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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 2, 1914, Lethbridge, Alberta SATURDAY, MAY 2, 19U THE LETHHRIDGF; DAILY HERALD PAGE FIFTEEN Government of British Columbia CANI> SALE Tlteie ill be oft'eiotl at public auction in the cities of Yancouvnr, Vic- una and Punco Oooioe, IJniisli Columliiu, the govcinmonl holdings in the Unumles of Piinco Ocoigc FoH Geoige and South Foil fleoige, m, till 235Q lots sale: For-Mll aPPb' Ellis Celling for Governmeiit Britihh Columbia VA NCOUVEE, B C ency of Hat W. A.. BUCHANAN'S DEFENSE FARMERS DURING 'v XConftmued frofS oppositfc Page) In this letter die makes a there that the better grade to oats and I line to aead wheat U a sufficient warrant fo 'cca-eo .t is mportant as faimei wanting, to d'spose of (his the handicap under which Hie _ in tho Amercian markets Speafc Canadian farmer labours under of wheat, we are advised time ani present that the salvation of the farm T'ie stoiy I owo sr is in Canada ia to less aggravating to the farmer .in .growing and to go Into mixci bertaHhari situation. I As 1 said- .this afternoon, I cannot, be Contradicted when I in accord with 'that idea if it can that AlberU oats are unsurpafaBed practised Those of us who live this continent both in auiilitj western Canada know tnat in many weight and I do net know of any of of country conditions dc ofrtho .world -where pats' can be warrant tfiie farmer m going into duced -in greater quantities at farming. In other parts bC the expense than in Albeita Mj fte is Warranted ih-'fldlng J oats those conditions irieatr. that 'for five bushels pei acre with a weight all tirre in certain parta 01 cr foity ncunds and bhould Albeita and Saskatchewan at any mand the highest market botli grain growing is bound to be seed, milting and feed purposes. chief side. of agriculture.. Natural market for Alberta -oats the farmers will -'be" south of the American border, in "veai in and >ear_out and there States of Montana1; Oregon1 and no. possibility, of an. .entire change where the farniers cannot ..farming .methods .coming, into ef gin to compete with Alberta -Throughout all of western Can- in raising that would amount The tariff on however, -Wheat .and other grain raised in compared with the market price, country and turn the .-.farmers eo high that the advantage cf the entirely: to mixed farming bcita farmer is iMhe fanr.srLcM go. into mixed the result that I '.am still-. waiting and' feed his grain to, live a price net to me of twenty-five as I said -this: afternoon, there a' bushel on the track at the -be a marked increase iii the market point- for oats that of live stock, the market command at least thirty-five normal conditions, would ,be That is ono-ol the experiences wiiifi western live stock lated by a man 'interested in now, owing to the existence -ol land and farming there, it Is. .Wilson-Underwood, tariff, our an .illustration of- many cases have entrance to the Amerr could be quoted, and ,is one of market for their cattle; bul. ij outstanding grievances of market wus not. open to .them Canada farmers. It is amply country would certainly.' be swamped with the production of lly stock from western .Canada if..tie ideal mixed farming eonditipiiE were established to offset grain growing Mr. it not a fact th; 75 per cent of tfhe cattle from Alberta find their market In-British Columbia today? Mr. Buchanan: No, r would not sa> that, not since the Underwood- tarifl came into effect, because I know thai a large number oli cattle from'my dls triet have recently been sold-in tli United States. I know that the Al berta hogs- ihave found their markei In Seattle and oilier Pacific -ooas1 points in the tho same to be: the case with cattle in that country.; There ta one tiling to be'said: even if'Uie catlle of west era Canada are sold in British Col umbia, the fact, that we Save free entrance to the United States niarkei has improved the price to a Aer? marked extent I point out that true wheat affects only, the farmer of "western Canada but ever) man" in'business in that'Country. I do not know1 whether" some; of the western members who sit'on-t3ie Gov ernmerit benches will .deny this but if gb; by tire opinion which 'lias been expressed to me by Conservative friends of mine since Uiis mutter been discussed I would ear that if tile members in. this House of hotli- polit leal parties from western Canada were to vote for free wheat and v.i would all stand together on that '.par Ocular 'ijuestion we would get it If any of the honorable members bppb' deny that statement