Presi- dent. Johnson to send in Amer- ican troops saw the Vielcong guerilla turn into a solidcr ca- pable of fighting in large units with (he North Vietnamese army. America's backing of South Vietnam had always meant that the Communists could not rely on guerrilla skills and political propaganda; they had also to have enough firepower (o counter the wea- pons Washington was giving Saigon. The arrival of half a million American troops in Vietnam after once more immensely increased the Com- munist forces' need of greater firepower. Some people forget that the Tet offensive of 1368 (lie sec- ond of the three great of- fensives was preceded by a pretty Ihoroueh re-equipping of the Communist troops in the south. Their main new weapon was the Chinese-made AK47 as- sault rifle which was equal (some say even belter than) (he American 3T1B. In early 1968 not even all U.S. units had the M1G. The Communists brought in olhcr weapons loo, the most dramatic of which were Soviet and Chinese rock- ets. General Westmoreland liked to point out that the more com- plicated the Communists' wea- ponry the more dependent they were on a big supply system. In the bulk of Hie Com- munists' supplies for the south- ern part of South Vietnam came hy sea lo Sihanoukvillo and then through Cambodia by lorry. Some people talk as though the Vietnamese Com- munists were somehow being untrue (o themselves hy going in lor much advanced weapon- ry and logistics. But the Viet- nam war lias never been es- sentially a guerrilla war. It has always been a political war the Chinese would say a "peo- ple's war" but the Vietna- mese Communists have used any military lactic that they found useful- Washinglon's policy first of sending in heavily-equipped American trnops and Ihen, as liie Americans withdrew, of giving the South Vietnamese almost as much heavy equip- ment forced Hie Communists to equip themselves loo for con- ventional war. South Vietnam's million-strong army is now loo big and too well-armed to crack except under heavy pres- sure. This explains why in the pre- Fcnl offensive the Communists have used more heavy guns and tanks than ever before. The tanks that fought at An Loc near the Cambodian hor- tler, some utl miles norlh of Sai- gon, represented an immense, logistical cfforl for Hanoi. They had to be brought all the way clown the trails from the north and fuel dumps and repair shops set up near the battle Feeding Time area. Immensely vulnerable lo planes though the lanks were, Ihe Communists needed them io give their allack a heavy punch which would surprise and the South Vielnam- ese. And in Ihe first bailies lira Communisls drove the Saigon troops out of the Loc Minh area where, in 1967, during preparations for the Tet offen- sive, more lightly-armed Com- munist unils had attacked American troops and taken horrible casualties In Ihnt hal- tle the Americans fired their artillery point blank at the ad- vancing infantrymen who were hopelessly outgunned from the slarl. Now Ihe bailies are more, even. Given the Communisls' deler- minalion lo force the Ameri- cans out of Vietnam and to re- move Ihc government of Presi- dent Nguyen Van Thicu, they had no choice but lo give their troops bigger weapons. The Americans insist that the "Rus- sians arc wiclied because they are supplying Hanoi wilh most of these weapons (including iinli-aircraft weapons) which, as the years go by, have come to he used all the way down tha Ho Chi Minh trails and in South Vietnam as1 well as in tho Yet according lo Amer- ican figures, Hanoi's annual economic and military aid from all sources is little more lhan a lentil of whal America admiLs lo spending on the Viet- nam war. What would happen if both the Soviet Union and America slopped giving their Vietnamese allies weapons? Few people who know Vietnam would deny thai Ihe Com- munist.1? would be most likely to win. This explains why Washington goes on avming Saigon wilh guns and dollars and why the Soviet Union (and China, (o a lesser but signifi- cant extent, il should be re- membered) are obliged lo re- turn to ship arms lo Hanoi and the Victcong. (Written for Hie Herald and the Observer in London) Peter Desbarat Voters more unpredictable today than ever before Is Pierre Trudeau n hero for tlie seventies? In the synchronization of Trudoau's puMic1 ijnage and Ca- nadians' self-image 'was proba- bly the most important identifi- able factor in the Liherals' ma- jority victory. In the election expected this year, the pros- pects of the parly again depend, more strongly if anything, on the