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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 2, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, May 1, 1970 Colin The Odds-Against Gamble United States troops have been committed to action in Cambodia. President Richard Nixon lias yield- ed to the arguments of his military advisers who have long wanted to attack the Vietcong and North Vietnamese sanctuaries inside the border of Cambodia. It is hoped that by cleaning out these centres, warfare may dimin- ish and serious negotiations for peace might come about. There would seem to be some logic in this position but past experience tends to make it suspect. Years of fighting in Southeast Asia suggest that the enemy forces will simply abandon the Cambodian sanctuaries and locate elsewhere to continue making attacks on the South Vietnam and U.S. forces. While attention is being focused on one area the Vietcong and North Vietnamese might counter-attack in quite a different area. The odds are against anything very decisive being accomplished by tins course of action. In all prob- ability the war will continue and perhaps expand. President Nixon seems to have succumbed to the same reasoning by the generals that led President Lyndon Johnson to keep escalating military action without getting the promised results. Neither bombing nor buildup of troop strength has UFOs Banned? had the desired effect in the past. This latest gamble may pay off as none of the others have. But it car- ries the risk of both widening and intensifying the war. There may be other powers' such as China who will see the "invasion" (Mr. Nixon's disavowal of this interpretation not- withstanding) of Cambodia as ex- cuse for troop movements of their own into Indochina. Opposition in the United States is understandable in view of such con- siderations. Mr. Nixon may very well have destroyed his credibility by this decision even as did Mr. Johnson by similar decisions. Both men promised to end the war. Mr. Johnson intensified the war and having lost the confidence of the American people had to withdraw from public life. With the decision to attack the enemy sanctuaries in Cambodia, Mr. Nixon may have turned clown the same road. All but the most chauvinistic could not have been anything but sadden- ed by the note struck by Mr. Nixon in his address to his nation. With his insistence that the U.S. would not be defeated he struck a pathetic posture. Military victory does not betoken greatness it only indi- cates might. Anyway, the U.S. has already lost the war and can hope for honorable withdrawal at best- something Mr. Nixon seemed to have recognized until now. The Christian Science Monitor re- cently gave a full page to an article on Unidentified Flying Objects writ- ten by Dr. J. Alien Hynek of North- western University. On the page was a picture of a disc-like object re- portedly observed 60 miles south- west of Calgary. Those who have followed the debates on UFOs will know that Dr. Hynek is a man who believes the reported sightings are worthy of more serious attention than they have gen- erally received from scientists. No doubt he acquired the disc picture when he was in Calgary some months ago. Dr. Hynek may be a scientist of high standing but he has treated the Condon reports of UFOs in an un- scientific fashion. He says the Condon committee handed down the verdict that UFOs are figments of the imag- ination. The Condon report, however, carefully avoided making such a judgment. Throughout the bulky report only objective statements were made in the true scientific tradition. Some re- ports of UFOs yielded natural explan- ations when investigated; some, were exposed as hoaxes; some were too vague to permit examination; and some were simply described an un- explainable. The investigators took it for granted that people generally had observed something and were not hallucinating. Dr. Condon and the members of his committee did not pass judgment on the hypothesis that UFOs are evidence of extra terrestial intelli- gence and this is understandable al- though it is what disappointed some people most. This hypothesis is some- thing that cannot be tested at .least not as long as there is no hard- ware or occupant thereof to examine. It remains an article of faith so that those who give it credence do so more as religious believers than as scien- tists. Although Dr. Hynek thinks it is regrettable that the 'Condon com- mittee brought an end to public study of UFOs it was a responsible position for the committee to take. Since their study did not point to any postive benefits to be gained from continued investigation they recommended that no more taxpayers' money be spent. It is wrong to say that the study of UFOs has been banned, then. All that has happened is that the U.S. government has stopped its investiga- tions on the recommendation of the Condon committee. There may be something