all wel good: I would like to have Cheap Power A power-plant is permanent in vestment. Long' run cheapness beats a first.cost that looks cheap. The Rumely-Olds Gasoline Engine hone powar' wfll pay for itself many "times over by the increased saving it ir.akss over other engines in fuel and repair The Oid9 engine is" soppiying reliable, economical power to thousands of satisfied farmers all over the country. No other engine has such a ho other engine has earned it. An Olds will drive -your baler, power pump; feed; grinder, cream separator, sprayer, corn mUl; or thresher. RurneiytaBs engines come mounted on trucks, skids or Sta- tionary bases. You can get the Olds in the' right size for yijur get it equipped 'just as you would like to have it. Rumely service is back of every Olds 49 branches; rind dealers. You can get supplies'or repairs at short notice. Ask for Olds catalog No. 344: .RUMELY LINES n.._.VT__ RUMELY PRODUCTS COMPANY CALQARV! I. WINNIPEG SASKATOON i ESTEVAN them do so because it would be a valuable thing tor us in their particu- lar if they would go on record against free wheat F-ree wheat is of Jmportatice not only to the farmers but- to tiher men .ia 'the towns and cities western Canada, During the crop-season we in the West are all concerned about how the crop is coming along, what' its pros- pects are. It we are Mvlng a- dry season wp are very much worried. The some UiHig'is true about'the of wheat. Last year we bad "an ex- ceptionally good crop biit1 Uhe 'price was exceptionally lew; a dtscouras- ng feature to every man in business in that country because be was look- ing to a profitable business front the farinors and hoped that with a good crop there would be good prices' and tho farmer would be able to meet his obligations to the merchants and.'his purchasing power would-be increased. But that was not tho case. 'The price was low'and the farmer was not able even to meet tbo 'debts 'lie: iidd- con- tracted. In the face of that, the great agricultural Implement industry of this country made demands upon the farmer that were never niade in prev- ious years, compelling him .to pay up, and It he would not pay in. the ordin- ary way putting him into court; seiz- ing hia property, taking everything from'him In order'to collect'his In- debtedness. That is one of the reas ons why the agricultural implement industry fs not gaining in popularity in western Canada. Tho lion, member for Brandon to- day said, if 1 understood him'rightly, that 'lie believed tlhat the Minister of Finance had an open mind 'bii tho question of frbe that 'ho had not absolutely decided that Wee wheat would not'be a. good thing foi this country; 'Then fcv Bran- don proceeded to present softie reas- to establish wheat would possibly not-'je a good thing for fanner wid ho tried'to so fix the mind of tho Minister of Finance that Hiero. would be no possibility of free wheat Tho hon. memlier was trying to clbsS the open mind! Of the Minister of Pih- anee. so that1 be 110 pot siblllty of free wheat. I for ,a' few moments with the very. Inipcrtant of Implements As If odcaslbn to say In this nbusovthl8 session, durln'B.the eamiialgn of 181-1, gehtlcmen'whb hppearod'-on Win 'pint form iu opposition tg myself In the th.o declaration that the chief fault that It did hot go fa; oBdugh, on this Itbiii' of; and they tjld He farmefs tint If tho Conserv- ative (forty weic rctuinul to power agricultural Implements would be put on. thb free list They nnwle this statement throughout niy .riding. Now find that are uot. able to Inuilenient thl, iiiouiiee, if I. may' ts pardoned for tho use 01 the word In that souse. !TSiey come down hero and tliey were able to get was. a per cent reduc-tion oh a' cerUtin agriculfural iniplenieiu. Tho Liber- al provision in the reupioclty agree- ment eovered'hearly every implenieht tthicU tlie farSier in western Canada uses.; f say I believo that the men who spoke at that timy were honest believed 'that" they would' be able to convince 'the Conservative Govern- ment, if one came into existence, to provide free Im-pIeuiiiiUs fcut txiey been able to do so noi e the farmers of western Canada. But no the'olher band, the agricultural Im- plement manufacturers pf this conn- 'Iry.lave, been able to convince tlie Government that onh a five per cent reduction is warranted. I would like' to read an. extract from a western newspaper. It happens to be from mj papei published in tlie 'city of Lethbrldgo. It is not an editorial expression of opinion, but it is" simply an, interview given1 to one ".that. for. which thoy had been Beillhg these binders In wostefu Ca; is doircit, it la .worthy of in- at. any rate, I had in vP- 'jio'rtuhriy'o'f 'making a speech' oh -this (luesllon 'before In the House, and I do' iiot Intend "to' make any further re- marks on this particular subject. 