ability of the prime minister to symbolize and express the national mood. The electoral picAure in this respect is much fuzzier today than iL was in No ono had [rouble then iden- tifying many of tho elements in the Trudeau image which Cana- dians responded to positively. Throiifihout the sixties there had been a yearning in Canada [or a Kennedy like figure, who embody the style of a prosperous, mature and in- creasingly urban society. Tru- deau not only synchronized with (his Canadian self-imago but also seemed to be in phaso uith the tempo of the sixties in the other prosperous coun- tries of. North America and Europe. His casual manner and unorthodox dress, his "pro- opinions, his adven- turous lifestyle and apparent disregard for the material preoccupations of middle-class jife e o m b i n e d to create a image which ap- pealed to Ihc idealism and ro- manticism of the sixties. This potent conjunction of In- dividual style and public lastu accidental. In the Quebec socicly o! tho fifties, many of Ihc same char- acteristics had been political liabilities for Tiiuk'au, diispilo the secure position wiliiin the clili; thai money and education gave him, he wa.s far loi) unor- thodox and independent for a conservative and auUinrilai ion society. Although hi.s acliviULS indicated tbal he had .some po- litical ambition at that time, it was impossible lo think 01 him as ;i popular figure in Ih'J Quebec of Dnplc.'isi.s. He probably wouldn'f fared miic.'i better in UK' Can- ada of Louis St. Lnrent. A dec- ade had to pass before Tm- da m's slar and Canada's des- liny came inlo conjnnclion. Hut now the sixties are dwin- dling into hislory al. an aLTcler- nling rale. In Ihc rial ions n( 1'ie IVosl, values arc hrinr; pro- new popular arrnio.s nre assembling and tho search for mnv heroes has In Ilu1. ('iiilcil Slates, lh" pulil- Ical of this new direction tins Ijtvn lonl.'ilively chnstcii.-d Populism The defini- tion of the iiiouMiii'Ml is vaguo liii.s; il i.s still a priniu live of ronf'lir I.-tig a n d spokesmen VUii it t'uttciuly OK- iM.v American politicians irulely mi-are of il. All of t.licm are trying to adapt to it and employ it in their own interests. Many of the factors which arc producing the "New Populism" in the United States are dupli- cated in Canada. A recent Time magazine essay on the movement identi- fied two distinct romic reform and social reac- in Canada also, discon- tent among the "silent major. ity" has Income more evident. Pubh'c opinion polls have shown increasing support, for such pro- posals as capital punishment, more restrictive welfare poli- cies, wage and price controls, and elimination of the right to strike by workers in the public scclor. Tlie new mood is rapidly al- tering the status of the "heroic" figures of the sixties. Despite isolated outbreaks, student, power today is a relatively an- aemic version of the movement that occupied public attention a few years ago. Youth in general lias lost its hold on public inter- est as expressed by the media. Tlie radical armies of the six- ties are being infiltrated by younger vecriiils whose inter- ests are different and, in many areas, more conservative The student in suburban To- ronto who recently (old Conserv- ative leader Robert Slaniield thot he cxpecl.s to earn a year and that he expects it won't be enough under current lax rates, wasn't as extraordi- nary us many people seemed to think. Any journalist who has followed politicians through high school auditoriums in ihe last six months knows that there is a growing spirit of pragmaiici conservatism among students today. The same is true of adult au- diences at political meetings. It is the "hard line" statement on almost every issue that earns the applause: the Liberal or "Progressive" statement e n- counlers silence. Eleclion-year activities in the United States The golden age of rich nations? rich nations of the By Don Oakly service Ihe rich nations my be better world have been put. on than it ever has been or ever notice by Lhe poor nations that will be again. ''indefinite co existence be- ITie underdeveloped nations of norld population growth, slates opUmistically that "the natural resources available (o present technology are stiffi- twccn poverty and affluence is probably can never reach our cient to allow a vast improve- no longer possible." The warning came in a pre- amble to the "Declaration of standard of living, he says, be- ment in the standard of living havc confirmed the existence of "populist" RentimenL and have sh'oM-n difficult it is for most