significant about UFOs. This possibility was left open by the Condon report. But to argue that the sightings deserve serious consideration because they are made more frequently by rural than urban people is certainly un- scientific. The notion that rural people are less given to guile might be matched by another one, namely, that they are more likely to be naive. There is no scientific basis to either, however. Dr. Hynek obviously wants to be permitted to continue taking UFO re- ports seriously. Since neither UFO sightings nor their investigation has come under any ban, nothing is stop- ping him. Weekend Meditation Life's Profit And Loss JT IS A common jibe at Christianity to say that men are urged to be reli- gious in the hope of "getting pie in life sky by and by." Indeed Jesus did promise a future reward. The wealthy young man was to sell his possessions and give to the poor and "thou shall have treasure in heaven." He told the disciples that in per- secutions they were to "rejoice and be exceeding glad: for great is your reward in heaven." Nevertheless Jesus did hold out the promise of reward in this- life as well. When Peter asked what they would get out of it, Jesus replied, "There is no man that hath left house, or wife, or brethren, or parents, or children, for the kingdom of God's sake, who shall not receive manifold more in this time and in the world to come eternal life." And in the right spirit, not in a mean spirit of math- ematical calculation, one is correct in asking whether or not the venture is worth while. "Does it A man wants to know that he casts his stone where it counts, that his effort is not wasted. Paul was very emphatic that the good life was worth while. He had little or nothing of this world's goods, but he wrote to Timothy, a young man who might be misled into thinking that the struggle was not worth it, "Godliness is profitable unto all things, having promise of lire life that now is and of that which is to come." He repealed this admonition in the same first teller: "Godliness with contentment is great gain." Every young man should read, reread, and completely digest this wonderful letter. If he truly learns it, he will be a truly happy man. Many a man would argue with Paul and maintain Ihat godliness with conlcntmenl is not great gain. Lot was a young man with a young family when Abraham asked him to choose land for himself. He choose lain! of uiu vaiiuy ils cities of Kodorn and Gomorrah. Abraham chose the hill country. Every- one knows how Lot's choice was disastrous to his family as well as himself. Lot chose for wealth and softness; Abraham chose for struggle and character. Lot's name is odious and Abraham's name is revered. Moreover in this life Abraham had the best of it. Not that it is always so. For Jesus the reward of faithfulness was a crown of thorns and a cross. But when you see him before Herod and Pilate you are well aware that in this life he had the best of it. Jesus warned men like Lot in his parable of The Rich Fool "God said to him, 'Fool! This night your soul shall be required of you.'" It is one of the hardesl lessons for our materialistic civilization to learn, that the basic necessities and problems of life are not solved by economic answers primarily. Character and spiritual quality are primary. The covetous spirit is deadly. It is deceptive and dangerous for a man to hold Hie belief that possessions are life's chief profit. "A man's life." said Jesus, "consists not in the abundance of things he possesses." By "life" Jesus meant the man's inner self, his central reality. Jesus is saying that a. man may possess many things but lose himself. Finally what matters to a man is not what he has, but what he is, What are you getting out of life? Are you missing life's true values? Is yours the truly wealthy life? Without godliness God-likeness your life is poverty- slrickcn. As Frank Laubach said, "Thera is no defeat unless one loses God and then all is defeat though it be housed in casties and buried in fortunes." Nor is a man profited if his possessions do not bring him contentment. The word as Paul uses it means "self-ruled." Thus a man can live above the accidents of lime and chance, passing through Vanity Fair, and not possessed by it. Finding, not pcaco from strife, but peace in strife, a good lifu livcti in pciTcci mastery. Prayer: Grant, 0 God, that I find Ihat. "ccn'ral calm subsisting at lhal heart of endless agitation." F. S. 11, Frontier Challenge To South Africa ONDON South Atrica has opened up a hornet's nest for itself by trying to pre- vent the United States from helping to build a million highway linking Gaborone, the capital of Botswana, to Lusaka, the capital of Zambia. South Africa's surprising de- cision is justified on the ground that the quadri-point frontier on the Zambesi River, where Rhodesia, Botswana, Zambia and South-West Africa meet, has never been delineated. Botswana's