1 waijti iio wever, to offer some ob- servi'tro.he ;pn thb question of imnil- iTlilB; Is, an; Important 'queS' lion la tlie'pedple qf western Canada; We are all anxious' that our country should develop as rapidly as possible, My Qifa conclusion is that, outside of the uaople, who have been coming in and taking- up; homesteads, there has been practically no. .movement to the West ot.the class of farmers who might. be -expected to Invest In -farm great many people who lands. went into western .Canada as home- steaders simply. 'went In to prove up, gel. the land and then move away. have in many cases vacant home- eteads. and naturally there has been a decrease of. population in that re gard. I do not-. know whether that is the case in all. districts or not, but I know thatjs.the case in many parts of Alberta. We have not been bring- ing Into western Canada ae we should ;o men, .to go on the land and till the soil. Western Canada IE out of the stage of sensational develop- ment by means of. real estate specu- lation, aroused the people to a realization of the possibilities of their respective cities. They have o! the reporters b> an agricultural gppnt: a great Acd[ ot mon_e} in de implement man who dots not use Ms i sa, tliat population will u practicaliv 5tationaiy until their own me he would be afraid'of losing his pcsiton.it he but he makes a very important state- ment. Tliis .article says that the agri- cultural- Im'p.leihent men of the place were interviewed in order to get their views on the five por cent reduction in the duty on agriCultuial The article continues The opinion's were all em pliatio One man said that the reduc- tion could not ielp the firmer in the slightest degree His uas that all'the binders sold in tlie west are manufactured in Canada anjwai with tip exception of the John Deere, which sold for tne same puce as the others after dull had been paid namely ?17E. The manufacturers in the east will pocket the advantage said one man El en 11 the price lowered it would not amount! to more than Ihc dollars on a bHitei A farmer uses a binder average of about five yea.rs I Uiftt is n fomaU period of tittle in western Canada but that is the length of tim'e that this gentleman mentions as life of i bmdei Tlien the article, continues: If he saved 5 on 1m future ira-atiases would mean a dollai a year nothnlgrjhat all) farmer would mite home about. What the farmers ijant he is free wneat free food and free i-nolements IE he had implements the smaller nanufactures in the United fctes would hd" permit ted to itrrade this countp and thej would make the larger concerns.come to a point tint would mean an ad-vantage worth wnile to the fartnei thi11 and free wheat which wou'd sue-the agilculturaliH a widet and better markel, ho might haJe financial benefits that ould imouut to something The reduction on im plements does nol maount to tlie of a good sqiiaie3 meal to the farmei That is an expression of opinion from western Canada and it comes fiom one of tilt agilcultural mvple nv.4- men In this connection I would like to dnr the attention of the hpn Minister of Finance (Mr White) to a statement which Ins been made to me 1 cannot gu-iiantee that it is correct because I '.have been away from the. west for some time, but-the .tatement is tint uitlun the list three jr four months tho puce ot binders and mowe in Canada been inc-ieased Mifficientlj to any reduction might be made in the dnh on -igricultural imple ments Tint statement was made to me by n gentleman In n" own citv and if it is correct it is worthy of investigation. .1 canriot guarantee it is 'con ccl, but I simply make the statement as It was made to me. i'tr, Will the lion, geni'ie- man repeat that statement' Mr. Bucbanan: The statement that to me was that the prlce'ot winders and mowers .had been increas- ed about within the last three Or four months This gentleman -vho wrote to since .the announcement of the reduction in the duty, Intimat- ed that the agricultural implement manufacturers must have been fig- uring on a i eduction in the duty and so'they nut up theinriee. I cannot juarantee the accuracy of that stnte- e'ht, but the statement was made by n, responsible business nian. Mr. w; T. It would ho quite impossible that tiiat could he done for the reason inako the state- without any equivocation or reserve