politicians to adapt lo this kind of shift in public mood. New Yurie's Mayor John Lind- say, for example, typifies a Kennedy-style politician ol tho sixties who seems to Iiav2 little appeal for voters of the seven- ties. And lig- ure of Uic sixties, George Wal- lace, is a growing power in tha seventies. The U.S. experience would seem lo indicate that a politi- cian's image cannot he adjusted overnight. The image projected hy Tru- dcau in 19'ufJ tho one that works for or against him in 1972. In the same way, the compar- atively unpopular image which Slanficld produced in the six- ties, despite desperate offorls to refurbish it, is the one (hat now works for him under which appear Lo lie inoie con- genial It might be relevant that the current political hero in tho United States, George lie- cause the pollution and nalur- of all the people who will in- Govern, comes through most al resource load of each por- adopted by delegates of son in an indiKlriaJ nation is 20 nations meeting in Peru a lew weeks ago. Not only does Ihe gap be- tween rich world and poor re- main, it is widening. While average per capita annual income increasud by in I ho developed nalions during Ihc I9Gfls, it grew by only in the developing coun- tries, Ihc Lima conferees were told. The developing n a i o n .s' share of world experts fell tram 21.3 per cent in lo per cent in 1970. Unemployment in t he un- derdeveloped nations is running three limns population growth and is chiefly .imnng young men under 25. This i.s creating an explosive world sitiimian. The figures jrre discouraging, Even more discouraging is thu growing- conviction among sln- denLs of the problem lhat the gap can Mover bo rinsed. If anylJiing, (lie rich nations may eventually have lo reduce their sl.imlards. H'c may be living in a "gnl- dcn thinks .lay Kor- to 50 times greater than in a nonindustrial nation, Forrester is echoed by the head of Uic Swedish Interna- tional Development Authority. H would take JO billion pre- people, says tEnut Michanck. lo gen orate ihe whjoh onyl 200 mil- lion Americans Put another way, if the current to- tal energy production of Hie world u ere distributed using American standards, it would be enough for fever than (iixt million people, or one-sixth of His present world population of 3.6 billion. A.S another example, if India to mutch Swedrn in num- ber of rar.s per person India would have lo build 150 million lhe dnv' habit the earth 20 to 30 years from now." The committee estimates that till those people will number 7 billion, about half a billion less than expected on current trends. Who is right? Who are the realists and who the dream- ers'' According to Forrester, we have until 2030 to find out. That is tlie of crisis" toward which the lines on all his graphs converge. strongly in recent public opinion polls as "someone you can Ur-st." In Ihe sixties, Canadians con- sistently pave Slanficld Ihe same accolade although Ihey gave Trndcnu their voles. If Hie l; S. experience is any pride at all. llic iirst election o[ Canada's dove-nth decade may bear IHlle i-c-scmijit'iiit-e to (.he last of Ihc lenlb. (Copvvislil Toronto Star Syndicate) Looking backward Through The Herald 1922 Advertisement; This Biiick motor lias what the small bov calls "A Wallop" a j-i'cnl cars. addilionnl Ihe additional and environmon t .11 pollution liii.s are almost beyond our power to says Michanek. Anyone who rmung Uic tfi'ip bef.wmi rich and [Ktor nalions, while at the cr turn and grin. _ A significant step in church union was taken nt St. pensioners received nn addi- tional cheque for Sli Thursday from (he provincial govern- inuul, bringing their old ago pern-ions up lo per month. .Afler a four tiny lour of southeaslern P..C. the I.elii- bridge Cluuiiber of Coinnierco train arrived back in church Sunday Lju, (.ily ,11Mniiiui. roster, a pioneer in (he ilovrl- same lime envisioning a c-on- morning when liev. P. C. W.ide, rector, welcomed members of the Greek Orthodox church of the cily to the facilities and Lclliliridge old ngc A.s (he "MM brand i.s applied in a wood .shield at the Kxhihiiion 1'avilion by Premier 1C. C. plaiining nnd offi- cially cnme lo ,111 end. of Ihe digital rompn- ler nnd a professor al Massacli- Institute, of Tcchnologv. That Is, tiro (utility of life in So They Say Thr bad Ihing rilmnl poptiln- lion is .sooner or il Jl.'I.S If) fowl flOIVH M KCX, this always upsol.s people. of the, IM-pKHlcnrs rommiss Ion on ropulalion Control, tinned .T lo 5 per cent in nvil income in t.lio former, is supporting two .ihlf! policies