President, Sir Seretse Khama, has now offic- ially rejected the S'oulh African note which sought to deny that his country and Zambia have a common frontier on the Zam- besi River. In an official statement he says that his government sees ho reason to change its exist- ing view that the two countries have a common though unde- fined boundary at Kasungula. "as far ns the proposed Nata- Kasungula road is he adds, "the Botswana gov- ernment takes the view that this in no way alters the status quo since it simply improves access to the Kasungula ferry, which has been operating un- "You're Amazing, Beautiful and Fast Now Will You Move Over? Dev Murarka Lenin And His Absent Friends JVJOSCOW Lenin is every- where. His sharp eyes glint at passers-by from every corner, photographs him in all his traditional postures stare at the reader from every newspaper. There are miles and miles of printed words to read, dealing with every as- pect or at least every ortho- dox aspect of tins nation's founder. The official ceremonies cele- brating the centenary of the birth of Vladimir Ilyich Ulya- nov, alias Lenin, reached their climax on April 22 but com- memorations of all kinds have been under way for over two years to honor thu man who catapulted Russia into the 2Qth century and the 20th century into a state of revolutionary ferment. The tributes'are well deserved. Without Lenin there would have been no Soviet tJnion. His vision, his political instinct, cut across all the con- fusion of.the death of Tsarist autocracy. "The people need he said. "The people need bread; the people need land." For the achievements of Russia since those terrible days much of the credit belongs to Lenin and the present celebrations are aimed at seeing that he gets his due. But before the celebrations reached their climax, a faint air of anti climax began to hover over them. It is not be- cause of any lack of feeling on the part of the people but be- cause it has all been overdone, it has all been made too dull. 'New' Miracle Cleanser From NBA Service rjETERGENTS. which were once indicted for causing unsightly foaming in sewage plant discharges until manu- faclurers eliminated that prob- lem, are now being blamed for another kind of pollution. It is claimed that the phos- phates in most detergents are responsible for the runaway growth of algae, thus contri- buting to the rapid aging of the nation's rivers and lakes. There's good news. Research- ers at Marquette University in Milwaukee may have come up with the "latest washday mir- acle cleaner" that has none of these undesired side effects, re- ports the Health Bulletin. In a series of tests, one batch of soiled diapers was washed in a well-known commercial detergent containing phos- phates. Another batch was washed in a detergent without phosphates. Finally, a third load was washed in a special chemical formula which is neither a de- tergent nor does it contain phosphates. The results were rated nu- merically, the lowest number being the highest score. In whiteness, none matched never used diapers, bul the load washed with the well- known detergenl got a "1." The special formula followed with a "2" and the phosphate- free detergent was given a "3." In dirt removal, all three rated a "1." In stain removal, however, the special formula handily beat the others, wind- ing up with total poinis of "4" as against "5" for the brand- name detergent and "6" for the phosphate-free detergent. The special formula: plain water. LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD joint commillee on international waterways is meeting in Ottawa. The distri- bution of waters of the Milk and St. Mary rivers and their tri- bularies will be under discus- sion Dominion govern- ments natural resources agree- ments with Alberta and Sas- katchewan were ratified in Ihp House of Commons, amid rounds of applause. on th? southern Albcrla waler conscr- valion project will awail a def- inite decision by Ihc Abcrhart government. The federal part of the project, to cost would consist of building the reservoir and canals and the provincial part lo build the nec- essary works to carry the wa- ter from the canals to the land. record which stood for 36 years was shattered, when city council filed prelim- inary assessment figures for 1930 showing an all time high of The previous rec- ord assessment was in 1914 and was a meeting of the Ca- nadian Anaesthetists Society in Victoria, doctors were t o 1 d the mouth-to-mouth artificial res- piration was one of the most ef- fective ways of saving lives, t There is little of that spirit of spontaneous joy which should mark such a national and inter- national occasion. Lenin's por- trait on pastries, his name given to perfumes, is not real- ly enough to compensate for the absence of taste which makes or mars such an occa- sion. It is being said in Moscow that the four propaganda chiefs who recently lost their jobs were held guilty of