cotild" be aware of the ac- ,lon of fie rovernment in the mnttpi ami I do not bellei o tile stiitement is correct. .Mr. I would riot want to say5 that tho minufacturers ad vised that tllero -was any possibility of a, reduction but I think, fiom the discussion which" hud' been 'taking place in tbis country during the last 'ew -months they might have Imagin- ed that something was jrol IK to iiap pen and tnc) could maglncd that sometMiiK was going is a ien rapid increase in our rural population. I would like to see more people going Into that settling on the land They are not coming in to 'purchase farm lahda as thej were a icM yeaVs ago I do not whethei theie Is any slackening of the efforts to irlng in settlers from the United'State's or'" but there certainly has not heen Hie -movement of United States settlers to 'southern Alberta 'tnat'tKere' n few 3 ears ago In, that particular part of the .country the United States settler IP sh ideal Settler. He conies from States which aro very similar in, climate and igr'ic'ulturnl conditions to' southern Alberta; and he general- ly makes a success of agriculture. I hope that the efforts to bring farmers In from the Unite'd States -will cwi- tinue. and that the class of immi- grants wo are getting from across the sea will be a class of people- who 'will go on the farms. .We.sbodd now make every effort'to get-people on the land. That should be the main of this government, if it wants development to continue in western population to .iincrease and the resources'of the country to yield -what it is possible'for them to yield, Mr. Sharps: What.. :is the cause of meni leailng the-land in Al- berta? Air Bucnanan i-a d has va cated by what is knonn as the pro fessional homesteader Mi Shame Brought in the for nier -government' Mr Buchanan: There has also been a movement of actual farmers of -western Canada according to con- ditions I would riot say- how great that" movement is, but I have in "my desk a clipping from a news- paper published in'my "district show ing that 'from that particular district tliero has heen a very large move- ment of'farmers. Mr Roche Where did thej gu" Mr Bne-hanan The statement was made that some went back to the Un- ited States and some to Ontario: I think I explained that a couple of weeks ago when I stated'that the land laws or the state of: Minnesota'had been made verj' much- more generous recently, that tho United States government'now are giving homesteads of 320 acres where they used to give tuem ;bf 160 acres, and that they are allowing peo- ple to qualify- for patents in three j'ears, while heretofore they damand- ed; five years. Of course, their lands arc inferior to ours; but at the same i this'-has great'influence in, attracting settlement in that di rection. Buchanan My argument is that -we should bend all our efforts Lo get-people-into the.West who wrill tiecome permanent settlers on -thp- land, One oi 'the reasons for the novement of population out of cer- tain parts of.niyrconstituency, is to :je found in. the fact that railroads liave. promised, that they will build lines a -few.- years, into..- those districts, but notwithstanding .that i nanv. settlers have been living on Llieii" homesteads .for five'years, there is no. sign oi a railroad in their neighborhood. yet, and they., have, be- come'discouraged and have lelt .the countrj The in mj opinion, should insist upon the more ppeedj construction 01 b inch lires nto districts which are nell settled innot understand why railroads ill build branch lines into unsettled aarts 01 tho countrj, v hen there ate ivell: settled districts in .which rail- roads are absolutelj needed Hie jovcrmnert should get behind these railroad eonipimcs with a big stlrk Slid 'riiake theni'' build" branch mes according to their promises, so is- to 'keep' the people in the country, ind thus a great deal ot dis content In my own district, the Canadian "Northern Railway company IRS followed this practice of ptorms- ng to build branch lines into certain districts, and when'the' settlers go aNo human watchman can be in two places at once. Yet your store is as weak as its least pro- tectcd point. Yale Padlocks are watchmen that are never off the job, never fall asleep and be everywhere at the fame time. There is a Yale Padlock in every required size and W purpose; and each pnc watches your interests more faithfblly and efficiently than other padlock that can buy. Canadian Yale Towne Limited Mitai o( YALE Frodugij General Offec and Woriis: St. Catharines, Ont. Yilc Builders' Hardwire Yd. NifhttjtclMp Pidlocfci mi Door HAYR HARDWARE