failing in making a success of the Lenin centenary. True or not, the fact is that the shouting about the centenary began far too early, back in 1967, and has since gone on relentlessly. This has produced a widespread reac- tion of boredom, even indiffer- ence. The outcrop of this reaction against the propaganda steam- roller has been any number of wry jokes. There is, for in- stance, the story of the official who starts turning up at Ms office unshaven and in shabby clothes. When reprimanded, he defends himself by arguing that he i is afraid of switching on his shaver or his iron lest they start talking ceaselessly about Lenin like the television and the radio. There is, for ex- ample, the furniture firm which is marketing a triple bed called "Lenin is always with us." The feeling of reverence, however, is there and genuine enough. The faithful trekked in from all parts of the world to pay then- homage to that Com- munist dawn1, so long ago, which Lenin inaugurated. In the chiaroscuro of the sepulchre in the Red Square, in the shadow of the Kremlin walls, the embalmed and waxy body of Lenin lias impassively like a beautiful icon, a sur- vival of a medieval shrine. There are some curious, sad aspects of these celebrations, too. Lenin is being put on a pedestal, higher and higher but also lonelier. The torrent of words about him leaves much unsaid. It was as if the stage of the revolution was bereft of any other actors, as if Lenin was not only the director but also the main actor and the supporting cast a.s well. Among the thousands of books by and about Lenin which have been published, not a single authori- tative and comprehensive biog- raphy of Lenin is to be dis- cerned. A strange omission, but no stranger than the deaf- ening silence about Lenin's comrades, who were first mal- igned and then devoured by the party against Lenin's testa- ment on his death bed. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) challenged for muny years." South Africa's action could boomerang disastrously against her, for two reasons. The first is that it .now in- volves Britain as the legal au- thority over Rhodesia. In any international juristic action lo setlle the frontier Britain, not the rebel Smith regime, would represent Rhodesia. South Afri- ca has never sought to deny Britain's international author- ity over Rhodesia, despite its friendship for the rebels. So it would be negotiating against three opponents and not on an evenly divided basis with the Smith regime as its ally. The second reason is even more serious. It raises the whole question of South Afri- ca's international legal right to be in the Caprivi S'jip at all, on the basis of which it has raised its objection. Its sover- eignty is disputable on two sep- arate grounds. The Caprivi Strip was a part of the mandated territory of South-West Africa until 1939 when General Smuts (as a war measure) decided that it should be administered direct from Pretoria. But he accept- ed that it would still, remain under the Mandate even though he broke one of its rules by using it for military pur- poses which is specifically dis- allowed under the Mandate. In the 1950s the present Na- tionalist government confirm- ed both the changes of policy initiated by General Smuts; but it further offended against the original mandate by subse- quently establishing an im- portant military base in the Caprivi. The Caprivi Strip was first split off from the rest of South- West Africa in 1922 (before the Mandate was formally ratified) when the British Colonial Ad- ministration, acting on behalf of Bechuanalanu (the present Botswana) took over the Cap- rivi and applied its taxation system there. Subsequently, it was formally restored to South Africa as the mandat o r y Power. But .the then League of Na- tions Mandatory Commission was never satisfied with the proposal lo administer the Caprivi separately from South- West Africa. As a result, in 1929, it was again directly ad- ministered from Windh o e k. This arrangement lasted until 1939 when General Smuts took advantage of the war years to re-establish Pretoria's direct administrative control. But whatever claims South Africa might have had to ad- Letters To The Editor minister Caprivi separately be- came irrelevant in internation- al law when the United Nations in October 1966 rescinded South Africa's right to the whole of the Mandate over South-West Africa. The only reason this has not been put into effect is because the UN has not yet found ways of enforcing its de- cision. But in international law South Africa clearly possesses neither sovereignty nor juris- diction over cither South-West Africa or Caprivi. If it now decided lo push ahead with its objections lo the international highway this could provide another op- portunity for the issue to be re- ferred back to the Internation- al Court at The Hague where, on several occasions in the past, ambiguous rulings were given about South Africa's pol- icies as the mandatory Power over Soulh-Wesl Africa. There is slill another, more piquanl, possible sequel lo South Africa's action. There is the possibility that, in law, Zambia and not South Africa is the rightful owner of the Caprivi. The reason for this is that in the 1890s Uie German colonial Power, the then ruler of South- West Africa, grabbed the Cap- rivi Strip by unilateral action from the old Kingdom of Barot- seiand, which is now a prov- ince of Zambia. The rulers of Barotseland never accepted the German ac- tion. They sought through legal means to challenge this piece of colonial annexation. But as Barotseland was a British Pro- tectorate until Zambia's inde- pendence, they could expect little help from the British colonial authorities who were favorable to Ihe mandate being exercised by Soulh Africa. Now, however, fhat Barotse- land is a part of Zambia it be- comes possible for President Kenneth Kaunda should he wish to do re-establish the original Barotse claims to the Caprivi. Such a course of action would be possible if Zambia (as one of the parties involved in the present dispute) decided to challenge South Africa's righl to be in the Caprivi at all. So, the repercussions of what might have appeared to Pre- toria to be a minor squabble when they first determined to challenge the internalion a I highway, could yet turn out to have been a major blunder. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) Drug Debates Dangerous? I am much displeased and somewhat alarmed at the course which many of the cur- rent forums on the drug issue are taking. Close analysis of remarks made by some of the platform speakers indicate that these people are knowlingly or unknowingly placing their au- diences in a state of vulnerabil- ity or possibly real danger be- cause it so happens that most of these groups being 'address- ed on this subject are com- prised of young people ap- proaching adulthood and there is doubt that such a group pos- sess the judgment and strength of character to safely receive some of the implications and statements directed to them at many of these so-called drug problem debates. My concern is aroused when remarks are made to the effect that it is alright for persons to experiment with drug- use, but only if they have a strong com- pulsion to do so, and that drugs are not all bad but have a pleasant side to them and that indeed the speaker has tried many and found them exciting and pleasant. This causes one to wonder how an immature person is going to safely inter- pret this kind of influence. From my observations, many of these current group debates end in an aura of confusion with a small message coming through that drug use is not all bad which is liable, in the young, to'establish a dangerous curiosity. I submit that many of the current forums on drug use have a definite potential for so- cial harm and that there is now an urgent need for their thorough investigation and re- sonsible control. Finally, in view of these ob- servations, and in the interests of prudence or just plain cau- tion, parents should now show much more concern towards these forums in question and ascertain as- to who win be speaking and what they will be teaching before permitting their children to attend, and this ap- plies to others likewise.interest- ed or concerned. LLOYD R. WEIGHTMAN. Lethbridge. Hutterite Expansion We already have two Hutler- ite colonies in the County of Vulcan and now the Hutterites want enough land to set up at least three more colonies in the county. The Hutterite colony east of Queenstown has killed that town. The Hutleriles want land in the Arrowwood district which would be only nine miles from the existing colony of New- dale east of Queenstown. If this land in the Arrpwood district is taken over by the Hutterites and they are allowed to set up a colony there, it will kill the town of Arrowwood. The Provincial Government has the power to stop the Hut- terites from starting any more colonies, but only public opin- ion will make the Government take a definite stand on this problem. If a definite stand is not taken by the Provincial Gov- ernment, and taken now, it is only a matter of time before the Hutleriles, (wilh their high birth rate) will have taken over all the agricultural land in south- ern Alberta. With 66 more colonies in Alberta, and most of them in the southern part of the Province we can see what is happening. MRS. ROBERT E. HILL. Arrowwood. The Lethkidge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mai) Resistrntlon Number 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Ncwspiptr Publishers' Association and Audit Hureau of Circulation CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS. General Manaeer JOE BALLA WILLIAM RAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K WALKE1 Advertising Manager Editorial Fagi Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;