CO. Sole Agents for Lethbridge THE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE SIR EDMUND D.C.L.. ALCXANBEII IAIHD. Goml JOHN AIRD Afr't V; C. ct C..H.I CAPITAL, "lESEBVE FUND, TOURISTS AND TjRAVELLERS Tbr Canadian Bank of Commerce, by rwjon of e number of tnfWKlwi 19 every Province of Canada, with direct representation In London, Enif Nf w YiOrk, San Francisco, Seattle, Portland Oie Mexico and St John's, Nfld with Awnts and Correspondents m ever) part of the world, is able to offer unsurpaaKd facilities to the travelling- public, enabling: them to obtain money In KwnpHwt point on their jdurnev the over fhc Cheques and Letters at Credit itiued by this B.nk G the a nvymg of obtaining abroad cspeciall-v in places where identification is difficult. Cheques and Drafts on alt the. Lountncs ot the draup in sterltnC) kronen, etc., can be cashed or purchared at reasonable Lethbridge Branch T. Brymoer, OF CANADA A Potent Passpwt the Over Letter o! Credit Issued by the Union Bank of Canada. It does -nore than supply -eady money at yeur where, sr you may be It gives you a standing with a representative financial house in place to whicn you may have jour mail the "eady source of many a convenliaaiwd ItenVcf information conducive to your pleasure "and profit A B KING Acting Manijcr Q R TINNING, Manager GRASSY LAKE BRANCH LETHBRIDOE BRANCH o linnpon if tho fyrtM ihcy Ao not mild them of Jhollousn hadanytaWj-to j represent a district where- rail- Uio notltoads arc absolutely needed and lay tint they kitus hotuallj 'thatii (he. farmers, in many cases, por cent reduotidn M, reduottoif, ye (rpm filty to seventy mikg was lo be mijdo, atitoment I (iOm railroad faciMMes 1 am prepai- tliat Ihoy have increased'' tho, pile: cil to stake my pollUcil future ou the declaration, that not ten- der mv assistance whatever .to the Canadian Northcrii Railway.' com-> pany, until- Sir William .Mackenzie and Sir Donald Mann' shall get .rid ol their other interests, 'their street rail'vavs. and their, electric power companies, and their, coal. mines on the Pacific coast, ..and, -their.. .other throughout Canada aid in foreign coui tries and saye the Cana dian Northern raIHva> with their own resources I may ne lafical m this respect, hut I helieve I have my constituents hack ol.rhe i-rP'saj1 that- if the Canadian why cannot be saved and Jlann themselves, then the people of who up to. the present have that'.road, should take ft and operaie it i themseUes And, while have not mado'a. success -of operating tlio only Goyernme.nt-ownod road we ha" ni this countrj still I e might do much worue than to take over. .the Korthern .railway, rather than to hand over :a- guaran- tee of bonds, 01 any other assistance to the meiviho are now at I'm: head of that undertaking These genttomeu hale hecji assisted every 'province in this Confederation tlioj haxebccn absisfed b) the Dominion sovttn- mcnt and I lit) nould ntjt IK so lar advanced as they are toda> with their lines were it not the peo- ple of Canada have rendered them liberal assistance If these jtnV'inen Cannot finish that railroad sjstem and put it m such a position operate it lucoeufii'ly! I the peo- ple o( Canada should falegiutrd them-, selus, {and. take ibe >iuto their I Rave dtvo to qUrttlom ada, tnd I c dislike m this House giro tiprcssion to the rwdarlis chiefly. fern "Can, stfinf tliat' uch t'b'Hrar'tTfrinbers idea that nesteru Canada Is alwan romplaining, and a griev- ance That is not the kind oi tallf that will make western Canada morof friendly to eastern Canada. We in the Vrtst haic grietancet must be remedied before Lt, are a content- ed people, and I want to saj for tho people of Canada that the are just as anxious for a united Can- ada and as a'nxious for a pros- perous, and progressive eastern (JaLjida as the) arc. tor a prosperous and gicssive western Canada But( ther, lull continue to'insist thaji'theit grievances, more especially spect to tariff matters, shall _bc edied and once these grievance a to remedied you will have happy, and. contented farmers on the prairies "oi the West I appeal to members on both sides of this House'to unjtc in a states'- manlike effort to meet..the, needs., ot. western Canada. 11 western-Canada' is to grow and to make progrru, it must be looked to with a sympathe- tic eye by whatever government may be in po-ner I repeat what I often said, that Canada will not be prosperous and progressive unless pmce on the lands ot Can- ada, settlers who will till the soli and produce that'wealth which will enable theol to' purchase output of the o! Eastern Canada; ;